Strategic+thinking +dr.behboudi-session3


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Strategic+thinking +dr.behboudi-session3

  1. 1. Strategic Thinking Session 3
  2. 2. AGENDA • Types of Strategic Analysis • Strategic Thinking Skills
  3. 3. • • • • • PESTLE SWOT EFE & IFE GE MATRIX SHELL MATRIX Types of Strategic Analysis
  4. 4. • PESTLE Analysis Political Economic Social Technologic Legal Environmental Types of Strategic Analysis
  5. 5. • SWOT Strength Weakness Opportunity Threat Types of Strategic Analysis
  6. 6. Opportunity WO SO Weakness Strength WT ST Threat Types of Strategic Analysis
  7. 7. Cash Cow Keep Star Market Growth Low Eliminate Invest & Grow High Dog ? Low Types of Strategic Analysis Investigate
  8. 8. • GE Matrix High Improve Improve Invest Keep Industry Attractiveness Medium Improve Eliminate Low Low Invest Eliminate Medium Business Strengths Types of Strategic Analysis Eliminate High
  9. 9. Types of Strategic Analysis • GE Matrix High Industry Attractiveness Medium TVC Exhibitions Ad Gifts Low Low Outdoor Print Indoor Print Paper Print Medium Business Strengths Full Service Outdoor Media Offset Print High
  10. 10. Types of Strategic Analysis • Shell Matrix Weak Competitive Capabilities Medium Strong Disinvest? Gradual Withdrawal Take a Risk Gradual Withdrawal Maintain or Look forward Try Harder Cash Generator Looking for Growth Maintain Leadership Unattractive Average Sector Profitability Attractive
  11. 11. Types of Strategic Analysis • Market-Product New Market Development Diversification Market Scope Current New Market Penetration Product Development Current Customer Scope
  12. 12. • EFE: External Factors Evaluation • IFE: Internal Factors Evaluation Types of Strategic Analysis
  13. 13. strategic thinking and planning are “distinct, but interrelated and complementary thought processes” that must sustain and support one another for effective strategic management. Graetz's model holds that the role of strategic thinking is "to seek innovation and imagine new and very different futures that may lead the company to redefine its core strategies and even its industry". Strategic planning's role is "to realize and to support strategies developed through the strategic thinking process and to integrate these back into the business". Strategic Thinking vs. Strategic Planning
  14. 14. Vision of the Future Strategic Thinking: Only the shape of the future can be predicted. Strategic Planning: A future that is predictable and specifiable in detail.
  15. 15. Strategic Formulation & Implementation Strategic Thinking: Formulation and implementation are interactive rather than sequential and discrete. Strategic Planning: The roles of formulation and implementation can be neatly divided.
  16. 16. Managerial Role in Strategy Making Strategic Thinking: Lower-level managers have a voice in strategymaking, as well as greater latitude to respond opportunistically to developing conditions. Strategic Planning: Senior executives obtain the needed information from lower-level managers, and then use it to create a plan which is, in turn, disseminated to managers for implementation.
  17. 17. Control Strategic Thinking: Relies on self-reference Strategic Planning: Asserts control through measurement systems
  18. 18. Managerial Role in Implementation Strategic Thinking: All managers understand the larger system, the connection between their roles and the functioning of that system, as well as the interdependence between the various roles that comprise the system. Strategic Planning: Lower-level managers need only know his or her own role well and can be expected to defend only his or her own turf.
  19. 19. Strategy Making Strategic Thinking: Sees strategy and change as inescapably linked and assumes that finding new strategic options and implementing them successfully is harder and more important than evaluating them. Strategic Planning: The challenge of setting strategic direction is primarily analytic.
  20. 20. Process and Outcome Strategic Thinking: Sees the planning process itself as a critical value-adding element. Strategic Planning: Focus is on the creation of the plan as the ultimate objective.
  21. 21. Key Skills in Strategic Thinking
  22. 22. Skill 1 Strategic thinkers have the ability to use the left (logical) and right (creative) sides of their brain. This skill takes practice as well as confidence and can be tremendously valuable.
  23. 23. Skill 2 They have the ability to develop a clearly defined and focused business vision and personal vision. They are skilled at both thinking with a strategic purpose as well as creating a visioning process. They have both skills and they use them to complement each other.
  24. 24. Skill 3 They have the ability to clearly define their objectives and develop a strategic action plan with each objective broken down into tasks and each task having a list of needed resources and a specific timeline.
  25. 25. Skill 4 They have the ability to design flexibility into their plans by creating some benchmarks in their thinking to review progress.
  26. 26. Skill 5 They are amazingly aware and perceptive.
  27. 27. Skill 6 They are committed lifelong learners and learn from each of their experiences. They use their experiences to enable them to think better on strategic issues.
  28. 28. Skill 7 The best and greatest strategic thinkers take time out for themselves.
  29. 29. Skill 8 They are committed to and seek advice from others.
  30. 30. Skill 9 They have the ability to balance their tremendous amount of creativity with a sense of realism and honesty about what is achievable in the longer term.
  31. 31. Skill 10 hey have the ability to be non-judgmental and they do not allow themselves to be held back or restricted by judging their own thinking or the thinking of others when ideas are initially being developed and shared.
  32. 32. Skill 11 They have the ability to be patient and to not rush to conclusions and judgments.
  33. 33. How to Develop Strategic Thinking Skills
  34. 34. • Challenge conventional thinking • Read the environment of today and anticipate the environment of tomorrow • Weigh risks against the potential rewards • Understand the drivers, strengths, and vulnerabilities of any situation or business condition • Articulate your strategies so everyone understands • Avoid costly mistakes using “what-if” thinking • Align strategic decisions with critical goals How to develop your skills
  35. 35. Who is not a strategic thinker? 1.Wants to limit strategic conversations to senior management 2.Shuns thinking and perspectives from others 3.Doesn’t respect other business functions in the organization 4.Has a reputation for poor strategic relationships in the organization 5.Feels strategy is complex (or has to be complex to be good)
  36. 36. Who is not a strategic thinker? 6.Disconnects strategy from day-to-day organizational activities 7.Doesn’t understand his/her own personal limitations and thus doesn’t compensate for the limitations with a strong, complementary team 8.Becomes easily focused on a personal view of ” reality” and can’t entertain alternative possibilities 9.Is uncomfortable considering multiple ideas and possibilities for addressing a situation 10.Won’t break or even bend an arbitrary rule that doesn’t make sense
  37. 37. Who is not a strategic thinker? 11.Is unwilling to question the status quo 12.Is put off by questions from people considered subordinates 13.Is quick to cut off exploration of multiple alternatives in the interest of not over thinking things 14.Struggles to shift between taking time to explore new ideas and then moving to prioritize ideas and make decisions 15.Automatically equates “strategic” with longterm and “tactical” with short-term
  38. 38. Who is not a strategic thinker? 16.Struggles with the idea of serving those seen as subordinates 17.Is reluctant to do homework to help prepare others to make solid decisions and implement them successfully 18.Struggles to make challenging decisions 19.Spends too much time on easy, solvable issues that don’t produce value for the organization or its customers 20.Spends more time talking than asking questions to better understand situations
  39. 39. Who is not a strategic thinker? 21.Shuts down when faced with dramatic changes to a personal view of reality and/or what’s necessary to sustain that reality 22.Doesn’t function well when there are significant unknowns in a situation 23.Automatically views doing something new / different as better than doing the smartest thing 24.Automatically views doing the same thing as better than doing something different because of lesser perceived risk 25.Loses track of agreed to priorities – for whatever reason
  40. 40. Who is not a strategic thinker? 26.Spends too time on things that don’t matter for the organization 27.Struggles to generalize situations so they are more understandable to non- experts 28.Is quicker to argue than finding ways to agree 29.Tends to dominate conversations