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Tourism Transport and Travel Management



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Tourism Transport and Travel Management

  1. 1. Modes of Travel and Services Chapter-2 In context of Bangladesh
  2. 2. Group members
  3. 3. The Transport & Travel Evaluation 1850 2015
  4. 4. Before the development of railways Little travel & tourism Travellers made their own arrangements Before wide scale industrialization Pre-Industrial Travel System Era
  5. 5. Bullock cart Palki Horse- drawn vehicle Dingi
  6. 6. Improvement of transportation technology Introduction of regularly scheduled transportation Travel increased because more people have money and reason for travelling
  7. 7. Mature Railway System Era: Railways started to run hotels and provide other travel related services Travel agencies and tour operators were formed
  8. 8. Express Travel System Era Express service system became increasingly available Enhanced speed encouraged more travel & tourism
  9. 9. Automobile based Travel System Era Introduction of privately owned automobiles Regarded as “mass recreation era” (1920-74) Predominant in the travel from the period of 1920 to 1945 Commercial air travel emerged
  10. 10. Modern Tourism Travel System Era Spanned the period of 1945 to 1974 Car ownership continued to grow at a rapid rate Introduction of wide-bodied jets in 1970 increased air travel and tourism
  11. 11. This era Began in 1973-74 for the oil embargo generated by OPEC The events of the energy crisis basically changed the travel patterns In this present era Travelers continue to look to alternative, group oriented modes of transportation Post-Mobility Adjustment Era
  12. 12. Train had first invented in 1804 Britain had organized first tour on the train 1841 Last one hundred years from 1830-1930
  13. 13. • Railway service started in Indian Sub- continent in 1853 • The first rail line was established in Bangladesh in 1862 • First route from Dorshona (District: Chuadanga) to Jogoti (District: Kustia
  14. 14. BR • The total length of railroad is 2,855 km. • 660 km are broad gauge tracks • 1,830 km are metre gauge tracks Passenger Trains in BR Train Class Total (2015) Intercity 82 Mail, Express & Commuter 78 DEMU Commuter 32 Shuttle / Local 137 Total 329
  15. 15. • Safety • No traffic jam • Ability to see the area • Ability to get up and walked around • Arriving at destination on rested and relaxed • Comfort and less price journey
  16. 16. Travel by water
  17. 17. Travel by water
  18. 18. Two purposes of water transport in tourism
  19. 19. Water Transport of Bangladesh
  20. 20. Travel by Automobile
  21. 21. History of Automobile  The advent of the automobile in the 1920s affected the railways  It gains significance only after Second World War  The motor car revolutionized the holiday and recreational habits  Automobile travel and use of recreational vehicles in U.S increased camping  Rental car is another aspect of automobile travel  For private motor car the role of bus and motor coach, third common carrier mode has declined in tourism  Improvement in road transport facilities stimulates
  22. 22. • Control of the route and the stops enroute • Control of departure time • Ability to carry baggage and equipment easily • Low out of pocket expense of travelling more person • Freedom to use the automobile once the destination is reache
  23. 23. Road Transport of Bangladesh • Road transport in Bangladesh is a private sector affair operating predominantly in domestic routes. • Rates are among the cheapest in the world. • Express and non stop services are available • to principal towns from Gabtoli, Saidabad and Mohakhai bus terminals in Dhaka. • The Bangladesh Road Transport Corporation (BRTC) also maintains a countrywide network of bus services. • Recently they have introduced Dhaka - Calcutta - Dhaka direct daily bus services via Benapole, Jessore.
  24. 24. Telicommunication and Travel
  25. 25. How telecommunication Aid tourism
  26. 26. Factors that affect tourist transportation system Environmental features Differentiate their services on the basis of image Government policy Demand and supply The touristtravel experience Critical separation of tourist
  27. 27. There are two parameter Service quality Total quality management