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Continuous heart rate and body temperature monitoring system using arduino uno and android device

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An integrated portable device for continuous heart rate and body temperature monitoring system development is presented in this paper (Proc. of 2nd EICT, 2015). Heart related diseases are increasing day by day; therefore, an accurate, affordable and portable heart rate and body temperature measuring device is essential for taking action in proper time. Such a device is more essential in a situation where there is no doctor or clinic nearby (e.g., rural area) and patients are unable not recognize their actual condition. The developed system of this study consists of Arduino UNO microcontroller system, transmission system and Android based application. The system gives information of heart rate and body temperature simultaneously acquired on the portable device in real time and shows it through the connected Android application instantly. The developed system is more affordable with low price compared to other developed devices due to use of easy available Arduino UNO and smart phone as Android device. The developed device is shown acceptable outcomes when compared with other measuring devices.

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Continuous heart rate and body temperature monitoring system using arduino uno and android device

  1. 1. “ ” Continuous Heart Rate and Body Temperature Monitoring System using Arduino UNO and Android Device 2nd International Conference on EICT, KUET December 10-12, 2015 Department of Computer Science Engineering Khulna University of Engineering & Technology (KUET) Co-Authors: Md. Asaduzzaman Miah, Mir Hussain Kabir and M. A. H. Akhand Presented by Md. Siddiqur Rahman Tanveer
  2. 2. OUTLINE  MOTIVATION  OBJECTIVES  PROPOSED SYSTEM DIAGRAM  FUNCTIONAL BLOCK DIAGRAM  HEART BEAT SENSING MECHANISM  BODY TEMPERATURE SENSING  IMPLEMENTED SYSTEM  EXPERIMENTAL RESULTS  REFERENCES
  3. 3. Motivation  Heart rate indicates the soundness of our heart  Heart rate helps assessing the condition of cardiovascular system  It is not possible for a doctor to observe a patient’s heart rate per minute and body temperature all the time  Again a doctor far way from the patient need to know heartrate and body temperature for initial treatment  An embedded system which can measure the heart rate and body temperature and store the data for the doctor to know the condition of the patient can help for this purpose
  4. 4. Existing Systems Manual System Electronic sphygmomanometer Basis B1 Smart Phone (Android & iOS)
  5. 5. Objectives The major objectives of our developed system are listed below:  To measure heart rate  To measure body temperature  Continuously display the result in Android device  To observe the patient’s health condition continuously
  6. 6. Proposed System Diagram
  7. 7. System Development Tool  Arduino Programming 1. arduino-1.0.5-r2-windows (IDE) 2. C++  Android Programming 1. Eclipse v21.0.1-543035 (ADT) 2. Java
  8. 8. Functional Block Diagram
  9. 9. TCRT5000 Optical Sensor For The sensor used in this system is TCRT5000 which is a reflective optical sensor. It consists of an infrared LED that transmits an IR signal through the fingertip of the subject, a part of which is reflected by the blood cells. The reflected signal is detected by a photo diode sensor. By sensing the change in blood volume in a finger artery while the heart is pumping the blood. Heart Beat Sensing Mechanism
  10. 10. Heart Beat Sensing Mechanism STEP1: Pulse Detection STEP2: First Stage Signal Conditioning
  11. 11. Heart Beat Sensing Mechanism (Cont..) STEP3: Second Stage Signal Conditioning
  12. 12. Body Temperature Sensing Using LM35 Temperature Sensor Features  Calibrated Directly in Celsius (Centigrade)  Linear + 10-mV/°C Scale Factor  0.5°C Ensured Accuracy (at 25°C)  Rated for Full −55°C to 150°C Range  Suitable for Remote Applications
  13. 13. Arduino UNO The Uno is a microcontroller board based on the ATmega328P which is our main processing unit of the system Microcontroller ATmega328P Digital I/O Pins 14 (among 6 provide PWM output) Flash Memory 32 KB (ATmega328P) SRAM 2 KB (ATmega328P) EEPROM 1 KB (ATmega328P) Clock Speed 16 MHz Technical specification
  14. 14. Processing Data Through Arduino UNO Body Temperature Calculation Voltage to Temperature conversion: Temperature in degree Celsius, Temp = Output voltage * 0.48828125 Celsius degree to Fahrenheit degree conversion : tempf=(Temp*1.8)+32 Heart Rate Calculation: sum = 𝒊=𝟏 𝟑𝟎 FreqMeasure.read() frequency = F_CPU / (sum / 30) BPM=frequency * 60
  15. 15. Transferring Arduino UNO Processed Data to Android Device via Bluetooth The HC-05 module communicates with the Arduino via a serial connection and transfers data to the connected Android device. HC-05 Bluetooth Module
  16. 16. Implemented System
  17. 17. Heartmate Android Application This is the simple Android application:  Runs on Android API 17 and more  Shows heart beat rate  Shows body temperature
  18. 18. Experimental Results Figure 1. Actual vs. Measured Heart rate measured for 20 minutes
  19. 19. Experimental Results (Cont..) Figure 2. Actual vs. Measured Body Temperature for 20 minutes
  20. 20. Future Work  Store patient’s heart rate and body temperature in Android device provided SQLite Database system  Implement continuous patient health care monitoring system through centralized server in medical  Implement the system at low cost  Implement remote health monitoring system through “Internet of things (IoT)”
  21. 21. References [1] M. M. A. Hashem, R. Shams, Md. A. Kader and A. Sayed, “Design and development of a heart rate measuring device using fingertip,” 3rd IEEE International Conference on Computer and Communication Engineering (ICCCE'10), Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, May 11-12, 2010. [2] R. G. Landaeta, O. Casas, and R.P. Areny, “Heart rate detection from plantar bioimpedance measurements”, 28th IEEE EMBS Annual International Conference, USA, 2006, pp. 5113- 5116. [3] M. Navale, S. Damare, R. Chavan, R. Dube, and S. Patil “Android Based Heart Monitoring and Reporting System”, International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer and Communication Engineering Vol. 3, Issue5, May 2014 [4] N. Indumathy and K. K. Patil “Medical Alert System for Remote Health Monitoring Using Sensors and Cloud Computing” International Journal of Research in Engineering and Technology, vol. 3, no. 04, pp. 884-888, 2014.
  22. 22. THANK YOU

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