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gandhinagar town planning literature study

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The literature study of Gandhinagar in terms of urban design and town planning.

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gandhinagar town planning literature study

  1. 1. GANDHINAGAR CORDINATES - 23.22 0 N 72.68 0 E ELEVATION - 265 feet (81 m) LOCATED 23 KM NORTH OF AHEMDABAD (FIN. CAP. OF GUJARAT) PLANNED IN 1960S BY, PRAKASH M APTE & H. K. MEWADA, AFTER PARTITION OF BOMBAY STATE, AHEMDABAD WAS MADE AS THE CAPTAL OF GUJARAT. IN THE 13TH CENTURY, KING PETHASINH OF PETHAPUR, RULED OVER SHERTHA TOWN. A NEW CAPITAL CITY WAS TO BE BUILT ON LAND WHICH WAS ONCE PART OF PETHAPUR STATE AFTER AHEMDABAD WAS MADE THE CAPITAL. OF STATE. THIS CITY LIES ON THE WESTERN BANK OF SABARMATTI RIVER, WHICH ALSO FLOWS INTO AHEMDABAD. HISTORICAL RELEVANCE “ Vibrant Capital City, Gandhinagar - An urban centre & institutional hub with diversified economic base that provides equitable setting for all to live and work with better quality of life and infrastructure ” • MEWADA, AND APTE HAD WORKED AS TRAINEES UNDER LEGENDARY ARCHITECT LE CORBUSIER IN THE CHANDIGARH PROJECT IN THE 1950S. • GANDHINAGAR'S STREETS ARE NUMBERED (EG. ROAD NO. 1, ROAD NO. 2 UPTO ROAD NO. 7) • CROSS STREETS NAMED FOR LETTERS OF THE GUJARATI ALPHABET (E.G., "K", "KH", "G", "GH", "CH", "CHH", "J") • ALL STREETS ARE ALIGNED AT 30 DEG. N-W AND 60 DEG. N-E, TO AVOID DIRECT GLARE OF MORNING AND EVENING SUN WHILE DRIVING • THERE ARE 30 SECTORS EACH OF 1KM X 0.75KM • THE GUJARAT ASSEMBLY BUILDING IS IN THE CENTRE OF THE CITY TO MAKE IT CLOSE TO ALL THE RESIDENTS CHARACTERISTICS
  2. 2. GANDINAGAR DEMOGRAPHICS AREA 57 sq km POPULATION 206,167 MALE 107,492 FEMALE 98,675 POPULATION GROWTH 5.19 % DENSITY / sq km 3616 SEX RATIO 918 CHILD SEX RATIO 817 LITERACY RATE 82.15 % MALE LITERACY 85.40 % FEMALE LITERACY RATE 78.60 % 22% 26% 8% 2% 14% 25% 3% LAND USE RESIDENTIAL AMENITIES/INSTITUTIONAL INDUSTRIAL COMMERCIAL OPEN/GREEN ROADS CANT. / AIRFORCE “ Vibrant Capital City, Gandhinagar - An urban centre & institutional hub with diversified economic base that provides equitable setting for all to live and work with better quality of life and infrastructure ” AREA RESIDENTIAL COMMERCIAL AMMENITIES RELIGIOUS INSTITUTIONAL AREA AS PER HEIGHT OF BUILDING G FLOOR G+1FLOOR G+2FLOOR G+3FLOOR 17% 79% 4% AREA GROUND COVERAGE OPEN AREA SECONDARY ROADS EXAMPLE OF LANDUSE IN A SECTOR (SEC 21)
  3. 3. SERIAL No. ROAD NAME ROAD WIDTH (ROW in m) 1 “K” ROAD 45.00 2 “KH” ROAD 65.00 3 “G” ROAD 45.00 4 “GH” ROAD 65.00 5 “CH” ROAD 100.00 6 “CHH” ROAD 65.00 7 “JH” ROAD 91.45 8 Road no. 1 45.00 9 Road no. 2 45.00 10 Road no. 3 45.00 11 Road no. 4 100.00 12 Road no. 5 45.00 13 Road no. 6 45.00 14 Road no. 7 60.00 LINKAGES AND CONNECTIVITY • NATIONAL HIGHWAY (NH) 8 AND 8C RUNS THROUGH THE DISTRICT CONNECTING IT WITH MAJOR CITIES (20 km from city) • CONNECTED WITH AHMEDABAD BY THE SARKHEJ-GANDHINAGAR HIGHWAY (28 KM) AND WITH VADODARA BY THE AHMEDABAD-VADODARA EXPRESSWAY (139 KM) • DISTANCE FROM MAJOR INDUSTRIAL CENTRES IN THE STATE: o RAJKOT (249 KM) o JAMNAGAR (337 KM) o VALSAD (373 KM) o ANKLESHWAR (223 KM) o BHAVNAGAR (228 KM) o MEHSANA (68 KM) o SURAT (306 KM) • DISTANCE FROM MAJOR CITIES IN INDIA: o MUMBAI (573 KM) o DELHI (943 KM) o KOLKATA (1952 KM) o CHENNAI (1854 KM) NEAREST SEAPORT : HAZIRA PORT (320 km) KANDLA PORT (350 km) NEAREST AIRPORT : SARDAR VALLABHAI PATEL INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT, AHEMDABAD (18 km) NEAREST RAILWAY STATION : GANDHINAGAR CAPITAL RAILWAY STATION AHEMDABAD JUNCTION (20 km) ROAD No. 5 – ROW 45m ROAD SECTIONS “CH” ROAD – ROW 100m • NO DEDICATED CYCLE TRACKS BUT WERE A PART OF THE 1965 MASTER PLAN WITH BRICK SURFACE AND NOW HAVE BEEN ENCOACHED BY ROADS FOR MOTORISED TRAFFIC • NO TRAFFIC SIGNALS AS MOST ROAD INTERSECTIONS IN CITY HAVE A ROUNDABOUT WHICH SLOWS THE TRAFFIC BUT DOESN’T STOP IN THE CASE OF A TRAFFIC LIGHT TRAFFIC ISSUES “ Vibrant Capital City, Gandhinagar - An urban centre & institutional hub with diversified economic base that provides equitable setting for all to live and work with better quality of life and infrastructure ”
  4. 4. GIFT CITY Phase 1: After the city's infrastructure was completed in 1970, and until 1980, it was known as ‘ Gandhian City,' since it was based on Gandhi's concepts and principles. Phase 2: Between 1980 and 1990, a time of low pollution, it was known as 'Unpolluted City'. Phase 3: After 1990, many trees were planted, and the city became the 'Green City.' Phase 4: In 2002, Gujarat's Chief Minister, Narendra Modi, proposed a new, triple focus for the city: it should be green, It should use solar energy, and It should be cosmopolitan. “ Vibrant Capital City, Gandhinagar - An urban centre & institutional hub with diversified economic base that provides equitable setting for all to live and work with better quality of life and infrastructure ” •THE CITY HAS BEEN PLANNED IN GRIDIRON METHOD •IT IS A HIGHLY STRUCTURED CITY AND HAS ORDERESSTREET GRID PATTERNS. •IT WAS BUILT BY TAKING INSPIRATION FROM CHANDIGARH, BHUBANESHWAR. •The major activity pattern of the district is work areas •City centre •Shopping, commercial and warehousing area •Residential areas •Recreation area •Sports centre URBAN DESIGN DEVELOPED ON 359 HA OF LAND ON THE EASTERN BANK OF SABARMATI , S-E OF GANDHINAGAR NEAR INFOCITY ABOUT 4 km FROM GANDHINAGAR SECTOR 1 THE CITY WILL HOUSE - •SPECIAL ECONOMIC ZONE (SEZ) •INTERNATIONAL EDUCATION ZONE •INTEGRATED TOWNSHIPS •ENTERTAINMENT ZONE •CONVENTION CENTER •INTERNATIONAL TECHNO PARK •SOFTWARE TECHNOLOGY PARKS OF INDIA (STPI) •HOTELS, SHOPPING MALLS, STOCK EXCHANGES AND SERVICE UNITS

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