Taming The Beast - Bending the Internet toward Academic Enlightenment not Scholastic Doom


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Taming The Beast - Bending the Internet toward Academic Enlightenment not Scholastic Doom

  1. 1. Taming the Beast Bending the Internet toward Not Scholastic Doom Academic Enlightenment
  2. 2. The Internet – Pet or Beast? When it comes to your academic work, is the Internet a pet or a beast? What are its positive attributes? What is it good for? What are its problematic attributes?
  3. 3. Tame the Beast You must have FEAR!
  4. 4. Tame the Beast 1. Effective, efficient Internet searching
  5. 5. Become the Web Whisperer Successful Internet searches are: PLANNED Public domain image from http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Kent_Plan.gif <ul><li>Write out your topic . </li></ul><ul><li>Circle the keywords that give your topic meaning. </li></ul><ul><li>Use these words as your search terms . 5-8 is optimal! </li></ul><ul><li>Venture off the Google path. </li></ul><ul><li>Try page 2+ of the results list. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Become the Web Whisperer Internet Search Guide: http://www.lib.berkeley.edu/TeachingLib/Guides/Internet/Strategies.html Worksheet: http://www.lib.berkeley.edu/TeachingLib/Guides/Internet/AnalyseTopicForm.pdf A comprehensive plan Creative Commons Image by Ed Sanders from http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:London_Underground_Zone_1.png <ul><li>Use distinctive phrases in “ ” where possible – e.g. “affirmative action”. </li></ul><ul><li>Search for organizations that may have published information on your topic. </li></ul><ul><li>Include synonyms, acronyms , etc. associated with your topic keywords. </li></ul><ul><li>Try, learn, revise! </li></ul>
  7. 7. Become the Web Whisperer Try the Search Engine Guide: http://www.searchengineguide.com/searchengines.html Create your own search engine: http://www.google.com/cse/ http://www.rollyo.com/ Some alternate search engines:
  8. 8. Become the Web Whisperer Successful Internet searches are: FOCUSED YOU ARE HERE EXIT Public Domain Image from http://www.utopia-britannica.org.uk/pages/New%20Harmony.htm <ul><li>Explore avenues that will get you to your goal. </li></ul><ul><li>Surfing/Social Media = LATER Use bookmarks/favorites to remember interesting but unrelated sites. </li></ul><ul><li>Use bookmarks or a CITATION MANAGER to keep track of where you’ve been! </li></ul>
  9. 9. Bad Site! 2. Separating the wheat from the chaff
  10. 10. Bad Site! Believe it or not… This step is one of the keys to your entire academic career. Creative Commons Image by Luekk from http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Lenzkirch-Key.jpg Employers want to hire people with the ability to critically analyze information.
  11. 11. Authority Bias Currency Credibility Scope Bad Site! Evaluation Vocabulary Media Construct Creative Language Embedded
  12. 12. <ul><li>Five Core Concepts </li></ul><ul><li>All media messages are constructed . </li></ul><ul><li>Media messages are constructed using a creative language with its own rules. </li></ul><ul><li>Different people experience the same messages differently. </li></ul><ul><li>Media have embedded values and points of view. </li></ul><ul><li>Media messages are constructed to gain profit and/or power . </li></ul><ul><li>Source: Center for Media Literacy (CML). </li></ul>Bad Site! From the CML MediaLit Kit :
  13. 13. Bad Site! <ul><li>Who wrote this? Can you find the name of the author? </li></ul><ul><li>Does this author have AUTHORITY ? Are they BIASED ? </li></ul><ul><li>Who published this? Is the author alone or affiliated with a larger organization? What is the PURPOSE of that organization and this site? </li></ul><ul><li>When was this written? Does this information have CURRENCY ? </li></ul><ul><li>Is this information CREDIBLE ? Does it conform to what you already know? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the SCOPE of information offered? Is it general or in-depth? </li></ul>Key Questions
  14. 14. Bad Site! <ul><li>Content – words, vocabulary, images, multi-media </li></ul><ul><li>“ About ” page – self-description of publisher </li></ul><ul><li>Style – banner, colors, logo </li></ul><ul><li>Domain – http://www.igoldrush.com/alt_ext2.htm </li></ul><ul><li>Links – sites this page links to </li></ul><ul><li>Organization – navigation, labeling, sections </li></ul>Where to look for answers
  15. 15. Bad Site! Evaluate these sites with the criteria just discussed. Which would you use in an assignment about the dangers of smoking? The Challenge <ul><li>http:// www.lung.ca/protect-protegez/tobacco-tabagisme/facts-faits/index_e.php </li></ul><ul><li>http:// www.smokingsection.com/issues1.html#smoke </li></ul><ul><li>http :// www.bupa.co.uk/health_information/html/healthy_living/lifestyle/smoking/smoking_health.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://quitsmoking.about.com/od/tobaccostatistics/a/tobaccofacts.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http :// www.davehitt.com/facts/index.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://myquitsmokingblog.com / </li></ul>
  16. 16. Bad Site! http://www.lib.berkeley.edu/TeachingLib/Guides/Internet/Evaluate.html A comprehensive plan: http://www.library.american.edu/tutorial/index_4.html http://lib.nmsu.edu/instruction/evalcrit.html Step-by-step evaluation resources:
  17. 17. … but it’s so cute! Even bad sites need a home. <ul><li>Sites which you deem to be </li></ul><ul><li>unauthoritative, </li></ul><ul><li>uncredible, </li></ul><ul><li>biased, or </li></ul><ul><li>lacking in currency </li></ul><ul><li>can still be used. </li></ul>However, your evaluation and reasons for inclusion should be explicitly stated ! Creative Commons image by Sannse from http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Pug_black_600.jpg
  18. 18. Can I keep it, Mom? 3. Can and should I use this?
  19. 19. Can I keep it, Mom? Questions to help the assessment process: <ul><li>Is it relevant to my approach to the topic? </li></ul><ul><li>Will it enhance my project? </li></ul><ul><li>Is it credible ? If not, does it have some other value? </li></ul><ul><li>Is it available for my intended use? </li></ul>
  20. 20. Can I keep it, Mom? Signs of the Times
  21. 21. Can I keep it, Mom? <ul><li>This media is owned. </li></ul><ul><li>This media is fixed. </li></ul><ul><li>To use this media, you must obtain permission of the owner. </li></ul><ul><li>This media is available for use*. </li></ul><ul><li>This media is available for remix*. </li></ul><ul><li>To use this media, you must attribute the creator. </li></ul><ul><li>*See specific license for usage and remix rules. </li></ul><ul><li>This media is available for use. </li></ul><ul><li>This media is available for remix. </li></ul><ul><li>To use this media, you don’t have to tell anyone or do anything. </li></ul>copyright creative commons public domain
  22. 22. Can I keep it, Mom? Creative Commons website: http://creativecommons.org/ Wikipedia’s Public Domain entry: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Public_domain Copyright, CC, Public Domain Additional resources A very interesting movie about copyright vs. creative commons: http://www.archive.org/details/RipRemixManifesto
  23. 23. Can I keep it, Mom? The Students’ Savior: Fair Use <ul><li>Factors which determine whether something is “fair use”: </li></ul><ul><li>The purpose and character of the use, including whether such use is of a commercial nature or is for nonprofit educational purposes. </li></ul><ul><li>The nature of the copyrighted work -- A particular use is more likely to be fair where the copied work is factual rather than creative. </li></ul><ul><li>The amount and substantiality of the portion used in relation to the copyrighted work as a whole. </li></ul><ul><li>The effect of the use upon the potential market for or value of the copyrighted work </li></ul>Source: http://w2.eff.org/IP/eff_fair_use_faq.php
  24. 24. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CJn_jC4FNDo Can I keep it, Mom? For a quick & fun overview of this topic, watch A Fair(y) Use Tale : Created by: Professor Eric Faden, Bucknell University http://www.slideshare.net/aamarie/copyright-law-fair-use-creative-commons-and-the-public-domain For more information comparing the usage rules, watch this presentation:
  25. 25. The Resource Petting Zoo How to search for cc/pd content http://www.labnol.org/internet/find-public-domain-content-with-creative-commons/8996/ http://search.creativecommons.org/ Image and Multi-media Resources http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Main_Page Image Resources http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Public_domain_image_resources http://www.public-domain-image.com/ http://www.public-domain-photos.com/ http://publicdomainclip-art.blogspot.com/ Multi-media Resources http://internetarchive.org http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Free_sound_resources
  26. 26. Google Advanced Search The Resource Petting Zoo Use the “Usage Rights” area of the Google Advanced Image Search.
  27. 27. Web Field Book 4. Record and give credit to your sources
  28. 28. Web Field Book Citation Managers: http://www.fhsu.edu/library/tlc/zotero-intro/index.html <ul><li>Firefox Add-on </li></ul><ul><li>Automatically downloads citation data from the web. </li></ul><ul><li>Word plug-in allows one-click cite and bibliography, output in HUNDREDS of citation styles, also customizable. </li></ul><ul><li>Word 2007 includes a citation manager (Reference tab) </li></ul><ul><li>You have to input the citation data. </li></ul><ul><li>Maintains a library for use on multiple assignments. </li></ul><ul><li>One-click cite and bibliography, output in most popular citation styles </li></ul>
  29. 29. Additional Credits Title card and template images from: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:The_path_to_enlightenment.jpg http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Muhammad_face.gif http://www.photos8.com/ This presentation was created by the Learning Commons at Fort Hays State University.