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El Cono Sur.pptx

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El Cono Sur.pptx

  1. 1. El CONO SUR
  2. 2. PAISES  Refers to the southern portion of South America  Name is derived from its land form  Includes:  Argentina  Chile  Uruguay  Paraguay  Brazil  Bolivia Economically
  3. 3. ARGENTINA  Official Name: República Argentina  23 Provinces  1 federal district  Capital: Buenos Aires  Population: 44.6 million  Area: 2,779,221 km2  Currency: Peso Argentino  Borders:  Andes mountains and Chile to the west  Atlantic ocean to the east  Bolivia to the northwest  Paraguay to the north
  4. 4. Geography  Second largest country in South America  The interior of the country is mostly flat, fertile grassland (pradera) called the Pampas  The Andes Cordillera creates a natural border with Chile  Divided into 4 regions:  The Andes  The North  The Pampas  The Patagonia  The Patagonia is rich in natural resources and wildlife  Highest mountain is the Cerro Aconcagua
  5. 5. People & Culture  95% of population is of European descent (Italy, Spain and Germany)  Much of the native population died out from diseases brought by the Europeans  The people of the Pampas are mainly farmers and are referred to as Gauchos  Favorite sport is Football
  6. 6. Food and Music  Food is a mixture of European cuisines  Major dishes include:  Grilled meats – Asados  Chimichurri  Empanadas  Milanesas (breaded meat)  Mate  Tango is the most popular genre of music but others like the Chacarera, Chamame, Cumbia and Argentine Rock are common  Favorite sport is Football followed by Polo
  7. 7. Major Attractions  Quebrada de Humahuaca  UNESCO World Heritage Site  Preserves the history, culture and traditions of the native people  Parque Nacional los Glaciares  Located in the Andes mountains  Home to Perito Moreno an (icefall)  Parque naturales Ischigualasto  Also called “Valle de Luna” (Moon Valley)  Dinosaur fossils have be found there  Parque Talampaya  Contains fossils from dinosaurs and ancestors of mammals
  8. 8. CHILE  Official Name: República de Chile  Capital: Santiago  Area: 756,950 km2  Divided into 13 regions  Currency: Peso Chileno  Borders:  Andes mountains and Chile to the west  Atlantic ocean to the east  Bolivia to the northwest  Paraguay to the north
  9. 9. Geography  A long narrow country on the west coast of South America  Its southern tip, called Cape Horn (Cabo de Hornos), is the southernmost part of South American known for high winds and rough seas  Chile has and continues to suffer from earthquakes (the worst was an 8.8 that struck in February of 2010)  Its long coast is home to penguins (pingüinos), pelicans, sea lions (foca león) and migratory whales (ballenas)
  10. 10. Geography  Pumas, alpacas, vicunas and flamingos can also be found in their diverse landscape  Chile is home to the Atacama Desert  One of the most driest areas on earth  Provides a rich supply of copper
  11. 11. People & Culture  95% of population is a mixture of European and Indigenous people  The native Mapuche people still live in some areas of Chile, where they speak their language and practice their own religion  ± 40% of the population lives in areas surrounding Santiago  Favourite sport is football followed by Rodeo
  12. 12. Food and Music • The most popular dish is the Curanto • Other major dishes include:  Grilled meats – Asados  Cazuela  Empanadas  Humitas • The national dance is called “La Cueca” – considered a courtship dance between male and female • The music is called Tonada
  13. 13. Major Attractions  Easter Island  located below Cape Horn  Contains stone statues called Moai that are made from volcanic rock  The faces on the statues represent deceased ancestors, chiefs or people of important lineage  Wine  Chile is the fifth largest exporter of wine in the world
  14. 14. URUGUAY  Official Name: República Oriental de Uruguay  19 departments (departamentos)  Capital: Montevideo  Population: 3.36 million  Area: 176,220 km2  Currency: Peso Uruguayo  Borders:  Brazil to the northeast  Argentina to the west  Atlantic Ocean
  15. 15. Geography  The smallest country in South America  Majority of the gently is made up of gentle hills (cerros) and valleys (valles)  It’s highest point is Mount Cathedral at 1685 ft above sea level  Venomous snakes (culebras/serpientes venenosas) and spiders (arañas) are common  Foxes (zorros), Armadillos and Capybaras are common as well  However, a large part of Uruguayan wildlife has disappeared due to competition (for space) with humans
  16. 16. People & Culture  Most of the population have ancestors from Spain or Italy  Most of the people are Roman Catholic but there is a small community of Jews in Montevideo (the largest in South America)  Uruguayans consume large amounts of red meat  Football is the most popular sport, followed by basketball, rugby and boxing
  17. 17. Food and Music  The most popular dishes are the:  Grilled meats – Parillada  Chivito  Churrasco  Puchero  The local music is the Tango like Argentina
  18. 18. Major Attractions  Piriapolis  Home to the Sugarloaf Mountain (Cerro Pan de Azúcar) the third highest point in Uruguay  Punta del Este  Most famous beach resort in South America  Home to beautiful beaches and glamorous nightlife  The Rocha Coast  Famous for hosting backpackers and low budget tourists  Famous for its quaint fishing and surfing villages

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