wrote over one thousand poems;
eight volumes of short stories;
almost two dozen plays and play-lets;
and many books and essays on philosophy, religion,
education and social topics
he wrote successfully in all literary genres,
he was first of all a poet.
Among his fifty and odd volumes of poetry
are Manasi (1890) [The Ideal One],
Sonar Tari (1894) [The Golden Boat}
Gitanjali (1910) [Song Offerings],
Gitimalya(1914) [Wreath of Songs],
And Balaka (1916) [The Flight of Cranes].
The English renderings of his poetry, which include
The Gardener (1913),
Fruit-Gathering (1916), and The Fugitive(1921),
The Mind Is Without
the mind is without fear and the head is held high
Where knowledge is free
Where the world has not been broken up into fragments
By narrow domestic walls
Where words come out from the depth of truth
Where tireless striving stretches its arms towards
Where the clear stream of reason has not lost its way
Into the dreary desert sand of dead habit
Where the mind is led forward by thee
Into ever-widening thought and action
Into that heaven of freedom, my Father, let my country
Where the Mind is Without
is a prayer to a universal
that is, the God Almighty. The
poem, with its inspiring lines,
elaborates Tagore's vision of a
new, enlightened India.
The poem, written originally in Bengali,
was composed before India’s independence most
probably in the year 1900.
The original poem titled Prarthana was included
in an anthology named Naibedya and the poem
was translated into English by Tagore himself
The poem is Poem 35 in the English Gitanjali
published in 1912.
The poem had a special place in Tagore’s heart
and he recited its English version at the Indian
National Congress session in Calcutta, 1917.
poet, Rabindranath Tagore, envisages an
ideal nation; liberal in outlook, united in
strength, dynamic in progress.
The poet is totally devoted to God and
entreats Him that He must direct the poet’s
fellow countrymen to be industrious, truthful
so as to advance the country towards the
most ideal stature.
The poet desires peace and prosperity
among his countrymen and prays that his
country might attain overall welfare and
poem is written in free verse and
consists of just one sentence.
The poem can be considered to consist of
the first seven lines with a series of adverbial
and the principal clause coming at the end.
The first seven lines refer a circumstance presented
by a setting, “where the mind is without fear, “where
knowledge is free,” and so on.
We do not know the exact setting or scene which
these lines refer to until we come to the concluding
line of the poem.
However, we can envisage that the place referred to
is an awe-inspiring, almost an ideal, place.
It is almost a utopian realm where all the sublime
features- such as valour, knowledge, harmony, truth,
intellect, and advancement- prevail.
In the principal clause of the sentence the poet
identifies that circumstance, that metaphorical
scenario as “that heaven of freedom” and requests
the “Father,” the God Almighty, to let his country to
reach there or his country to realise that that she
ought to endeavour to accomplish the capability to
establish all these marvellous lineaments.
A free mind is creative and know
the depth of imagination and
deliver s the best.
We fear to lose and thus, let
ourselves be captivated
Think of a number of questions:
Do we feel the weight of
our family values and upbringing
standing in the way of our true