Tama Leaver  /  @tamaleaver The Ends of Online Identity? 11 October 2011
Outline <ul><li>Movie of the (absent) Book </li></ul><ul><li>Looking Beyond Agency? </li></ul><ul><li>Facebook, Timeline a...
I. The Movie of the  (absent) Book The Final Cut  (2004) 11 October 2011 Internet Research 12, Seattle.
The Final Cut (2004) 11 October 2011 Internet Research 12, Seattle.
A world where unborn babies are wired for life-long recording (to be accessed after death). 11 October 2011 Internet Resea...
After death, a life-history is presented as a movie, a ‘rememory’ shown at the funeral. 11 October 2011 Internet Research ...
Rememories (history) are shaped by cutters … 11 October 2011 Internet Research 12, Seattle.
Cutters see life histories as an elaborate database to be carefully shaped, forming a legacy … 11 October 2011 Internet Re...
For those wired, escape means elaborate privacy intervention (tattoos filled with disruptive metals). 11 October 2011 Inte...
Protests occurs, believing the surveillance fundamentally changes who we are … 11 October 2011 Internet Research 12, Seatt...
But rememories last ‘forever’ … 11 October 2011 Internet Research 12, Seattle.
The Final Cut  … <ul><li>Agency? </li></ul><ul><li>Parental choice about children’s identity and surveillance? </li></ul><...
II. Looking Beyond Agency? 11 October 2011 Internet Research 12, Seattle.
The Networked Self / Networked Publics <ul><li>Persistance </li></ul><ul><li>Replicability </li></ul><ul><li>Scalability <...
Identity 2.0  (Helmond, 2010) <ul><li>In Perpetual Beta </li></ul><ul><li>Networked </li></ul><ul><li>(other) User-generat...
Web Presence (Allen, 2010; Leaver, 2010) <ul><li>Internet Footprints </li></ul><ul><li>Digital Shadows </li></ul><ul><li>S...
Shared assumptions of Identity 2.0, the Networked Self, and Web Presence <ul><li>Individual  agency  is central. </li></ul...
What about the Ends of Identity? <ul><li>Following Goffman (1959) if  frontstage  is self performed, and  backstage  is mo...
Parents as initial identity curators …  <ul><li>Parents/guardians set the initial parameters of online identity. </li></ul...
Parents: Framing Online Identities? 11 October 2011 Internet Research 12, Seattle.
Memorializing Performed Digital Selves? <ul><li>What happens to profiles, accounts, photos, videos and other social traces...
Gravestones as Databases <ul><li>Living Headstones comes with  5 years  of QR-code driven database access about the deceas...
PassMyWill.com 11 October 2011 Internet Research 12, Seattle.
legacylocker.com 11 October 2011 Internet Research 12, Seattle.
Who Do You Think You Are? 11 October 2011 Internet Research 12, Seattle.
III. Facebook, Timeline  and the Future 11 October 2011 Internet Research 12, Seattle.
The Shift to Real Names (nymwars) … 11 October 2011 Internet Research 12, Seattle.
Facebook: Deletes Kids <ul><li>Source:  https:// www.facebook.com/help/search/?q = kids+on+facebook   </li></ul>11 October...
But … Timeline: Starts  at birth . 11 October 2011 Internet Research 12, Seattle.
Timeline: Curate Losses 11 October 2011 Internet Research 12, Seattle.
Facebook: Memorialize or Delete <ul><li>Source:  https:// www.facebook.com/help?page =842   </li></ul>11 October 2011 Inte...
Facebook: Memorializing Accounts <ul><li>Source:  https:// www.facebook.com/help?page =842   </li></ul>11 October 2011 Int...
Gravebook? 11 October 2011 Internet Research 12, Seattle. Gravebook? Legacybook? Historybook?
References <ul><li>Allen, M. (2009). Web Presence: Understanding persistent and interlinked content as the basis of identi...
Questions?  Comments? <ul><li>Or find me later … </li></ul><ul><li>www.tamaleaver.net </li></ul><ul><li>@tamaleaver </li><...
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The Ends of Online Identity

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The Ends of Online Identity

  1. 1. Tama Leaver / @tamaleaver The Ends of Online Identity? 11 October 2011
  2. 2. Outline <ul><li>Movie of the (absent) Book </li></ul><ul><li>Looking Beyond Agency? </li></ul><ul><li>Facebook, Timeline and the Future? </li></ul>11 October 2011 Internet Research 12, Seattle.
  3. 3. I. The Movie of the (absent) Book The Final Cut (2004) 11 October 2011 Internet Research 12, Seattle.
  4. 4. The Final Cut (2004) 11 October 2011 Internet Research 12, Seattle.
  5. 5. A world where unborn babies are wired for life-long recording (to be accessed after death). 11 October 2011 Internet Research 12, Seattle.
  6. 6. After death, a life-history is presented as a movie, a ‘rememory’ shown at the funeral. 11 October 2011 Internet Research 12, Seattle.
  7. 7. Rememories (history) are shaped by cutters … 11 October 2011 Internet Research 12, Seattle.
  8. 8. Cutters see life histories as an elaborate database to be carefully shaped, forming a legacy … 11 October 2011 Internet Research 12, Seattle.
  9. 9. For those wired, escape means elaborate privacy intervention (tattoos filled with disruptive metals). 11 October 2011 Internet Research 12, Seattle.
  10. 10. Protests occurs, believing the surveillance fundamentally changes who we are … 11 October 2011 Internet Research 12, Seattle.
  11. 11. But rememories last ‘forever’ … 11 October 2011 Internet Research 12, Seattle.
  12. 12. The Final Cut … <ul><li>Agency? </li></ul><ul><li>Parental choice about children’s identity and surveillance? </li></ul><ul><li>History? </li></ul><ul><li>The right to forget? </li></ul><ul><li>The right to be forgotten? </li></ul>11 October 2011 Internet Research 12, Seattle.
  13. 13. II. Looking Beyond Agency? 11 October 2011 Internet Research 12, Seattle.
  14. 14. The Networked Self / Networked Publics <ul><li>Persistance </li></ul><ul><li>Replicability </li></ul><ul><li>Scalability </li></ul><ul><li>Searchability (boyd, 2010) </li></ul><ul><li>+ Ownership (Aufderheide, 2010) </li></ul>11 October 2011 Internet Research 12, Seattle.
  15. 15. Identity 2.0 (Helmond, 2010) <ul><li>In Perpetual Beta </li></ul><ul><li>Networked </li></ul><ul><li>(other) User-generated identity </li></ul><ul><li>Distributed </li></ul><ul><li>Indexed </li></ul><ul><li>Persistent </li></ul>11 October 2011 Internet Research 12, Seattle.
  16. 16. Web Presence (Allen, 2010; Leaver, 2010) <ul><li>Internet Footprints </li></ul><ul><li>Digital Shadows </li></ul><ul><li>Social Media Rivers </li></ul><ul><li> “Content-generated users.” </li></ul>11 October 2011 Internet Research 12, Seattle.
  17. 17. Shared assumptions of Identity 2.0, the Networked Self, and Web Presence <ul><li>Individual agency is central. </li></ul><ul><li>Presumption that identity should be controlled, curated and managed by the ‘self’ being presented. </li></ul><ul><li>When agency is not the controlling influence, this is seen as an issue to be overcome. </li></ul>11 October 2011 Internet Research 12, Seattle.
  18. 18. What about the Ends of Identity? <ul><li>Following Goffman (1959) if frontstage is self performed, and backstage is more essential self, who builds the stage, and who remembers the performance(s)? </li></ul><ul><li>Before (online) agency: before birth, until the ‘reigns’ of online identity tools and performances are inherited? </li></ul><ul><li>After (online) agency: who looks after online traces of self once the self they refer to dies? </li></ul>11 October 2011 Internet Research 12, Seattle.
  19. 19. Parents as initial identity curators … <ul><li>Parents/guardians set the initial parameters of online identity. </li></ul><ul><li>From ultrasounds photos to cute toddler pics, losing that first tooth etc … </li></ul><ul><li>How do and should young people ‘inherit’ online identities? </li></ul>11 October 2011 Internet Research 12, Seattle.
  20. 20. Parents: Framing Online Identities? 11 October 2011 Internet Research 12, Seattle.
  21. 21. Memorializing Performed Digital Selves? <ul><li>What happens to profiles, accounts, photos, videos and other social traces after someone dies? </li></ul><ul><li>Do we have the right to delete it all? </li></ul><ul><li>Should it be memorialized? </li></ul>11 October 2011 Internet Research 12, Seattle.
  22. 22. Gravestones as Databases <ul><li>Living Headstones comes with 5 years of QR-code driven database access about the deceased person. </li></ul><ul><li>www.monuments.com/ livingheadstone </li></ul>11 October 2011 Internet Research 12, Seattle.
  23. 23. PassMyWill.com 11 October 2011 Internet Research 12, Seattle.
  24. 24. legacylocker.com 11 October 2011 Internet Research 12, Seattle.
  25. 25. Who Do You Think You Are? 11 October 2011 Internet Research 12, Seattle.
  26. 26. III. Facebook, Timeline and the Future 11 October 2011 Internet Research 12, Seattle.
  27. 27. The Shift to Real Names (nymwars) … 11 October 2011 Internet Research 12, Seattle.
  28. 28. Facebook: Deletes Kids <ul><li>Source: https:// www.facebook.com/help/search/?q = kids+on+facebook </li></ul>11 October 2011 Internet Research 12, Seattle.
  29. 29. But … Timeline: Starts at birth . 11 October 2011 Internet Research 12, Seattle.
  30. 30. Timeline: Curate Losses 11 October 2011 Internet Research 12, Seattle.
  31. 31. Facebook: Memorialize or Delete <ul><li>Source: https:// www.facebook.com/help?page =842 </li></ul>11 October 2011 Internet Research 12, Seattle.
  32. 32. Facebook: Memorializing Accounts <ul><li>Source: https:// www.facebook.com/help?page =842 </li></ul>11 October 2011 Internet Research 12, Seattle.
  33. 33. Gravebook? 11 October 2011 Internet Research 12, Seattle. Gravebook? Legacybook? Historybook?
  34. 34. References <ul><li>Allen, M. (2009). Web Presence: Understanding persistent and interlinked content as the basis of identity formation and promotion through the contemporary Internet, Communication, Creativity and Global Citizenship: Australia and New Zealand Communications Association Annual Conference, Brisbane. </li></ul><ul><li>Aufderheide, P. (2010). Copyright, Fair Use, and Social Networks. In Z. Papacharissi (Ed.), A Networked Self: Identity, Community, and Culture on Social Network Sites (pp. 274-303). Routledge. </li></ul><ul><li>boyd, danah. (2010). Social Network Sites and Networked Publics: Affordances, Dymanics and Implications. In Z. Papacharissi (Ed.), A Networked Self: Identity, Community, and Culture on Social Network Sites (pp. 39-58). Routledge. </li></ul><ul><li>Goffman, E. (1959). The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life . New York: Anchor Book. </li></ul><ul><li>Helmond, A. (2010). Identity 2.0: Constructing identity with cultural software. www.annehelmond.nl , PDF: http://www.annehelmond.nl/wordpress/wp-content/uploads//2010/01/helmond_identity20_dmiconference.pdf . </li></ul><ul><li>Leaver, T. (2010) I tweet therefore I am? Challenges in learning identity by teaching web presence, Teaching and Learning Forum, Edith Cowan University, Joondalup. </li></ul><ul><li>Papacharissi, Z. (2010). Conclusion: A Networked Self. In Z. Papacharissi (Ed.), A Networked Self: Identity, Community, and Culture on Social Network Sites (pp. 304-318). Routledge. </li></ul>11 October 2011 Internet Research 12, Seattle.
  35. 35. Questions? Comments? <ul><li>Or find me later … </li></ul><ul><li>www.tamaleaver.net </li></ul><ul><li>@tamaleaver </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>11 October 2011 Internet Research 12, Seattle.

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