Intro to Poetry

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PP on purposes of poetry, steps to using close reading for poetry, and analysis steps

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Intro to Poetry

  1. 1. Poetry Reading Strategies: While Reading: Close Reading After Reading: Paraphrasing
  2. 2. Purposes of Poetry Why write a poem? Poets have various purposes. When you write a poem, it helps to know what your purpose is: <ul><li>To tell a story – it can be long or short </li></ul><ul><li>To be humorous – funny ideas, silly rhymes, humorous descriptions </li></ul><ul><li>To express a feeling – a release of feeling by explaining what the emotion is like and what it feels like to go through it </li></ul><ul><li>To describe – a person, place, or thing; usually includes sensory details (sights, sounds, smells,etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>To persuade – convince a reader to think a certain way or do a particular thing </li></ul>
  3. 3. Close Reading <ul><li>The best strategy to use with a poem is close reading. </li></ul><ul><li>Close reading means reading word for word, line for line. </li></ul><ul><li>Read the poem a number of times (usually 3 or 4 times depending on the length and complexity of the poem). </li></ul>
  4. 4. Before Reading <ul><li>Read the title </li></ul><ul><li>Make a prediction. What do you think this poem will be about? </li></ul><ul><li>Who is the poet? Do you know anything about the kind of poetry this person reads? </li></ul><ul><li>Is the poem structured in a different or unique way? Why might this be so? </li></ul>
  5. 5. First Reading <ul><li>Read for enjoyment. </li></ul><ul><li>Get a feeling for the poem’s words. </li></ul><ul><li>A poem is like a song. The sound of the words can be as important as the meaning. </li></ul><ul><li>Listen for the rhythm of the poem. </li></ul><ul><li>Write a few sentences stating what the poem is about? </li></ul>
  6. 6. Second Reading <ul><li>Read for meaning. </li></ul><ul><li>Look for clues that help you understand what the poem is saying. </li></ul><ul><li>Try to visualize the images. </li></ul><ul><li>Paraphrase to make sure you understand the meaning </li></ul>
  7. 7. Third Reading <ul><li>Study the structure and language of the poem. </li></ul><ul><li>What kind of poem is it? </li></ul><ul><li>Does it have a rhyme scheme? </li></ul><ul><li>How many stanzas are in it? </li></ul><ul><li>What type of language is used? alliterations, similes, metaphors, personification, idioms, etc. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Fourth Reading <ul><li>Read for feeling. </li></ul><ul><li>What are the mood and tone of the poem? </li></ul><ul><li>How does this poem make you feel? </li></ul>
  9. 9. After Reading <ul><li>Complete your analysis of the poem using the notes and annotations you made during each of your readings </li></ul><ul><li>The Acronym TPCASTT may help you </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Title </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Paraphrase </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Connotation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Attitude </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shift </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Title </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Theme </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. TPCASTT <ul><li>Title: What will this poem be about? Make a prediction </li></ul><ul><li>Paraphrase: After 1 st reading state what the poem is about in your own words. </li></ul><ul><li>Connotation: Look at the poet’s choice of words, metaphors, simile’s alliteration, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Attitude: What is the attitude of the speaker toward the poem’s subject? </li></ul>
  11. 11. TPCASTT <ul><li>Shift: Is there a change or shift in time, tone, or speaker in the poem. </li></ul><ul><li>Title (again): What do you think the title means now? </li></ul><ul><li>Theme: What is the theme or message of the poem? What is the insight or perspective about life the poet wants you to see or think about? </li></ul>

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