Nature of Socialization
Types of Socialization
Agents of Socialization
Contributions Socialization to Society and Nation
Social Inhibition and Social facilitation
Social issues in Community
Healthy management of Social Issues:
Social and Psychological Stigma
Strategies to overcome Social Stigma
• Socialization is a process by which a person learns the values,
norms, and required behaviors which permit that individual to
participate as a member of the organization
(Van Maanen, 1975).
• Socialization essentially represents the whole process of learning
throughout the life course and is a central influence on the
behavior, beliefs, and actions of adults as well as of
Occurs in childhood
Main agent -> Family
First intimate association with family members that
form the basis for child’s personality development
Identification of kinship
Habit training (eating, sleeping, etc)
Love, cooperation, authority
Language (developing dialect)
Outside the home
Main agents -> School, Peer groups, workplace,
Learning an appropriate behavior of a group
Knowing one’s potentialities
Tolerance, discipline, skill development,
Diverse web of relations
• We deliberately
learn or improve
certain skills in order
to socialize better.
• For example-
• Process of learning a
specific code of conduct
of a new group with
aspiration of joining that
• Exampe- Actors, Soldiers,
• Process of discarding
patterns and accepting
• Example- Rehabilitation
of criminals/ drug
• Process of getting indulged
in new roles for which
primary and secondary
socialization may not have
prepared one fully.
• Example- Husband/ Wife
• Father/ Mother role
• Grand father/ Grand
Importance of socialization
• Socialization converts man, the biological being into man, the
• Socialization contributes to the development of personality.
• Helps to become disciplined.
• Helps to enact different roles.
• Provides the knowledge of skills.
• Helps to develop right aspiration in life.
• Contributes to the stability of the social order.
• Helps to reduce social distance.
• Provides scope for building a bright future.
Social Inhibition vs Social Facilitation
• Social inhibition is the tendency to perform
complex, difficult or not yet mastered tasks
more poorly in presence of others.
• Social facilitation is the ability to perform
simple and well learned tasks more efficiently
in presence of others
• Social stigma is the disapproval of, or discrimination against,
an individual or group based on perceived characteristics that
serve to distinguish them from other members of a society.
• Social stigmas are commonly related to culture,
gender, race, socioeconomic class, age, sexual
orientation, body image, physical disability, intelligence or
lack thereof, and health.
• Example: 1. When someone with a mental illness is called
'dangerous', 'crazy' or 'incompetent' rather than unwell.
2. Sexual stigma and gender identity stigma as experienced
by LGBTQIA+ people.
Essay Writing: (Any one topic)
• How Media is Instrumental in the Process of
• How Friends Lead to Re-socialization At times
• How Social Networking Channels will affect
the socialization of the generations to come