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Bates and MacWhinney and their colleagues (1981, 1982, 1984) have shown that native speakers depend on a particular set of probabilistic cues to assign formal surface devices in their language to a specified set of underlying functions. The research program encompassed by their approach to language processing has extended from describing crosslinguistic processing differences in even typologically similar languages (e.g., English and Italian, both SVO languages), to charting the pattern of acquisition of grammatical ''rules" in the first lan-guage, and more recently to crosslanguage investigations of "characteristic" neurological-based language deficits. A natural extension of this broad
(5) R021 Kilborn, K., & Ito, T. (1989). Sentence processing strategies in adult bilinguals. In B. MacWhinney & E. Bates. (Eds.), Cross-linguistic studies of language processing. New York : Cambridge University Press. pp.257-291.. Available from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/321864312_R021_Kilborn_K_Ito_T_1989_Sentence_processing_strategies_in_adult_bilinguals_In_B_MacWhinney_E_Bates_Eds_Cross-linguistic_studies_of_language_processing_New_York_Cambridge_University_Press_pp257-291 [accessed Dec 17 2017].