OUT LINEI. IntroductionII. Previous workIII. Future expectation
OUT LINEI. Introduction a) Background b) Concept c) Position of countriesII. Previous workIII. Future expectation
BACKGROUNDCapacity-building is critical to the effective participation of developing countries in the Convention and Kyoto Protocol processes. BUT !! first considered as a separate agenda it only at COP 5 TOO LATE TO BE CONSIDER !!
CONCEPT “TO BUILD CAPACITY” Institutional capacity-building Capacity-building under the clean development mechanism Human resource development Technology transfer National communications Adaptation Public awareness Coordination and cooperation Improved decision-making
CONCEPT “TO BUILD CAPACITY”Institutional Capacity-building → Stronger organization 1 and More academic research Capacity-building 2 under the clean development mechanism →CDM understanding and preparation Human resource development → Education about climate change 3
CONCEPT “TO BUILD CAPACITY” Technology transfer 4 → Build technology for clean developmentNational communications → Country’s decision and establishment of group 5 Adaptation 6 → Development of Adaptation project
CONCEPT “TO BUILD CAPACITY” 7 Public awarenessCoordination and cooperation 8 → Individual, community, government, etc 9 Improved decision-making
THE VIEWS OF COUNTRIESBRAZILCHINAISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF ILANSRI LANKAUNITED STATES OF AMERICAURUGUAY
BRAZIL South-South cooperation !! South South CHINA Adequate financial resources Developed country Deveoloping parties country parties
ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF ILANthe National Capacity Self Assessment report→ Extensive monitoring and evaluation !! SRI LANKA Indicators needs to be established in developing countries like SLI LANKA!!
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA for Make full use ofTight budgets Monitoring Evaluation URUGUAY GEF should be replenished!
OUT LINEI. IntroductionII. Previous work a) Cancun Agreement (COP16) b) Panama conference (AWG-LCA14.3)I. Future expectation
CANCUN AGREEMENT Governments decided to increase capacity-building support to developing countries by strengthening relevant institutions, networks and climate change communication, education, training and public awareness at all levels. Included in this is increased sharing of information. The structure for institutional arrangements for capacity-building, as well as ways to increase the monitoring of the effectiveness of capacity-building, are to be developed in 2011. They will be considered in Durban.
PANAMA CONFERENCEWays to enhance the monitoring and review of the effectiveness of capacity-buildingModalities regarding institutional arrangements for capacity-buildingCapacity-building activities and reporting by PartiesRole of the secretariatFinancial support for capacity-building activities
WAYS TO ENHANCE THE MONITORING ANDREVIEWOF THE EFFECTIVENESS OF CAPACITY-BUILDING Option 1 Request SBI to Option 2 consider ways by Request SBI to convene a organizing in-session forum annually and in-depth discussion organize an in-session in- with relevant experts depth discussion. and practitioners, to give inputs for the reviews.
MODALITIES REGARDINGINSTITUTIONAL ARRANGEMENTS FORCAPACITY-GUILDING Option1 Option 3 Option2 Encouraging Requests Encouraging relevant existing and the existing institutions newly groups (Adaptation established (CGE, LEG, committee bodies GEF) etc)
OUT LINEI. IntroductionII. Previous workIII. Future expectation a) Expectation for COP17
COP 17What will be done for further implementation ? Knowledge management Project Developme nt Implementation institutionalTraining Strength
REFERENCE FCCC/CP/1999/6/Add.1 SUBSIDIARY BODY FOR IMPLEMENTATION Twenty- ninth session Nairobi Framework Capacity for Carbon Market Development in Sub-Saharan Africa An Inter-Agency Program Proposal UNFCCC/AWGLCA/14.3
WHAT HAS BEEN DONE SO FAR?Origin…Being long recognized in the convention’s work on technology transfer and national communications and fundingCOP5 (Bonn,1999)→Launched process to address capacity buildingCOP7 (Marrakech,2001)→Frameworks was agreed for developing countries and countries with economies in transition
PROJECT DEVELOPMENT Institutional Strengthening Training Project Development Knowledge Management9. Depending on the existing level of capacity (or lack thereof) in a given country, the emphasis onspecific themes will vary. Further, in any country, there are several stakeholder groups, which are targetedto impart capacity building covering the above themes:
CAPACITY-BUILDING IN DEVELOPINGCOUNTRIES First comprehensive review of the framework →conducted at cop10 Second comprehensive review of the implementation →initiated at SBI 28 and should be completed by COP17
CAPACITY-BUILDING IN COUNTRIESWITH EIT (ECONOMY INTRANSITION) First comprehensive review of the framework was conducted at COP 10 Second comprehensive review at SBI 27 →the scope of needs as listed in the framework for capacity-building in EIT countries is still relevant
LEAST DEVELOPED COUNTRIESLack capacity to access and manage financial resources and to report ontheir use → need to be provided on a priority basis
CAPACITY-BUILDING AT COP 16 Parties decided to continue their consideration of the framework for capacity-building in developing countries at SBI 34 And try to complete the second comprehensive review of the capacity-building
CAPACITY-BUILDING REGARDINGKYOTO PROTOCOLThe Subsidiary Body for Implementation, at its thirty-first session,decided to recommend the following draft decision for adoption by theConference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to theKyoto Protocol at its fifth session
CAPACITY BUILDING REGARDINGKYOTO PROTOCOL 2 The Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol, Recalling decision 6/CMP.4, 1. Requests the Subsidiary Body for Implementation to continue its consideration of the second comprehensive review of the implementation of the framework for capacity-building in developing countries at its thirty-second session, with a view to preparing a draft decision on the outcome of this review for adoption by the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol at its sixth session; 2. Decides to complete the consideration of the second comprehensive review at its sixth session.
AGREEMENT Scope and principles of capacity-building A list of action Provision of financial resources for capacity-building Reporting by Annex ⅠParties on the support provided to developing countries in building their capacity Reporting by Non-Annex Ⅰ Parties on the progress in building capacity and on the use of the support received
SBI 34Decided to continue their consideration of the second comprehensivereview of the implementation of the framework for capacity-building indeveloping countries at SBI 35
AWG-LCA 14.2 Discussion on two pending issues1. Ways to further enhance the monitoring and review of the effectiveness of capacity-building2. Modalities regarding institutional agreements for capacity- building
ASSIGNMENT FOR AWG-LCA BY COP17(→AD HOC WORKING GROUP ON LONG TERM COOPERATIVEACTION) Considering two issues below Ways to enhance monitoring and review of capacity-building Modalities for institutional arrangements for capacity-building
DIFFICULTIES Accessing and/or providing adequate information on capacity- building for purposes of its monitoring and review1. For annex Ⅰ parties : capacity-building is well integrated in projects on mitigation and adaptation so it is challenge to extract information on funding dedicated specifically to capacity-building2. For non-Annex Ⅰ parties : lack of capacity and weak institutions at the national level impede the reporting on capacity- building activities undertaken and support received
PARTIES CLAIM The need to strengthen the mandate of existing or newly – established bodies under the Convention A new mechanism is needed to ensure the enhancement of capacity-building to enable the full implementation of the Convention Additional support to national focal points and institutional strengthening
FUTURE VIEWWHAT WILL BE DECIDED IN COP17 ? From framework to implementation New stage is required for the capacity-building. Not just framework butimplementation.
VOCABURALY FCCC…framework convention on climate change SBI…subsidiary body implement AWG-LCA…ad hoc working group on long term cooperative action
WAYS TO ENHANCE THE MONITORING ANDREVIEWOF THE EFFECTIVENESS OF CAPACITY-BUILDING Option 1 Option 2 Requests the subsidiary body Requests the subsidiary body for for implementation, in its work implementation to convene a forum annually with a view of exhanging ideas, to review the implementation of sharing experiences and acknowledging the capacity-building framework, best practices to the implementation of to consider ways to enhance capacity-building activities undertaken the monitoring and review of under convention. The forum will include the effectiveness of the participation from representatives of capacity-building activities in existing and newly established bodies, and parties to the Convention. developing countries by organizing in-session in-depth Further requests the subsidiary body for implementation to organize an in-session discussion with relevant experts in-depth discussion to consider tools for and practitioners, to give inputs monitoring and review of capacity-building for the reviews . activities.
COP15 SIDE EVENT ON CAPACITY BUILDINGClimate change related learningSkills development→ Country-driven and proactive approach Draft guidance methodology
CAPACITY-BUILDING UNDER KYOTOPROTOCOL Capacity-building is essential for developing countries to enable them toparticipate in the implementation of the Kyoto protocol Noting the“importance of the private sector” , “role played by private sector” and “additional role that may be played by private sector” in building capacity Key needs remain to be addressed to enable developing countries, in particular the least developed countries, African countries, and small island developing states to effectively to participate in the clean development mechanism.
CAPACITY-BUILDING ACTIVITIES AND REPORTING BYPARTIES Option 1 Invites parties, in particular developing country Parties, to provide information through national communications and other reports to enable the Subsidiary Body for Inplementation to monitor progress and effectiveness of actions undertaken in the implementation of the capacity-building framework.
CAPACITY-BUILDING ACTIVITIES AND REPORTING BYPARTIES Encourages developing country parties to continue t