Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
You KnowYou Know
You’re a TahoeYou’re a Tahoe
Local if:Local if:
If someoneIf someone
asks how theasks how the
winter inwi...
Final Week #8Final Week #8
 Week 7Week 7
 Lure of the LakeLure of the Lake
 Automobiles andAutomobiles and
HighwaysHigh...
Cabins, Castles and Grand EstatesCabins, Castles and Grand Estates
 1863 Ben Holladay “Overland stage coach1863 Ben Holla...
Ben Holladay's cabin taken fromBen Holladay's cabin taken from
the woods in Emerald Baythe woods in Emerald Bay
Concord CoachConcord Coach
Ben Holiday’s 1870Ben Holiday’s 1870 EmeraldEmerald laterlater
sold to DL Bliss 1874sold to DL Bliss 1874
EmeraldEmerald
Isaias W. HellmanIsaias W. Hellman
 1871—Isaias W. Hellman1871—Isaias W. Hellman and John G.and John G.
Downey organize F...
I.W. HellmanI.W. Hellman
 1897 purchased 10001897 purchased 1000
acres of Sugar Pineacres of Sugar Pine
Point.Point.
 Eh...
Pine Lodge – Ehrman MansionPine Lodge – Ehrman Mansion
 ““Shingle Style California CraftsmanShingle Style California Craf...
Ehrman Mansion 1902Ehrman Mansion 1902
Herbert FleishhakerHerbert Fleishhaker
 1907 Herbert Fleishhacker,1907 Herbert Fleishhacker,
went into banking afterwent ...
Herbert Fleishhaker PoolHerbert Fleishhaker Pool
 The area between the zoo,The area between the zoo,
the ocean, and Fortt...
.
Herbert Fleishhacker
60 foot boat Idlewild
Frank Lloyd Wright 1923Frank Lloyd Wright 1923
 Wright's designs for the Lake Tahoe Summer Colony,Wright's designs for th...
Lake Tahoe Cottage Project -Lake Tahoe Cottage Project -
Frank Lloyd WrightFrank Lloyd Wright
http://pc.blogspot.com/2006/...
In 1928, Laura Knight Built a SummerIn 1928, Laura Knight Built a Summer
Home in Emerald Bay. What is theHome in Emerald B...
Mrs. Lora Josephine Small - Moore - KnightMrs. Lora Josephine Small - Moore - Knight
 Her father, Edward A. Small, was aH...
Mrs. KnightMrs. Knight
 16 years prior to the Emerald Bay16 years prior to the Emerald Bay
purchase Mrs. Knight had a sum...
Building Vikingsholm 1928 to 1929Building Vikingsholm 1928 to 1929
 The foundation was laid in the lateThe foundation was...
After Mrs. KnightAfter Mrs. Knight
 Mrs. Knight passed away, at 82, in 1945. TheMrs. Knight passed away, at 82, in 1945. ...
 Henry J. Kaiser started as a Kodak camera salesHenry J. Kaiser started as a Kodak camera sales
person. “He eventually la...
Henry J. Kaiser 1882-1967Henry J. Kaiser 1882-1967
 Kaiser is the “America's boldest, most spectacularKaiser is the “Amer...
1942 Henry J. Kaiser Howard1942 Henry J. Kaiser Howard
HughesHughes
 The HK-1 designation was derived from the namesThe H...
Kaiser Cement CupertinoKaiser Cement Cupertino
 Henry J. Kaiser founded what is now called theHenry J. Kaiser founded wha...
Henry J. KaiserHenry J. Kaiser
 1939 Idlewild house on the West1939 Idlewild house on the West
Shore Lake Tahoe. Sunnysid...
.
Henry J. Kaiser –
Fleur du Lac
flower of the lake
Fleur du LacFleur du Lac
George WhittellGeorge Whittell
 1937 East shore of Lake1937 East shore of Lake
Tahoe – Crystal Bay toTahoe – Crystal Bay ...
.
George Whittell’s
Thunderbird Lodge
2000 $100 Million – Joel Horowitz2000 $100 Million – Joel Horowitz
co-founder of Tommy Hilfiger clothingco-founder of Tomm...
Lake TranquilityLake Tranquility
If your senseIf your sense
of directionof direction
is theis the
mountainmountain
side or lakeside or lake
side.side.
You ...
Gambling Casinos Come to TahoeGambling Casinos Come to Tahoe
Nevada Gambling HistoryNevada Gambling History
 1879: The State of Nevada took1879: The State of Nevada took
over gamblin...
Gambling Casinos Come to TahoeGambling Casinos Come to Tahoe
 1931 Nevada legalized1931 Nevada legalized
gambling. The on...
Early Nevada Gambling – SouthEarly Nevada Gambling – South
Lake Tahoe - Mountain SideLake Tahoe - Mountain Side
.
T o
R e ...
Nevada Club
Notice No Casino on the Lake SideNotice No Casino on the Lake Side
of the Highway (before 1946)of the Highway (before 1946)
1931 to 1958
South ShoreSouth Shore
StatelineStateline
Stateline Market
Sahati brothers had a club called ItahasSahati brothers had a club called Itahas
Sahati spelled backwardsSahati spelled ba...
.
Stateline South Shore MountainStateline South Shore Mountain
Side CasinosSide Casinos
California
Nevada
Nevada
Club
Stat...
Clyde and Bud Beecher, “OriginallyClyde and Bud Beecher, “Originally
operated the Nevada Club six to sevenoperated the Nev...
Cal Custer’s 1931 to 1933Cal Custer’s 1931 to 1933
Nick Abelman 1933 to 1945Nick Abelman 1933 to 1945
Stateline in the 1950sStateline in the 1950s1945 to 1958 Nick and Eddie Sahati brought
in the Hollywood star entertainment
 First building lot:First building lot:
 19441944 Wagon WheelWagon Wheel --
Harvey GrossHarvey Gross
 Second building l...
Harvey GrossHarvey Gross
in Tahoe 1944in Tahoe 1944
 Galilee Episcopal Church hadGalilee Episcopal Church had
the land in...
In 1944, Harvey Gross worked out a deal with Bishop William F. LewisIn 1944, Harvey Gross worked out a deal with Bishop Wi...
Harvey Gross- Wagon WheelHarvey Gross- Wagon Wheel
SaloonSaloon
 Opened in 1946 with six slot machines and aOpened in 194...
Wagon Wheel Saloon - Harvey’sWagon Wheel Saloon - Harvey’s
No Income TaxNo Income Tax
No Sales TaxNo Sales Tax
No Inherita...
19511951
Lake side of Highway 50Lake side of Highway 50
“Glorified Quonset huts” started
in 1949 by George Gannon
One Minute ReviewOne Minute Review
 What was the most useful orWhat was the most useful or
meaningful thing you learned d...
William F. Harrah purchased George's GatewayWilliam F. Harrah purchased George's Gateway
Club in January 1955 for $500,000...
Stateline 1962 Harvey’s Being theStateline 1962 Harvey’s Being the
First High-riseFirst High-rise
California
Nevada
August 26, 1980August 26, 1980
1987 Lake Tower was added and1987 Lake Tower was added and
changed name from Harvey’s Wagonchanged name from Harvey’s Wago...
Bill Harrah- RenoBill Harrah- Reno
1937 opened the first Harrah's1937 opened the first Harrah's
Casino in Reno Nevada. Fai...
.
Stateline South Shore Casinos 1955Stateline South Shore Casinos 1955
California
Nevada
Nevada
Club
Harrah’s
Harvey’s
W
a...
William F. Harrah in TahoeWilliam F. Harrah in Tahoe
 January 1955 Bill Harrah purchased George’s GatewayJanuary 1955 Bil...
1972 addition and 1976 expansion1972 addition and 1976 expansion
1960 Barney O'Malia1960 Barney O'Malia co –co –
owner Richard “Dick” Chartrand andowner Richard “Dick” Chartrand and
princ...
Harrah’s
1958
Gateway 1949
Harrah’s 1955
Later Harvey’s Future Sahara
Tahoe 1965
High Sierra 1983
Horizon 1990 2014
Hard R...
Sahara Tahoe – Del Webb’s 1965Sahara Tahoe – Del Webb’s 1965
 1965 Sahara Tahoe1965 Sahara Tahoe
 1983 High Sierra1983 H...
1965 to 19831965 to 1983
19831983
toto
19901990
1990 to 20141990 to 2014
2015 to present
Park Tahoe 1976 finished in 1978 –Park Tahoe 1976 finished in 1978 –
Park Cattle CompanyPark Cattle Company
 1980 – Caesa...
1980 to 20061980 to 2006
2006 to present2006 to present
Sky HarborSky Harbor 1947 to 19541947 to 1954 (1949-1951)
Kahle Drive
19461946
Final Tahoe History TopicFinal Tahoe History Topic
 Winter and Skiing
Winter SkiingWinter Skiing
 Surface rope towsSurface rope tows
 1920’s1920’s
 1930’s Snow Ball Special1930’s Snow Ball ...
Stone Age Snow SkiersStone Age Snow Skiers
Cave drawing from Eastern Russia dating
from 7000 to 5000 BC Rodoy Drawing
The ...
Long board RacesLong board Races
Snow Ski: The BeginningSnow Ski: The Beginning
 "Norway skates," or skis, were first introduced to the"Norway skates," or...
Johnsville-
Snow SkiSnow Ski
 1869 Alturas Snowshoe Club (Modoc County1869 Alturas Snowshoe Club (Modoc County
above Susanville CA) a...
La Porte
 Johnsville
2008 15th Annual World Championship Historic2008 15th Annual World Championship Historic
Long board Revival Races at Johns...
16 (+1/2)16 (+1/2)
Lake TahoeLake Tahoe
Ski ResortsSki Resorts
.
T o
R e n o
T o
C a r s o n
C ity
8 98 9
8 9
2 8
2 8
4 3 ...
There Are Many Snow Ski ResortsThere Are Many Snow Ski Resorts
Near the Tahoe Basin.Near the Tahoe Basin.
 Where is the f...
Granlibakken Ski ResortGranlibakken Ski Resort
.
T o
R e n o
T o
C a r s o n
C ity
8 98 9
8 9
2 8
2 8
4 3 1
5 0
2 0 7
L a ...
Early Snow SkiEarly Snow Ski
 Before WW II Travel SnowlineBefore WW II Travel Snowline
 Hwy 80 - (40) at the timeHwy 80 ...
Snow Ski During WW IISnow Ski During WW II
 Most snow skiing was halted during WWII.Most snow skiing was halted during WW...
Snow Ski After WW II 1946Snow Ski After WW II 1946
 Gasoline for cars became available andGasoline for cars became availa...
Snow Skiing After WW IISnow Skiing After WW II
 Electrification allowed modern conveniences.Electrification allowed moder...
Snow Skiing After WW IISnow Skiing After WW II
1946 White Hills at Spooner Summit by William1946 White Hills at Spooner Su...
.
T o
R e n o
T o
C a r s o n
C ity
8 98 9
8 9
2 8
2 8
4 3 1
5 0
2 0 7
L a k e T a h o e

1946 Sierra at Tahoe (Ski Ranch)1946 Sierra at Tahoe (Ski Ranch)
 1946 Vern Sprock bought into
a “little ski area” along ...
1946 Sierra at Tahoe (Ski Ranch)1946 Sierra at Tahoe (Ski Ranch)
1946 Vern Sprock in bought into a “little ski
area” along...
19751975
Built in 1961 by Mildred and Rolla
Carter
POW-WOWPOW-WOW
EAT HEREEAT HERE
GET GASGET GAS
1947 Echo Summit Ski Resort1947 Echo Summit Ski Resort
Started in 1947 Staglin and West. The Echo
“Nebel- fog- Horn (Matte...
It all Started with Rope TowsIt all Started with Rope Tows
 Bijou golf courseBijou golf course
 Flag Pole PeakFlag Pole ...
 Rope tow above the parking lot andRope tow above the parking lot and
rope tow from the chalet Daverope tow from the chal...
Squaw ValleySquaw Valley
 1937 Wayne Poulsen purchased 1,200 acres in Squaw1937 Wayne Poulsen purchased 1,200 acres in Sq...
Squaw Valley 1959Squaw Valley 1959
Squaw Valley - OlympicsSquaw Valley - Olympics
Future HeavenlyFuture Heavenly
1947 Bijou Skyway Park.1947 Bijou Skyway Park.
(future Ski Run Blvd.) Lee(future Ski Run Bl...
Skiing in Ski Run Blvd –Skiing in Ski Run Blvd –
precursor to Heavenly Valleyprecursor to Heavenly Valley
Ski Run Blvd in the Summer 1950
Heavenly ValleyHeavenly Valley
 1955 Chris Kurasia, and casino owners1955 Chris Kurasia, and casino owners
-George Canon,...
South Tahoe High School Ski HillSouth Tahoe High School Ski Hill
 Mike Shreve - 1972 STHS graduate andMike Shreve - 1972 ...
South Tahoe High SchoolSouth Tahoe High School
The Winter of ‘51- ‘52The Winter of ‘51- ‘52
 Snow began in February.Snow began in February.
 The rotary plow was used t...
The Winter of ‘51 – ‘52The Winter of ‘51 – ‘52
 100 homes collapsed in the South Shore100 homes collapsed in the South Sh...
1968/691968/69
April 1969April 1969
One Minute ReviewOne Minute Review
 Objective – What facts do you remember?Objective – What facts do you remember?
 Refl...
Class 8 cabins castles grand estates casinos winter skiing 2015
Class 8 cabins castles grand estates casinos winter skiing 2015
Class 8 cabins castles grand estates casinos winter skiing 2015
Class 8 cabins castles grand estates casinos winter skiing 2015
Class 8 cabins castles grand estates casinos winter skiing 2015
Class 8 cabins castles grand estates casinos winter skiing 2015
Class 8 cabins castles grand estates casinos winter skiing 2015
Class 8 cabins castles grand estates casinos winter skiing 2015
Class 8 cabins castles grand estates casinos winter skiing 2015
Class 8 cabins castles grand estates casinos winter skiing 2015
Class 8 cabins castles grand estates casinos winter skiing 2015
Class 8 cabins castles grand estates casinos winter skiing 2015
Class 8 cabins castles grand estates casinos winter skiing 2015
Class 8 cabins castles grand estates casinos winter skiing 2015
Class 8 cabins castles grand estates casinos winter skiing 2015
Class 8 cabins castles grand estates casinos winter skiing 2015
Class 8 cabins castles grand estates casinos winter skiing 2015
Class 8 cabins castles grand estates casinos winter skiing 2015
Class 8 cabins castles grand estates casinos winter skiing 2015
Class 8 cabins castles grand estates casinos winter skiing 2015
Class 8 cabins castles grand estates casinos winter skiing 2015
Class 8 cabins castles grand estates casinos winter skiing 2015
Class 8 cabins castles grand estates casinos winter skiing 2015
Class 8 cabins castles grand estates casinos winter skiing 2015
Class 8 cabins castles grand estates casinos winter skiing 2015
Class 8 cabins castles grand estates casinos winter skiing 2015
Class 8 cabins castles grand estates casinos winter skiing 2015
Class 8 cabins castles grand estates casinos winter skiing 2015
Class 8 cabins castles grand estates casinos winter skiing 2015
Class 8 cabins castles grand estates casinos winter skiing 2015
Class 8 cabins castles grand estates casinos winter skiing 2015
Class 8 cabins castles grand estates casinos winter skiing 2015
Class 8 cabins castles grand estates casinos winter skiing 2015
Class 8 cabins castles grand estates casinos winter skiing 2015
Class 8 cabins castles grand estates casinos winter skiing 2015
Class 8 cabins castles grand estates casinos winter skiing 2015
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Class 8 cabins castles grand estates casinos winter skiing 2015

914 views

Published on

Tahoe History

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Class 8 cabins castles grand estates casinos winter skiing 2015

  1. 1. You KnowYou Know You’re a TahoeYou’re a Tahoe Local if:Local if: If someoneIf someone asks how theasks how the winter inwinter in Tahoe will beTahoe will be you say, “I willyou say, “I will let you knowlet you know in May.”in May.” WeatherWeather forecastersforecasters are greatare great historianshistorians
  2. 2. Final Week #8Final Week #8  Week 7Week 7  Lure of the LakeLure of the Lake  Automobiles andAutomobiles and HighwaysHighways  AirportsAirports  This weekThis week  Cabins Castles andCabins Castles and Grand EstatesGrand Estates  CasinosCasinos  Winter SkiingWinter Skiing
  3. 3. Cabins, Castles and Grand EstatesCabins, Castles and Grand Estates  1863 Ben Holladay “Overland stage coach1863 Ben Holladay “Overland stage coach magnate” 1853 partnered Georgemagnate” 1853 partnered George Chorpenning to transport US Mail to the WestChorpenning to transport US Mail to the West He was noted as the “Napoleon of theHe was noted as the “Napoleon of the Plains.”Plains.”  He built the first private two-story five roomHe built the first private two-story five room villa. Named “The Cottage” built in Emeraldvilla. Named “The Cottage” built in Emerald Bay, northwest of Eagle Falls, the (Fannette)Bay, northwest of Eagle Falls, the (Fannette) island and bought the tug boatisland and bought the tug boat EmeraldEmerald.. Landauer pg 168Landauer pg 168  At one time, Ben Holladay purchased theAt one time, Ben Holladay purchased the Pony Express and was the sole owner of thePony Express and was the sole owner of the Overland Mail and Express Company. BenOverland Mail and Express Company. Ben Holladay is given credit for introducing theHolladay is given credit for introducing the Concord Stagecoach out west.Concord Stagecoach out west.  On November 1, 1866, Ben Holladay sold hisOn November 1, 1866, Ben Holladay sold his stagecoach company to Wells Fargostagecoach company to Wells Fargo http://www.linecamp.com/museums/americanwest/western_nahttp://www.linecamp.com/museums/americanwest/western_na 1819 - 1887
  4. 4. Ben Holladay's cabin taken fromBen Holladay's cabin taken from the woods in Emerald Baythe woods in Emerald Bay
  5. 5. Concord CoachConcord Coach
  6. 6. Ben Holiday’s 1870Ben Holiday’s 1870 EmeraldEmerald laterlater sold to DL Bliss 1874sold to DL Bliss 1874
  7. 7. EmeraldEmerald
  8. 8. Isaias W. HellmanIsaias W. Hellman  1871—Isaias W. Hellman1871—Isaias W. Hellman and John G.and John G. Downey organize Farmers & MerchantsDowney organize Farmers & Merchants Bank.Bank.  1879—Isaias W. Hellman, John G.1879—Isaias W. Hellman, John G. Downey, and Ozro Child, respectively aDowney, and Ozro Child, respectively a Jew, Catholic and Protestant, form aJew, Catholic and Protestant, form a  Methodist educational institution whichMethodist educational institution which becomes the University of Southernbecomes the University of Southern California.California.  1890—Isaias Hellman relocates to San1890—Isaias Hellman relocates to San Francisco, purchases the Nevada Bank,Francisco, purchases the Nevada Bank, and merges it with Wells Fargo, retainingand merges it with Wells Fargo, retaining the Wells Fargo name.the Wells Fargo name.  In 1897, San Francisco businessman I.W.In 1897, San Francisco businessman I.W. Hellman began buying property at SugarHellman began buying property at Sugar Pine Point and by 1913 had acquiredPine Point and by 1913 had acquired nearly 2000 acres. His grand but informalnearly 2000 acres. His grand but informal summer home, calledsummer home, called Pine LodgePine Lodge, was, was completed in 1903 and was considered tocompleted in 1903 and was considered to be one of the finest in the high Sierra.be one of the finest in the high Sierra.
  9. 9. I.W. HellmanI.W. Hellman  1897 purchased 10001897 purchased 1000 acres of Sugar Pineacres of Sugar Pine Point.Point.  Ehrman MansionEhrman Mansion  Designed by MIT gradDesigned by MIT grad Walter Danforth Bliss.Walter Danforth Bliss. (Tahoe Tavern)(Tahoe Tavern)  1903 “Pine Lodge”1903 “Pine Lodge”  1963 sold to the State of1963 sold to the State of California and run byCalifornia and run by California Department ofCalifornia Department of Parks and Recreation.Parks and Recreation. .
  10. 10. Pine Lodge – Ehrman MansionPine Lodge – Ehrman Mansion  ““Shingle Style California CraftsmanShingle Style California Craftsman home is thehome is the first uniquely American style of architecture andfirst uniquely American style of architecture and Pine Lodge is one of its finer expressions.”Pine Lodge is one of its finer expressions.” BillBill Lindermann, California State ParksLindermann, California State Parks Pine Lodge: Tahoe’s Finest Summer HomePine Lodge: Tahoe’s Finest Summer Home State Parks Sierra State ParksState Parks Sierra State Parks Foundation P.O. Box Tahoma CA 96142 (530) 525-3345 page 2Foundation P.O. Box Tahoma CA 96142 (530) 525-3345 page 2  Florence Hellman-Ehrman took over managingFlorence Hellman-Ehrman took over managing the house in 1920. Construction 11,703 squarethe house in 1920. Construction 11,703 square feet, built in one year. The family used it fromfeet, built in one year. The family used it from 1903 to 1965.1903 to 1965.  First week of June to Labor Day. Up to 50First week of June to Labor Day. Up to 50 guests with 30 workers: butlers/maids.guests with 30 workers: butlers/maids.  Stored its own ice and developed its ownStored its own ice and developed its own power.power.
  11. 11. Ehrman Mansion 1902Ehrman Mansion 1902
  12. 12. Herbert FleishhakerHerbert Fleishhaker  1907 Herbert Fleishhacker,1907 Herbert Fleishhacker, went into banking afterwent into banking after making a fortune in shipping.making a fortune in shipping. It was his dream to have aIt was his dream to have a zoo established in Goldenzoo established in Golden Gate Park.Gate Park.  Fleishhacker and his wifeFleishhacker and his wife went on a trip around thewent on a trip around the world to purchase animalsworld to purchase animals and to direct the operation ofand to direct the operation of the Zoo.the Zoo.  Now known as theNow known as the Fleishhacker San FranciscoFleishhacker San Francisco zoo.zoo.  1926 purchased the Kohl1926 purchased the Kohl estate in Idlewild on Tahoe’sestate in Idlewild on Tahoe’s west shore with an enclosedwest shore with an enclosed swimming pool.swimming pool. Herbert Fleishhacker House Atherton, California 1916 1872 1957
  13. 13. Herbert Fleishhaker PoolHerbert Fleishhaker Pool  The area between the zoo,The area between the zoo, the ocean, and Fortthe ocean, and Fort Funston was onceFunston was once Fleischacker Pool, aFleischacker Pool, a thousand-foot-longthousand-foot-long swimming pool; it was soswimming pool; it was so big that lifeguards had tobig that lifeguards had to patrol the pool in boats.patrol the pool in boats. The 116,000 square feet ofThe 116,000 square feet of surface held 6.3 millionsurface held 6.3 million gallons of chilly oceangallons of chilly ocean water. Built in 1925, thewater. Built in 1925, the pool gradually fell intopool gradually fell into disuse; in 1984, it wasdisuse; in 1984, it was covered with earth.covered with earth. http://shapingsf.ctyme.com/cgi-bin/library?e=q-000-http://shapingsf.ctyme.com/cgi-bin/library?e=q-000- 00---0ssf--00-0-0--0prompt-10---4----dtx--0-1l--1-en-00---0ssf--00-0-0--0prompt-10---4----dtx--0-1l--1-en- 50---20-home-twig+boats--00031-001-1-0utfZz-8-50---20-home-twig+boats--00031-001-1-0utfZz-8- 00&a=d&c=ssf&cl=search&d=HASH01acc1a0007971d00&a=d&c=ssf&cl=search&d=HASH01acc1a0007971d 8d2d2a2c28d2d2a2c2
  14. 14. . Herbert Fleishhacker 60 foot boat Idlewild
  15. 15. Frank Lloyd Wright 1923Frank Lloyd Wright 1923  Wright's designs for the Lake Tahoe Summer Colony,Wright's designs for the Lake Tahoe Summer Colony, begun in 1923. The site of some 200 acres enclosedbegun in 1923. The site of some 200 acres enclosed the head of Emerald Bay at the southwest corner ofthe head of Emerald Bay at the southwest corner of Lake Tahoe.Lake Tahoe.  As records show, he attempted to interest JessieAs records show, he attempted to interest Jessie Armstrong - with preliminary drawings of hisArmstrong - with preliminary drawings of his proposal. Impressed with Wright as a person, sheproposal. Impressed with Wright as a person, she remained reserved regarding his work.remained reserved regarding his work.  He conceived floating cabins whose changeableHe conceived floating cabins whose changeable positions on the water would intensify the visualpositions on the water would intensify the visual impact of the bay, and conceived the inn, itselfimpact of the bay, and conceived the inn, itself approached by a floating bridge, as a sort ofapproached by a floating bridge, as a sort of elaborate jetty.elaborate jetty. http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/flw/flw03.htmlhttp://www.loc.gov/exhibits/flw/flw03.html
  16. 16. Lake Tahoe Cottage Project -Lake Tahoe Cottage Project - Frank Lloyd WrightFrank Lloyd Wright http://pc.blogspot.com/2006/09/lake-tahoe-cottage-project-frank-http://pc.blogspot.com/2006/09/lake-tahoe-cottage-project-frank- lloyd.htmllloyd.html
  17. 17. In 1928, Laura Knight Built a SummerIn 1928, Laura Knight Built a Summer Home in Emerald Bay. What is theHome in Emerald Bay. What is the Name of the Home Today?Name of the Home Today?  VikingsholmVikingsholm  Built in two summersBuilt in two summers
  18. 18. Mrs. Lora Josephine Small - Moore - KnightMrs. Lora Josephine Small - Moore - Knight  Her father, Edward A. Small, was aHer father, Edward A. Small, was a corporation lawyer.corporation lawyer.  In the 1880s, Lora Josephine Small marriedIn the 1880s, Lora Josephine Small married James Moore. James Hobart Moore hadJames Moore. James Hobart Moore had controlling interests in Union Pacific, and Rockcontrolling interests in Union Pacific, and Rock Island Railroad.Island Railroad.  Mr. James Moore died 1917.Mr. James Moore died 1917.  In the early 1920s, Lora Small Moore marriedIn the early 1920s, Lora Small Moore married Harry French Knight, a stockbroker from St.Harry French Knight, a stockbroker from St. Louis.Louis.  She and Mr. Knight were prime financialShe and Mr. Knight were prime financial backers of Lindbergh's flight across thebackers of Lindbergh's flight across the Atlantic.Atlantic.  She was a major benefactor to the ChristianShe was a major benefactor to the Christian Science churches in Santa Barbara, Reno, andScience churches in Santa Barbara, Reno, and South Lake Tahoe (near the “Y”).South Lake Tahoe (near the “Y”).  Current Vikinghom summer curator HelenCurrent Vikinghom summer curator Helen Henry Smith "One of Mrs. Knight’s greatHenry Smith "One of Mrs. Knight’s great interests was providing educationalinterests was providing educational opportunities for students who probably couldopportunities for students who probably could have never gone on to higher education. Myhave never gone on to higher education. My mother happened to be one of those fortunatemother happened to be one of those fortunate people."people." 1864 1945 First Church of Christ Scientist - 1935
  19. 19. Mrs. KnightMrs. Knight  16 years prior to the Emerald Bay16 years prior to the Emerald Bay purchase Mrs. Knight had a summerpurchase Mrs. Knight had a summer home, Wynchwood, at Observatory Pointhome, Wynchwood, at Observatory Point on the North Shore of Lake Tahoe.on the North Shore of Lake Tahoe.  This property was later sold to RobertThis property was later sold to Robert Stanley Dollar, Sr., and is now known asStanley Dollar, Sr., and is now known as Dollar Point.Dollar Point.  Through church affiliations, Mrs. KnightThrough church affiliations, Mrs. Knight became acquainted with the William Henrybecame acquainted with the William Henry Armstrong family who owned 239 acres atArmstrong family who owned 239 acres at the head of Emerald Bay. In 1928, shethe head of Emerald Bay. In 1928, she purchased the property from them forpurchased the property from them for $250,000.$250,000.
  20. 20. Building Vikingsholm 1928 to 1929Building Vikingsholm 1928 to 1929  The foundation was laid in the lateThe foundation was laid in the late summer of 1928. In the spring of 1929,summer of 1928. In the spring of 1929, more than 200 highly skilled workmenmore than 200 highly skilled workmen were bought to Emerald Bay and housedwere bought to Emerald Bay and housed in temporary barracks on the property.in temporary barracks on the property.  The timbers were hand hewn, the interiorThe timbers were hand hewn, the interior wall boards were hand planed, intricatewall boards were hand planed, intricate wood carvings, and metal fixtures (such aswood carvings, and metal fixtures (such as fireplace screens, hinges, and latches)fireplace screens, hinges, and latches) were hand forged - all at the site.were hand forged - all at the site.
  21. 21. After Mrs. KnightAfter Mrs. Knight  Mrs. Knight passed away, at 82, in 1945. TheMrs. Knight passed away, at 82, in 1945. The property was sold to Lawrence Holland, a rancherproperty was sold to Lawrence Holland, a rancher from Nevada.from Nevada.  He subsequently sold it to Harvey West, aHe subsequently sold it to Harvey West, a lumberman from Placerville, California.lumberman from Placerville, California.  In the early 1950s, Mr. West, a notedIn the early 1950s, Mr. West, a noted philanthropist, negotiated with the State ofphilanthropist, negotiated with the State of California and said he would donate one-half ofCalifornia and said he would donate one-half of the appraised value of the land, as well asthe appraised value of the land, as well as Vikingsholm itself outright, if the State would payVikingsholm itself outright, if the State would pay him the other half. This arrangement was agreedhim the other half. This arrangement was agreed upon, and in 1953 the house and property wereupon, and in 1953 the house and property were acquired by the California Parks Department.acquired by the California Parks Department.
  22. 22.  Henry J. Kaiser started as a Kodak camera salesHenry J. Kaiser started as a Kodak camera sales person. “He eventually launched more ships thanperson. “He eventually launched more ships than any other builder during World War II, adoptingany other builder during World War II, adopting production techniques that generated one cargoproduction techniques that generated one cargo Liberty ship every 30 days. The record was theLiberty ship every 30 days. The record was the Robert E PerryRobert E Perry built in 4 days 15½ hours from keelbuilt in 4 days 15½ hours from keel setting to launching.”setting to launching.”  These ships were completed in two-thirds theThese ships were completed in two-thirds the amount of time and at a quarter of the cost of theamount of time and at a quarter of the cost of the average of all other shipyards. Overall Kaiser builtaverage of all other shipyards. Overall Kaiser built 1490 ships during WW II.1490 ships during WW II. Henry J. Kaiser 1882-1967Henry J. Kaiser 1882-1967
  23. 23. Henry J. Kaiser 1882-1967Henry J. Kaiser 1882-1967  Kaiser is the “America's boldest, most spectacularKaiser is the “America's boldest, most spectacular entrepreneur."entrepreneur."  He completed massive construction projects like theHe completed massive construction projects like the Hoover and Grand Coulee dams.Hoover and Grand Coulee dams.  He headed the first company to manufacture steel onHe headed the first company to manufacture steel on the West Coast.the West Coast.  He was partners with Howard Hughes to build theHe was partners with Howard Hughes to build the largest plane of its time.largest plane of its time.  He developed a health care organization,He developed a health care organization, headquartered in Oakland, that became the model forheadquartered in Oakland, that became the model for HMOs nationwide.HMOs nationwide.  He developed a world aluminum processing empire.He developed a world aluminum processing empire.  He developed a partnership to build cars.He developed a partnership to build cars.  He developed part of Waikiki Beach in Hawaii.He developed part of Waikiki Beach in Hawaii.  He built a house in Tahoe.He built a house in Tahoe.
  24. 24. 1942 Henry J. Kaiser Howard1942 Henry J. Kaiser Howard HughesHughes  The HK-1 designation was derived from the namesThe HK-1 designation was derived from the names HHughesughes andand KKaiser. When Kaiser backed out of the project in 1944,aiser. When Kaiser backed out of the project in 1944, Howard Hughes redesignated the aircraft H-4Howard Hughes redesignated the aircraft H-4  The original proposal for the flying boat was with a 320-footThe original proposal for the flying boat was with a 320-foot wingspan. The government criteria was to build a 750 troopwingspan. The government criteria was to build a 750 troop carrier that substituted wood for metal. Mostly laminatedcarrier that substituted wood for metal. Mostly laminated Birch. Throughout its construction, considerable controversyBirch. Throughout its construction, considerable controversy surrounded its funding. A disgruntled U.S. Senator dubbedsurrounded its funding. A disgruntled U.S. Senator dubbed the HK-1 "Spruce Goose“the HK-1 "Spruce Goose“  The Hughes Flying Boat has eight Pratt and Whitney R-4360,The Hughes Flying Boat has eight Pratt and Whitney R-4360, 3,000 hp engines3,000 hp engines  The Hamilton Standard 4-bladed propellers measure 17 feetThe Hamilton Standard 4-bladed propellers measure 17 feet 2 inches in diameter.2 inches in diameter.  Was stored in Long Beach CA. Since 2000 has been stored inWas stored in Long Beach CA. Since 2000 has been stored in McMinnville OR in the Evergreen Aviation MuseumMcMinnville OR in the Evergreen Aviation Museum
  25. 25. Kaiser Cement CupertinoKaiser Cement Cupertino  Henry J. Kaiser founded what is now called theHenry J. Kaiser founded what is now called the Hanson Permanente Cement plant and quarry in theHanson Permanente Cement plant and quarry in the hills above Cupertino in 1939.hills above Cupertino in 1939.  ““Find a need and fill it.”Find a need and fill it.”  1950s, a Bay Area resident could drive in a Kaiser-1950s, a Bay Area resident could drive in a Kaiser- built car on freeways made of Kaiser cement to abuilt car on freeways made of Kaiser cement to a Kaiser-built home made with Kaiser gypsum board.Kaiser-built home made with Kaiser gypsum board.  Kaiser companies built the piers for the eastern spanKaiser companies built the piers for the eastern span of the Bay Bridge and dug the Caldecott Tunnel.of the Bay Bridge and dug the Caldecott Tunnel. Kaiser Steel built the BART tubes under the bay,Kaiser Steel built the BART tubes under the bay, while Kaiser Aluminum & Chemical built the system'swhile Kaiser Aluminum & Chemical built the system's electric third railelectric third rail
  26. 26. Henry J. KaiserHenry J. Kaiser  1939 Idlewild house on the West1939 Idlewild house on the West Shore Lake Tahoe. SunnysideShore Lake Tahoe. Sunnyside  Fleur du Lac - “Flower of the Lake.”Fleur du Lac - “Flower of the Lake.”  300 workers, built in 29 days.300 workers, built in 29 days. Saga I pgSaga I pg 6767  Godfather II was partially filmed atGodfather II was partially filmed at Fleur du Lac.Fleur du Lac.
  27. 27. . Henry J. Kaiser – Fleur du Lac flower of the lake
  28. 28. Fleur du LacFleur du Lac
  29. 29. George WhittellGeorge Whittell  1937 East shore of Lake1937 East shore of Lake Tahoe – Crystal Bay toTahoe – Crystal Bay to Zephyr CoveZephyr Cove  23 miles and 400023 miles and 4000 acres of Lake Tahoeacres of Lake Tahoe shore.shore.  ““Thunderbird Lodge”Thunderbird Lodge”  Thunderbird boatThunderbird boat
  30. 30. . George Whittell’s Thunderbird Lodge
  31. 31. 2000 $100 Million – Joel Horowitz2000 $100 Million – Joel Horowitz co-founder of Tommy Hilfiger clothingco-founder of Tommy Hilfiger clothing
  32. 32. Lake TranquilityLake Tranquility
  33. 33. If your senseIf your sense of directionof direction is theis the mountainmountain side or lakeside or lake side.side. You KnowYou Know You’re a TahoeYou’re a Tahoe Local if:Local if:
  34. 34. Gambling Casinos Come to TahoeGambling Casinos Come to Tahoe
  35. 35. Nevada Gambling HistoryNevada Gambling History  1879: The State of Nevada took1879: The State of Nevada took over gambling and it was madeover gambling and it was made legal only in licensed houses tolegal only in licensed houses to increase governmental revenue.increase governmental revenue. Laundauer page 183Laundauer page 183  1910 Nevada legislature stopped1910 Nevada legislature stopped gambling.gambling.  1912 and 1913 eased severe1912 and 1913 eased severe restrictions.restrictions.  Gambling continued illegally withGambling continued illegally with more profit and state revenuemore profit and state revenue dropped.dropped.  March 19, 1931 the ban onMarch 19, 1931 the ban on gambling was lifted for Nevada’sgambling was lifted for Nevada’s economic survival.economic survival.
  36. 36. Gambling Casinos Come to TahoeGambling Casinos Come to Tahoe  1931 Nevada legalized1931 Nevada legalized gambling. The only state forgambling. The only state for 50 years to allow gambling.50 years to allow gambling. (Inserted a deliberate legal(Inserted a deliberate legal quirk waving the 30-dayquirk waving the 30-day residence for a quick divorceresidence for a quick divorce as well – Lightin’)as well – Lightin’)  1940’s California District1940’s California District Attorney (future CaliforniaAttorney (future California Governor) Edmund G. BrownGovernor) Edmund G. Brown (son Jerry) had a successful(son Jerry) had a successful campaign to stop gambling incampaign to stop gambling in California pushing people toCalifornia pushing people to Nevada.Nevada.  In 1980 the Cabazon IndianIn 1980 the Cabazon Indian Tribe (near Indio, California)Tribe (near Indio, California) started gaming. People stayingstarted gaming. People staying in California to gamble.in California to gamble.
  37. 37. Early Nevada Gambling – SouthEarly Nevada Gambling – South Lake Tahoe - Mountain SideLake Tahoe - Mountain Side . T o R e n o T o C a r s o n C ity 8 98 9 8 9 2 8 2 8 4 3 1 5 0 2 0 7 L a k e T a h o e  1931 Nevada legalized gambling and two clubs started1931 Nevada legalized gambling and two clubs started in Tahoe on the mountain side of Highway 50.in Tahoe on the mountain side of Highway 50.  19311931 The Nevada ClubThe Nevada Club – owned by Clyde and Bud– owned by Clyde and Bud Beecher until selling to Bill Harrah in 1958Beecher until selling to Bill Harrah in 1958  19311931 The State Line Country ClubThe State Line Country Club started by Cal Custerstarted by Cal Custer with a 21 table, tub-style craps game, and a dozen slotwith a 21 table, tub-style craps game, and a dozen slot machines.machines.  1933 Nick Abelman of Reno and his partners Steve1933 Nick Abelman of Reno and his partners Steve Pavlovich and Bert Riddick purchased thePavlovich and Bert Riddick purchased the State LineState Line Country Club.Country Club.  1945 Nick and Eddie Sahati purchase the club. –1945 Nick and Eddie Sahati purchase the club. – Sahati’s and operated until 1958 and sold to Bill HarrahSahati’s and operated until 1958 and sold to Bill Harrah
  38. 38. Nevada Club
  39. 39. Notice No Casino on the Lake SideNotice No Casino on the Lake Side of the Highway (before 1946)of the Highway (before 1946)
  40. 40. 1931 to 1958
  41. 41. South ShoreSouth Shore StatelineStateline Stateline Market
  42. 42. Sahati brothers had a club called ItahasSahati brothers had a club called Itahas Sahati spelled backwardsSahati spelled backwards (before the(before the Stateline Club) next Beecher's NevadaStateline Club) next Beecher's Nevada ClubClub
  43. 43. . Stateline South Shore MountainStateline South Shore Mountain Side CasinosSide Casinos California Nevada Nevada Club Stateline Country Club
  44. 44. Clyde and Bud Beecher, “OriginallyClyde and Bud Beecher, “Originally operated the Nevada Club six to sevenoperated the Nevada Club six to seven weeks every summer 1931 to 1958.”weeks every summer 1931 to 1958.”
  45. 45. Cal Custer’s 1931 to 1933Cal Custer’s 1931 to 1933 Nick Abelman 1933 to 1945Nick Abelman 1933 to 1945
  46. 46. Stateline in the 1950sStateline in the 1950s1945 to 1958 Nick and Eddie Sahati brought in the Hollywood star entertainment
  47. 47.  First building lot:First building lot:  19441944 Wagon WheelWagon Wheel -- Harvey GrossHarvey Gross  Second building lot:Second building lot:  1949 George’s Gateway1949 George’s Gateway Club – George CannonClub – George Cannon  1955 Bill Harrah-1955 Bill Harrah- Harrah’s Lake ClubHarrah’s Lake Club  1956 Harvey Gross1956 Harvey Gross  2001 Harrah’s2001 Harrah’s Entertainment Inc.Entertainment Inc. South Shore - Two Lake Side CasinosSouth Shore - Two Lake Side Casinos
  48. 48. Harvey GrossHarvey Gross in Tahoe 1944in Tahoe 1944  Galilee Episcopal Church hadGalilee Episcopal Church had the land in Nevada adjacent tothe land in Nevada adjacent to the California line on the Lakethe California line on the Lake side of Highway 50.side of Highway 50.  Harvey Gross traded his NevadaHarvey Gross traded his Nevada East Shore Tahoe property withEast Shore Tahoe property with the church’s Nevada Souththe church’s Nevada South Tahoe Stateline property.Tahoe Stateline property.  Harvey split the South ShoreHarvey split the South Shore Stateline property with KenStateline property with Ken Johnson. Harvey took the EastJohnson. Harvey took the East lot.lot.  Johnson’s property wasJohnson’s property was adjacent to the Stateline.adjacent to the Stateline. Johnson sold his lot to GeorgeJohnson sold his lot to George Cannon.Cannon.
  49. 49. In 1944, Harvey Gross worked out a deal with Bishop William F. LewisIn 1944, Harvey Gross worked out a deal with Bishop William F. Lewis to acquire the Stateline property of the old Galilee Episcopal churchto acquire the Stateline property of the old Galilee Episcopal church summer camp, in exchange for a new beach-front summer camp sitesummer camp, in exchange for a new beach-front summer camp site in Glenbrook. Harvey Gross would use the Stateline property to openin Glenbrook. Harvey Gross would use the Stateline property to open the new Stateline Wagon Wheel club.the new Stateline Wagon Wheel club.
  50. 50. Harvey Gross- Wagon WheelHarvey Gross- Wagon Wheel SaloonSaloon  Opened in 1946 with six slot machines and aOpened in 1946 with six slot machines and a gas station. Stayed open all year roundgas station. Stayed open all year round  Expanded in 1947Expanded in 1947
  51. 51. Wagon Wheel Saloon - Harvey’sWagon Wheel Saloon - Harvey’s No Income TaxNo Income Tax No Sales TaxNo Sales Tax No Inheritance TaxNo Inheritance Tax No Corporation TaxNo Corporation Tax No Gift TaxNo Gift Tax
  52. 52. 19511951
  53. 53. Lake side of Highway 50Lake side of Highway 50 “Glorified Quonset huts” started in 1949 by George Gannon
  54. 54. One Minute ReviewOne Minute Review  What was the most useful orWhat was the most useful or meaningful thing you learned duringmeaningful thing you learned during this session?this session?  What question(s) remain upper-mostWhat question(s) remain upper-most in your mind as we end this session?in your mind as we end this session?
  55. 55. William F. Harrah purchased George's GatewayWilliam F. Harrah purchased George's Gateway Club in January 1955 for $500,000 and Harrah’sClub in January 1955 for $500,000 and Harrah’s Lake Club opened June 20, 1955Lake Club opened June 20, 1955
  56. 56. Stateline 1962 Harvey’s Being theStateline 1962 Harvey’s Being the First High-riseFirst High-rise California Nevada
  57. 57. August 26, 1980August 26, 1980
  58. 58. 1987 Lake Tower was added and1987 Lake Tower was added and changed name from Harvey’s Wagonchanged name from Harvey’s Wagon Wheel to HarveysWheel to Harveys
  59. 59. Bill Harrah- RenoBill Harrah- Reno 1937 opened the first Harrah's1937 opened the first Harrah's Casino in Reno Nevada. FailedCasino in Reno Nevada. Failed and closed within two months.and closed within two months. 1938 Mr. Harrah opened another1938 Mr. Harrah opened another bingo parlor.bingo parlor. He gained a reputation forHe gained a reputation for running honest games andrunning honest games and treating his customers andtreating his customers and employees with fairness.employees with fairness. Over time, Harrah was able toOver time, Harrah was able to open other casinos. He wouldopen other casinos. He would spend most of his time in hisspend most of his time in his casinos, watching the action,casinos, watching the action, making sure that everything inmaking sure that everything in the club provided the customersthe club provided the customers with comfort.with comfort.
  60. 60. . Stateline South Shore Casinos 1955Stateline South Shore Casinos 1955 California Nevada Nevada Club Harrah’s Harvey’s W agon W heel Harrah’s Lake Club Barney’s Harrah’s Stateline Country Club
  61. 61. William F. Harrah in TahoeWilliam F. Harrah in Tahoe  January 1955 Bill Harrah purchased George’s GatewayJanuary 1955 Bill Harrah purchased George’s Gateway Club and re-named Harrah’s Lake Club.Club and re-named Harrah’s Lake Club.  1958 Harrah acquired an interest in the Sahati’s1958 Harrah acquired an interest in the Sahati’s -Stateline Country Club and the Beecher’s - Nevada-Stateline Country Club and the Beecher’s - Nevada Club across the street and opened Harrah’s StatelineClub across the street and opened Harrah’s Stateline Club.Club.  1959 The South Shore Room opened. A 750 seat1959 The South Shore Room opened. A 750 seat showroom, whose opening act was comedian Redshowroom, whose opening act was comedian Red Skelton. Other entertainers such as Wayne Newton,Skelton. Other entertainers such as Wayne Newton, Lawrence Welk, Bill Cosby, Sammy Davis, Jr. and FrankLawrence Welk, Bill Cosby, Sammy Davis, Jr. and Frank Sinatra.Sinatra.  1973 18-story, 250 room hotel which opened.1973 18-story, 250 room hotel which opened.  Harrah’s Lake Tahoe earned the first five-star diamondHarrah’s Lake Tahoe earned the first five-star diamond rating in casino history.rating in casino history.  1976 the hotel was later expanded with 290 additional1976 the hotel was later expanded with 290 additional rooms.rooms. Mandel, Leon (1981). William Fisk Harrah The Life And Times OfMandel, Leon (1981). William Fisk Harrah The Life And Times Of A Gambling Magnate. Doubleday & Company, Inc.A Gambling Magnate. Doubleday & Company, Inc. ISBN 0-385-15513-1ISBN 0-385-15513-1..
  62. 62. 1972 addition and 1976 expansion1972 addition and 1976 expansion
  63. 63. 1960 Barney O'Malia1960 Barney O'Malia co –co – owner Richard “Dick” Chartrand andowner Richard “Dick” Chartrand and principle owner at the Nugget inprinciple owner at the Nugget in South ShoreSouth Shore http://cctn.ccgtcc.com/PlatinumCollection.pdfhttp://cctn.ccgtcc.com/PlatinumCollection.pdf bought the Tahoe Plaza inbought the Tahoe Plaza in Stateline, Nevada.Stateline, Nevada. 1968 co – owner Richard1968 co – owner Richard “Dick” Chartrand Skyland“Dick” Chartrand Skyland bombbomb court casecourt case http://openjurist.org/380/f2d/97/chartrand-v-barneys-club-inchttp://openjurist.org/380/f2d/97/chartrand-v-barneys-club-inc 1987 Bill's Casino.1987 Bill's Casino. 'Casinos and their Ashtrays'Casinos and their Ashtrays' 1994' 1994 2011 Michael Laub: Dottie’s2011 Michael Laub: Dottie’s Casino and CVSCasino and CVS 1961 to 19871961 to 1987 1987 to 20101987 to 2010 2010 - now Michael Laub2010 - now Michael Laub
  64. 64. Harrah’s 1958 Gateway 1949 Harrah’s 1955 Later Harvey’s Future Sahara Tahoe 1965 High Sierra 1983 Horizon 1990 2014 Hard Rock 2015 - Future Park Tahoe 1976 Caesars Tahoe 1980 MontBleu 2006 Harvey’s 1946
  65. 65. Sahara Tahoe – Del Webb’s 1965Sahara Tahoe – Del Webb’s 1965  1965 Sahara Tahoe1965 Sahara Tahoe  1983 High Sierra1983 High Sierra  1990 Horizon1990 Horizon Future Park Tahoe Caesars Tahoe MontBleu Harrah’s Tahoe
  66. 66. 1965 to 19831965 to 1983
  67. 67. 19831983 toto 19901990
  68. 68. 1990 to 20141990 to 2014
  69. 69. 2015 to present
  70. 70. Park Tahoe 1976 finished in 1978 –Park Tahoe 1976 finished in 1978 – Park Cattle CompanyPark Cattle Company  1980 – Caesar’s1980 – Caesar’s  2006 - MontBleu2006 - MontBleu
  71. 71. 1980 to 20061980 to 2006
  72. 72. 2006 to present2006 to present
  73. 73. Sky HarborSky Harbor 1947 to 19541947 to 1954 (1949-1951) Kahle Drive
  74. 74. 19461946
  75. 75. Final Tahoe History TopicFinal Tahoe History Topic  Winter and Skiing
  76. 76. Winter SkiingWinter Skiing  Surface rope towsSurface rope tows  1920’s1920’s  1930’s Snow Ball Special1930’s Snow Ball Special  1940’s WWII1940’s WWII  After WWIIAfter WWII  Before OlympicsBefore Olympics  After OlympicsAfter Olympics  Modern Ski resortsModern Ski resorts
  77. 77. Stone Age Snow SkiersStone Age Snow Skiers Cave drawing from Eastern Russia dating from 7000 to 5000 BC Rodoy Drawing The oldest equipment find was two-thirds of a ski uncovered at Hoting, Sweden in 1921 and estimated to be 4,500 years old. http://www.pacificrimalliance.org/F.PublicAffairs/SkiHistory/FWSA/HistoryBeginning.htm
  78. 78. Long board RacesLong board Races
  79. 79. Snow Ski: The BeginningSnow Ski: The Beginning  "Norway skates," or skis, were first introduced to the"Norway skates," or skis, were first introduced to the mining camps in 1853.mining camps in 1853. http://www.plumasskiclub.org/pesb/longboard.htmlhttp://www.plumasskiclub.org/pesb/longboard.html  Late 1850’s informal ski races started in Alpine, Plumas,Late 1850’s informal ski races started in Alpine, Plumas, Sierra and El Dorado Counties.Sierra and El Dorado Counties. Landauer pg 191Landauer pg 191  1860 La Porte, CA (Rabbit Creek) 60 miles northwest of1860 La Porte, CA (Rabbit Creek) 60 miles northwest of Tahoe, was dubbed the ski center of California by aTahoe, was dubbed the ski center of California by a Hutching’s California MagazineHutching’s California Magazine article. Former Miningarticle. Former Mining Camp.Camp.  1861 regular races were in Union Valley near La Porte1861 regular races were in Union Valley near La Porte CA.CA.  Skiers speeds approaching 90 miles per hour.Skiers speeds approaching 90 miles per hour. Mark McLaughlinMark McLaughlin Longboards to OlympicsLongboards to Olympics 2101 pg 192101 pg 19  Ski races in La Porte CA continued until 1910.Ski races in La Porte CA continued until 1910.  1892 First International Ski Tournament, Norway.1892 First International Ski Tournament, Norway.
  80. 80. Johnsville-
  81. 81. Snow SkiSnow Ski  1869 Alturas Snowshoe Club (Modoc County1869 Alturas Snowshoe Club (Modoc County above Susanville CA) advertised for a race.above Susanville CA) advertised for a race.  California skiers invented (used) a wax calledCalifornia skiers invented (used) a wax called “dope” that helped the snow from sticking to“dope” that helped the snow from sticking to the ski and took their idea to La Porte.the ski and took their idea to La Porte.  1869 the famous Snowshoe Thompson showed1869 the famous Snowshoe Thompson showed up to race in La Porte.up to race in La Porte.  Thompson lost all races he entered! He neverThompson lost all races he entered! He never heard of “dope” and his skies were slower.heard of “dope” and his skies were slower.
  82. 82. La Porte  Johnsville
  83. 83. 2008 15th Annual World Championship Historic2008 15th Annual World Championship Historic Long board Revival Races at Johnsville inLong board Revival Races at Johnsville in Plumas Eureka State ParkPlumas Eureka State Park
  84. 84. 16 (+1/2)16 (+1/2) Lake TahoeLake Tahoe Ski ResortsSki Resorts . T o R e n o T o C a r s o n C ity 8 98 9 8 9 2 8 2 8 4 3 1 5 0 2 0 7 L a k e T a h o e             Sierra-at-Tahoe 1946 Kirkwood -1972 Bijou Sky Park Heavenly -1947 Homewood / Tahoe Ski Bowl - 1961 Granilbakken -1924 Alpine Meadows - 1961 Squaw Valley - 1947 Diamond Peak - 1961 Mt. Rose – 1930Northstar-at-Tahoe - 1972 Soda Springs -1931 Sugar Bowl -1938 Donner Ski Ranch - 1937 Tahoe Donner - 1970Boreal Ridge 1928 (1956) South Tahoe High School - 1968 
  85. 85. There Are Many Snow Ski ResortsThere Are Many Snow Ski Resorts Near the Tahoe Basin.Near the Tahoe Basin.  Where is the first ski resort in side theWhere is the first ski resort in side the basin located?basin located?  Tahoe City near the Tahoe Tavern for hotelTahoe City near the Tahoe Tavern for hotel guests.guests.  What is the name?What is the name?  Originally namedOriginally named Olympic HillOlympic Hill, now, now Granlibakken –Granlibakken – Norwegian “a hillsideNorwegian “a hillside sheltered by fir trees”sheltered by fir trees”  When was it built?When was it built?  19241924
  86. 86. Granlibakken Ski ResortGranlibakken Ski Resort . T o R e n o T o C a r s o n C ity 8 98 9 8 9 2 8 2 8 4 3 1 5 0 2 0 7 L a k e T a h o e
  87. 87. Early Snow SkiEarly Snow Ski  Before WW II Travel SnowlineBefore WW II Travel Snowline  Hwy 80 - (40) at the timeHwy 80 - (40) at the time  1910 Truckee had a Ski Hill – Snowball Train Specials started 19321910 Truckee had a Ski Hill – Snowball Train Specials started 1932 and stopped during WWII.and stopped during WWII.  1928 Auburn Ski Club was started by Wendell Robie that had1928 Auburn Ski Club was started by Wendell Robie that had several sites until the final Boreal Ridge in 1956.several sites until the final Boreal Ridge in 1956.  1931 Soda Springs.1931 Soda Springs.  1936 Tahoe City (Bill Bechdolt) established a 1,300 long rope tow1936 Tahoe City (Bill Bechdolt) established a 1,300 long rope tow across from the junction of Highway 28 and 89.across from the junction of Highway 28 and 89.  1937 Donner Ski Ranch - was first utilized for skiing in and is1937 Donner Ski Ranch - was first utilized for skiing in and is located at Donner Summit.located at Donner Summit.  1938 Sugar Bowl – Walt Disney1938 Sugar Bowl – Walt Disney  Highway 50Highway 50 6 between Strawberry to Echo Summit6 between Strawberry to Echo Summit  1938 Slippery Ford.1938 Slippery Ford.  1941 Edelweiss Resort at Camp Sacramento1941 Edelweiss Resort at Camp Sacramento
  88. 88. Snow Ski During WW IISnow Ski During WW II  Most snow skiing was halted during WWII.Most snow skiing was halted during WWII.  Even the Southern Pacific RailroadEven the Southern Pacific Railroad suspended the weekend “Snowballsuspended the weekend “Snowball Special” to Truckee and Tahoe CitySpecial” to Truckee and Tahoe City (Granlibakken) that started in 1932.(Granlibakken) that started in 1932.  California did not plow snow on HighwayCalifornia did not plow snow on Highway 40 until 1932. Prior to that year, cars were40 until 1932. Prior to that year, cars were transported over the Sierra by traintransported over the Sierra by train McLaughlinMcLaughlin Longboard to OlympicsLongboard to Olympics pg 134 2010.pg 134 2010.
  89. 89. Snow Ski After WW II 1946Snow Ski After WW II 1946  Gasoline for cars became available andGasoline for cars became available and the desire to play after the warthe desire to play after the war increased.increased.  After the war people left the cites anAfter the war people left the cites an moved to the mountains, some came tomoved to the mountains, some came to Tahoe. Some soldiers who knew how toTahoe. Some soldiers who knew how to ski and teach skiing.ski and teach skiing.  Many of the ski resorts were started byMany of the ski resorts were started by the soldiers from 10the soldiers from 10thth Mountain Division.Mountain Division. some moved to Tahoe.some moved to Tahoe.  Activated in 1943, the 10th MountainActivated in 1943, the 10th Mountain Division was the last among currentlyDivision was the last among currently active divisions to enter combat duringactive divisions to enter combat during World War II. The 10th fought in theWorld War II. The 10th fought in the mountains of Italy in some of themountains of Italy in some of the roughest terrain in the country.roughest terrain in the country.  People purchased the Army surplusPeople purchased the Army surplus snow ski equipment.snow ski equipment.  Ski Clubs revived.Ski Clubs revived.
  90. 90. Snow Skiing After WW IISnow Skiing After WW II  Electrification allowed modern conveniences.Electrification allowed modern conveniences.  Plans for snow skiing within the basin began.Plans for snow skiing within the basin began.  Skiing season was normally January to April.Skiing season was normally January to April. Start at the higher elevations.Start at the higher elevations.  Started with tow ropes.Started with tow ropes.  ““T” bars were the next breakthrough – seats onT” bars were the next breakthrough – seats on both sides of a bar hanging from the rope.both sides of a bar hanging from the rope.  Single – double chairlifts were next.Single – double chairlifts were next.  Then trams.Then trams.
  91. 91. Snow Skiing After WW IISnow Skiing After WW II 1946 White Hills at Spooner Summit by William1946 White Hills at Spooner Summit by William M. Bliss rope tow.M. Bliss rope tow.  Ski jump, Constam T-bar and in the earlySki jump, Constam T-bar and in the early 1950’s a chairlift.1950’s a chairlift.  3 of 4 winters were very light then in 19523 of 4 winters were very light then in 1952 where the entire basin was closed for threewhere the entire basin was closed for three weeks.weeks.  Equipment was sold to Badger Pass inEquipment was sold to Badger Pass in Yosemite National Park for parts.Yosemite National Park for parts. http://www.pacificrimalliance.org/F.PublicAffairs/SkiHistory/historyResort s/Heavenly.html 
  92. 92. . T o R e n o T o C a r s o n C ity 8 98 9 8 9 2 8 2 8 4 3 1 5 0 2 0 7 L a k e T a h o e 
  93. 93. 1946 Sierra at Tahoe (Ski Ranch)1946 Sierra at Tahoe (Ski Ranch)  1946 Vern Sprock bought into a “little ski area” along U.S. Route 50 at Phillips Station. (Pow-Wow ski resort –  Eat at Pow Wow and Get Gas  Sprock opened the Sierra Ski Ranch at its current location Christmas Day of 1968, a winter of record-breaking snow. 1977 the Ranch was hosting more than 300,000 snowriders annually.
  94. 94. 1946 Sierra at Tahoe (Ski Ranch)1946 Sierra at Tahoe (Ski Ranch) 1946 Vern Sprock in bought into a “little ski area” along U.S. Route 50. (Pow-Wow ski resort) Sprock opened the Sierra Ski Ranch at its current location Christmas Day of 1968, a winter of record-breaking snow. 1977 the Ranch was hosting more than 300,000 snowriders annually.
  95. 95. 19751975
  96. 96. Built in 1961 by Mildred and Rolla Carter
  97. 97. POW-WOWPOW-WOW EAT HEREEAT HERE GET GASGET GAS
  98. 98. 1947 Echo Summit Ski Resort1947 Echo Summit Ski Resort Started in 1947 Staglin and West. The Echo “Nebel- fog- Horn (Matter Horn) Summit Ski Area tow ropes and “T” bar. “Nebel Hornets” Ski Team. Then Steve Meyers changed it to Echo Summit Ski Area. Then Bill Young and Larry Foster. The ski resort closed in the 1983 after insurance prices soared and 75 days of Highway 50 closure due to landslide. After it closed, the 2 lifts were sold to the now-defunct Iron Mountain Ski Area.. ttp://www.geocities.com/welsap/welsap_echo_summittp://www.geocities.com/welsap/welsap_echo_summi t_ski_area.htmlt_ski_area.html 2007 winter being used for sledding and Cross Country Skiing. In 1968, Echo Summit was the location of the United States Olympic Track and Field Trials. This location was chosen for the Trials as the altitude was the same as that for the Olympic venue for that year – Mexico City. 1857 Hawley’s Grade North 
  99. 99. It all Started with Rope TowsIt all Started with Rope Tows  Bijou golf courseBijou golf course  Flag Pole PeakFlag Pole Peak  Mt RoseMt Rose 
  100. 100.  Rope tow above the parking lot andRope tow above the parking lot and rope tow from the chalet Daverope tow from the chalet Dave Wakeman 2011Wakeman 2011 
  101. 101. Squaw ValleySquaw Valley  1937 Wayne Poulsen purchased 1,200 acres in Squaw1937 Wayne Poulsen purchased 1,200 acres in Squaw Valley for a ski resort.Valley for a ski resort.  1947 skiers were pulled by snow cat up the hill.1947 skiers were pulled by snow cat up the hill.  1949 Squaw Valley Development Company started1949 Squaw Valley Development Company started work –work –  1955 Alexander Cushing flew to Europe presented the1955 Alexander Cushing flew to Europe presented the IOC a 3,000 pound model of Squaw Valley and wasIOC a 3,000 pound model of Squaw Valley and was selected for the 1960 Olympics.selected for the 1960 Olympics.  1956 Squaw Valley Lodge burned down.1956 Squaw Valley Lodge burned down.
  102. 102. Squaw Valley 1959Squaw Valley 1959
  103. 103. Squaw Valley - OlympicsSquaw Valley - Olympics
  104. 104. Future HeavenlyFuture Heavenly 1947 Bijou Skyway Park.1947 Bijou Skyway Park. (future Ski Run Blvd.) Lee(future Ski Run Blvd.) Lee and Daisy Miller. Tow ropeand Daisy Miller. Tow rope first 1000 feet; the secondfirst 1000 feet; the second went almost to Saddlewent almost to Saddle road. Occasional nightroad. Occasional night skiing.skiing.  1951 Bijou Skyway Park1951 Bijou Skyway Park leased to Bill Southerlandleased to Bill Southerland (my across the street(my across the street neighbor)neighbor)  1955 Bijou Skyway Park –1955 Bijou Skyway Park – Chris Kurisa of HeavenlyChris Kurisa of Heavenly Valley purchased forValley purchased for $1,950$1,950 Jim HubbardJim Hubbard Heavenly’s MeagerHeavenly’s Meager BeginningBeginning Highway 50 Ski Run Blvd
  105. 105. Skiing in Ski Run Blvd –Skiing in Ski Run Blvd – precursor to Heavenly Valleyprecursor to Heavenly Valley
  106. 106. Ski Run Blvd in the Summer 1950
  107. 107. Heavenly ValleyHeavenly Valley  1955 Chris Kurasia, and casino owners1955 Chris Kurasia, and casino owners -George Canon, Rudy Gersick, Curly-George Canon, Rudy Gersick, Curly Musso began Heavenly Valley California’sMusso began Heavenly Valley California’s Base Lodge and one lift.Base Lodge and one lift. Jim HubbardJim Hubbard Heavenly’s MeagerHeavenly’s Meager BeginningBeginning  1960 Expanded with more ski lifts1960 Expanded with more ski lifts Jim HubbardJim Hubbard Heavenly’s Meager BeginningHeavenly’s Meager Beginning  1962 Tram was added.1962 Tram was added.  1964 Hugh Killibrew, 1974 Bill Killibrew1964 Hugh Killibrew, 1974 Bill Killibrew  2001 December 21, Gondola2001 December 21, Gondola Jim HubbardJim Hubbard Heavenly’sHeavenly’s Meager BeginningMeager Beginning  2004 Heavenly Master Plan2004 Heavenly Master Plan
  108. 108. South Tahoe High School Ski HillSouth Tahoe High School Ski Hill  Mike Shreve - 1972 STHS graduate andMike Shreve - 1972 STHS graduate and super STHS ski team coach.super STHS ski team coach.  1968 – 1986 almost every year.1968 – 1986 almost every year.  1980 – 1985 Buddy Werner Sundays,1980 – 1985 Buddy Werner Sundays, lasted one to two years. First coaches Jefflasted one to two years. First coaches Jeff Rose and Guy Lease.Rose and Guy Lease.  City of South Lake Tahoe “Learn to Ski”City of South Lake Tahoe “Learn to Ski” program late 1970’s early 1980’s.program late 1970’s early 1980’s.  There was a proposed Tahoe Paradise SkiThere was a proposed Tahoe Paradise Ski resort in the developers master plan nearresort in the developers master plan near Flag Pole Peak (Chiapa Drive - last streetFlag Pole Peak (Chiapa Drive - last street on the right prior to climbing Echoon the right prior to climbing Echo Summit).Summit).
  109. 109. South Tahoe High SchoolSouth Tahoe High School
  110. 110. The Winter of ‘51- ‘52The Winter of ‘51- ‘52  Snow began in February.Snow began in February.  The rotary plow was used to keep Echo Summit open – theThe rotary plow was used to keep Echo Summit open – the same priority continues today. Only after the summit issame priority continues today. Only after the summit is open will the plows help in the basin.open will the plows help in the basin.  The only other plow in the basin was a push plow and itThe only other plow in the basin was a push plow and it broke down. The part was dropped by air plane becausebroke down. The part was dropped by air plane because road access was not feasible.road access was not feasible.  One family at Vikingsholm was isolated for months.One family at Vikingsholm was isolated for months.  Southern PacificSouthern Pacific City of San FranciscoCity of San Francisco passenger trainpassenger train stranded (encased in the show sheds) passengers nearstranded (encased in the show sheds) passengers near Donner Lake for three days. Drifts 50 to 60 feet deep. 17Donner Lake for three days. Drifts 50 to 60 feet deep. 17 feet undrifted.feet undrifted.  Bus at the top of Echo Summit, passengers had to stay inBus at the top of Echo Summit, passengers had to stay in the maintenance sheds.the maintenance sheds.  Catherine Whelan lowered down in a chimney of home toCatherine Whelan lowered down in a chimney of home to see if the roof collapsed.see if the roof collapsed.  Most people exited their houses from the second floor.Most people exited their houses from the second floor.
  111. 111. The Winter of ‘51 – ‘52The Winter of ‘51 – ‘52  100 homes collapsed in the South Shore100 homes collapsed in the South Shore Lake Tahoe alone.Lake Tahoe alone.  Bread was virtually non existent inBread was virtually non existent in January and February due to road closure.January and February due to road closure.  California suffered rain that flooded riversCalifornia suffered rain that flooded rivers especially in Merced and Marin counties.especially in Merced and Marin counties.  A group of survivors still get together mostA group of survivors still get together most summers. In 2006, 54 people gatheredsummers. In 2006, 54 people gathered with Marty DeTarr.with Marty DeTarr. Tahoe Daily Tribune SeptemberTahoe Daily Tribune September 13, 200613, 2006
  112. 112. 1968/691968/69
  113. 113. April 1969April 1969
  114. 114. One Minute ReviewOne Minute Review  Objective – What facts do you remember?Objective – What facts do you remember?  Reflective – What gut reaction orReflective – What gut reaction or emotional response did you have?emotional response did you have?  Interpretive - What did you learn? WhatInterpretive - What did you learn? What surprised you?surprised you?  Decisional - What will you do with thisDecisional - What will you do with this information?information?  What was the most useful or meaningfulWhat was the most useful or meaningful thing you learned during this session?thing you learned during this session?  What question(s) remain upper-most inWhat question(s) remain upper-most in your mind as we end this class?your mind as we end this class?

×