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Class 7 summer farming and ice harvesting auto highways airfields2015

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Summer Farming Ice Highways Arifields

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Class 7 summer farming and ice harvesting auto highways airfields2015

  1. 1. Last week # 6 We LearnedLast week # 6 We Learned  Tahoe NaturalTahoe Natural Wonders, RailroadsWonders, Railroads and Lure of the Lakeand Lure of the Lake  This week #7This week #7  Tahoe Fish  Tahoe Trivia  Summer Farming Dairy  Automobiles and Highways  Tahoe’s Airfields
  2. 2. Quiz QuestionQuiz Question  Describe one ofDescribe one of the five railroadsthe five railroads in the Tahoein the Tahoe basin. Includebasin. Include name, yearname, year started andstarted and location.location. . T o R e n o T o C a r s o n C ity 8 98 9 8 9 2 8 2 8 4 3 1 5 0 2 0 7 L a k e T a h o e 1899 Bliss Truckee to Tahoe Railroad -1942 Then the 1903 Ward Creek Spur Lake Tahoe Railroad and Transportation Company 1878 Incline Village Railway Hobart – Marlette -1897 Sierra Nevada Wood and Lumbar Company 1875 D. L. Bliss Glenbrook to Spooner Summit Railroad -1898 Carson-Tahoe Lumber & Fluming Co. 1884 Chubbuck/Bliss Bijou to Meyers -1898 Lake Valley Railroad 1872 Mathew Gardner Camp Richardson to Sawmill Railroad - 1885
  3. 3. You know you’reYou know you’re a Tahoe Local if:a Tahoe Local if: You enjoyYou enjoy the fact youthe fact you can see atcan see at least 12least 12 people youpeople you know whenknow when you go to theyou go to the grocerygrocery store.store.
  4. 4. Tahoe FishTahoe Fish LAKE TROUT OR MACKINAW Salvelinus namaycush BROWN TROUT Salmo trutta RAINBOW TROUT Salmo gairdnerii KOKANEE SALMON Oncorhynchus nerka LAHONTAN CUTTHROAT TROUT Salmo clarkii henshawi (now extinct in Lake Tahoe)
  5. 5. Tahoe Morning EffortTahoe Morning Effort
  6. 6. Tahoe FishTahoe Fish  1895 Fish Commission did an experiment with non1895 Fish Commission did an experiment with non native fish that severely damaged Tahoe Nativenative fish that severely damaged Tahoe Native Cutthroat and Royal Silver Trout population.Cutthroat and Royal Silver Trout population.  65,000 Great Lake Mackinaw fingerlings planted in65,000 Great Lake Mackinaw fingerlings planted in Tallant Lakes Basin above Meeks Bay.Tallant Lakes Basin above Meeks Bay.  10 years later Cutthroat became scarcer. The few that10 years later Cutthroat became scarcer. The few that were caught showed signs of being attacked.were caught showed signs of being attacked.  The cannibalistic Mackinaw migrated into Lake TahoeThe cannibalistic Mackinaw migrated into Lake Tahoe and started to eat the Cutthroat trout. (As well as anyand started to eat the Cutthroat trout. (As well as any other organic material, like a body)other organic material, like a body)  Combination of unrestricted fishing, obstruction of fishCombination of unrestricted fishing, obstruction of fish migration patterns and the Mackinaw decimated themigration patterns and the Mackinaw decimated the Tahoe Cutthroat trout.Tahoe Cutthroat trout.
  7. 7. Tahoe FishTahoe Fish  1917 California legislature banned1917 California legislature banned commercial fishing in Tahoe attempting tocommercial fishing in Tahoe attempting to halt trout population extinction.halt trout population extinction.  Did not work. Now no Cutthroat nor SilverDid not work. Now no Cutthroat nor Silver Trout in Tahoe.Trout in Tahoe.  Fallen Leaf Lake – the U.S. Fish and WildlifeFallen Leaf Lake – the U.S. Fish and Wildlife has begun a process to eradicate tenhas begun a process to eradicate ten percent of the Mackinaw populationpercent of the Mackinaw population through gill netting. Sources say, Mackinawthrough gill netting. Sources say, Mackinaw are a predatory non-native species that areare a predatory non-native species that are believed to have hampered efforts to re-believed to have hampered efforts to re- introduce Lahonton Cutthroat trout.introduce Lahonton Cutthroat trout. Lahonton has no exit to the current oceans.Lahonton has no exit to the current oceans. November 2009November 2009 Tahoe Mt NewsTahoe Mt News pg 26.pg 26.
  8. 8. Mackinaw (Lake Trout)UsesMackinaw (Lake Trout)Uses Lahonton Cutthroat For FoodLahonton Cutthroat For Food
  9. 9. How ManyHow Many Counties areCounties are Located inLocated in the Tahoethe Tahoe Basin?Basin? How manyHow many countiescounties touch thetouch the lake shore?lake shore?
  10. 10. The Island in Emerald Bay isThe Island in Emerald Bay is known as Fannette Island. What isknown as Fannette Island. What is the Name of the only other Island inthe Name of the only other Island in Tahoe?Tahoe?  Burton IslandBurton Island  1860 Captain Homer1860 Captain Homer D. Burton 1860D. Burton 1860 EdithEdith BattyBatty sailboat.sailboat.  ““One white turnip outOne white turnip out of Burton’s garden ranof Burton’s garden ran an whooping 16 ½an whooping 16 ½ inch in diameter.” EBinch in diameter.” EB ScottScott . T o R e n o T o C a r s o n C ity 8 98 9 8 9 2 8 2 8 4 3 1 5 0 2 0 7 L a k e T a h o e
  11. 11. Name One Lake That ContributesName One Lake That Contributes Water to Both Sides of the SierraWater to Both Sides of the Sierra NevadaNevada . T o R e n o T o C a r s o n C ity 8 98 9 8 9 2 8 2 8 4 3 1 5 0 2 0 7 L a k e T a h o e
  12. 12. Tahoe NamesTahoe Names  Mark Twain - Silver Lake, Limpid Water, FallingMark Twain - Silver Lake, Limpid Water, Falling Leaf – Grasshopper soup Digger Indians favoriteLeaf – Grasshopper soup Digger Indians favorite meal.meal.  Da ow a gaDa ow a ga  Mountain Lake 1844 - Fremont 2Mountain Lake 1844 - Fremont 2ndnd ExpeditionExpedition  Lake Bonpland 1844 - PreussLake Bonpland 1844 - Preuss  Gleason Lake 1851– Carson City FortGleason Lake 1851– Carson City Fort  Lake Bigler 1853 – Governor 1852-1858Lake Bigler 1853 – Governor 1852-1858  Sierra Lake 1863 – Sierra Nevada’sSierra Lake 1863 – Sierra Nevada’s  Lake Union 1870 – Two StatesLake Union 1870 – Two States  Lake Tahoe 1945 – CA Lake House ownersLake Tahoe 1945 – CA Lake House owners
  13. 13. Tahoe Paradise?Tahoe Paradise?  Who wasWho was the manthe man that startedthat started and did notand did not finish thefinish the TahoeTahoe ParadiseParadise (Meyers)(Meyers) CommunityCommunity
  14. 14. Tahoe ParadiseTahoe Paradise
  15. 15. 1970 Jim Wilson dies
  16. 16. http://www.tahoedailytribune.com/article/19981109/NEWS/111098764http://www.tahoedailytribune.com/article/19981109/NEWS/111098764
  17. 17. Cow(s)Cow(s)
  18. 18. During the 1870’s the South ShoreDuring the 1870’s the South Shore was known as a, “Hay and Dairywas known as a, “Hay and Dairy Producing Center.”Producing Center.”  How much butter and cheese was produced inHow much butter and cheese was produced in 1875?1875?  There were 13 Tahoe dairies.There were 13 Tahoe dairies.  ““Tahoe Valley annually turned out fourteen (14)Tahoe Valley annually turned out fourteen (14) tons of butter and cheese.”tons of butter and cheese.” Saga of Lake TahoeSaga of Lake Tahoe Laundauer pg 155Laundauer pg 155  Pre-WWII dairy men – dairy hand would milkPre-WWII dairy men – dairy hand would milk up to 18 cows, two times per day and have 1up to 18 cows, two times per day and have 1 day off per month.day off per month.  What were the consequences if a cow was notWhat were the consequences if a cow was not milked twice a day?milked twice a day?
  19. 19. Hand milking pre - WWIIHand milking pre - WWII  1940’s an 80 cow dairy was large. Now there are many1940’s an 80 cow dairy was large. Now there are many 1000 cow dairies.1000 cow dairies.  Holsteins cows - 3½ gallons each milking, milking twiceHolsteins cows - 3½ gallons each milking, milking twice per day. Would produce 2% to 3% butter fat.per day. Would produce 2% to 3% butter fat.  Guernsey cows - 2 gallons per milking but up to 3½%Guernsey cows - 2 gallons per milking but up to 3½% to 4½% butter fat.to 4½% butter fat.  Jersey cows - 1½ gallon per milking but up to 5%Jersey cows - 1½ gallon per milking but up to 5% butter fat.butter fat.  Dairymen were paid by gallons of butter fat. There wasDairymen were paid by gallons of butter fat. There was more butter fat per gallon in a Guernsey cow thanmore butter fat per gallon in a Guernsey cow than Holstein cow - 4 ten (8 pounds of milk per gallon andHolstein cow - 4 ten (8 pounds of milk per gallon and add the 10 pounds can) gallon cans paid more moneyadd the 10 pounds can) gallon cans paid more money than Holsteins 12 ten gallon cans.than Holsteins 12 ten gallon cans.  Now production has increased to 8 gallons per day eachNow production has increased to 8 gallons per day each cow when milked three times per day.cow when milked three times per day. Sam BorgesSam Borges 11/11/200811/11/2008
  20. 20. Butter and Cheese Storage andButter and Cheese Storage and TransportationTransportation  During the summerDuring the summer firkins (kegs) werefirkins (kegs) were fill and sealed infill and sealed in sawdust and brinesawdust and brine and stored untiland stored until cooler weather incooler weather in the fall tothe fall to transport.transport.  Standing orders inStanding orders in San Francisco,San Francisco, Sacramento andSacramento and Carson City.Carson City. Ice Harvesting
  21. 21. Ice Harvesting - dangerousIce Harvesting - dangerous  The most common injury treated by Truckee doctorsThe most common injury treated by Truckee doctors were ice pick or picaroon injuries to the leg or foot. Thiswere ice pick or picaroon injuries to the leg or foot. This occurred both on the ice and in the houses. It occurredoccurred both on the ice and in the houses. It occurred both in winter as well as in the summer as the ice wasboth in winter as well as in the summer as the ice was being removed and placed on railroad cars. Sometimesbeing removed and placed on railroad cars. Sometimes the injury was minor, but it could be very painful for athe injury was minor, but it could be very painful for a long time.long time.  Falls from the ice houses and elevators were commonFalls from the ice houses and elevators were common and sometimes resulted in permanent disability.and sometimes resulted in permanent disability. Dunking from the ice breaking and men falling in wouldDunking from the ice breaking and men falling in would result in pneumonia and frostbite.result in pneumonia and frostbite.  The peak period for Truckee's ice harvest years wasThe peak period for Truckee's ice harvest years was between 1880 and 1920 with as many as 1,500 men.between 1880 and 1920 with as many as 1,500 men. After that, improved electric refrigeration led to aAfter that, improved electric refrigeration led to a decline and the last harvest came at Boca in the middecline and the last harvest came at Boca in the mid 1920s.1920s.
  22. 22. 18681868 Ice HarvestingIce Harvesting  The Truckee area was particularly well suitedThe Truckee area was particularly well suited for ice harvesting due to its location becausefor ice harvesting due to its location because temperatures are typically 10-20 F colder thantemperatures are typically 10-20 F colder than South Shore.South Shore.  Ice was used to cool the Comstock mines,Ice was used to cool the Comstock mines, sending fish by rail and for packing agriculturalsending fish by rail and for packing agricultural produce from early farming operations inproduce from early farming operations in California.California.  At its peak, over 20 ice companies were activeAt its peak, over 20 ice companies were active in the Truckee area.in the Truckee area.  Ice harvesting operations would continue untilIce harvesting operations would continue until approximately 1927 when natural ice wasapproximately 1927 when natural ice was replaced by mechanical refrigeration.replaced by mechanical refrigeration.  Hickey Ice Company in South Shore near IHOPHickey Ice Company in South Shore near IHOP supplied summer ice for the casinos in thesupplied summer ice for the casinos in the 1960’s.1960’s.
  23. 23. Harvesting IceHarvesting Ice  Ice was chippedIce was chipped into blocks,into blocks, loaded intoloaded into wagons, stored inwagons, stored in an ice house withan ice house with sawdust, sold thesawdust, sold the followingfollowing summer.summer.
  24. 24. Ice elevatorIce elevator loading 300loading 300 pound blocks ofpound blocks of ice into ice houseice into ice house or onto railroador onto railroad cars insulatedcars insulated with sawdust. Thewith sawdust. The People's IcePeople's Ice Company locatedCompany located right next toright next to Floriston 13 milesFloriston 13 miles east of Truckeeeast of Truckee
  25. 25. North shore FarmsNorth shore Farms  William Ferguson and James TraceyWilliam Ferguson and James Tracey acquired 800 acres of land two miles northacquired 800 acres of land two miles north of Tahoe City calling it Tahoe Ranch.of Tahoe City calling it Tahoe Ranch.  Their property adjoined the 300 acre 1859Their property adjoined the 300 acre 1859 resident Homer D. Burton Island farm.resident Homer D. Burton Island farm. (Saga I(Saga I pg 356)pg 356)  Lou and John Huntington purchased theLou and John Huntington purchased the Tahoe Ranch and added the WhippoorwillTahoe Ranch and added the Whippoorwill Farm on the outskirts of Truckee.Farm on the outskirts of Truckee. EB Scott Saga IEB Scott Saga I pgs 26 and 28pgs 26 and 28
  26. 26. Summer Farming – Large DairiesSummer Farming – Large Dairies  GlenbrookGlenbrook  Rubicon BayRubicon Bay  Marla BayMarla Bay  Carnelian BayCarnelian Bay  Sierra House – hay from HighSierra House – hay from High Meadows. Milk and butter fromMeadows. Milk and butter from Tahoe was sold to Carson ValleyTahoe was sold to Carson Valley as late as 1905. 1871 – 1884as late as 1905. 1871 – 1884 Haskin Calvin Swain had fourHaskin Calvin Swain had four foot square butter churn.foot square butter churn. GreunerGreuner pg 18pg 18  Meadow next to RowlandsMeadow next to Rowlands  Park Cattle CompanyPark Cattle Company  Van Sickle Ranch “Crescent V”Van Sickle Ranch “Crescent V” . T o R e n o T o C a r s o n C ity 8 98 9 8 9 2 8 2 8 4 3 1 5 0 2 0 7 L a k e T a h o e
  27. 27. Summer FarmingSummer Farming  1862 Fish, Fergusen, Smith1862 Fish, Fergusen, Smith and Coggins baled wild hay inand Coggins baled wild hay in Squaw Valley transported toSquaw Valley transported to the Bonanza Road waythe Bonanza Road way stations on the south and eaststations on the south and east shore by the sailing shipshore by the sailing ship IronIron DukeDuke.. Laundauer pg 151Laundauer pg 151  1872 Lowell and Locke1872 Lowell and Locke purchased the equipment andpurchased the equipment and land and brought dairy cowsland and brought dairy cows for the summer. In 1875 theyfor the summer. In 1875 they were selling butter and cheesewere selling butter and cheese to hotels and way stations.to hotels and way stations. Due to the drop in demandDue to the drop in demand few herds remain in 1880.few herds remain in 1880.  1860’s large herds of cattle1860’s large herds of cattle near Blackwood Creek on thenear Blackwood Creek on the west shore and continued towest shore and continued to 1873.1873. . T o R e n o T o C a r s o n C ity 8 98 9 8 9 2 8 2 8 4 3 1 5 0 2 0 7 L a k e T a h o e
  28. 28. Deer Park Springs DairyDeer Park Springs Dairy  1872 Lowell and Locke purchased the equipment1872 Lowell and Locke purchased the equipment and land and brought dairy cows for the summer upand land and brought dairy cows for the summer up Deer Park Springs (Alpine Meadows Ski Resort northDeer Park Springs (Alpine Meadows Ski Resort north of Truckee). In 1875 they were selling butter andof Truckee). In 1875 they were selling butter and cheese to hotels and way stations. Due to the dropcheese to hotels and way stations. Due to the drop in demand few herds remain in 1880.in demand few herds remain in 1880.  1880 John P. Scott acquired several quarter sections1880 John P. Scott acquired several quarter sections so grazing land and other landholders in the valley.so grazing land and other landholders in the valley.  Mid 1880 JP Scott died and widow Scott marriedMid 1880 JP Scott died and widow Scott married John B Scott (no relation to JP Scott) and in 1888John B Scott (no relation to JP Scott) and in 1888 the land was used as a hotel resort Deer Parkthe land was used as a hotel resort Deer Park Springs and Dairy until 1905.Springs and Dairy until 1905. SB Scott Saga I pg 19-22SB Scott Saga I pg 19-22 . T o R e n o T o C a rs o n C ity 8 98 9 8 9 2 8 2 8 4 3 1 5 0 2 0 7 L a k e T a h o e
  29. 29. Summer FarmingSummer Farming (Dairy's – Come Smell the Dairy Air - Highway 99)(Dairy's – Come Smell the Dairy Air - Highway 99)  1862 Meeks and Company1862 Meeks and Company (Meeks Bay) cut several(Meeks Bay) cut several tons of hay.tons of hay.  1878 Land purchased for1878 Land purchased for timber by Bliss owned bytimber by Bliss owned by the Central Pacific.the Central Pacific.  1884 Bliss sold to the1884 Bliss sold to the Murphy Brothers who builtMurphy Brothers who built corrals and ran a beef andcorrals and ran a beef and dairy cows for 16 years.dairy cows for 16 years.  Murphy brothers sold theMurphy brothers sold the property for housingproperty for housing development in 1920 todevelopment in 1920 to George Kehlet.George Kehlet. . T o R e n o T o C a r s o n C ity 8 98 9 8 9 2 8 2 8 4 3 1 5 0 2 0 7 L a k e T a h o e
  30. 30. South Shore 1862South Shore 1862  1862 400 tons of hay were cut in the1862 400 tons of hay were cut in the Valley’s meadow land to supply the packValley’s meadow land to supply the pack trains moving thoroughfare to the Virginiatrains moving thoroughfare to the Virginia City mines.City mines. Saga I pg 185Saga I pg 185  1875 Lake Valley Ranchers contributed1875 Lake Valley Ranchers contributed most of the 800 tons of hay cut alongmost of the 800 tons of hay cut along Tahoe’s shoreTahoe’s shore Saga I pg 186Saga I pg 186  Remember the Transcontinental RailroadRemember the Transcontinental Railroad 1869 took much of the freight hauling.1869 took much of the freight hauling. Now trees are needed for the mines.Now trees are needed for the mines.
  31. 31. Summer Farming – Large DairiesSummer Farming – Large Dairies  Carlos Giuseppe Celio came toCarlos Giuseppe Celio came to United States in 1852. WentUnited States in 1852. Went to the California gold fieldsto the California gold fields through Panama in 1853.through Panama in 1853.  1857 purchased property near1857 purchased property near Placerville (winter ranch) andPlacerville (winter ranch) and started a dairy eventuallystarted a dairy eventually owning 2,600 acres.owning 2,600 acres.  Also in 1857 while looking forAlso in 1857 while looking for gold in South Shore Lakegold in South Shore Lake Tahoe it reminded him of hisTahoe it reminded him of his homeland Switzerland.homeland Switzerland.  During the summers CarlosDuring the summers Carlos drove a wagon from Placervilledrove a wagon from Placerville to Virginia City.to Virginia City.  1863 homesteaded property in1863 homesteaded property in Lake Valley and made it theLake Valley and made it the summer ranch.summer ranch. . T o R e n o T o C a r s o n C ity 8 98 9 8 9 2 8 2 8 4 3 1 5 0 2 0 7 L a k e T a h o e
  32. 32. Carlo Giuseppe CelioCarlo Giuseppe Celio  1863 Carlo Celio started to drive1863 Carlo Celio started to drive cattle to Lake Valley every summercattle to Lake Valley every summer June 21June 21stst and before October 21and before October 21stst drove the cattle back to the westerndrove the cattle back to the western slope of the Sierra Nevada foothillsslope of the Sierra Nevada foothills up to the 1920’s.up to the 1920’s.  He had six living children.He had six living children.  The Tahoe Celio ranch is off of SouthThe Tahoe Celio ranch is off of South Upper Truckee Road.Upper Truckee Road.
  33. 33. Celio Ranch 1863 to 1948Celio Ranch 1863 to 1948  Operated 1700 acres in Meyers.Operated 1700 acres in Meyers.  800 acres in Lake Valley.800 acres in Lake Valley.  A dairy in Hope Valley.A dairy in Hope Valley.  400 acres in Big Meadows, Alpine County.400 acres in Big Meadows, Alpine County.  Two saw mills and a slaughter house.Two saw mills and a slaughter house.  2,600 acres Nashville south of Placerville2,600 acres Nashville south of Placerville Highway 49.Highway 49.  1903 Celio’s purchased the large Meyers1903 Celio’s purchased the large Meyers Station.Station.  1931 leased their dairy to John E. Dunlap1931 leased their dairy to John E. Dunlap who ran the business until the 1950’s.who ran the business until the 1950’s. pg 156pg 156 LandauerLandauer
  34. 34. Dunlap purchased land inDunlap purchased land in 19201920 . T o R e n o T o C a rs o n C ity 8 98 9 8 9 2 8 2 8 4 3 1 5 0 2 0 7 L a k e T a h o e  Former Lumber Train #13Former Lumber Train #13 Engineer (started in 1881 southEngineer (started in 1881 south shore, moved to north shoreshore, moved to north shore 1898, 1920 purchased property1898, 1920 purchased property from Bliss on the south shore,from Bliss on the south shore, returned to south shore withreturned to south shore with daughters Glorene and Helen indaughters Glorene and Helen in 19281928 Greuner pg 27Greuner pg 27),),  John E. Dunlap RanchJohn E. Dunlap Ranch TamarackTamarack Dairy.Dairy. 1600 acres. Gardner1600 acres. Gardner Mountain, Tahoe Island Park,Mountain, Tahoe Island Park, Tamarack Subdivision. (West ofTamarack Subdivision. (West of Upper Truckee River to PopeUpper Truckee River to Pope Beach on the lake.) TahoeBeach on the lake.) Tahoe Keys.Keys.  Washington Street off of TahoeWashington Street off of Tahoe Keys Blvd.Keys Blvd.
  35. 35. 1859 Garret Washington Fountain1859 Garret Washington Fountain  Fountain Place ranFountain Place ran beef cattle and milkbeef cattle and milk cows in a 160 acres.cows in a 160 acres.  1905 purchased by1905 purchased by Daniel HaleDaniel Hale Holdridge.Holdridge. Saga I pg 379Saga I pg 379 . T o R e n o T o C a r s o n C ity 8 98 9 8 9 2 8 2 8 4 3 1 5 0 2 0 7 L a k e T a h o e
  36. 36. 1862 John G. Miller House1862 John G. Miller House  1200 acres on1200 acres on Heavenly ValleyHeavenly Valley Creek cream wasCreek cream was churned into butterchurned into butter and packed intoand packed into firkins (kegs),firkins (kegs), covered with brinecovered with brine and hauled to Carsonand hauled to Carson Valley.Valley. Saga I pg 383Saga I pg 383 . T o R e n o T o C a r s o n C ity 8 98 9 8 9 2 8 2 8 4 3 1 5 0 2 0 7 L a k e T a h o e
  37. 37. 1864 Freeman McCumber’s House1864 Freeman McCumber’s House  Had a dairy of 240Had a dairy of 240 acres on the slopes ofacres on the slopes of Freel Peak, 200 feetFreel Peak, 200 feet south of Ski Runsouth of Ski Run Blvd.Blvd. Saga I pg 384Saga I pg 384 . T o R e n o T o C a r s o n C ity 8 98 9 8 9 2 8 2 8 4 3 1 5 0 2 0 7 L a k e T a h o e
  38. 38. The Kyburz - Barton StoryThe Kyburz - Barton Story  Samuel Kyburz born 1810 in Switzerland, movedSamuel Kyburz born 1810 in Switzerland, moved to USA in 1833, 1846 moved to Sacramento andto USA in 1833, 1846 moved to Sacramento and became John Sutter’s assistant.became John Sutter’s assistant.  Kyburz, Sutter and Marshall surveyed land for aKyburz, Sutter and Marshall surveyed land for a lumber mill in Coloma.lumber mill in Coloma.  Samuel moved to El Dorado County in 1862Samuel moved to El Dorado County in 1862 became a dairy man.became a dairy man.  Son - John Daniel Kyburz bought land in SouthSon - John Daniel Kyburz bought land in South Tahoe for a dairy East of Upper Truckee River toTahoe for a dairy East of Upper Truckee River to the lake shore.the lake shore.  John Kyburz’s daughter married William DelosJohn Kyburz’s daughter married William Delos Barton.Barton.
  39. 39. Kyburz - Barton Dairy in TahoeKyburz - Barton Dairy in Tahoe  Hiram Emmett and Margaret Ann Barton-Hiram Emmett and Margaret Ann Barton- Rucci homesteaded property in Meyers inRucci homesteaded property in Meyers in the 1850’s and started a dairy. Son Hiramthe 1850’s and started a dairy. Son Hiram Jr. had son William Delos Barton.Jr. had son William Delos Barton.  William Barton and Kyburz’s daughterWilliam Barton and Kyburz’s daughter married and had two daughters namedmarried and had two daughters named Faye (Ledbetter) Alva Barton.Faye (Ledbetter) Alva Barton.  1915 the family settled on the property1915 the family settled on the property that is now known from the “Y” to thethat is now known from the “Y” to the South Tahoe Airport.South Tahoe Airport.  Established theEstablished the Meadow Edge DairyMeadow Edge Dairy..  1927 Barton Ranch 1000 acres East of1927 Barton Ranch 1000 acres East of Upper Truckee River to the Lake shore.Upper Truckee River to the Lake shore.  Six acres of the ranch land was donated forSix acres of the ranch land was donated for Barton Memorial Hospital development.Barton Memorial Hospital development.  Also the Lake Tahoe Airport was part of theAlso the Lake Tahoe Airport was part of the Barton Dairy.Barton Dairy. . T o R e n o T o C a r s o n C i 8 98 9 8 9 2 8 2 8 4 3 1 5 0 2 0 7 L a k e T a h o e
  40. 40. Chris JohnsonChris Johnson  1908 purchased the1908 purchased the Sibeck’s Sierra HouseSibeck’s Sierra House land – up to 500land – up to 500 cattle at the site.cattle at the site.  Al Tahoe’s, JohnsonAl Tahoe’s, Johnson Blvd, Happy HomeBlvd, Happy Home Cemetery as well asCemetery as well as the Governmentalthe Governmental Center, Lake TahoeCenter, Lake Tahoe Community CollegeCommunity College land was at one timeland was at one time owned by theowned by the Johnson’s.Johnson’s. . T o R e n o T o C a r s o n C ity 8 98 9 8 9 2 8 2 8 4 3 1 5 0 2 0 7 L a k e T a h o e
  41. 41. Cy Powers 1864Cy Powers 1864  Powers livestockPowers livestock ranch in lower Lakeranch in lower Lake Valley had becomeValley had become one of the largestone of the largest stock ranches in thestock ranches in the Tahoe region.Tahoe region. Saga I pgSaga I pg 234234 . T o R e n o T o C a r s o n C ity 8 98 9 8 9 2 8 2 8 4 3 1 5 0 2 0 7 L a k e T a h o e
  42. 42. Marla Bay 1864Marla Bay 1864  1864 John Marley 160 acres1864 John Marley 160 acres timothy hay (premium haytimothy hay (premium hay for cattle), scythe-cut baled itfor cattle), scythe-cut baled it with hand press, potatoes,with hand press, potatoes, and other vegetables.and other vegetables.  1884 William McFauls1884 William McFauls pastured a herd of milk cows.pastured a herd of milk cows. Saga I pg 243Saga I pg 243  1897 Marla Bay, (north of1897 Marla Bay, (north of Round Hill) Bence PowersRound Hill) Bence Powers livestock ranch in lower Lakelivestock ranch in lower Lake Valley had become one of theValley had become one of the largest stock ranches in thelargest stock ranches in the Tahoe region.Tahoe region. Saga I pg 234Saga I pg 234 . T o R e n o T o C a r s o n C ity 8 98 9 8 9 2 8 2 8 4 3 1 5 0 2 0 7 L a k e T a h o e
  43. 43. Chapter 14: Automobiles andChapter 14: Automobiles and HighwaysHighways  The Lake Tahoe Wagon Road was a tollThe Lake Tahoe Wagon Road was a toll road because the new State of Californiaroad because the new State of California did not have the money to fund thedid not have the money to fund the construction. (had the gold fields though)construction. (had the gold fields though)  1889 El Dorado County took over the road1889 El Dorado County took over the road because the toll houses left and failed tobecause the toll houses left and failed to maintain the roads.maintain the roads.  1896 deeded the “oldest and most1896 deeded the “oldest and most traveled road in the Tahoe Basin” to thetraveled road in the Tahoe Basin” to the State of California.State of California.
  44. 44. California State HighwayCalifornia State Highway  First, a 30 stretch mile between Placerville to MeyersFirst, a 30 stretch mile between Placerville to Meyers eventually included the entire 60 miles to Placerville toeventually included the entire 60 miles to Placerville to the Stateline.the Stateline.  1898 estimated 64 bridges and 140 culverts were1898 estimated 64 bridges and 140 culverts were needed.needed.  1906 first state highway bridge built across Trout Creek1906 first state highway bridge built across Trout Creek on Pioneer Trail (between Sierra House Elementary andon Pioneer Trail (between Sierra House Elementary and Golden Bear.) The early signs of the change from stageGolden Bear.) The early signs of the change from stage coaches to automobiles. 20 cars started in Placerville 2coaches to automobiles. 20 cars started in Placerville 2 made it to Tahoe.made it to Tahoe.  1907 California State Legislature finally approved1907 California State Legislature finally approved $5000 to finish the roads and erect the mile stones.$5000 to finish the roads and erect the mile stones.  1901 Riverton Bridge1901 Riverton Bridge  1920 named Highway 50.1920 named Highway 50.
  45. 45. New Improved Highway 50 circaNew Improved Highway 50 circa 1940 Lovers Leap - Twin Bridges1940 Lovers Leap - Twin Bridges Lover’s Leap Strawberry Twin Bridges
  46. 46. 19191919  Highway 50Highway 50 became part of thebecame part of the Lincoln Highway.Lincoln Highway.  The associationThe association helps focushelps focus improvementimprovement funding.funding.
  47. 47. What Year Was the Road AroundWhat Year Was the Road Around Emerald Bay Complete?Emerald Bay Complete?  19131913  The road was constructed for the LincolnThe road was constructed for the Lincoln Highway.Highway.  The Lincoln Highway was the firstThe Lincoln Highway was the first transcontentinal highway in the Unitedtranscontentinal highway in the United States.States.  From New York, New York to San Francisco,From New York, New York to San Francisco, California to get to the World’s Fair in 1915.California to get to the World’s Fair in 1915.  A city rebuild after the 1906 earthquake. SFA city rebuild after the 1906 earthquake. SF in 1906 had 1 church for every 2,500 peoplein 1906 had 1 church for every 2,500 people and 1 saloon for every 250 people.and 1 saloon for every 250 people. SmithSmith SF if BurningSF if Burning Plume 2006 pg 4Plume 2006 pg 4
  48. 48. Lincoln Highway 1915 routeLincoln Highway 1915 route  Pioneer branchPioneer branch
  49. 49. Early motelsEarly motels
  50. 50. Burma Shave - Brushless ShavingBurma Shave - Brushless Shaving CreamCream  Started in 1925 with six 6 inch boardsStarted in 1925 with six 6 inch boards about one hundred yards apart. A billabout one hundred yards apart. A bill board advertising strategy.board advertising strategy.  At the zenith 7000 sets of signs in 43At the zenith 7000 sets of signs in 43 states.states.  Allan Odell, grandson of Burma ShaveAllan Odell, grandson of Burma Shave inventor.inventor.  In 1925 sales went from $0 to $68,000In 1925 sales went from $0 to $68,000  Late 50’s company grew to $3 million/yr.Late 50’s company grew to $3 million/yr.  Final Burma Shave sign was installed inFinal Burma Shave sign was installed in 1963.1963.
  51. 51. BURIE D
  52. 52. One Minute ReviewOne Minute Review  What was the most useful orWhat was the most useful or meaningful thing you learnedmeaningful thing you learned during this session?during this session?  What question(s) remainWhat question(s) remain upper-most in your mind asupper-most in your mind as we end this session?we end this session?
  53. 53. Last Hour #1 We LearnedLast Hour #1 We Learned  Tahoe Fish  Tahoe Trivia  Baldwin Estate  Summer Farming This hour #2This hour #2  Automobiles and Highways  Airfields
  54. 54. You know you’reYou know you’re a Tahoe Local if:a Tahoe Local if: The majorityThe majority of partiesof parties you haveyou have been to tookbeen to took place aroundplace around a campfire ina campfire in the woods.the woods.
  55. 55. How Long Did it Take to TravelHow Long Did it Take to Travel Across the United States One Way?Across the United States One Way?  1804 Lewis and Clark (18 months)1804 Lewis and Clark (18 months)  1849 Atlantic-Panama-Pacific (3-4 weeks)1849 Atlantic-Panama-Pacific (3-4 weeks)  1849 Wagon train (average 5-6 months 150 days to go1849 Wagon train (average 5-6 months 150 days to go about 2200 miles. Must average 15+ miles/day)about 2200 miles. Must average 15+ miles/day)  1860 Pony Express1860 Pony Express (10+ days, 10mph, $1-1/2 oz.) St Joe(10+ days, 10mph, $1-1/2 oz.) St Joe  1862 Overland Stagecoach (25+ days, 5mph, $500)1862 Overland Stagecoach (25+ days, 5mph, $500)  1869 Railway express (6–10 days, 15mph, $150)1869 Railway express (6–10 days, 15mph, $150)  1903 First USA crossing by car – Jackson and1903 First USA crossing by car – Jackson and CrockerCrocker (33 days)(33 days)  1925 Lincoln Highway - Miller and Hansen1925 Lincoln Highway - Miller and Hansen (4 days, 6 hours and 45 minutes, 30+mph)(4 days, 6 hours and 45 minutes, 30+mph)  1927 Ryan Lindberg (22 hours flight, 120+mph)1927 Ryan Lindberg (22 hours flight, 120+mph)  1968 SR71/Lockheed A12 Blackbird 2,193 mph1968 SR71/Lockheed A12 Blackbird 2,193 mph 36 mi/min (1 hour 8 minutes 17 sec)36 mi/min (1 hour 8 minutes 17 sec)
  56. 56. Lincoln Highway QuestionsLincoln Highway Questions  Who started the LincolnWho started the Lincoln Highway?Highway?  What year did he start?What year did he start?  What other projects did heWhat other projects did he do?do?
  57. 57. Carl Fisher 1912Carl Fisher 1912 Bike sales, Car sales, Prest-o-lite investor by 1917Bike sales, Car sales, Prest-o-lite investor by 1917 - $6,000,000- $6,000,000  Indianapolis Motor Speedway whereIndianapolis Motor Speedway where the Indy 500 is run. (1909)the Indy 500 is run. (1909)  Coast to coast rock (Macadam)Coast to coast rock (Macadam) Highway. (1912)Highway. (1912)  Miami Beach, Florida (1915)Miami Beach, Florida (1915)  Montauk, Long Island (1925)Montauk, Long Island (1925)  Miami Beach hurricane (1926)Miami Beach hurricane (1926)  Stock market crash (1929)Stock market crash (1929)
  58. 58. Everybody was excited about aEverybody was excited about a road across the United States?road across the United States? True/FalseTrue/False
  59. 59. ““The Lincoln Highway is a redThe Lincoln Highway is a red line on a map that connects allline on a map that connects all the worst mud holes in thethe worst mud holes in the country.”country.”
  60. 60. What were theWhat were the existing routes usedexisting routes used to make up theto make up the Lincoln Highway?Lincoln Highway?
  61. 61.  Starting on the East coast – King’sStarting on the East coast – King’s Highway in New JerseyHighway in New Jersey  Lancaster Pike in PennsylvaniaLancaster Pike in Pennsylvania  Oregon/California (Salt Lake) TrailOregon/California (Salt Lake) Trail  Pony Express (US stage mail) routePony Express (US stage mail) route  Part of this route was used by JohnPart of this route was used by John C. Fremont, Donner Party, 49’ers,C. Fremont, Donner Party, 49’ers, Overland Stagecoach, etc.Overland Stagecoach, etc.
  62. 62. By 1914, Five Million Dollars WereBy 1914, Five Million Dollars Were Donated: None by Henry FordDonated: None by Henry Ford  To promote the Lincoln Highway markings.To promote the Lincoln Highway markings. (not a construction company)(not a construction company)  Henry Joy proposed the Lincoln HighwayHenry Joy proposed the Lincoln Highway Association fund, “seedling miles” using aAssociation fund, “seedling miles” using a fairly new material, concrete- one milefairly new material, concrete- one mile outside of town.outside of town.  The first “seedling mile” was near DeKalb,The first “seedling mile” was near DeKalb, Illinois.Illinois.  The last year of making seedling miles wasThe last year of making seedling miles was 1919.1919.
  63. 63. What wasWhat was celebrated at thecelebrated at the 1915 Panama1915 Panama Pacific InternationalPacific International Exposition in SanExposition in San Francisco,Francisco, California?California?
  64. 64. The 1915 World’s FairThe 1915 World’s Fair  Taking over three years to construct, theTaking over three years to construct, the fair had great economic implications forfair had great economic implications for the city that had almost been destroyedthe city that had almost been destroyed by the 1906 earthquake. 28,000 buildingsby the 1906 earthquake. 28,000 buildings were destroyed over 4 square miles.were destroyed over 4 square miles.  The fair covered 635 acres and is nowThe fair covered 635 acres and is now known as the Marina District. (Built fromknown as the Marina District. (Built from some, no all, of the earthquake rubble.)some, no all, of the earthquake rubble.)  The exposition was a celebration of theThe exposition was a celebration of the completion of the Panama Canal, and alsocompletion of the Panama Canal, and also the 400the 400thth anniversary of the discovery ofanniversary of the discovery of the Pacific Ocean by Balboa.the Pacific Ocean by Balboa.
  65. 65. 1915 San Francisco World’s Fair1915 San Francisco World’s Fair  One remnant is theOne remnant is the Palace of Fine ArtsPalace of Fine Arts near the Presidio.near the Presidio. Bernard MaybeckBernard Maybeck architect for thearchitect for the Glen Alpine campGlen Alpine camp  One visitor wasOne visitor was Laura Ingalls WilderLaura Ingalls Wilder – “Little House on– “Little House on the Prairie.”the Prairie.”
  66. 66. Golden Gate Bridge
  67. 67. 1915 World’s Fair
  68. 68. Federal Highway ActsFederal Highway Acts –– NationalNational DefenseDefense  1956 Eisenhower - Interstate Highway1956 Eisenhower - Interstate Highway Act.Act.
  69. 69. 19161916 ““ The road was easier to follow.The road was easier to follow. Under the direction of theUnder the direction of the Lincoln Highway Association,Lincoln Highway Association, caravans of painters hadcaravans of painters had crossed and recrossed thecrossed and recrossed the country with brushes andcountry with brushes and stencils and had paintedstencils and had painted telephone poles and buildingstelephone poles and buildings with the Lincoln Highwaywith the Lincoln Highway emblem making the way ofemblem making the way of the traveler increasinglythe traveler increasingly obvious.”obvious.” L Lincoln Highway
  70. 70. 19191919  After WWI, the Army Transcontinental MotorAfter WWI, the Army Transcontinental Motor Convoy drove on the Lincoln Highway to testConvoy drove on the Lincoln Highway to test the road with heavy trucks.the road with heavy trucks.  Name the young lieutenant colonel on the tripName the young lieutenant colonel on the trip who later became the President of the Unitedwho later became the President of the United States.States.  During the 62 day, 3310 mile trip, how manyDuring the 62 day, 3310 mile trip, how many bridges had to be rebuilt by the Army?bridges had to be rebuilt by the Army?
  71. 71. Army Transcontinental MotorArmy Transcontinental Motor ConvoyConvoy  Started July 1919 in Washington D.C.Started July 1919 in Washington D.C.  In Tahoe September 1919In Tahoe September 1919  200 residents welcomed the convoy200 residents welcomed the convoy
  72. 72. Gael HoagGael Hoag ““Knew every curve, hill,Knew every curve, hill, vista and mudhole alongvista and mudhole along the highway.”the highway.” Most of the 3000 concreteMost of the 3000 concrete Lincoln Highway markersLincoln Highway markers were placed along thewere placed along the highway in one day.highway in one day. September 1, 1928.September 1, 1928. The placement was done byThe placement was done by the Boy Scouts of America.the Boy Scouts of America.
  73. 73. Carson City MarkerCarson City Marker
  74. 74. Western most Lincoln Highway marker. The marker is by the parking lot of the California Palace of the Legion of Honor. Set 6/14/2002 by LHA
  75. 75. 19311931  By 1931 the LincolnBy 1931 the Lincoln Highway became aHighway became a coast-to-coast, nocoast-to-coast, no toll, all-weathertoll, all-weather highway.highway.
  76. 76. 19111911  North Shore’s Tahoe Tavern wasNorth Shore’s Tahoe Tavern was advertising for auto to make theadvertising for auto to make the route.route.  The first car to the Tahoe TavernThe first car to the Tahoe Tavern would get a trophy.would get a trophy.  Bud Bliss awarded (Saga II) theBud Bliss awarded (Saga II) the silver cup in 1911 to Arthur Burlingsilver cup in 1911 to Arthur Burling Foote for his 6 day journey.Foote for his 6 day journey.
  77. 77. Other Developed RoadsOther Developed Roads  Spooners SummitSpooners Summit to Incline Village.to Incline Village.  August 1925.August 1925.  Finished the roadFinished the road around Lakearound Lake Tahoe.Tahoe. August 1925August 1925 Now highway 28Now highway 28
  78. 78. Keeping Highway 50 openKeeping Highway 50 open  September 1931 Highway 50September 1931 Highway 50 widened.widened.  New Meyers Grade started 1937 butNew Meyers Grade started 1937 but not finished to automobile traffic innot finished to automobile traffic in 1947 (due to the WW II effort).1947 (due to the WW II effort).
  79. 79. South Lake Tahoe Air FieldsSouth Lake Tahoe Air Fields  Landing on the surface of Lake TahoeLanding on the surface of Lake Tahoe with Float Planes - 1920’swith Float Planes - 1920’s  Johnson Field - 1930’s to 1940’s – BijouJohnson Field - 1930’s to 1940’s – Bijou  Horton and Bouchet Crash 1934 – DunlapHorton and Bouchet Crash 1934 – Dunlap Field (Tahoe Keys) never completedField (Tahoe Keys) never completed  Meyers Lake Tahoe Airport – 1938Meyers Lake Tahoe Airport – 1938 proposedproposed  Sky Harbor Airport – 1946 - 1956 (KahleSky Harbor Airport – 1946 - 1956 (Kahle Dr.)Dr.)  California Aeronautics CommissionCalifornia Aeronautics Commission proposed landing strip Pope Beach /proposed landing strip Pope Beach / Tahoe Keys 1951 never startedTahoe Keys 1951 never started constructionconstruction  Lake Tahoe Airport (TVL) – 1959 BartonLake Tahoe Airport (TVL) – 1959 Barton Dairy and other propertyDairy and other property
  80. 80. Sky Harbor Airport 1946-1956 Dunlap Field 1934 TVL 1959 – present Johnson Field 1930 – 1940’s CAC Proposed Airstrip 1951     Proposed Meyers Lake Tahoe Airport 1938  1930’s Johnson Field 1960 Olympics 1934 Horton crash/ Dunlap Field 1938 Meyers Airport 1946 Sky Harbor Airport 1959 Tahoe Valley 1951 Tahoe Keys Barton Field?  1930’s Barton Field
  81. 81. First Known Bi-wing Float PlaneFirst Known Bi-wing Float Plane 19231923
  82. 82. Riva Grill/Ski Run Marina 1950’sRiva Grill/Ski Run Marina 1950’s Seagraves bought a vacant lot,Seagraves bought a vacant lot, built a dock and inland harbor.built a dock and inland harbor.
  83. 83. Pilot and Passenger PlaquePilot and Passenger Plaque
  84. 84. Friday September 21, 1934Friday September 21, 1934
  85. 85. 1934 at the landing field adjoining the1934 at the landing field adjoining the Truckee Marsh (Tahoe Keys)Truckee Marsh (Tahoe Keys)
  86. 86. Tallac Resort Site Casino Promenade Tallac Hotel site Dextra Baldwin House Pope Estate Heller Valhalla estate Boat House Qui-cha- Kidn Boat House Theater John Horton, butler of the Pope Estate, was a pilot and partner with Lloyd Lukins. Passenger Betty Bouchet was the governess of the Heller Estate
  87. 87. Mrs. Lloyd O. LukensMrs. Lloyd O. Lukens
  88. 88. CHRIS JOHNSON FIELD John Dunlap Field
  89. 89. 19341934 Dunlap Field Johnson Field Tamarack Dairy Barton Dairy Future TVL Airport 1959 Future Sky Harbor Airport 1946 to 1956 Barton Field
  90. 90. Crash Site Larry’s Island Proposed Airstrip Dunlap Field/Tamarack Dairy/Tahoe KeysDunlap Field/Tamarack Dairy/Tahoe Keys
  91. 91. Proposed Lake Tahoe AirportProposed Lake Tahoe Airport 19381938
  92. 92. Lake Tahoe AirportLake Tahoe Airport 19381938
  93. 93. Sky Harbor Airport/Kahle DriveSky Harbor Airport/Kahle Drive 1 Mile East of Stateline1 Mile East of Stateline  Sky Harbor Airport 1946 to 1956 - KahleSky Harbor Airport 1946 to 1956 - Kahle Drive, Nevada - Rabe Meadow, (Lam WatahDrive, Nevada - Rabe Meadow, (Lam Watah Trail)Trail)  A pilot would fly from the mountain sideA pilot would fly from the mountain side toward the lake to alert the cattle to move,toward the lake to alert the cattle to move, then land flying from over the lake towardthen land flying from over the lake toward the mountain and the Sky Harbor Casinothe mountain and the Sky Harbor Casino building.building.  From the pilot prospective it looks like youFrom the pilot prospective it looks like you are flying into the mountain. One shotare flying into the mountain. One shot landing! No landing abort protocol.landing! No landing abort protocol.
  94. 94. 1940s aerial view1940s aerial view looking along thelooking along the single unpavedsingle unpaved runway at Skyrunway at Sky Harbor Airport.Harbor Airport.
  95. 95. The Sky Harbor Airport wasThe Sky Harbor Airport was poorly engineered and shutpoorly engineered and shut down before 1956down before 1956 Landing strip
  96. 96. 1946 to 19561946 to 1956
  97. 97. Sky Harbor AirportSky Harbor Airport WWII trainer BT 13’s Fabric wings, metal fuselage, cockpits were called: Green houses Steinman- entire plane was fabric Open cockpits Had to fence in the cows to prevent them from eating the fabric of the wings!
  98. 98. 1951 PROPOSAL BY THE CALIFORNIA1951 PROPOSAL BY THE CALIFORNIA AERONAUTICS COMMISSION –AERONAUTICS COMMISSION – Construction Never StartedConstruction Never Started Tahoe Keys – Lighthouse Shores Pope Beach “Y”
  99. 99. 1951 PROPOSAL1951 PROPOSAL BY THEBY THE CALIFORNIACALIFORNIA AERONAUTICSAERONAUTICS COMMISSION FORCOMMISSION FOR A 400 AIRCRAFTA 400 AIRCRAFT CAPACITYCAPACITY TARMAC ANDTARMAC AND LANDING FIELDLANDING FIELD (AIRPORT) TO BE(AIRPORT) TO BE CONSTRUCTEDCONSTRUCTED NEAR CAMPNEAR CAMP RICHARDSON (250RICHARDSON (250 X 5000 FEET)X 5000 FEET) Tahoe Keys – Lighthouse Shores Pope Beach
  100. 100. South Tahoe Airport - Barton DairySouth Tahoe Airport - Barton Dairy  1959. Available for the 1960 Winter Olympics in Squaw Valley. The1959. Available for the 1960 Winter Olympics in Squaw Valley. The 5,900’ runway was the only airport along the 750 miles of the5,900’ runway was the only airport along the 750 miles of the High Sierra capable of supporting private and military aircraft andHigh Sierra capable of supporting private and military aircraft and scheduled air carriers. The runway was extended to 8,544’ in latescheduled air carriers. The runway was extended to 8,544’ in late 1962. Casino money paid for the extension.1962. Casino money paid for the extension.  Lake Tahoe Airport usage reached an all-time high in 1978.Lake Tahoe Airport usage reached an all-time high in 1978. 294,188 passengers.294,188 passengers.  1959 to 2006. 12 airlines.1959 to 2006. 12 airlines.  1982. Strict noise and access restrictions at the airport.1982. Strict noise and access restrictions at the airport.  1983. City of South Lake Tahoe purchased the airport from El1983. City of South Lake Tahoe purchased the airport from El Dorado County for $1.Dorado County for $1.  1992 Master Plan Settlement Agreement adopted by TRPA.1992 Master Plan Settlement Agreement adopted by TRPA.  Last scheduled air service was operated by Tahoe Air and AllegiantLast scheduled air service was operated by Tahoe Air and Allegiant Air in 1999 and 2000.Air in 1999 and 2000.  2004 Due to lack of funding the air traffic tower was closed.2004 Due to lack of funding the air traffic tower was closed.  http://www.tahoedailytribune.com/article/20080131/NEWS/216988398http://www.tahoedailytribune.com/article/20080131/NEWS/216988398
  101. 101. One Minute ReviewOne Minute Review  What was the most useful orWhat was the most useful or meaningful thing you learned duringmeaningful thing you learned during this session?this session?  What question(s) remain upper-mostWhat question(s) remain upper-most in your mind as we end this session?in your mind as we end this session?
  102. 102. Next week #8 final weekNext week #8 final week  Cabins Castle andCabins Castle and Grand and EstatesGrand and Estates  Winter skiingWinter skiing  CasinosCasinos

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