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The Hope of Esperanto

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Week 1

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The Hope of Esperanto

  1. 1. THE HOPE OFESPERANTOFinding Topic Sentences
  2. 2. Read paragraph 4 of “The Hope of Esperanto” onpage 13 of your text. Click the correct topic sentence. • For a while, people worried that Esperanto would die out; however, it has survived, and today Esperanto is spoken all over the world. • Esperanto speakers can be found in 90 countries in Europe, Asia, Australia, and North and South America • It is estimated that between 1 and 2 million people worldwide speak Esperanto.
  3. 3. Yes, that’s correct!• The paragraph is about Esperanto. What about Esperanto? It is being spoken all over the world; it is not dying out.• The details support this: • Speakers in 90 countries • 1-2 million people speak Esperanto. • Taught in schools • International meetings held in Esperanto • World Esperanto Congress with 2,300 people from 62 countries.
  4. 4. No, go back and look again.• What is the paragraph about? Esperanto• What about Esperanto? Lots of people speak Esperanto• Another hint: Sentences with specific numbers are often details, not general ideas. The topic sentence must be a general idea.
  5. 5. Read paragraph 5 of “The Hope of Esperanto” onpage 13 of your text. Click the correct topic sentence. • Many people who study Esperanto say that it is easy to learn.. • All nouns in Esperanto end in o, adjectives end in a, and infinitive verbs end in i. • But others think Esperanto’s numerous suffixes and prefixes make it more difficult.
  6. 6. Yes, that’s correct!•The paragraph is about Esperanto. What about Esperanto? It is easy to learn.•The details support this: •Logical grammar •16 rules and no exceptions •Word forms: nouns –o, adjectives –a, verbs –i •Learn in 100 hours or less
  7. 7. No, go back and look again.• What is the paragraph about? Learning Esperanto• What about learning Esperanto? _________ Find the sentence that expresses this general idea. This sentence is a supporting detail.
  8. 8. No, go back and look again.• What is the paragraph about? Learning Esperanto• What about learning Esperanto? _________• Do the details talk about Esperanto being difficult? Find the sentence that expresses the general idea given by the details.
  9. 9. Read paragraph 6 of “The Hope of Esperanto” onpage 13 of your text. Choose the correct topic sentence. • Esperanto is used for academic and artistic works, too. • Novels, poems, and short stories have all been written in Esperanto • There are several movies produced entirely in Esperanto as well. • This was followed in 1965 by Incubus, starring William Shatner
  10. 10. Yes, that’s correct!• The paragraph is about Esperanto. What about Esperanto? It is used for academic & artistic works.• The details support this: – Magazines and journals – Translated books – Literature/books – Movies – Novels, poems, short – Radio broadcasts stories – Museum – Nobel prize for literature
  11. 11. No, go back and look again.• This sentence says novels, poems and short stories. Does it include ALL the types of works mentioned in the paragraph?• Find the sentence that covers all the details.
  12. 12. No, go back and look again.• This sentence mentions movies. Does it include ALL the types of works mentioned in the paragraph?• Find the sentence that covers all the details.
  13. 13. No, go back and look again.• This sentence is a specific detail. Find the general sentence.
  14. 14. Read paragraph 7 of “The Hope of Esperanto” onpage 13 of your text. Choose the correct topic sentence. • Thanks to the Internet, Esperanto is spreading like never before. • There are even websites where you can download music in Esperanto. • Esperanto is alive and well. • In Hungary, Esperanto is the third most widely spoken foreign language.
  15. 15. Yes, that’s correct!• The paragraph is about Esperanto today.• The details support this: – It is spreading because of the Internet. – There are Web sites about Esperanto. – It has spread to Mongolia and Indonesia. – It is widely spoken in Hungary.
  16. 16. No, go back and look again.• This sentence seems like a topic sentence, but think of the umbrella idea. It doesn’t cover all the details. What about “In Hungary, Esperanto is the third most widely spoken foreign language”?
  17. 17. No, go back and look again.• This sentence is a detail. You need to find a general sentence that tells about the topic.
  18. 18. You are finished!Now go to your textbook andread all of the article “TheHope of Esperanto: ALanguage without Borders.”

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