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World war 1

The presentation is about First World War. it's causes, devastation and name and force of the central powers and allied powers. The consequences and peace treaties which came into force through world war 1 in world history. It will be helpful for students of political science, public administration and international relations.

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WAR MEANS DESTRUCTION OF INNOCENT
LIVES, TEARS TO THOUSANDS OF
MOTHERS EYES…
-EDWIN STARR
First World War
FIRST WORLD WAR AT A GLANCE
o Started in 28th July 1914 & finished 10th Nov 1918.
o Two force Central force & Allied force.
o Central force: Germany , Austria & Hungary.
o Allied force: United Kingdom, France & Russian
Empire.
o Bitter nationalism & militarism of Germany uprooted
the war.
o 2/3 people of the world were under the war.
o Civil people killed more than military people.
o Weapons like tank, big gun, submarine, poisonous gases
used for the first time.
o Central force defeated in the war
o Deaths were twice in number in first world war than all wars of Europe till 1790-1913.
o Industries expanded for industrial revolution used in war.
THE FIRST WORLD WAR- CAUSES
 Raiseof Germany&leadershipofBismarck
 Mutual defense alliance
 RoughNationalism
 Militarycompetition
 SocialDarwinism
RAISE OF GERMANY & LEADERSHIP OF BISMARCK
 In Franco Prussian war Germany won & seized Alsace &
Lorraine province from France.
 A large empire through Prussian’s
leadership.
 Blood & iron policy of
Bismarck
Germany
MUTUAL DEFENSE ALLIANCES
 Triple alliance
Germany made alliance with Austria & Italy to make France alliance less country.
 Dual alliance
o Miserable condition of France.
o Russia broke ‘Reinsurance’ treaty with Germany & France
made ‘Dual Alliance’ with Russia.
 Triple entente
o England was panic & opposed the expansion of Russia in the
east & favored Germany.
o Expansion of German colonies in Africa, railway line from
Berlin to Parossho Upasagar,
o Expansion of German empire, priorities over sea forced
England thought that Indian British empire might at stake.
o Leaving it’s neutral position England joined hand
with dual alliance because of it’s security & formed ‘Entente Cordiale’ with France.
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World war 1

  • 1. WAR MEANS DESTRUCTION OF INNOCENT LIVES, TEARS TO THOUSANDS OF MOTHERS EYES… -EDWIN STARR
  • 3. FIRST WORLD WAR AT A GLANCE o Started in 28th July 1914 & finished 10th Nov 1918. o Two force Central force & Allied force. o Central force: Germany , Austria & Hungary. o Allied force: United Kingdom, France & Russian Empire. o Bitter nationalism & militarism of Germany uprooted the war. o 2/3 people of the world were under the war. o Civil people killed more than military people. o Weapons like tank, big gun, submarine, poisonous gases used for the first time. o Central force defeated in the war o Deaths were twice in number in first world war than all wars of Europe till 1790-1913. o Industries expanded for industrial revolution used in war.
  • 4. THE FIRST WORLD WAR- CAUSES  Raiseof Germany&leadershipofBismarck  Mutual defense alliance  RoughNationalism  Militarycompetition  SocialDarwinism
  • 5. RAISE OF GERMANY & LEADERSHIP OF BISMARCK  In Franco Prussian war Germany won & seized Alsace & Lorraine province from France.  A large empire through Prussian’s leadership.  Blood & iron policy of Bismarck Germany
  • 6. MUTUAL DEFENSE ALLIANCES  Triple alliance Germany made alliance with Austria & Italy to make France alliance less country.  Dual alliance o Miserable condition of France. o Russia broke ‘Reinsurance’ treaty with Germany & France made ‘Dual Alliance’ with Russia.  Triple entente o England was panic & opposed the expansion of Russia in the east & favored Germany. o Expansion of German colonies in Africa, railway line from Berlin to Parossho Upasagar, o Expansion of German empire, priorities over sea forced England thought that Indian British empire might at stake. o Leaving it’s neutral position England joined hand with dual alliance because of it’s security & formed ‘Entente Cordiale’ with France.
  • 7. ROUGH NATIONALISM  Competition between German & Britain encouraged by intense navy & armed forces.  Arrogant nationalism derived to get imperial power in Asia, Africa & Balkan regions.  Jealousy, power, domination lead to start war.  Uses of Newspapers.  Armed peace or Pacism.
  • 8. MILITARY COMPETITION German arms became 8,70,000 In 1913 Compulsory 3 years army jobs in France Compulsory Arm training in Russia Britain enriched navy
  • 9. SOCIAL DARWINISM  Emphasized on social competition of different nations, minorities, races & colors at social level.  Adopted by political elites of Europe.  Survival of the fittest.  Encouraged competition on establishing colonies & naval arms race.
  • 10. IMMEDIATE CAUSE Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand in Sarajevo. Ultimatum letter of Austria intended by Germany. Declaration of war by Austria.
  • 11. CONT.
  • 12. CENTRAL POWER & ALLIES Central powers Allied powers Austria-Hungary Serbia Germany France Ottoman Empire Britain Bulgaria Belgium Italy Russia Japan Greece Romania America Indian sub continent
  • 13. BEGINNING & PARTICIPATION OF THE COUNTRIES IN WAR  Involvement of Russia , Germany (1st August,1914)  Involvement of France (3 August, 1914)  Involvement of England (8 August 1914)  Involvement of Belgium (8 August 1914)  Involvement of Ottoman Empire (6 August 1914)  Involvement of Japan (23 August 1914)  Involvement of Italy (2 May 1915)  Involvement of Bulgaria (12 October 1915)  Involvement of Rumania (28 August 1916)  Involvement of Greece  Involvement of America (2 April 1917)
  • 14. ARTILLERY OF FIRST WORLD WAR
  • 15. USE OF CANINES IN WORLD WAR 1 A watchdog never barks; at the most he will use a low growl to indicate the presence or approach of a hostile force – quote from the article of Mr. Richardson
  • 16.  20,000 dogs helped frontline soldiers used by allied troops.  carried aid to the wounded, delivered messages, pulled along vital equipment and sniffed out enemy soldiers.  War Dog School of Instruction in Hampshire were established by war office.
  • 17. DEVASTATION IN FIRST WORLD WAR Total deaths: 17 million Wounded: 20 million Military : 10 million Civilian : 7 million Deaths of military personnel The entente powers : 6 million Central powers : 4 million
  • 18. CONT.
  • 19. MAJOR BATTLES OF WWI  The Battles of the Marne  The Battle of Trench War  The Battle of Kut-el-Amara  The Battle of Verdun & Somme  The Battle of Jutland  The Battle of Cambrai
  • 20. CONSEQUENCE OF 1ST WORLD WAR Economic consequence  Terrible loss of human life and increased property.  Different diseases and famine.  Financial cost estimated about 400 billion dollars.  Large scale of unemployment.  Germany was particularly badly effected.  Economic collapse in Germany’s business went bankrupt.
  • 21. CONSEQUENCE OF 1ST WORLD WAR Political consequences  The maps of Europe was reconstructed.  Different treaties.  The treaty of Versailles made Germany stand fully unarmed before the fully armed allied power.  The all kinds of tanks, armed cars, Military Aero planes, submarines were forbidden in Germany.  Creation of League of Nation at the Paris peace conference.  Democratic culture in Germany through ‘VI mar republic’  European countries reformed on the basis of nationalism.
  • 22. CONSEQUENCE OF 1ST WORLD WAR Colonial consequence  Deprivation of Germany’s colonies & was totally disarmed by the Versailles treaty.  Emergence of great power in Europe, USA, far East and Great Britain.  Great Britain proved to be leading maritime & colonial power on the Earth.  New nations were established on the ruins of old ones.  Nationalist independence protest will lead to the process of colonial emancipation.
  • 23. CONSEQUENCE OF 1ST WORLD WAR Emergence of new power  France came to be the regarded as a great military power in Europe.  Japan enhanced it’s power & prestige in the far East.  USA emerged from 1st world war as a great world power.  Autocratic leadership of Adolph Hitler.  Victorious countries emerged as the strong world power.
  • 24. THE PEACE TREATIES Paris Peace treaty (1919)  Treaty of Versailles -between Germany & Versailles  Treaty of Saint Germain -between Austria & Saint Germain  Treaty of Trianon -between Hungery & Trianon  Treaty of Neville -between Bulgeria & Neville  Treaty of Sevres -between Turkey & Sevres
  • 25. TREATY OF VERSAILLES o For establishing peace in Europe o Germany unwillingly signed it in 28th June, 1919 o Returned Alsace & Lorraine to France. o Austria & Hungary termed as two new state. o Reduce German’s power in navy, arm & forced to surrender. o Reduce German’s power in trade & gave trade ports to France. o Determined to take compensation of war from Germany. o Seized arms, weapons & destroyed Heligoland army station. o France got right of coal & mine regions for 15years. o Initiate defensive measures.
  • 26. THE LEAGUE OF NATIONS  Established in 28th June 1919 for reducing risks of further war & to control international relations.  For establishing peace & reduce sufferings of countries defeated in war.  The League home was in Geneva & Primary member was 42  Succeeded in mediating conflicts between two small regions of Bolkan.  Failed in 1946  Recognized voting right of women.  Nazism developed in Germany & socialism in Russia.