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Anise as estrogenic agent


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Anise as estrogenic agent

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  2. 2. Aniseas estrogenic agent<br />By<br />Taher Haddad<br />
  3. 3. Outlines<br />What is anise? (an overview)<br />History<br />Other names<br />How does anise work?<br />The estrogenic effects<br />Some explanation<br />The fact!<br />
  4. 4. Overview<br />Anise is a herb. The seed (fruit) and oil, and less frequently the root and leaf, are used to make medicine.<br />It is used for:<br /> - upset stomach<br /> - constipation<br /> - intestinal gas<br /> - antispasmodic and smooth muscle relaxant<br /> - asthma <br /> - runny nose <br /> - expectorant <br /> - diuretic <br /> - appetite stimulant<br /> - trouble sleeping (insomnia)<br />
  5. 5. Overview (con’t)<br />Women use anise to increase milk flow when nursing, start menstruation and increase sex drive.<br />Men use anise to treat symptoms of “male menopause” <br />Some people apply anise directly to the skin to treat lice, scabies, and psoriasis.<br />In foods, anise is used as a flavoring agent.<br />In manufacturing, anise is often used as a fragrance in soap, creams, perfumes<br />
  6. 6. Anise seed<br />Anise tea<br />
  7. 7. History<br />Anise has a history of use as a spice and a fragrance. It has been cultivated in Egypt for at least 4,000 years. Records of its use as a diuretic and treatment of digestive problems and toothache are seen in medical texts from this era.<br />In ancient Greek history, writings explain how anise helps breathing, relieves pain, stimulates urination, and eases thirst.<br />
  8. 8. Other Names<br />Scientific Name:<br />Pimpinellaanisum<br />Common Names:<br />Aniseed, Anise Essential Oil, AnisiFructus, Pinella, Semen Anisi, Shatpushpa, Sweet Cumin, VelaitiSaunf.<br />
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  10. 10. How does it work?<br />The main active constituent in anise is anethole which has estrogen-likeeffects, it may also acts as insecticide.<br />It appears to mimic the activity of human hormones such as estrogen or progesterone, or make proper levels of such hormones in the body by normalizing glandular and hormonal activity. <br />
  11. 11. The estrogenic effects<br />Starting menstrual periods.<br />Increasing breast milk.<br />Increasing libido (female).<br />Facilitate birth.<br />Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) or breast tenderness (just interpretation).<br />Clearing the voice(used by singers ??)<br />
  12. 12. Some explanation<br />- Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) <br />- Clearing the voice<br />
  13. 13. Breast tenderness<br />
  14. 14. Clearing the voice<br />
  15. 15. The fact<br />Anethole has been documented to have phytoestrogen activity in test tubes and animals; the relevance of this to humans is unknown. No clinical trials have been conducted to support any of its uses !!<br />
  16. 16. THANK YOU<br />THE END<br />
  17. 17. Questions ??<br />