Phonemic Awareness

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Phonemic Awareness

  1. 1. Phonemic Awareness
  2. 2.  Phonemic awareness refers to the ability to segment and manipulate the sounds of oral language. It is not the same as phonics, which involves knowing how written letters relate to spoken sounds. Research has shown that a child’s awareness of the sounds of spoken words is a strong predictor of his or her later success in learning to read  -International Reading Association
  3. 3. 7 Dimensions of Phonemic Awareness1. The ability to hear syllables within a word2. The ability to to hear initial sounds or recognize alliteration ( Sally Sells Seashells by the sea shore)3. The ability to distinguish rime and rhyme(Rime: hat cat sat; Rhyme: great late bait)4. The ability to distinguish oddity (man money cat)5. The ability to blend sounds orally to make a word (/a/ +/t/=at)6. The ability to segment words orally (at=/a/+/t/)7. The ability to manipulate sounds orally to create new words (Plug-/g/=Plu; Plu+/m/=Plum) -Devries
  4. 4. Scaffolding By choosing books with alliteration, assonance, rhyme, repe tition, onomatopoeia, and nonsense words educators help new readers, “develop an ear for the sounds within words” (Devries 2004). Read aloud (model good reading, use expression) Use Gestures (clap, tap, snap syllable and rhyme) Vary reading materials (tongue twisters, nursery rhymes, poems, songs and music) Use “concrete cues”-manipulatives (wicklund 2004)
  5. 5. Activities Jump Rope Jingles Chopping game Match Game
  6. 6. ISEL Illinois Snapshot of Early Literacy Assesses phonemic awareness, letter recognition, and knowledge of letter sounds Given three times a year On Target vs On Watch
  7. 7. Literature to support Phonemic Awareness
  8. 8. References DeVries, B. A. (2011). Phonemic Awareness. Literacy assessment and intervention for the elementary classroom (pp. 76-100). Scottsdale, Ariz.: Holcomb Hathaway Publishers. International Reading Association. (2012). Phonemic Awareness . Phonemic Awareness and the Teaching of Reading. Retrieved April 10, 2012, fromhttp://reading.org/General/AboutIRA/PositionState ments/PhonemicAwarenessPosition.aspx Wicklund, B. (2004). Using scaffolding to teach phonological/phonemic awareness skills to english language learners Hamline University | Saint Paul, Minnesota. Hamline University | Saint Paul, Minnesota. Retrieved April 9, 2012, from www.hamline.edu/WorkArea/linkit.aspx? LinkIdentifier=id...

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