The American Vision Chapter 1 Coverging Culters section 4
BELLRINGER Anticipation GuideAgree Disagree 1. The central Agree Disagree____ ____ authority during ____ ____ the Middle Ages was the Catholic Church. Pg.32 (A European Story) ____ ____ 2. The Caravel ____ ____ was a ship. Pg.36
Chapter One: Converging Cultures Section Four: European CulturesA. European Society For hundreds of years, Europe was ruled by the Roman Empire.
When the Roman Empire fell apart around 500 A.D., Europe was left disorganized and isolated. This period was known as the Middle Ages. The Black Plague occurred during this time. Bad sanitary conditions caused an increase in rats. The plague virus was passed from fleas, to rats, then to humans.
To organize society, the system of feudalism was developed. Feudalism - a system in which a king gives out parts of his lands to nobles in exchange for their loyalty. These lands were farmed by peasants or serfs.
Religion The central authority in the Middle Ages was the Roman Catholic Church.Why was religion so important to society in the Middle Ages?What made theCatholic Church so powerful?
B. Causes of Exploration Europe began coming out of its isolation around 1100.1. The Crusades Series of Holy Wars, lasting hundreds of years. The European Christians attempted to take the Holy Lands (Middle East) from the Muslims.
The Crusades were a failure, yet had many positive effects on Europe. The Crusades brought Europe out of isolationand into contact withother parts of the world. They exposed Europeansto Asian goods suchas spices and silks.
Europeans soon wanted to find a faster, easier, way to get to Asia.2. New States Emerge Feudalism began to decline. Powerful rulers emergedwho united many kingdomsinto strong and powerfulcountries.
Soon, four strong countries existed: Portugal, France, Spain, and England. These countries would compete for trade and power.
3. The Renaissance Literally means rebirth. A new interest in art,culture, writing, science,etc. This fueled the desire forexploration to learn and tradewith other cultures.
Chunk # 3Turn to page 36-37 in your book.Read New Technology and name and describe the four new types of technology used to navigate ships in the early 1400’s.4. _____________________________5. _____________________________6. _____________________________7. _____________________________
4. New Technology Exploration became possible because of new inventions. These inventions made navigation easier and Europeans began exploring the World.
C. Portuguese Exploration Portugal led the way in exploration. Prince Henry, or Henry the Navigator is considered the father of exploration. He set up anavigation school.
Brought together sailors and navigators to plan expeditions. Goal: To find a water route to Asia. Vasco da Gama –1st explorer to sailaround Africato India.
REVIEW1. The Renaissance literally means ________. What did Europe start showing an interest in at this point in history?2. Why did the discovery of silks and spices during the Crusades lead to more sea expeditions?3. Which country owns the sea route around Africa?