Monday, November 12,2012Monday, November 12,2012
Agree Disagree 1. The British Agree DisagreeAgree Disagree 1. The British Agree Disagree
____ ____ used guerrilla ____ ________ ____ used guerrilla ____ ____
warfare to defeat the Colonists.warfare to defeat the Colonists.
____ ____ 2. Saratoga ____ _________ ____ 2. Saratoga ____ _____
is considered theis considered the
turning point of the Revolutionary War.turning point of the Revolutionary War.
Chapter Four: The American RevolutionChapter Four: The American Revolution
Section Three: The War for IndependenceSection Three: The War for Independence
A. The Opposing SidesA. The Opposing Sides
CHUNK #4 -CHUNK #4 - Turn to pages 138-138. ReadTurn to pages 138-138. Read TheThe
Opposing Sides.Opposing Sides. List the advantages andList the advantages and
disadvantages of both the Colonial and the English.disadvantages of both the Colonial and the English.
AdvantagesAdvantages ColonialColonial DisadvantagesDisadvantages
Advantages EnglishAdvantages English DisadvantagesDisadvantages
Colonial DisadvantagesColonial Disadvantages
1. Poorly1. Poorly equippedequipped..
2. Not enough2. Not enough menmen
((many desertedmany deserted).).
3. Not enough3. Not enough moneymoney to pay for supplies,to pay for supplies,
soldiers, etc.soldiers, etc.
Colonial AdvantagesColonial Advantages
Tactics:Tactics: Guerilla warfareGuerilla warfare used by theused by the
militias was very successful against themilitias was very successful against the
Colonists were fightingColonists were fighting
on their own territoryon their own territory
((home field advantagehome field advantage).).
English AdvantagesEnglish Advantages
BetterBetter trained and equipped.trained and equipped.
HiredHired German mercenariesGerman mercenaries (soldiers for(soldiers for
hire) calledhire) called HessiansHessians to help them fight.to help them fight.
English DisadvantagesEnglish Disadvantages
The war was notThe war was not
popular in England.popular in England.
B. The Northern CampaignB. The Northern Campaign
The Battle of TrentonThe Battle of Trenton
Washington turned around in theWashington turned around in the
middle of his retreat andmiddle of his retreat and crossed backcrossed back
over the Delaware Riverover the Delaware River..
Led a surprise attackLed a surprise attack
on theon the HessiansHessians
(German mercenaries(German mercenaries
hired to fighthired to fight
for the British)for the British)
andand killed aboutkilled about
Valley ForgeValley Forge
Considered to be aConsidered to be a low pointlow point forfor
Washington's army.Washington's army.
WashingtonWashington’s army spent the winter of’s army spent the winter of
1777 at Valley Forge, PA where about1777 at Valley Forge, PA where about
2500 died of starvation and cold2500 died of starvation and cold..
The Battle of SaratogaThe Battle of Saratoga
Turning point in theTurning point in the
American RevolutionAmerican Revolution..
The colonists knew they would needThe colonists knew they would need
foreign help to defeat the English.foreign help to defeat the English.
The French had been sending money andThe French had been sending money and
supplies, but would not send troopssupplies, but would not send troops
unless they knew the coloniesunless they knew the colonies could wincould win..
This was the victory the colonistsThis was the victory the colonists
needed to getneeded to get French helpFrench help..
TheThe FrenchFrench soon acknowledgedsoon acknowledged
American independenceAmerican independence..
C.C. The War is WonThe War is Won
The Battle of YorktownThe Battle of Yorktown
English General CornwallisEnglish General Cornwallis
marched to Virginia .marched to Virginia .
He was met byHe was met by
American forcesAmerican forces
and wasand was
He retreated toHe retreated to
Yorktown, VA.Yorktown, VA.
Washington attacked Cornwallis and theWashington attacked Cornwallis and the
French navy kept the English fromFrench navy kept the English from
sending reinforcementssending reinforcements..
CornwallisCornwallis surrenderedsurrendered on October 19,on October 19,
1783 and the war was over.1783 and the war was over.
Treaty of Paris 1783Treaty of Paris 1783
England recognized AmericanEngland recognized American
Gave theGave the newnew
UNITED STATESUNITED STATES
all the territory toall the territory to
the Mississippi River.the Mississippi River.
1. Complete the worksheet on the1. Complete the worksheet on the
Revolutionary War Battles.Revolutionary War Battles.