MondayMonday,, October 29October 29 ,2012,2012
Agree Disagree 1. The English Agree DisagreeAgree Disagree 1. The English Agree Disagree
____ ____ Bill of Rights ____ ________ ____ Bill of Rights ____ ____
increased the power of the king.increased the power of the king.
____ ____ 2. John Locke____ ____ 2. John Locke ____ _________ _____
wrote The Socialwrote The Social
Contract TheoryContract Theory
Chapter Three:Chapter Three: Colonial Ways of LifeColonial Ways of Life
Section Three:Section Three: The Imperial SystemThe Imperial System
A. Mercantilism SystemA. Mercantilism System
Theory which became popularTheory which became popular
amongst European countries in the 1600samongst European countries in the 1600s
and 1700s.and 1700s.
Theory stated aTheory stated a country’s powercountry’s power isis based onbased on
its wealthits wealth..
WHAT HAPPENS WHEN A COUNTRY HASWHAT HAPPENS WHEN A COUNTRY HAS
TOO MUCH DEBT?TOO MUCH DEBT?
Mercantilism believed:Mercantilism believed:
Countries should try toCountries should try to sell moresell more goodsgoods
to other nations thanto other nations than they boughtthey bought fromfrom
Countries shouldCountries should supplysupply theirtheir
ownown raw material for manufacturingraw material for manufacturing..
Therefore, countries should haveTherefore, countries should have
coloniescolonies toto supplysupply thesethese raw materialsraw materials..
CHUNK #3CHUNK #3
Page 98-99. ReadPage 98-99. Read MercantilismMercantilism and fill out theand fill out the
graphic organizer below.graphic organizer below.
Benefits for England
Benefits for American Colonies
Navigation ActsNavigation Acts
England previously hadEngland previously had little influencelittle influence inin
the colonies.the colonies.
WhenWhen Charles II became kingCharles II became king
he wanted to expand the colonieshe wanted to expand the colonies
to maketo make more moneymore money for England.for England.
HOW DO YOU THINK THE COLONISTHOW DO YOU THINK THE COLONIST
King CharlesKing Charles passedpassed a Navigation Act.a Navigation Act.
SaidSaid all goods mustall goods must be traded onbe traded on EnglishEnglish
Certain goods from theCertain goods from the coloniescolonies couldcould
only be soldonly be sold toto EnglandEngland..
Later passed theLater passed the Staple ActStaple Act
another part of theanother part of the NavigationNavigation
Said all productsSaid all products imported toimported to thethe
colonies must comecolonies must come from Englandfrom England..
These laws gainedThese laws gained money for Englandmoney for England
butbut cost the coloniescost the colonies more money.more money.
The laws wereThe laws were often ignoredoften ignored
SmugglingSmuggling was common.was common.
B. The English Bill of RightsB. The English Bill of Rights (1689)(1689)
DocumentDocument decreaseddecreased thethe powerpower of theof the kingking..
Guaranteed the right toGuaranteed the right to free speechfree speech..
Guaranteed theGuaranteed the right to trialright to trial , etc., etc.
DO THE AMERICAN COLONISTS RECEIVEDO THE AMERICAN COLONISTS RECEIVE
THE SAME RIGHTS?THE SAME RIGHTS?
These ideas had aThese ideas had a great influencegreat influence onon
the colonies and what they believedthe colonies and what they believed
about government.about government.
Another event which leadsAnother event which leads
to revolution !!!!!!!!!!to revolution !!!!!!!!!!
C.C. John LockeJohn Locke
English philosopherEnglish philosopher
Believed aBelieved a governments’governments’
power came from thepower came from the
All people were born withAll people were born with
NATURAL RIGHTSNATURAL RIGHTS (life, liberty, and(life, liberty, and
property) A.K.A. =property) A.K.A. = inalienable rightsinalienable rights..
The Social Contract TheoryThe Social Contract Theory
PeoplePeople createcreate government forgovernment for
The people and the governmentThe people and the government
make a contract:make a contract: people agree to abidepeople agree to abide
by the law, government agrees toby the law, government agrees to
protect natural rightsprotect natural rights..
If the government does not do this, theIf the government does not do this, the
people canpeople can overthrowoverthrow the governmentthe government..
WHAT WERE THEWHAT WERE THE NAVIGATION ACTSNAVIGATION ACTS??
WHAT DID THEWHAT DID THE STAPLE ACTSTAPLE ACT CALL FOR?CALL FOR?
WHAT DID THEWHAT DID THE SOCIAL CONTRACTSOCIAL CONTRACT
WHAT DIDWHAT DID JOHN LOCKEJOHN LOCKE BELIEVE?BELIEVE?
WHAT AREWHAT ARE NATURAL RIGHTSNATURAL RIGHTS??