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Chapter 3 sec 1 Student Notes


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Chapter 3 sec 1 Student Notes

  1. 1. Chapter Three: Colonial Ways of Life Section One: Southern Colonies A. The Southern Economy a. Mainly based on _______________________. b. Cash crop – a crop mainly grown to be sold for _____________. c. In Maryland, Virginia, and North Carolina, the main cash crop was _______________. d. The growth of cash crops led to the rise of ___________________. e. Plantation – a large ______________ usually growing only one crop. f. Plantations required many ____________________. g. In the early years, most laborers were _________________ servants - people who signed a _________________ saying they would pay their way to America by working for 5 to 7 years. h. Their needs would be provided by the land __________________. i. In South Carolina, rice and ____________ (used to make blue dye) were the main crops. j. Many planters who came to South Carolina were from the ____________________, where slavery was common. k. Many Africans already had experience ____________________ rice. l. Therefore, most of these planters chose Africans as their source of labor and slavery began to ____________________. B. Southern CHUNK #1 Turn to page 86 and 87. Read Southern Society then complete the graphic organizer below.
  2. 2. a. 1. The Planter Elite a.k.a. (gentry) i. The smallest group was made up of ________________ land owners. ii. They had a great deal of social and _______________ influence. b. Backcountry Farmers (yeomen) i. Many were former indentured servants who had _______________ land. ii. Small farms practicing _________________ farming (farming only enough crops to feed their own families). c. African Americans and poor whites i. These groups made up the _______________ portion of Southern Society. C. Bacon’s Rebellion a. Governor William Berkeley thought ____________ privileges should be reserved for those who owned property. b. Backcountry farmers were _______________ by this. c. Nathanial Bacon, a wealthy land owner, sided with the __________________ farmers. d. He organized a militia and after attacking Native Americans who had attacked his plantation, he ______________ power and charged Berkeley with corruption. e. After months of battling, Bacon died while in hiding. His army fell ________________ without him. f. Bacon’s Rebellion convinced many wealthy planters that the best way to keep Virginian society ______________ was to allow backcountry farmers to own land. D. Slavery in the Colonies a. Indentured servants began to ______________ and slavery began to increase. b. Reasons: 1. Slaves did not have to be _________________. 2. Land became __________________ and most English settlers were not willing to be indentured servants. 3. The _______________ African Company was established. i. This was an English company dealing with the _________ trade. ii. English settlers could ________________ slaves more easily.
  3. 3. E. The Slave Trade a. Most slaves were taken from ____________ Africa. b. About 1/3 died on the journey across the Atlantic called “The ___________ Passage”. c. Disease and ________________ were huge problems aboard slave ships. d. Slaves were sent from Africa to North America, South America and the ________________. F. Growth of Slavery a. Slavery grew very ______________. b. The first Africans came to _______________ in 1619 and were actually indentured servants. c. As slavery began to grow it became more ________________. d. It was recognized by _________________ in Maryland in 1638. e. By 1660, laws were passed to lower the ______________ of Africans and deny them the same rights as whites. f. Slavery also became ____________________. g. Eventually these laws were grouped together into __________ codes. h. Slave Codes - sets of laws to govern slavery and ______________ the rights of African Americans. i. Examples: could not hold property, could not ___________ in court, could not have guns.