AHSGE Social Studies ch. 6 Civil War and Reconstruction
Tuesday, February 2, 2010Agree Disagree 1. Ulysses Agree Disagree____ ____ S. Grant was ____ ____ an extremely effective president.Agree Disagree 2. The Compromise Agree Disagree of 1877 ended Reconstruction _____ ____
Tuesday, February 3, 2010Agree Disagree 1. Vicksburg Agree Disagree____ ____ was considered ____ ____ the turning point of the Civil War.Agree Disagree 2. Morrill Land Agree Disagree Grant act said that each state was required to fund at least one public institution.
AHSGE Chapter 6 Civil War and Reconstruction Decisive Battles of the Civil WarFirst Battle of Bull Run1st battle of the war– Humiliating defeat for the North and almost ledto a Confederate invasion of Washington, D.C.Shiloh– Bloodiest battle of Civil War. 20,000 total causalities. No clear winner.
Chunk #1 Turn to page 73 Vicksburg History Frame – Answer the following questions from the passage you have read.Setting Where and When? -Characters Who are the key players? –Plot What happened? –Outcome What were the results? –
Antietam– Bloodiest one day battle in the history of the United States. After this Union victory, Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation (document which freed all slaves in the confederate States while maintaining slavery in the border states loyal to the Union. Vicksburg– Union victory. Union now had complete control of the Mississippi River.
Gettysburg– Three day battle where the Union was victorious. Considered the turning point of the war because the Confederacy no longer had the ability to launch an offensive into Union territory. Gettysburg Address- speech given by Lincoln at dedication of Union cemetery to honor the soldiers who had died in the Civil War. He affirmed his belief in democracy and his desire to see the union reunited.
Atlanta– Union General Sherman burned Atlanta to the ground, destroying the ability of the confederacy to supply the war effort. Sherman’s March– Sherman marched 60,000 soldiers from Chattanooga, TN through Atlanta to Savannah, GA, destroying everything in a 60 mile-wide path. This act broke the spirit of the Confederates.
Surrender at Appomattox – Courthouse where General Robert E. Lee surrendered his Confederate troops to Union General Ulysses S. Grant ending the Civil War. The North won.
Social and Political Changes during the Civil War Habeas Corpus– guaranteed that a person could not be imprisoned without appearing in court. President Lincoln declared martial law in Maryland and suspended the right of habeas corpus (the right to hold citizens without charging them with a crime) after Confederate sympathizers attacked Union troops in Baltimore. Drafted– forced to serve in the military. First time in history during the Civil War.
Homestead Act– stated that anyone who would agree to cultivate (farm) 160 acres of land for five years would receive title (given) to that land from the government. This Act accelerated the settlement of the West. Morrill Land Grant Act– Gave each state thousands of acres of land. Each state had to use this land to fund at least one public university.
Emancipation Proclamation – see previous notes. 13th Amendment added to the Constitution that abolished (ended) slavery.
Chunk #2 Cost of WarGist – Turn to page 76. Read Cost of War, and write two costs the North and South had as a result of the Civil War. North South
Cost of the WarNorth: Inflation rose due to the printing of money because the cost of the war had grown to 1.3 billion dollars. Union was restored. Over 360,000 Union soldiers died.
South:Lost war soslave-based economyabolished. Over 258,000 Confederate soldiers died. South was devasted.
Life for Emancipated Blacks “Freedmen” – emancipated (freed) slaves.Problems: Widespread illiteracy (unable to read or write). Freed slaves had no money and owned no land.
Few people could hire freedmen and working for former masters was like slavery. Freedman’s Bureau – Established to aid blacks and whites by providing clothing, food and money to organize schools, provide medical care and provide agents to find work for freed slaves.
`Different Plans for Reconstruction April 14, 1865 – President Lincoln assassinated at Fords’ Theatre by John Wilkes Booth. Vice-President Andrew Johnson – new president for remainder of Lincoln’s term. Was sympathetic to white Southerners and wanted a mild form of reconstruction that allowed whites to maintain their power and keep blacks out of office.
Black Codes – Before Congress could convene, the state governments in the South passed a series of Black Codes. These codes made blacks second-class citizens and limited the rights of former slaves.Examples: Blacks could not own weapons. Meet together after sundown. Marry whites.
Radical Reconstruction 14th Amendment – all persons born or naturalized in the United States are citizens (African Americans are now citizens of the U.S.)
Reconstruction Act All former Confederate states would be broken up into five military districts. Southern States would not be readmitted until they ratified the 14th Amendment. Black male citizens must be granted the right to vote. Former Confederate officials could not hold public office.
A New Kind of PoliticsHiram R. Revels –Black senator fromMississippi who replacedJefferson Davis in theSenate. 15th amendment – guaranteed voting rights to all citizens regardless of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.
CHUNK #3 Carpetbaggers and ScalawagsGist – Turn to page 82. Read Carpetbaggers and Scalawags, and write one statement on each in the space provided that gives the “gist” or summary of the selection.
Bitter Feeling in the South Carpetbaggers – people who came from the North to do business in the South. Scalawag – Southerners who supported Reconstruction. Ku Klux Klan – organization which used terrorism and violence to intimidate blacks and other minorities.
Presidential Election of 1876 Ulysses S. Grant was a strong military leader but proved to be a very weak political leader. His presidency was marked by corruption.
Compromise of 1877 In the Election of 1876, Samuel Tilden (D) and Rutherford B. Hayes (R) ran. Due to some disputed votes in three states, Congress appointed an Electoral Commission to decide the election. Seven Democrats, seven Republicans and one Independent.
Independent left and was replaced by a Republican. Commission decided the votes belonged to Hayes (R) and he was elected president. The Democrats were outraged.
In order to keep the peace, Democrats said they would let Hayes win the presidency if the Republicans would end Reconstruction. This compromise is known as the Compromise of 1877.
Jim Crow Laws – In the south, states passed laws requiring blacks and whites to use separate facilities in restaurants, hospitals, schools etc. These laws imposed literacy tests and poll taxes which prevented blacks from voting despite the 15th amendment.
Review4. Who won the Election of 1865? Why did it cause a problem?6. Describe the Jim Crow Laws.