AHSGE Chapter 9 1 The Great Depression and World War IICauses of the Great Depression • October 29, 1929 – stock market____________, millions of dollars were lost, _______________closed, workers lost their jobs and _______________skyrocketed. • This led to a long period of high ______________and increased ______________called the Great Depression.Collapse of the Farm Economy • During the 1920s and 1930s farmers produced more ___________than consumers need. Food prices _____________and many farmers declared__________________. • A drought developed between 1933 and 1936. The soil became very_____________. Huge ____________blew the top soil away. _______________called this experience and these lands the Dust Bowl. Thousands moved from the ________________and moved to the Pacific Coast looking for_______________. • People who were out of work set up _______________of tents and shacks called Hoovervilles after then ________________President Herbert Hoover. • A group of WWI ____________wanting their war bonuses early marched on Washington demanding______________. They set up shacks near the White House until they were paid. Hoover sent in ___________to break up the camp. Soldiers killed four people and the public ___________Hoover. Democrats won next election.Roosevelt’s New Deal • Franklin D. Roosevelt became the new president and instituted a series of _____________policies and programs to boost the economy and put ______________people to work. This __________________is known as The New Deal. • It was based on three R’s: Relief, _____________and Reform.
2CHUNK #1 The New Deal Turn to page 124. Graphic Organizer – Pick three programs from the New Deal, and answer the following questions for each.Name of program Explanation of program Who did the program helped1.2.3. Roosevelt’s New Deal • Agricultural Adjustment Act – gave ___________to farmers and government paid farmers not to grow ____________so food prices would go up. • Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) – TVA built ______________dams to bring cheap _______________to the South including Alabama. • Social Security Act (SSA) – guaranteed ____________income for all workers at age 65. • Fair Labor Standards Act – raised the minimum__________, set max for work hours and ended child ___________under age 16. • Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) – provided employment for ______________men between the ages of 17 and 23. They worked in the national ______________system. • Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) – insured _____________up to $100,000 in case of bank____________.
3Totalitarianism • Totalitarian governments have _______political party or group which maintains complete control under a ______________and bans all others.Italy • Benito Mussolini – leader of Italy whose __________ideas were known as fascism.Japan • Hirohito- ___________of Japan • In 1931, the Japanese army without any ___________from the Japanese government invaded the province of________________. Military leaders then established their own national cabinet and _____________with democracy.Germany • Adolf Hitler –_____________party’s Fuhrer (leader). • Claimed Aryan race (_____________people of non-Jewish descent) were _____________and deserved to conquer others. • Blamed all of Germany’s problems on the ___________and those nations that _____________the war reparations at the Treaty of_________________.The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR)Joseph Stalin – leader who believed in Socialism (political idea where the___________was in charge of everything and ____________farmers worked oncollective farms). ___________Communist Party and military of anyone heconsidered disloyal to him. Between 1.5 million and 7 million Soviet citizens werearrested and ___________in this purge.Rejection of Peace • Kellogg-Briand Peace Pact –____________of 63 countries to promise to use _______________rather than war to ___________political differences except for cases of self-defense. • Even though Italy, Germany and Japan signed the __________Pact they continued to exert their _____________beyond their borders through war.
4Japanese Aggression • Invasion of Manchuria and control of major cities along the ____________coast.Italian Aggression • Mussolini attacked _____________in 1935. Signed an anti-communist pact with Germany and _____________thus forming the Rome-Berlin-Tokyo Axis.German Aggression • Hitler moved German troops into the _____________violating the Treaty of Versailles. • France and Britain did _______________because they did not want another ___________with Germany. • Hitler then annexed (___________) Austria to Germany and met no_____________. • Next he ____________the__________________. • British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain and French premier Daladier hoped to _____________were through a policy of appeasement (giving into Hitler’s______________). • Munich Conference – Chamberlain and Daladier accepted Hitler’s ______________of Sudetenland in _______________for his promise not to claim any further ________________in Czechoslovakia.The Invasion of Poland – World War II Begins • About 6 months after the _____________Conference, Hitler invaded the rest of________________. • August 1939 – Hitler signs a ___________________pact with the U.S.S.R. agreeing to _____________Poland when they invaded. • Great Britain agreed to __________Poland if Germany____________. • September 1, 1039 – Germany invaded an ______________and unprepared________________. • Blitzkrieg – (lightening war) used against Poland. Constant _______________using armored tanks and_______________. • September 3, 1939 – Great Britain and France __________war on Germany. • September 17, 1939 –_____________invades Poland. Poland ______________three weeks later.
5 United States Involvement • Neutrality Act – gave the President the _______________to ban arms sales to _________________nations. • Ludlow Amendment – required a _________________vote before the United States could declare war. It failed in Congress by a _______________margin. • Cash and Carry – U.S. allowed the Allies to buy ______________with payment up front and required them to provide their own_______________. U.S. hoped to maintain _________________while helping to defeat Germany. • Lend-Lease Act – gave the President the authority to___________, sell, or lease war _____________to countries whose survival was vital to U.S._____________. • June 1941 – Hitler _____________Stalin and invaded the USSR. • United States sent large amounts of supplies to ____________to prevent German____________. Problems in Southeast Asia • French Indochina – Japan _____________military bases here in September 1940, despite strong _______________from the U.S. • September 26, 1940 – U.S. declared an _____________on scrap metal, oil and _____________fuel to Japan. • September 27, 1940 – Japan announced a military _____________with Italy and Germany.CHUNK #2 Pearl Harbor Turn to page 129. Read Pearl Harbor. History Frame – Answer the following questions from the passage you have read. Setting Where and When? – Characters Who were the key players? – Plot What happened? – Outcome What were the results? –
6Pearl Harbor • December 7, 1941 – Japanese attacked _____________Harbor. • 8 battleships and 13 other naval ____________were seriously damaged or______________. • 200 _______________destroyed. • Over 3000 military _______________wounded or killed. • President Roosevelt called December 7th “a date which will live in_______________.” • Congress _______________war on Japan. • Germany and Italy _____________their pledges to Japan and declared ______________on the U.S. • U.S. now _______________in World War II.On the Home frontWomen’s Participation • Women left their _____________and went to work at factory jobs ______________by the men who were fighting the war. • Rosie the Riveter became a ____________for all working women during World War II.Rationing • Rationing System – limited the use of certain ____________foods and materials. People cold not purchase certain _____________without a government-issued coupon. This was done in order to focus all resources on the____________.Japanese Internment • Executive Order 9066 – ordered all ____________Americans away from military facilities out of fear they were ________________with the enemy.Stemming the Tide • Midway – In June 1942, the U.S. Naval and air forces ____________heavy blows on the Japanese fleet, forcing them to_____________. • The Japanese lost four of their prized aircraft ______________and 252_____________. • Considered the ____________point in the_____________.
7Stalingrad • Stalingrad –____________forces held off a German attack for several______________. • Russians were able to ____________the Germans and force their _______________. • Without _____________to the oil reserves near Stalingrad, the other German forces _____________for the Russian interior. • Considered the ____________point in the war for the USSR.North Africa • Operation Torch – name given to the _____________between Britain and the U.S. against the ____________army in North Africa. • First major _______________of the war for the ______________.Turning the TideItaly • Due to a successful ____________of Italy, Mussolini was______________. • The new Italian ______________joined the Allies in ______________Germany.Normandy • Operation Overlord – the larges ____________(water) assault ever undertaken. Took place in_____________. • D-Day – A fleet of 6000 Allied __________launched the great invasion of the __________of Normandy. Allied losses were very high. • After invasion, Allies were able to ____________Paris from four years of German________________.Germany’s defeat • Allied forces __________in. • Hitler committed _____________on April 30, 1945. • Germany surrendered __________________one week later. • V-E Day - Victory in _____________Day. Allied countries celebrated the_____________.
8The Holocaust • Holocaust – term given to Hitler’s systematic _______________of over 6 million _______________people. • Concentration Camps – Hitler’s camps that held Jews, ____________, and socially undesirables. These people were starved and worked to death. Gas_______________, huge ovens and mass graves were _______________at these camps. • Auschwitz – One of the worst of all the _______________camps. • Nuremberg Trials –______________held after the war to prosecute individuals _______________for the concentration camps and other various war________________.Japan’s Defeat • General Douglas MacArthur –______________of troops in the Pacific, who wanted to concentrate all the United States _____________on Japan. • Kamikaze – Japanese for _____________wind. Pilots who would willingly ____________their planes into Allied naval ships.The Atomic Bomb • Manhattan Project – Special ___________that involved over 120,000 people in 37 factories and ____________spread across 19 states and Canada. Purpose was to build an ______________bomb. • Enola Gay – Name of the B-29 ___________that carried the first atomic bomb to________________. • Hiroshima – first Japanese city to be _____________by the atomic bomb on Aug. 6, 1945. • Nagasaki – the 2nd Japanese City destroyed by the atomic bomb three _____________later on August 9, 1945. • In the wake of these ___________and the Soviet Unions declaration of war, Japan ______________to General Douglas MacArthur on August 14, 1945. • World War II was______________.