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  1. 1. Abortions http://
  2. 2. <ul><li>Became legal on January 22, 1973 </li></ul><ul><li>Roe vs. Wade </li></ul><ul><li>Jane Roe (Norma McCorvey) </li></ul><ul><li>Henry Wade (District Attorney of Dallas County) </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Nearly half of pregnancies among American women are unintended, and about four in 10 of these are terminated by abortion. </li></ul><ul><li>Twenty-two percent of all pregnancies (excluding miscarriages) end in abortion. </li></ul><ul><li>From 1973 through 2008, nearly 50 million legal abortions occurred. </li></ul><ul><li>At least half of American women will experience an unintended pregnancy by age 45, and, at current rates, one in 10 women will have an abortion by age 20, one in four by age 30 and three in 10 by age 45. </li></ul><ul><li>88% of all abortions occur in the first 12 weeks of pregnancy. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Reasons women give for having an abortion <ul><li>They say they cannot afford a child </li></ul><ul><li>They say that having a baby would interfere with work, school or the ability to care for dependents </li></ul><ul><li>They say they do not want to be a single parent or are having problems with their husband or partner. </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  5. 5. Types Of Abortion <ul><li>1 st Trimester </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Suction Aspiration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Medical Abortion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>D & C </li></ul></ul><ul><li>2 nd Trimester </li></ul><ul><ul><li>D & E </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Saline Injection </li></ul></ul><ul><li>3 rd Trimester (at an early delivery) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>D & X (Partial-Birth) </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Suction Aspiration
  7. 9. Suction Aspiration <ul><li>Also known as vacuum aspiration </li></ul><ul><li>Suction aspiration accounts for the vast majority of first trimester abortions </li></ul><ul><li>The tiny developing human being is pulled apart as it is suctioned out of the uterus </li></ul>
  8. 10. Medical Abortion <ul><li>Term given for abortions caused by taking medicines </li></ul><ul><li>Only available up to 7 weeks (some say 9) </li></ul><ul><li>First pill is generally RU-486 or mifepristone, it blocks the hormone progesterone </li></ul><ul><li>Uterus is compromised and embryo dies </li></ul><ul><li>Return to office and get second pill misoprostol to begin uterine contractions </li></ul>
  9. 11. <ul><li>Usually within 4 hours the women’s body expels the dead embryo </li></ul><ul><li>Two weeks later a follow-up visit is required to make sure everything has completed </li></ul><ul><li>Not as popular as they were predicted to be </li></ul>
  10. 12. D & C <ul><li>Dilation and Curettage </li></ul><ul><li>Uses a curette (sharp instrument) to dismember and remove the embryo or fetus once the woman has been dilated </li></ul><ul><li>Profuse bleeding results </li></ul><ul><li>Sometimes done instead of suction aspiration but is now more uncommon in US </li></ul>
  11. 13. D & E <ul><li>Dilation and Evacuation </li></ul><ul><li>Performed during 2nd trimester abortions </li></ul><ul><li>Woman must be dilated over 2-3 day period, usually with laminaria sticks </li></ul><ul><li>Forceps are used to dismember the fetus and remove it in pieces </li></ul><ul><li>Afterwards the fetus is reassembled to make sure all pieces have been removed </li></ul>
  12. 17. Saline Injection <ul><li>Rare today because of extreme risk to mother </li></ul><ul><li>Done after 16th week </li></ul><ul><li>A concentrated salt solution is injected into the amniotic fluid via a large needle </li></ul><ul><li>Results in acute salt poisoning </li></ul><ul><li>The fetus breathes in and swallows the solution and is usually dead within a couple hours. </li></ul><ul><li>The mother generally goes into labor the next day and delivers a dead baby. </li></ul>
  13. 18. D & X <ul><li>Dilation and Extraction </li></ul><ul><li>More commonly known as Partial-birth abortion </li></ul><ul><li>Illegal as of 2003 but there is a loophole  </li></ul>
  14. 19. <ul><li>Baby is delivered in a breech position on purpose (it could likely survive) </li></ul><ul><li>Body is pulled out but head is left inside </li></ul><ul><li>Blunt surgical scissors are inserted into the base of skull and spread apart </li></ul><ul><li>Suction catheter sucks that brains out and skull collapses </li></ul><ul><li>Delivery of dead baby is completed </li></ul>
  15. 20. <ul><li>Doctors are injecting lethal drugs into the baby while it is in the womb </li></ul><ul><li>This way when it is delivered breech it is not alive and they can suck the brains out </li></ul><ul><li>It is the new standard for babies being aborted after 20 weeks in some Harvard-affiliated hospitals in Boston </li></ul>
  16. 21. Life Choices of Memphis <ul><li> </li></ul>
  17. 22. <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>,2933,293521,00.html </li></ul>