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Presentation - Philosophy - Lord of the Rings


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Philosophy - Lord of the Rings - PP Presentaion

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Presentation - Philosophy - Lord of the Rings

  1. 1. Group’s members: . Tran Thai Son . Pham Hung Thai Son . Pham Ngoc Minh Khoa . Tran Thai Dan Thanh . Nguyen Cong Duy . Le Thi Thanh Tam International Training & Education Center
  2. 2. Morality: Vice and Virtue The Lord Of The Rings
  3. 3. Interesting Information • The Lord of the Rings is an epic high fantasy novel. • Written by English philosopher and University of Oxford professor J. R. R. Tolkien. • It is the second best-selling novel ever written, with over 150 million copies sold. • Won 13 Oscar Awards
  4. 4. Main Characters • Gandalf represents as positive force in Middle-earth who has the purpose of keeping a balance between Good and Evil. In other word, he ensures the safety of virtuous people and their world in the role of an adviser. • Sauron embodies Evil in Middle-earth. He forged the Ring of Power and promoted dark force for his absolute power.
  5. 5. Philosophy’s approach Plato – Aristotle – Immanuel Kant
  6. 6. Plato Platonic Views
  7. 7. Brief Introduction • There are 3 distinct elements of a person’s inner life  The Appetites : All desires for pleasures, satisfaction, comfort.  The Spirited : The part of soul that loves challenge, winning, honor.  The Mind : Conscious awareness. • Virtue includes 4 important parts:  Wise  Courage  Temperance  Justice
  8. 8. Gandalf and Sauron under Platonic Virtue • “Being Virtuous is a matter of keeping the three parts of soul or self in the proper relationship with each other”
  9. 9. Aristotle An Aristotelian Touch on The Film
  10. 10. The Nature of Virtue • It is called “ the doctrine of virtue” - Golden Mean • Moral virtues lie on the balance of two extremes • Moral virtues depend on the individual, especially depend on how individual reasons. • According to Aristotle, a virtuous person holds himself in the equilibrium state of mind. • Virtue is as human beings use right reasons to choose among their actions and feelings. • Virtuous one knows his desires are bad and does not allow himself to follow those because of virtuous reasons.
  11. 11. ARISTOTLE'S ETHICS TABLE OF VIRTUES AND VICES GANDALF VS SAURON SPHERE OF ACTION OR FEELING EXCESS MEAN DEFICIENCY Fear and Confidence Rashness Courage Cowardice Honour and Dishonour (major) Vanity Magnanimity Pusillanimity Honor and Dishonor (minor) Ambition/empty vanity Proper ambition/pride Unambitiousness/undue humility Anger Irascibility Patience/Good temper Lack of spirit/unirascibility Self-expression Boastfulness Truthfulness Understatement/mock modesty Conversation Buffoonery Wittiness Boorishness Social Conduct Obsequiousness Friendliness Cantankerousness Shame Shyness Modesty Shamelessness Indignation Envy Righteous indignation Malicious enjoyment/Spitefulness
  12. 12. Immanuel Kant Proclaim
  13. 13. Conclusion
  14. 14. • Aristotle  Gandalf is the ideal character • Fredrick Nietzsche