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Scripture Homeopathy

  1. 1. tmmn mmn THE j DELTJaJi;, AND ^WA-TER PART BAPTISM SEC0.Y7). THE DRUNKENNESS OF NOAH, AND THE LORD'S SUPPER. BY D. '* C. KNIGHT Navum Tcstamentuin in Vetere latet, Vetus Testamentum in patet." " The New Testament The Ohl is lies concealed in the Old, unfolded in the New."
  2. 2. " Entered according to Act of Congress in the year 3868, by D. C. KNIGHT, in the Clerk' New York." OfQ.ce of the District Court of the United States, for the Southern District of BROMELL & O'KEEFE, STEA.M PRINTERS, 10 SPRUCE STREET, NEW YORK.
  3. 3. SCRIPTURE HOMEOPATHY. THE DELUGE AND WATER BAPTISM. " Begin, my pen ! some heavenly theme, And write some boundless thing, mighty works or mightier name The Of our Eternal King." The history of the world -important events is divided into three period-, —the Deluge and the advent tions of these periods are so distinct that worlds in one. it of Christ. may be marked by two The dispensa- said there are three They, however, so completely overlap each other that no imperfect link in the entire chain which connects the beginning with the fiual end, and each is so involved in the others that the study of there is one necessarily unfolds them Much all. speculation has been indulged in by those who are inclined to disbelieve the account given by Moses of a universal deluge, as to where the water came from which covered the highest mountains of the earth, " fifteen cubits and upwards." In answering this by those having cavil, there has been various suppositions advanced implicit faith in the Scripture account of the Flood. It has been beld by some that there was water created for the purpose, and afterwards annihilated by Divine power Scripture to support such a supposition. —but In there is nothing in the fact, there is nothing in the account of the earth's formation, as described by Moses, that gives any account whatever of the creation of water, at any time as a distinct element, or the annihilation of a single drop of At it. the creation of the was an element existing and prevail" The incomprehensible iog exceedingly, and darkness was upon its face. "blackness of darkness" was its constant attendant, and yet, amid all this darkness, mysteriously " the Spirit of God moved upon the face of earth, as described by Moses, water the waters." " In the beginning Grod created the heavens and the earth." The and the earth afterwards. This refers to a period prior and 'distinct from that which Moses, in the following verse, goes on to describe, " The earth was without form, and void and darkness was upon heavens first the face of the deep." .after six days labor it The earth at this time was born a new earth. was in an embryo state, and Here is the *' deep" and
  4. 4. '* darkness, ^^ the creation of which he gives us no account, except the gen- He eral one, that in the beginning created the heavens and the earth. — They existed and formed a part an important part of the earth in its embryo state, as it was formed in the begioning, ages before the waters were divided and the darkness dispersed. or chaos, was covered with water, as and so we far as are able to judge During this period, the earth, was during the days of the deluge, condition, must have been similar. it its no account of any water being annihilated, but merely separated, This same water which so that on the third day the dry land appeared. covered the earth when it was " without form and void," existed at the There is time of the Flood, in fountains of the deep, and was called forth by the Creator for the accomplishment of His purposes, and at His bidding returned to hiding place, and there, in obedience to His commands, its performs the duties assigned .to it. That the whole earth has been covered by water at some period long past, is evident from the petrified shells and fishes which are now found on the highest mountains of both hemispheres. The traditions of all The fact of such a flood nations carry them back to a universal deluge. is indeed so well established by science itself that few in this day are so bold as to deny it. Water and Darkness, the creation of which Moses ular account, were evidently things gives us no partic- existing at that period, history by him of the earth's creation commenced. when the Darkness we take to be the representative of evil. The Spirit of God fills all space. The '* If I ascend up into heaven Thou art there. If I make Psalmist says : my bed in heil, behold. Thou art there 1 " His Spirit " moved upon the face of the waters," and at that time a conflict took place between the Spirit of "God Light and the Spirit of Darkness. be said, let there the abode of darkness light, and appointed all its the Flood he called and there was —the habitation of trol of it at this time, for It evil. His own purposes. was a conflict light." Water was then God assumed special con- Divided and separated various and mysterious movements. it on the water, forth for a purpose, that purpose it, At the time of was the physical The washing and regeneration of the earth, which was the earth's second birth, it being restored to new and fresh life. For destruction of sinners. the accomplishment of this purpose darkness of sin, — to cleanse the earth — to disperse the he used Water, which had been the abode of Darkness. This was a baptism. "The waters prevailed exceedingly upon the earth." This is an important epoch inspiration, the in the history of the world, given us by study of which leads us more fully to comprehend the great plan of salvation, as laid The spiritual and plan was founded, and by which it is to down material mediums on which this in the beginning.
  5. 5. be consummated, are perceptibly foreshadowed finally universal prevailing of the waters. which are used, and which The spirituality in^this grand and and the materiality are joined together in this plan, can no more be separated than we can separate soul from body, and still have visible They have been joined together by Goi, and whatsoever He hath life. joined together let no In this plan, God as spiritual means however contrary we have no the other is man put asunder. His wisdom has seen in for the restoration may be it to use material as well fit and regeneration of to our preconceived notions man, and fallen and prejudices, authority for surrendering them, and saying that one or not necessary, or that any can be saved without the aid o^ both. If the Spirit is all that is necessary, G-od would not have ordained that sinful flesh should be restored by the likeness of sinful flesh. If He had not designed that like should cure like, the glorious plan of the Redeemer, Ma7i, would not have been inaugurated to restore to Him rebellious Among man. the many Christian controversies, that upon the mode of bap- tism stands pre-eminently prominent. Learned and labored essays and sermons have been produced, with results unsatisfactory. good resulting from these is doubtful. It is not seriously retarded Christ's kingdom, and done monious union of his sincere followers. the mode of baptism can gather little —a Amid much all this subject comparatively of satisfactory information The actual a question whether they have to prevent har- controversy upon little importance — we on the impi>rtant subject of The purpose for which it was intended is of far more importance than the mode by which it is administered. The object here baptism is itself. not to uphold or denounce any mode, but merely to give such reasons for the institution of the ordinance of baptism by water, and the necessity by a careful reading of the Scriptures. The ordinance of baptism was instituted for a purpose, and we have no more right or authority to disobey the command to baptise than we have the command to teach, and there is just as much saving efficacy in baptism as there is in preaching. Tiiey were both commanded by Christ to be performed by men, and while God in His wisdom has seen proper with His Spirit to operate through the sound of the human voice, which for its use, as are suggested Is a mysterious materiality, the agency of water, which *' He is has also seen proper to operate through also a mysterious materiality — Noah being a preacher of righteousness," preaching preceded the flood, so preaching precedes baptism, " for how shall they believe in Him of whom they have not heard," and as the preaching before the deluge would have been a failure without it, (being the evidence of truth), so preaching failure without baptism, which is the evidence of is its effectiveness. now a
  6. 6. 6 It that held by one class that water ''Baptism saves us." is important, but not necessary to " save us." it is that no baptism by water One is By another held by another is necessary to "save us." is holds that infant baptism and necessary; another, that i^ One holds that infants which are baptized will b^ and wrong. useless It is right saved, and them that are aot will perish. whether baptised or not, will be saved, Another holds that all infant^ and another, that all will perish* These different views of baptism are all entertained by different de- nominations, and taught from different pulpits,and from some so indefinite are the teachings on this subject, it is difficult to determine which, if any^ are taught. Now, if on a subject so important, " the, trumpet sound, who shall prepare himself to the battle." It is want of union, order and pointed give an uncertain believed that the force on this subject, has done more ta prevent the spread of the Gospel, and the increase of Christ's kingdom, than all It is the others combined. proposed here, in the further consideration of the subject, to start with these propositions First —As we deluge, so unbelief did not destroy the antideluvians without the will not be saved by faith without baptism. Second—As by by : water without faith water, with faith, shall all have The is men perished in the earth : so Christ. declaratious involved in these propositions being similar, but differently stated, they will It all life in be considered one. evident from the Scriptures that baptism, at the time ot John^s was considered as from God, insestiture, for the question, '* John's bap is it," makes it certain that it was then understood by was delegated by God to baptise with water all who came tism from whence all that John to him, and that those who were thus baptised, were prepared by that baptism to be the followers of Christ, and the recipients of His Spirit' and we can arrive at no other conclusion than this, when we consider, In connection with John's baptism, the fact that Christ's followers (not excepting the Apostles), were not baptised with the day of Penticost. ered those he lost said, '* And we who were those' that Holy Ghost until the are impelled to conclude that Christ consid- baptised with water as being given him by God, for thou gavest me I have kept, and none of them but the son of perdition, that the Scriptures might he fulfilled^ is Judas had never been baptised with the Spirit, and yet Christ recognised him His by water baptism, the same as the other followers of Christ, as His. were His. Neither Judas nor they could have been His in any other was not sent to any of His followers until afterlHis resurrection, and at that time to those only who were baptised with water, for the Apostle's injunction and promise wap, "Resense, for the comforter or spirit .
  7. 7. pent and be baptised every one of you, for the remission of sins, and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost," and " ye shall receive power after that the Holy Ghost is in the intellectual or moral force of the Apostles, until they received this But by Divine Power. men come upon you." There was nothing remarkable they become pre-eminently this spiritual infusion, of fores and power, and their influence among men was marked and and superior to others possessed of cultivated faculties They became the finer natural qual- power a power that comes from God only. A gracious o-zY^ that forces "the shoemaker to go beyond his last," and the fisherman beyond his net. But where is the evidence that these men would have received this power if than themselves. ities — recipients of a conscious they had not submitted to the ordinance of *water baptism who sons are thus b'aptised, receive the Spirit and most certainly do, of and believing they will receive as God has dealt to every of gifts, but the per- they repent and are baptised for the remission if sins, sities Do all ? They have the promise ? man same it, they will receive it, " according " There are diver- the measure of faith." " Gifts differing according to spirit." the grace given us." Though tised, it is admitted that Judas, with the other Apostles, was bap- and thus became Christ's ; yet because he was lost, it cannot be admitted that the ordinance of baptism was thereby in any manner For affected, or its efficacy impaired. to argue that an act, the commis- which act the general sion of which completes a general plan, without manfound our argument plan would be not only incomplete, but defeated, destroys or in any ner viciates any one of the parts of that plan, upon an absurdity. If those came who Christ's, those The aposcacy who were are baptised now, was foretold by of Judas to is the subjects of baptism then, be- become His. inspiration, ages before the ad- vent of Christ, and was to follow as a necessary act in the plan of salvaIt tion. was necessary that Christ should be betrayed and crucified. He "being delivered by the determinate counsel and fore-knowledge of God,'' and that He should rise from the dead and become the first fruits of tnem that slept. Therefore, the sin of Judas, into was a part of the general plan, whom Adam, which the final and complete destruction of the sin of had wrought in all to cure the sin of men through Adam the death oi Christ. like, God and that none may esty of his power. kills him. Thus the and the original took the defeat the devil himself, thus fall devil's making sin ot sin of all the devil Judas was made men was atoned for in own instrument with which to plain to that all to see the depth of He wounds the devil entered, and was necessary to open up the way for He cures like with His wisdom and the maj- to heal wounds. To destroy death He and makes alive again. Man being created in the image of lu's Maker, is a triune creatu]:e, hav-
  8. 8. — ' 8 ing three distinct parts —moral, Now, we can- and physical. intellectual, not suppose the plan of salvation complete, unless compass it effectually the triune man, restoring him to his original purity and privileges, and exalting him to a state of happiness where the several parts of his triune nature will perform, with joy and gladness the duties for which they were To complete this plan, it required the Father, Son, and The Father, through the intellect, brings and gives us to created. first Holy Ghost. the Son, for " Behold I and the children which asmuch God then, as the children are partakers of flesh likewise took part of the upon the moral part of name hlood, For- he himself same, that through death he might destroy The Holy Ghost performs death. hath given me. and our*^ nature its office in —the the plan by operation its Hence, the command to heart. Holy Ghost. In the ordi- nance of baptism and the Lord's S upper, we have these three material baptise in the substances of the Father, Son, and water, which, at the crucifiction, wine, which represents His blood, and came from Christ's side ; which represents His bread, flesh. not to save the moral or spiritual part only, that this plan was in_ " For a spirit hath stituted, but to save all three, which constitute man. It not is and bones," and the flesh never spirit Christ died ^physically, dies. that men might not physically perish but through the resurrection —-that they might, by a —have come voluntary act on their part, bethe inheritors of heaven and eternity, and hence, He said, " ex- cept a man be born again everlasting life spirit, There is a natural body and a kingdom of heaven." Water baptism is the preparation of the natural body foody." change which it is to undergo " at the last trump." of the resurrection. It and unseen process by which water it bleaches ; We know not the silent we know not the process by operates on seeds to produce germination. did not germinate until It has been discov- it it was put is slight circumstance, directed moulded that the same is to become Though particle this is all flesh, by the All Wise One, be would become either the bird, beast or man, according to the direction given all not (quickened is a period when the minute particle of inert matter which, in the course of time, that it die," {or rot). Without doubt there time. an Egyptian in into the moist, earth, then " That which thou sowest brought forth abundantly. except for that preserves the It ered that a grain of wheat dryly wrapped up, for ages, Mummy, spiritual the mysterious and incomprehensible is connection between the natural and spiritual. which he {man) cannot enter *' into the germ of water and the beyond the it may, by some* so shaped and flesh of fish or at this particular vision of finite beings, yet we know the different kinds of flesh originate in the same inert matter, and the different hj the Apostle, qualities or fineness of flesh, in the four kinds are all produced from the same mentioned inert matter. So we
  9. 9. may and conclude that tliere is a period when future condition so directed by thereby fitted " unto the resurrection of its it is iiQJitsh may be so acted upon, the agency of water baptism that life," by Him " who shall it may be fashioned like uato His glorious we have been planted together in the likeness of His change our vik body, that '* body." death, dead we For if be also iu the likeness of His resurrection," shall not at rise why all, for, " the if The degree are they baptised for the dead." of repentance or the amount of faith which an individual must have to — them a subject for baptism is not stated in the Scriptures if the feeblest assent of the individual to as *'a grain of mustard seed" The command is, " Him that is weak in the the ordinance is sufficient. For as many of yoa faith receive ye, but not to <iM^Z>if/it/ disputations." as have been baptised in Christ have j^ut on Christ, and are all the chilconstitute — God by dren of It is faith. evident that the material affects the Spiritual, and this will not be denied by those who are opposed to and denounce the sacraments aa without efficacy. The question, " What is a man profited if he shall gaii the whole world and lose his own quisition, of material substance, contrary to the the unlawful attempt to acquire even to its loss There is is by damnation soul ?" evidently teaches that the ac- it affect will — which is ; men and and while they are in of God, or even the futurity of the soul, the loss of the as intimate connection between between body and soul command man himself. the world as there this world, they are in the body, andarebaing prepared, both soul and body, for the world to come; and their preparation will make bs in a measure directed by the use which they of the materi.ility with which they are surrounded, either to the res- urrection of the just or the unjust. Scriptures, and is Though this is ther teaching of the wh the doctrine as preached at the present day, yet le some declare that the acquisition of material substance contrary to God's law, will be effcictual in banishment from His presence, they also declare that the application of material snbstance, according to God's is of no avail, and has no saving efficacy in of such reasoning to it. is so apparent that The conclusion it is it. The glaring command, inconsistency necessary only to call attention to which such reasoning necessarily leads, that is the devil has material power which God, the creator of heaven and earth, has not. ** Soul thou hast much goods laid up for goods evidently affected the soul —the many years." These inner man, for ''he thought within The himself saying, take thine ease, eat, drink, and be merry." devil, through material substance, had invaded the territory within and made captive the soul Now, if the devil has materiality, such as he selects to capture much to say that commands, cannot power through the agency and destroy the of soul, is it too God, through the agency of materiality such as He restore and save that soul. He commands the use of
  10. 10. — " 10 water, which is use to restore, because its and angels, as well or kill, and to Climate is commands cheap, abundant, and easily obtained, and he as He used men, that restore or make to destroy, thus it He showing the devil can use the same material to destroy alive. conceded to be an all controlling influence upon the races of mankind, affecting them physically, mentally, and morally, as they change from the climate of their nativity tc that of another. The Jew, however, is entirely exempt from climatic influence, and can, in fact, adapt with impunity, all the various grades of climatic, temperature. . " From Greenland's icy mountains, To India's coral strand, Where Afric's sunny fountains EoU down tlie golden sand." It is true, he is subject to disease and death, as all others are, but not to those diseases such as are contracted by other races in adapting a tem-^ The Jew, there- other races of mankind. But The perature widely differing from that of their nativity. fore, in this respect, is different wherein from all this difference lies, the physiologist student in the dissecting is not able to define. room has not discovered the particular formation of bone or blood, muscle, nerve or fibre, that constitutes the peculiar for- mation which exempts the sons of Abraham from the influence of climate, which is so degenerating to other races. This pecuharity of the Jew con• sists not in the different formation of his [)hysical, mental or moral organiza- tion, but in a design or is fitted, decree of Grod represented in circumcision, prepared, and preserved for the purpose for which that he might be a living miracle^ might be a living, lasting', means which to known and read by which he God designed, of all nations —that he and incontrovertible witness, that God can, by foolish, so prepare a race of mankind for an men appear earthly change that they can be transported from their native, to a for- From them eign and opposite clime, with perfect impunity. of Christ are to learn that baptism makes them fits them for the great and final change, '' the followers a peculiar people," and when they shall be "in the twinkling of an eye" triumphantly transported, even through fire, to "a made with hands, eternal in the heavens." Elisha, who at that time represented the Word, " sent a messenger to Naaman, saying, Go and wash in Jordan seven time?, and thy flesh shall come again to thee, and thou shalt be clean.' The duty he was required by the message to perform was so easy and habitation not ' simple that it struck him as the most consummate foolishness^ turned and went •* if away in a rage." Bat the reasoning the prophet had bid thee do some great thing have required much time and money, —wouldst •' So he of his servant, —something that would thou not have done it,"^ convinced him so far that the assent of his will to wash and be clean was
  11. 11. 11 This assent of the intellect was uecessarj', and he could not gained. have washed without was that credit given It it. prom- which constitutes faith. ise Though Naamau might have and lived might have increased his faith mountains," yet if have been clean. Naamau that He was born " so that he could r*^move daily, was It prescription and application of water to .the new of physical health and strength. life again physically of water, " and his flesh came, like unto little He was child." restored by no peculiar property inherent in Jordan's sluggish stream, for better, he was as old as Methusaleh, till he had not washed in Jordan seven times he would not restored him to a the flesh of a no to the prophet's its turbid waters were in reality no more medicinal, than that of the limpid streams of and Pharpar, rivers of Damascus," but it was cation of the prescription as given him by the "Abama his ohedkrxe in the appli- man of God that freed him from the loathsome disease of leprosy, and restored him to the joys of new vigor and life and made him indeed a new man, regenerated and dis- inthralied from the bonda<2:e of disease. When man Jesus said to the blind man, " Go wash in the pool of Siloam," assurance implied in our Lord's injunction, that he would by this means receive his sight, " there- the fore he iutellectnally assented, believing the went his way, and washed and came again, seeing." would not have received Therefore without the aid of both his sight. and baptism we cannot be saved. faith Without the not have washed, and without washing he assent of his mind, he would '' He that belie veth and is hap^ Faith be saved, but he that beheveth not shall be damned." " He that believeth and baptism in this passage are inseparably joined. tised shall not," he that has no faith at *' shall be But then is ? if he has faith, The same as a work, his faith all and consequently is and God baptised with his baptism." and decree, that all men all is not baptised, what will be his condition he had not believed, for without baptism, which dead, for Jesus said, " the Pharisees and lawyers if the people that heard because will not be baptize^., damned." rejected the counsel of " all, men in the The only foundation the thief on the cross against themselves, not being baptised,'^ but John and the publicans, Baptism^ then, shall be is God's saved by water, justified will, ivitk God, being purpose, design faith in Christ ^^ earth wers destroyed by water, icithout faith.. for a belief contrary to this proposition is that of who was Thousands have no doubt been and " reject the counsel of God," saved. led to neglect an all important duty, by an exposition of this passage of Scripture which circumstances do not justify. Only one of the four Evangelists mentions the conversion of the thief on the cross. Matthew and Mark say that the thieves that were crucified with him reviled him. John says they crucified him " audi
  12. 12. 12 two Admitting that Luke viewed the Cross from a others." different stand point from the others, and was in a position to hear better than they (though "Jesus saw the disciple standing by whom he loved") there would be doubts as to the wisdom of upholding this unsupported men to believe there is salvation without we have no evidence that this thief who was saved had not been baptised. The probabilities are much stronger that he had testimony so forcibly as to lead baptism, because than that he had not, for "all the people that heard John Then went out Taeing baptised." all the one among for he said, When '* water, is this man who went out and was He rest, evidently knew something of gone out of a man he walketh through and finding none," and unless he is baptised with the last state of that is man is worse than the seeking salvation in dry places, in another upon him, where he Christ's has done nothing amiss." the unclean spirit dry places seeking '* the thousands His having been baptised was the means of his being drawn to Christ, and noticed by Him. " Judea, and Is there not the strongest probability that this who was saved was baptised. lite, justified Grod all region round about Jordon, and were baptised of him in Jordon, confessing their sins." thief him Jerusalem, and to will find first," way from because he that enjoined no other Spirit than those " more wicked than himself." To be born The seed we plant in the ground, is first buried and then born into new life. Baptism is not the washing away of the filth of the flesh, for while we live on this earth this will cling to us, but it is the answer of a good conscience towards God the receiving of his counsels the acceptance of the means placed within our reach, by which we are made partakers of the benefit of Christ death. Being buried with him in baptism, we shall be in his likeness when we are raised into newness of life by the power of the of water, is to be buried in baptism. — — — resurrection. By the natural providence of dren, through their natural God birth, with parental instrumentality, chil- become the involuntary, unconscious, By the spiritual sin and death. and unavoidable subjects of the law of providence of God, as manifested by His grace, through the instrumentality of parents or guardians in Baptism, they are made the involuntary, unconscious, and unavoidable recipients of regeneration, and partakes of the blessings of redemption, which Christ came to accomplish. is the natural birth by which they are in of death. The second is Adam The first involuntarily the subjects the spiritual birth by which they are in Christ involimtarily the subjects of life. If the parents, or either one of them, are regenerate and born anew, of water and the spirit, the souls of their children at birth, with all their faculties and powers, are as livingly and surely united to the Lord Jesus Christ, as the souls of their parents who
  13. 13. 13 " repented and believed on Him, with thee and with thy sanctified now seed,''^ Hence, my I establish covenartt and the seed of the unbelieving parent is " else were their ceildren unclean, but by the believing one, are they holy. For behold it is concluded that all infants, either of whose parents are believers, dyimg at an early age, die in Christ, they are holy But and participants of the covenant. all infants, both of whose parents unclean and die in are unbelievers, dying before baptism are Tlierefore, " suffer infants (by baptism) to come unto me in come unto me no other way) " ^n^Jorlid them not, for of such" fants) in large part, is made up Sin is Grace Man is Adam. " (for they can (in- the kingdom of heaven. a spiniiial poison, a spiritual antidote. is the poisoned subject composed of material substance perme- ated with spiritual poison, which constitutes sinful flesh. This poisoned substance— man, could not be reached by the great spiritual physician, to administer to him the spiritual antidote, unless he was transformed into material substance, man " made in the likeness of sinful fleshP And' when thus transformed, this spiritual antidote was not administered to all men in the mass, but it was through such mexins as were appointed that they were to be benefitted by it, and by his being thus made in the likeness of sinful flesh, benefitted by it was put within the reach of Adam by their natural Adam all die." No man All men are in sin, therefore, " in but by baptismal birth they as effectually in therefore, *' necessary, so is birth, is and are the are, and the be in Christ inheritors of by natural birth, and are inheritors of grace, Christ as they are by their natural birth in in Christ shall all ihe flesh, in the all sinful flesh to they accepted the appointed means. it if be made alive." As Adam, material substance, general plan for the interposition of grace by Christ, niaterial substance, water, necessary as a medium was for the saving application of grace in the regeneration of the individual man. As the fetus in the womb, without being suspended an abortion, cut off from natural life, in water, would be so in the second birth, without the application of water in buptism, he will be cut off from that newness of life — the resurrection of the just. The fact that no sect or society of Christians who have refused the ordinance of water baptism have ever been successful, though their faith be simiL^r to others who accept adhere to it it. And the further fact that those who most strongly are the most numerous, powerful and endur- who reject water baptism reject cannot be among those who advance His ing, are sufficient evidence that those God's counsel, and consequently kingdom. Take for example the Quakers, who as a class compare most favor- .
  14. 14. 14 moral point of view, with any denomination of Christians, and as we can judge from appearances, they have in some respects the :ably, in a so far advantage. But when we consider their condition as a branch of Christ's church we after a lapse of about fiad that two hundred years, during a portion of which time they flourished by increasing in prosperity and now numbers, they are why askedj passing rapidly away, and the question the Society of Friends diminishing in numbers is places they gradually die out, until there is often In some but one remaining, and" soon none. Their precepts are good, their practice though silent, may ba more ? is is excellent, their prayers, sincere, for "Prayer is the souls sincere desire, Utter'd or expressed." Their faith Holy is strong, for they believe they are the recipients of the The Spirit. question, therefore, why they do not endure is impor- and not as belongand enduring. The reason is tant, for societies established for benevolent purposes, ing to Christ's kingdom, are prosperous evidently that in rejecting water baptism " they rejected the counsel of Godf against themselves," water by the the fault with them — not The Word." is "^ 'Teach all nations, the washing of with Quakers are commendable, and not in what they do but what they omit to do. abide literally by the They Mount, "Swear not being "cleansed tenets of the of Christ in His sermon on the but they positively reject the injunction, inj auction at' all,'' baptising them." Tiie former cummin,'' but the latter, which they have '' is the "mint and anise and omitted, are the weightier mat- ters which they ought to have done, and not to leave the other undone." The lesson which the materiality are still failure of their tenets teach might as well attempt to sinful flesh is that spirituality and joined together in the present dispensation, and that fly with angel's wings, as to appro- priate to itself the Spirit, without obeying the weighty injunction of " Christ, name Go ye, therefore, and teach all nations, baptising of the Father and of the Son, (which was flesh), them in the and of the Holy Ghost." In the great plan of salvation, Christ Mediator sent by God, that in is the all-important and only Him we might have life eternal. also institutes certain ordinances, that in the use of them, we might thereby justify God and be " as if in Christ. a wheel were in the midst of a wheel " The sending of Ohrist —a But he by our own act, These ordinances are plan within a plan. and the Holy Ghost are the prerogative of God ; the rejection of them, or their acceptance through his appointed means, is an act of man, and he is not compelled against his will to receive them. When mac sined, it demned by the law of God, which he had violated, and there was no was by some act of his that he became a sinner con-
  15. 15. 15 means by which he could appear in person at the l;)ar of infinite justice and plead for himself, so an Advocate was appointed for him, to plead his cause " without money and without price; " but he cannot have the services of this Advocate without some by which he acknowledges act himself condemned, and acknowledges the justice of his condemnation. Therefore our I-ord said, by the act of baptism It requires an act to counteract an act. God." man, " Lord for the My said, shall not sjpirit the publicans justified ' It requires man to save always strive with man, for qso flesh " Here is the spirit striving with man, and the result by water. Under the new cispensation he is saved by water and faith in Christ, "for that he (Christ) is also fleshy The reason why it required the man Christ Jesus to save man, (Adam) is because that he is destruction is his God's Spirit would not strive with man, sequently he could not be saved by the *' Man was the cause Man is the remedy To overcome The principle of to prove homeopathy from Go&'s word, it sideration' to quote the it is for that he was flesh,'' and con- spirit alone. deatli of sin. for sin. Christ died. so cbarly involved in will be only necessary the plan, that in its further con- argument of Saint Paul, which pre-eminently pre- sents this principle heal similar with similar. *' For as by one man, many Rom. many be made righteous. death reigned, much more wem made v. by one (man) shall by one man, (Adam) ''For, if 19. shall life sinners, so reign by one (man) Jesus Christ.' "As by one (man) judgment came upon all men to condemnation, even so by one (man) the free gift came upon all men to jus- Rom. V. 17. Rom. tification of life." — the law Again v. 18. of the spirit of life in Christ that it sin and death. was weak through the flesh, God sending ness of sinful flesh, Jesus hath made me For what the law could not do from the law of free and for sin condemned his sin in the who knew no sin, was made to be sin, (to cure our sins) (men) might be made the righteousness of God by him (man). Christ V. 21. Through the Gal. 3. 13. of the Gentiles was removed. die, that even so in [one man) Rom. Christ, shall came death, by rmn came xi. all we II. Cor. Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of the law, being curse for us. in own son in the likeflesh. Rom. viii. 2, 3. made a unbelief of the Jews, the unbelief 30. As be made in {on£ alive. man) Adam, For, since by all man also the resurrection of the dead. I. Cor. xv. 21, 22. Mount Sinai caused fear fear and quake." and trembling. Mount Calvary was " Moses said, 1 exceedingly the cure for this fear and trem-
  16. 16. 16 and the darkness and quaking at Calvary were the counteracting remedies for the darkness and quaking of Sinai. bling, As the waters prevailed exceedingly upon the earth, and passed over who were its inhabitants and exposed to it at the flood, so must it now prevail exceedingly upon the earth, and be applied to all in baptism all before the conclusion of the present dispensation. There is a mysterious and intimate connection existing between this element, as described at the creation, and in the restoration piness, for as the beginning, in the its use in baptism as a means man to his original state of purity and hapspirit of God moved upon the face of the waters at the earth's embryo state, so does it move with the waters c f fallen now,and so at the end, at the final restitution of all things will His spirit move upon the face of the waters which shall prevail exceedingly upon the earth in baptism. Baptism make glad '* is the fountain, the source of that " river, the streams whereof the city of God." And now, why away Ihy tarriest sins, calling thou ? Arise, and be baptised and wash on the name of the Lord.'' PAET SECOND. THE DRUJS^KENNESS OF NOAH, AND THB USE OF WINE IN THE LORD'S SUPPER. In the ninth chapter of Genesis and twenty-first verse, hensive description of the great Men who find favor with fall of a great man. God and obey his is a compre- • commands, often become Often uncon' trials and temptations. and without notice or warning, they are led out to be tempted ©f the devil, in a manner unexpected and unlooked for, and the more immediately the subjects of great sciously exalted their moral and spiritual position, the greater the latitude given the enemy They who assails are let into them. new and untried fields of conflict, and compelled to contend against new and powerful weapons, wielded by an enemy in ambush The —unheard and unseen. tent or wilderness in which they find themselves so lonely,
  17. 17. 17 dark, and dismal that their imaginations harrass and frighten them into dangers more trying and perplexing than those from which they would escape, and it is he only who withstands these trials and temptations come and minister. Xoah was assailed within his own tent, while he was quietly, and as he supposed, securely reposing beneath Our places of abode are often like armories, filled with weapons it. to whom angels which even our breath at times Danger unseen besets us on every sufficient is to 'out in deadlv motion. side. " Millions of spiritual being walk the earth Unseen, both It sleep." proposed to consider this subject under two beads. is _First when we wake and when we —The —Tae similarity of Noah's and Adam's transgressions. means used by Saran to introduce sin into the world, and by the Almighty to overcome and eradicate it. 1st. Nakedness is a concomitant of sin, and in this [rarticalar there is a striking similarity between the sin of our first parent and th^t of Noah. Second Nakedness here is similarity of the being deprived of the robe of righteoasness, and begets that desire for the outward decoration and adorning of the body, " the and materiality to It is an appeal to art putting on of apparel " us from the punishment of exposure to which sin subjects shall be found naked,'' unless we " put on Christ." us, shield and '* we The nakedness of our first parents was discovered after sinning, and God made garments of skins and cloihed them. To obtain these skins tlie life of some animal was taken, and thus was instituted the first sacrifice for sin, and the animal, as well as man, became a suflerer from Adam's transgresand sion, till now, " the earnest expectation of the creature waiteth for the manifestations of the sons of Grod." In the case of Noah, his nakedness was covered by his two sons, with garments already at hand, and for through Ham became sufferers by the his transgression, his descendants curse of slavery, and all by drunk- enness. ' At the termination of the flood, the earth was regenerated, washed and cleansed from sin, and Noah stood forth the representative of righteousness. He had and safely same As been chosen by God and placed in the Ark, with his famUy, landed "upon the mountains of Ararat." to his being as pure as the intention and free J'rom sin, there stood in the Garden of Eden. can be but little doubt, and purpose of the flood was to wash out every vestige of sin and wickedness from the earth, and restore of innocence and purity, and to give meet He new relation to his Creator, as his prototype did in the his great adversary in such choose to approach him. man an it to its pristine state opportunity once more to form and manner as the wiley foe mignt According to the description of the formation of
  18. 18. 18 the earth, the waters were gathered together on the third day,' and " dry land appeared," and Noah, before leaving the Ark, looked forth, " and behold the face of the ground was dry." The condition of the earth during the was the same as at that when the dry land appeared, and in all probability, when the face of the ground was dry ; after the flood it was in much the same condition as at the creation. Here, then, flood, period of the creation prior to the third day, is Noah in a position similar to Adam, so far as the face of the concerned, and morally in the same condition as earth the evil influences all He was which surrounded him before the flood had been washed away. Adam equally as secure as from the temptations of the posed to the same danger from him. He the manner of attack upon bis progenitor Devil, was forewarned by — was in a is measure and ex- tradition, of fortified by and consequently more strongly entrenched, he had been approached from the same direction, and assailed by the his experience in the conflict, if same instrument. But this was not the case. The wiley foe approached him from another direction, and assailed him with a new and diff'erent Drunkenness was unknown before Noah was drunk. weapon. covery of this state is imputed to him in history, of the imputation there can be no doubt, as many the It is it is and of the correctness not mentioned as one of held that he was ignorant of the effects which would follow the use of the juice of the grape, and consequently, innocent. rant an why article, the effects of which he was igno- using. as he ; the day " he eat thereof he should surely die." less But the ques- should he and his descendants The same question might be asked in reference to was ignorant of the effects of eating the forbidden fruit would be answered, he was commanded not to eat it, and told that when it itself, if so, sufferers for the use of Adam, but dis- sins of the antideluvians. tion will naturally present be the The he did eat of This is true ; neverthe- it. The reason he gave why he eat of it, was because the woman gave of He was ignorant of the result. He knew not the tree and he did eat. what death was, either physical or spiritual, and it was only after he had broken the law, that he had a knowledge of the penalty attached to it. who are know not why they Physical and moral laws are daily broken by individuals ignorant of the penalties attached to them, and often are suph sufferers. their parents. We Children often suffer from the violation of laws by are all sufferers from the transgression of our first —from the transgression of Adam' and parents- "Thou from the transgression of O! denison of earth, for pains, diseased and death But remember, thy hao4,h.ath, egiriied, them grudjfw not at the wages> of tby doingi^ art sad, ;
  19. 19. 1$ Tliy gtiUt &iid many father's guilt imist bring 'tliy company. And if thou wilt drink sweet poison, doubtless sorrows in it shall tlietr rot thee to the core. The time has not yet come when, be children's teeth shall not There was bat one way Satan to beguile our to discover. curiosity was excited, and she whom was glad serpeut being instigated by the devil, this was by It first parent, and that entering into the ser- hold conversation with the woman. it doubt, delighted to find some other with Her the father eat sour grapes, the if on edge." set for way he had wisdom enough pent and making *• means he reached the to converse besides Adam. to hear his teachings. Tlie introduced preaching, and by first woman and by She was, no woman the he reached the man. The devil is always supposed to approach and beguile his victims by some means pleasing to them, of which they are particularly fjnd. Etc had been sometime acquainted with the serpent She had was more It special favorites. upon set her heart was, perhaps, one of her "than any beast intelligent and Its beauty, grace, it. ened her admiration, and when teacher, it ; of the field." intelligence awak- appeared to her in the garb of a friendly it and by insinuating questions and arguments, induced her to invessaw (by a perverted vision) that the tree was '* a tigate the subject, she make one tree to be desired to She had no thought that her wise." teacher, the serpent, was to deceive her and make her the instrument of was chosen and used by Satan, and as he In the serpent, in this transaction, was supposed, with complete success. Adam's transgression; but In considering satan himself between the that the man it fall of Adam command was this subject, and comparing the and that of ISoah, to the man, " And must be borne in mind the Lord God commanded the saying, of every tree of the garden thon the tree of knowledge, of good and evil, command was deep sleep to unto him. fall If, given unto upon him therefore, woman, he would have not in the *' woman Adam was gression." Adam it mayst before the for in Lord God caused a —before he made the woman and brought her Satan had succeeded in beguiling only the failed in his purpose, as the transgression consisted not deceived, but the therefore, woman being So eating thereof. was Wiq potent means which Satan, by his selection of thought he had succeeded man deceived was in the trans- the instrumentality of the serpent, used to overthrow Satan had made it die.'* eating of the fruit alone, but of the The woman, But of freely eat. thou shalt not eat of the day thou eaiest thereof, thou shalt surely This similarity Adam. the means to accomplish his ends, and far as his wisdom cOald he laughed in triumph over his supposed success. see, he had, and If Satan had the power ufter the creation to enter a living creature, {tht serpent) he undoubtedly
  20. 20. Would have, and did have, the power mate substance, and of Noah had been (the wine). productioas before the flood its its juice, without acquainted with the vine —had eaten and drank of the grape producing drunkenness. its an inani- after the flood, to enter might have been It in its pure original state, a particular favorite of his; one of those luxuries which thoughts dwelt upon and heart longed his for. was, It conse- quently, selected by Satan for his overthrow, and the fact that there was no command to Noah not to drink, as there was to Adam not to eat, did not make his act an innocent one, when by the wiles of the devil he was led into a state which God nate love of this the it was not natural to be weak point and selected article, of his fortification. The robe of righteousness before fell in —a state into which Satan took advantage of never designed he should be. his inordi- This was to effect his downfall. it was It easily reached from him, and he was and carried. uncovered in his tent God and man. Secondly. The similarity of the means used by Satan to introduce sin into the world, The and by the Almighty to overcome and eradicate conflict The conflict. between the powers of light and darkness rebelion of overcome spiritually spiritual heaven by the Lord in him and into a place prepared for protested sway; but Satan was a when they God rebellion, of Hosts, his angels, within pass beyond its is it. a spiritual and he was and cast out which they have un- boundary, which they have power to do, they meet with opposition in proportion to the light or darkness which prevails in the territory which they invade. devil was not destroyed, or annihilated, tructibility of spiritual beings, The object of And works. God is "Why the a question involving the indes- whether good or bad. not to annihilate the devil, but to destroy his is the great wisdom, power, justice, love, and mercy of the Almighty, are wonderfully displayed in the formation of man, his downfall in fall Adam, by the Christ. his destruction sin of The Noah, and creation of by the flood (save eight persons,) his final man was to his second redemption through our Lord Jesus show to the spiritual world, includ- ing the world of darkness, the power, the love, and the mercy of God. Man was made forbear. But a free agent, having the power within himself to do or he was made spiritually less wiley, and less powerful than Satan, and Satan caused him to transgress. The Almighty adapts the same means which Satan had chosen, the woman^ and by the power of the Holy Ghost, makes her the instrument And for the redemption of the world, through our Lord and Saviour. by the persuasive eloquence of the serpent, Thus using the same means for the accomplish- as Satan had used preaching so G od ment of adapts peacking. his designs which Satan had selected for himself, showing to the inhabitants of «arth of heaven and hell, His majesty, wisdom > and power.
  21. 21. 21 Nothing could so fully illustrate the superior power of G-od, as his taking the weapons which Satan had chosen to bring sin and death into the " Great world, and using them to overcome and eradicate their power. is our Lord and great That nature or enness, is a condition is getting into it, and before he entered his power ; yea, and his wisdom its into which was originally brought by the devil was changed from what it was it state or condition the same as the condition of the serpent was changed it, after he entered that, and they both kingdom of God.'' The it is upon individuals was the same as first, be changed until we will continue to are permitted to drink " the fruit of the vine " as " new in the infinite." is state of the juice of the grape, which produces drunk- result was before the flood, of drunkenness upon Noah it of the present day. produced It the loss of the robe of righteousness, then cursing, and then slavery. Its result is the same now. Those who are most frequently drunk are the Most lavish with their curses, and *'of whatsoever a man Slavery originated is overcome, of the same is he brought in bondage." in drunkenaess. "Cursed be Canaan," is the counterpart of, *'thon art " Cursed is the ground for thy sake." cursed above all cattle." The most debased. curse follows sin as certain as night succeeds to-day. It has been held that slavery as any other sin purposes ; a divine institution. divine institution — permitted by and limited, controlled, punished, overruled in a of —a is way worthy of his It is the same God for his own wise finally, as character, as the every other sin, Maker and Ruler all. As slavery originated in drunkenness, so by drunkenness country, overthrown. The rulers of the it was, in this South were, drunk when they inaugurated the slave holders rebelion, not only with wim of the grape, but with the wine of God's wrath. I will ** from the juice make drunk her princes and her wise men, her captains and her rulers, and her mighty They were so completely drunk that they made but poor use of natural reason. They were in the same condition as ordinary drunk- men." their ards, unable to discern even the immediate results of their intemperate acts. The Montgomery laugh in 1861, at a time when this country was by a cloud that foreshadowed a terrible and bloody conflict, was the laugh of an assembly of drunkards. The laugh of men self-bereft of that exalted quality which distinguishes the pure and lofty from the deovercast based and demoniacal. " O thou invisible spirit of wine," aa we have " no other name by which to call thee. We'll call thee devil." God in his wisdom often chooses the same means wiiich causes eTii to
  22. 22. ;g2 o^ercoin^ Und er«tdifcate it. we ^li iSnd *rhife itiall his teoTal gotfetnifiei'nt of the world. He heals similar with similar." " The weapons of evil are tuhied agaiiiist itself, fighting under better ** banners." But man must overcome evil The higher with ^ood. his position as a statesman, or ruler, the greater the obligation resting upon him to " abstain frota all appearance of evil," a,nd particularly froto the evil of Noah was a great man, second in im lortance and position drunkenness. only to Chosen by God for the grandest and most sublime un- Adam. man— excepting the man Christ Jesus. dertaking for which he has chosen The e'V^il resulting from his drunkenness Thus cOirespondingly great. ffom their intemperate habits occupy. It is it is position, to be the tesult of his know by it matters have bo intention, no design to others, or impair the moral fabric of less what a man's evil resulting one occupying may be man may of getting drunk what a alter the result of his acts. inj^ure himsfelf, or inflict an injury which a mighty nation sap the foundation which Upholds and sustains his acts with xhQ much btit little intentions do not alter the result of his acts. public The iww. looking into the future what will The act His thoughts do not think in such cases. poised, or tfi'en great in proportion to the positions they drunkenness. thought a pleasant pastime, but On with in proportion to his position not possible for an ordinary man, an exalted public He may is was com- It matters but little to the intentions are, whiether they which they have to do, and they is But a man's it. iare good or bad. It is will naturally inquire into rtsults of those acts. As with the man, so with the nation; moral grandeur, and it is its greatness consists in a question for consideration whether the its ilaoral g^6vth of our country has not been retatdfed by the use of intoxicating by those occupying exalted positions of trust and power. The sins of a nation must and will be punished. They are punished We know this, for We have seen and experienced it. 4tt¥e. te^ev^tages lii in the Ivhat <lo the sins of a nation consist ? They nndoubtedly immorality and depravity, the misconduct and misdeeds of those iti office. Men in the lowly walks of life are i^sponsiWe only in so far as they have beeti instrumental in elevating those who, by their depravity, are nnfit for exalted pnblic positions. I'ulers " consist of nations are visited And David Upon the That the sins mbM of the preople, is evident. spake unto the Lord when he saw the angel th^t smote and said, Lo, T have sinned, and 1 have done wickedly, but It is our duty to inquire into " the these sheep, what have they done " why and wherefon of things," The cause and effect. The act and its But who can tell what is to be the final result of the acts of a results. mangfren to strong drink, Who, occu|>yitig the liighieBt position in the the {people, 1
  23. 23. 23 gift of the greatest, people on, earthy gives waj to. an infirmity so debasing as drunkenness. and it is right to reason, that they then if the drunkenness of Noah, who occupied in his day, th^ will highest position, was followed by a fearful and abiding curse, and if the produce If like causes like effects, — was nation over which David ruled, the greatest in his day, visited with sadness, for his sins why mourning, and a swift pestilence, should not upon a nation not less enhghtened or exalte^ equal punishment " Of all the dispositions and for the sins of its magistrates and rulers. be visited habits which lead to political prosperity, Religion and morality are indis- ism who man In vain would that pensible supports. claim the tribute of patriot- should labor to subvert these great pillars of men and these firmest props of the duties of citizens. human And happiness, let us with caution indulge the supposition that moraUcy can be maintained without Whatever may be conceded religion. to the influence of refined education on minds of peculiar structure, reason, and experience, both forbid us to expect that national morality can prevail in exclusion of religious principle." Th^ people of Israel, as they journeyed through the wilderness, were " And the bitten by fiery serpents, ** and much people of Israel died." Lord said unto Moses make thee a fiery serpent and set it upon a pole, and it shall come to pass that every one that is bitten, when he looketll upon it shall live.'' This is a striking instance on record that the same means are used, both to destroy life and health, and to restore and estab-i , lish them. Alcohol is the fiery strpent that lurks in our pathway we journey as through the world's wilderness to the promised land of Canaan, and much people are bitten by it and die. " There is not a house where ther^, is At not one dead." byeways of poison tells is life, we the corners of the see them with the rankling and boiling streets, in their veins, in. the highways, bite of the serpent and their fiery appear^^nce us that the serpent's fangs have been too deeply fastened upon —that the virus of his tooth has reached their vitals. There saved? is aiad, upon them. The How them can they be: none other name under heaven given among mem, whereby we must be saved but name of Christ, coupled with ache^ful and faithful compliance with his Holy ordinance, and, a strict obedjlence to the living command, *' Drink ye all of thisP •* As Christ in the life of the Adam was was the seed of life hid the seed of dtaih^ so in the dtaih of to all planted in every soul, but requires baptism to make it bring forth requires the natural sun to our view, " ear." first who /<5ti^A fruit, believe in Him. This seed in the son of Righteousness is and the same as the seed in the earth and moisture to cause it to spring up and present ear, and then the full corn in the 4he blade, then the
  24. 24. a 24 As Adam by eating the forbidden fruit, so we are to be delivered from sin by obedience to the command, *' take and eat this.'* If we break the command to eat, we are in the same condition as sinned Adam, who broke the command not to eat. As in Noah, sin re-entered the world by '* the juice of the grape," so in Christ, "by the juice of the grape," chosen by Him as one of the holy emblems of His love for sinners, *' ted, to be overcome come." Our Lord had the evidently institution of the Last Supper and the use of wine, not only as an emblem of His love means as a li i no more wine, be article containing within itself an in view, for sinners, at the marriage supper in The hour when he was not yet come." —an when for their redempiion, of Gallilee, he was notified they is and eradica- do shew forth the Lord's death for as oft as ye drink of this ye He until is sin to bless said, "ijine but Cana hour and dedicate the wine inviiible spirit of evil — —a chosen weapon of the Devil as a means whereby His blessed life and works were to be commemorated through all time, and eventually the works of The hour when He was the devil effectually annihilated and destroyed. to take the devil's own instrument, and with it inaugurate an apparently feeble, but actually a grand, far-reaching, comprehensive and aliwise as a part of the original plan of salvation. rite, When the governor of the feast tasted the " water that was made wine," which came from the water pots of stone, after the manner of the purifying of the Jews," he was the recipient of an astonishing joy — gladness thrilled him which he had never experienced before. The good wine" which he had just tasted was of the Christian dispensation, while that *' worse *' wine which he had before been drinking, was of the '* Jewish dispensation. This, our Lord's first miracle, was emblematical of that union which water and wine were ultimately to produce who among His —those followers^ are partakers of the benefit of the sacrament of Bapiism and the Lords Supper. It foreshadowed the the final union of come, and all his wife (the linen, clean and white, anion of Christ and his Church, when "the marriage of the Lamb is Church) hath made herself ready, arrayed in fine Christians, for the fine liaen " Great On is the righteousness of saints." God with wonder and with praise, thy works I look, But still thy wisdom, power, and grace, SMne brightest in thy Book." all Tji