Grace Barclay's Recollection of The American Revolution

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Grace Barclay's Recollection of The American Revolution. Liberty Education Series. Gloucester, Virginia Links and News, GVLN website. Visit us for Independence.

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Grace Barclay's Recollection of The American Revolution

  1. 1. GRACE BARCLAY'S DIARY PERSONJL RECOLLECTIONS American Revolution, EDITED BY SIDNEY BARCLAY SECOND EDITION. New-York ANSON 770 D. F. Broadway, : RANDOLPH, cor. 1S66. Ninth St.
  2. 2. T. Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1S59, 5 by SIDNEY BAECLAY, In the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the United States for the Southem District of New York. iZ/^'Ol^ 1
  3. 3. To WASHINGTON THIS Is IRVING, ESQ. VOLUME with permission inscribed, as a slight S^tslimomal of ll^spctt S. B.
  4. 4. Preface 'TpHE following Papers are taken from private records of the Revolution, written by a mover among, and an eye-witness of, the scenes therein described tion of Long The Island losses, deeds names are commencing with tented are not enrolled unsung; endurance they served their country no spilled upon her fields fields, or cabinet on the page of history; or unremembered and privations are unrecorded. had been the occupa- British. served, not in actors therein councils; their their by the ; ; their sufferings, Yet, in their less patient than if their blood of battle, or their treasure given to acquire her freedom. Placed in a region of country which was taken early, and held by the enemy during the war, they were subject to the depreda11
  5. 5. Preface. tions, insults, and of the British, and to robbery, incen- levies diarism, and brutal assaults from a class of outlaws, between the armies; the refuse of both parties, called Cow-boys, Runners, Rangers, etc. Those of the noble true-hearted countrymen of Long who were at all active in homes and obliged were exiled from their were imprisoned, their families ings indiscriminately plundered ribbon in their hats, as Island, behalf of freedom and their country, to fly ; ; while, they if taken, were scattered, and by wearing their dwella bit of red they might have been undis- royalists, turbed and protected. On a the heavy morning of the 30th of August, 1776, under cover of fog, while the enemy were so near that the pickaxes and shovels, as they dug audible to skill the trenches, sound of their was distinctly the Americans, General Washington, with unrivalled and judgment, effected the silent retreat and memorable passage of the East River. "After the Tories this," says a recent writer, " the British and their and Refugees, had possession of the distressing scenes occurred, island, which were never made allies, and many public, and can therefore never be known." Of this history, the following pages, from unpublished records, long kept, and often curiously though cursorily peeped into, afford a dark, though true picture. It is the history of the trials and
  6. 6. Preface, and grievances of sufferings, hopes, fears, privations, hood To in the heart of the island. a neighbor- dwell for a season with fervent gratitude and affectionate pride on the self-denying spirit, indomitable heroism, and inexhaustible patience, which animated Mothers our Fathers and serve to keep fresh in Freedom ; in the Revolutionary struggle, will our remembrance the will recall our price paid for our minds from the all-engrossing Present, and rouse them from the benumbing influence of luxury and ease. The of an writer of these Letters, officer and this Diary, was the wife of the Revolution, and the daughter of a clergyman of the Church of England, who, though endeavoring to main- ground tain the neutral (as became one who owed the Prince of Peace) in the contest which was then allegiance to raging, divid- ing the hearts of households, whose peace and joy had never before known a cloud, temptation, and will perceive, The was a at heart through as all trial, the reader pecuHar and painful one. journal was written during a long period of separation from her husband. commences with an full was yet loyal His daughter's position, loss. of minute have been presents a true picture of her extract details, left fully adhered It his letters to her. and It is which, from their beauty and simplicity, untouched. to, the from one of life, The old manuscript has been faith- writer of this preface being confident that
  7. 7. Preface, its authenticity will not be doubted by those and nature for It is who, taking truth their guide, can relish a plain tale plainly told. questionable whether there could be found in our whole made country a spot where time has so little inroad, as in the region reminiscences. unaltered. The habits The same which was the scene of and manners of to this is The day. outrage was committed very hearthstone few changes, or custom its is still spot where little relics plate, or perhaps all the money some pointed out, and the shown, under which lay hidden, danger passed by, the these inhabitants are houses, the same furniture, the same farms, the same trees, remain cruelty or so until the of the broken househcld family possessed by the needy owner.
  8. 8. The Journal
  9. 9. 1776 The Journal " V^TT'RITE from thy hearty inmost recesses of the as Mary, from it, that I look into that, though absent, thou mayest le near, it, it laves^ hopes, thinks, that thy troubles, thy cares, may though not alleviated, by one whom and who The fears, and shared., thou lovest, laves thee" request shall be granted; day a page my be may each in the journal, or a letter to husband. Still at the Parsonage with precious children; my three already heart-weary September.
  10. 10. American 1776 Revolution. your absence, but striving to keep at up courage. To-day received gence of the unfortunate What lyn. a skilful I —the of Brook- movement was Washington that of General derful retreat affair intelli- enemy —a won- so near that the sound of their pickaxes and shovels could be heard his cool omen a new proof of and judgment. forethought The heavy dentially. It is ! fog seemed to May we fall not accept that our leader is it provias an the favored of Heaven ? In this quiet nook where hoped to find peace have disturbance, the enemy have there can be extent my and fear, safety, we had we shall and danger; since possession of the island, no doubt of it, but father's neutral to some stand, and sacred profession, will protect us. As we have moved to this place, dear
  11. 11. American Revolution. Edward, since you left 1776 t±iink us, I it be agreeable to you to have some will little of description roofed, Dutch style gable to the road; It it. is a low- of house, with its white-washed and covered with sweetbriar and creeping vines of many kinds; and my father has planted the ivy, which came from his dear Old England. grows slowly, It and the children love to pick leaves, its glossy and carry them to grandpa. At the sight of them, his heart of tenderness reverts to early days of the old tles castles, over the ; he tells and grey ruins it them man- and of the one which sea, overgrew the cottage where he was born. The thoughts parent remind torn up by its of me dear, honored of a brave old tree roots, into a foreign soil ; it my it and transplanted may not die, but has a sickly appearance, and its leaves
  12. 12. American 17/6 have Revolution. lost their living green, and are pale and yellow. The front door opens into a hall of moderate size. back of lor; it on the other On the right is the parmy father's study, while side the dining-room is and bed-room, and wing the the in The rooms above kitchen. cious and convenient, the are spa- windows at the end being large, admitting air and Across the front of the dwelling light. runs a piazza, or covered porch. we sit and sew, and My father gathers tells in his me talk, walks in the neighbor- him I your which indeed read to because they are so few. I think, agitated tions. He is read. the news, which he hood; and letters, and Here is portions of but seldom, His breast is, by contending emo- attached to the land of his adoption, and can sympathize in her dis-
  13. 13. ! American Revolution. but naturally his tress, affections, his it birth. my Do Can we censure father the for it, this? Oh blindness? not condemn call no I I sentiment. Edward. We love our native land, the native country this, of his dearest first, were given to the land of infatuation, honor 1776 my mother, of both your parents. Her cause seems to us a righteous one. She is over-taxed, oppressed, insulted; my father feels this, he it; yet, in his character is indignant at of ambassador of Christ, follower of the Crucified, as well as sin, by nature's instinct, he while he loves the seem (the English) the household to him; liates sinner. the They foes of our own brother lifting up sword against brother, in unnatural warfare, to an which he prays may speedily come end
  14. 14. American 1776 October 3^. Revolution. dear husband "PJEAR, was there ever ! anything so sorrowful, so dreadful, young Nathan Hale's as are down running Would that the while fate Tears "? I write. enemy's designs could have been discovered without so costly a sacrifice for he to Gen. Washington ! knew the it desired, to be of vital importance Continental some Forces, that one should penetrate the British Camp, to discover their plans. In the performance of this duty, the flower of the army has to British wrath and fallen a victim brutality. Rhoda Pemberton wrote me the time that at when Colonel Knowlton made known first to the officers, the wish of the Commander-in-Chief, a dead silence prevailed ; looked up it." It and then and said, " seemed, she Captain I will Hale undertake said, against right
  15. 15. American Revolution. and nature to all his friends, and even to young and strangers, that so 1776 an gallant should go out on such service. officer said, " But young Hale Every kind of country became honor- service for his was desired mander of her by the Com- armies." able. It Young Captain Hale left the camp at Harlem Heights under General Washington's orders, late in last month, I believe. Before reaching the British lines he assumed the he wore a suit dress of a school master; of brown broad-cloth, and a round broad-brimmed hat. He too. took off his His college silver shoe buckles diploma was in his port-manteau, signed by the Reverend Doctor JSTapthali Daggett of Yale Uni- versity. He passed, so Rhoda tells me, safely
  16. 16. American 1776 Revolution, through the British Hnes, every where, along the posts, and barracks, among the tents Huntingdon, about nine to miles from this place. It was the place from which he started a short before. sail A and time boat was to meet him, to over to Connecticut Main. The young man went down to the shore at day-break in perfect security; no doubt buoyed with joy at the success of his enterprise. He // saw a boat moving shoreward. was the enemy I He did retreat, but they cried out " Surrender, or Die." An armed vessel, the " Halifax," stood around the neck, out of the young man was sight. Thither taken, and put in irons. His papers, .written in guage (Latin, soles I some dead lan- believe), were under the of his pumps. They betrayed him.
  17. 17. American Revolution. The next morning 1776 at daybreak, after he received sentence, he was executed. " I only regret," he said, just before he ascended to the have but one life " that gibbet, I my coun- account. She to lose for try." Rhoda gave me says that Prevost human wretch Rebel I It I) this Cunningham called out, " (the in- Swing the off I" cannot write this without weeping. was a noble testimony, but a So bitter young, so was on the 2 1st of September '76. necessity. likely, so brave. It They tore up the leLier he wrote to his family, saying, the rebels should never know who they had a man in their army could die with such firmness. 25
  18. 18. American 1776 Tuesday. | ^T^HE Hessians have been ordered to cut down They find. Revolution. the saplings they can all them along pile the road about twelve feet high, then by pressing teams and wagons, they cart forts It and barracks away to at a distance. a serious loss; is it in a few years wood our farms will be without for use. They (the Hessians) burn an immense quantity; we — even the rail-fences, unless take care to cut and cart their constant use. Keeping many wood for the fire a poor farmer a-going all rises in the morning to find his cattle night, strayed miles away, or his grain trampled down and Wednesday. A BOUT a ruined I thirty miles to the eastward, countryman was met road by a ruffians, company of English when they began on the soldier to curse and
  19. 19. ! American swear, and threaten to compel him to "God say, 1776 Revolution. the save king," which and unwisely refused resolutely he to do; though doubtless not counting on their putting their threat into execution. One of the villains, more and more violent than the up to the in liquor rest, stepped American, with a drawn sword, which he kept flourishing over the poor creature's head, ly you! re and shouted, " Say a dead paused an instant the man threat I ; man I " the dumb continued, and the or villain silence of dreadful was put into execution suppose there are who would have done Few, The it, in this many around us the same thing. our day and generation, pray for their enemies, not even " Good King George!''^
  20. 20. ! American Revolution. 1776 Saturday. J^UTH FLOYD'S husband (you member Ruth, my re- old friend) has been murdered She He married was elected Nathaniel Woodhull. year President of last the Provincial Congress. There bounds to the indignation and A are no horror. pattern of Christian meekness must he or she be, to be able to forgive and pray for such enemies. But that God do most fervently will turn their hearts I implore. I jot down although it is a few of the particulars, a painful task. His duty was to drive the live stock from the shore to the island, interior of the out of the reach of the enemy. Being poorly forced Jamaica. to wait He off for a men, he was reinforcement at was Brigadier-General of Suffolk and Oueens.
  21. 21. American The General fell sense of honour. don Revolution. 1776 a victim to his high He refused to aban- his perilous post, while any hope of reinforcement remained. My father thinks been would have justified in withdrawal. was reduced 'a that he desire to to less than remove His force 100 men, from their families to places of safety. Those remaining, were worn down, and their horses over-driven, in repelling The the ravaging parties of the enemy. British (landing at Gravesend) were pouring over the Island in swarms, cutting off communications with the Ame- rican force at Brooklyn. A him He severe thunder-storm to take refuge in an inn near by. was overtaken by the 17th regiment of British Dragoons. up compelled his The General gave sword in token of surrender. A
  22. 22. American 1776 ruffian ordered the King." Revolution, him The General save us all;" God save replied, " God to say, " on which the cowardly assassin brutally assaulted the defenceless General with a broad-sword. He would have hand was arrested killed him, but his by an officer of more magnanimity and honour. One arm was horribly mangled, from shoulder to hand. In this situation was dragged from place to place length little he was released from a : he at filthy vessel used to transport live stock for the use of the British army by the enemy, and removed, mangled, bleeding, and parched with at Jamaica, fever-heat, to an inn Mrs. Hinchman's tavern. She gave up the best room and bed for the poor wounded General's use. He begged her not to leave him alone in the hands of the enemy. The
  23. 23. American Revolution. humane woman answered, 1776 " Don't be uneasy, General; I don't expect to go to bed to-night." The next day he again. taken westward Mrs. Hinchman had dressed the wounds, bandaged terribly cut, At v/as his head, which was and the shattered arm. a half-way house, while the escort regaled themselves within, the General was horse-shed left with a guard, under the Here again woman acted ! the part of the Howard, wounded landlady, the minister to the good Samaritan. Mrs. went out weak and fainting to patriot. She brought bread, and wine-sangaree, and invited him with tender pity and citude, to partake of some refreshment. The guard impudently had nothing for asked, " If she them ?" "I give to prisoners, you can kind woman soli- replied. luy^^ the
  24. 24. American 17/6 The was conveyed fainting General New to Rd'oh/tion. He Utrecht. pidly growing worse ing strength was ; himself felt ra- his little remain- fast He ebbing. urgently requested that his wife might be sent Strange to say, the request for. The arm was was granted. the place, last, only but surgeon, mortification and the brave his wife, in cut off man receive to took breathed his Ruth Floyd, having time by his arrived dying sigh. Poor Ruth What must ! when her feelings the news of her hus- band's state reached Mastick Rhoda have been writes that she I was wonder- fully sustained, and showed great pre- sence of mind. She (Ruth Woodhull) caused a wagon-load of provisions to be put up ; but little husband partake of could her poor
  25. 25. American Revolution, General Woodhull lived hours after she reached He was 1776 Ibut New Utrecht. the enemy's hospital, in a in comfortless, wretched condition. his request, that the provisions American Ruth should among lonely in the was It distribute the poor starved prisoners there, and then placed her body a few which she did, dear, lost husband's wagon, and went on her way home. Poor woman I Yet, as she slowly travelled that dreary journey of 70 miles, in must tears, there have been some comfort in the thought that the precious remains of her gallant husband were not left with the enemy, to be denied the rites of sepulture that she could lay forefathers, in hope, his in the him by the side ; but of his family burial-place; and honourable country he had laid pride, that for down his life.
  26. 26. American 1776 Thursday. /^NCE Resolution. month a go Hessians the to head-quarters for their rations, and then for three days including spirits, they are for the most part given up to intoxication, and we have trying and grievous scenes to go through ; fighting, brawls, drumming and fifing, and danc- ing the night long ; card and dice playnig, and every abomination going on under our very roofs The ! noise from the kitchen, which they always occupy, is terrifying. The door opening the rest of the house is nailed into fast, but the inmates are continually in dread of having their dwelUngs burnt over their heads. Friday Morning. 'T^HE Pattisons had a killed during heifer Some of the thought it fine young the night. family heard the noise, but most prudent not to make
  27. 27. Amencan any The resistance. and quartered Revolution, 1776 creature was drawn What in the barn. bold- ness! Mrs. Clement, the wife of James Clement, was alone in the house with her children two about yesterday, when an hence, miles rode mounted, and entered. up, dis- He officer told her very civilly that he wanted supper for his company (about politely declined. and insist, sixty He men). then began to length said they at She slioulcl Mrs. Clement repHed that come. was out of the question. it She had no- no person thing prepared ; and four children to take care of Still back little he rode in off, an hour did not get it to assist her, saying they would be for supper, ready, she and if she must take the consequences. She sat in fear and trembling through 2 35
  28. 28. American 1776 Rcrcolution. the hour, and her helplessness overcame her could not that she so, resist tears most of the time, though she put her from her He would would be well if she trust in the deliver She thought tried to Lord, that distress. it could take her children and leave the house, but the nearest neighbor was a mile by the road, though only half that distance through the woods. wood was But the often infested with robbers, and the very thought of going that way made her In shudder. weakness and fear she to carry her baby, her state of was quite unable and the three Httle ones were unable to walk the distance So she determined of a mile. the event, to tell to wait and when the British came them Whether the truth. they found a better prospect elsewhere, or what the seeming cause
  29. 29. American Revolution. was, I return, cannot say; and but they did not cannot help I that they were 1776 believing providentially deterred from so doing. T HAVE to-day to and horror, record deeds of of heroism, seldom equalled. The house near Cold He night. of' Mr. Wilmot Oakley, was attacked Spring, last had long expected, and was prepared to meet, the attack, being proverbially brave The door, and powerful. robbers forced open the front and entered the sitting-room, ad- joining Mr. and Mrs. Oakley's bed- Two loaded guns stood in the room. corner of the room. armed with pistols The robbers were and swords. On opening the door, Mr. Oakley saw three men, one of whom called out, " Surren- Saturday.
  30. 30. ! Americari Revolution, 1776 der, he. and give up your money They had in daring the — woman time met their equal this man the Not: I" to fight and out, it too Mr. Oakley fired his gun, and one of the intruders his pistol, which triflingly He grazed the ear of Mr. Oakley. handed his wife the gun, her the loaded one ; man fell. While she the other gun two of the in his hand. fired and took from reloaded, he rascals off man his warded with the He then took the gun again loaded by Mrs. Oakley, the second and it off, reeled and fired, fell. and The other man, seeing one of his comrades dead and the other the house, fallen, ran out of Mr. Oakley (with his gun reloaded) after him, fired at him was running on the road. The next morning traces the road and as of blood were seen on the he in fence, so that there
  31. 31. ! American is little Revolution. doubt that he was wounded, though he escaped* I am made glad to say every effort was to save the of the robber, life on the lay in a dreadful condition of the parlor, but He it who floor proved unavailing. followed his companion in wicked- ness before the light of day. J^ATION-DAY. The Hessians bor- Tuesday, rowed a young horse of Mr. Pat- 6th Oct, home tison, to fetch their rations, taking a pail for the liquor. absence they drove rage at the horse, After two hours' cursing with up, and whipping the poor creature most unmercifully. reason was soon manifest. just as one of spirits in them had It The seems, set the pail the wagon, the young of horse reared on his hind legs, and upset the whole
  32. 32. Amencan //' We could scarcely conceal our plea- on hearing sure Revolution. had escaped one this, knowing we well horrible jollification at events, thanks to the high-mettled all animal. IFednesday. /^HARLES ris accompanied John Har- home from school, He permission, last night. with my returned this morning, with a story of the night, which he related to me breathless excite- in ment. A family living a mile from us were quietly sitting together in the evening, when a noise was heard at the door like that of a sharp instrument thrust into On it. opening the door, there stood a red- coat with his sabre in his hand, which he had stuck into the two. He wood an inch or was backed by a dozen men. They pushed their way in, and were
  33. 33. American 1776 Revolution. very unruly, rummaging and ransacking every drawer and closet but the family ; had long before taken the precaution place all their valuables and money to in a small room, which opened out of the common sitting-room, putting a large cupboard before the door, which covered it entirely; so that the Hessians quar- tered there last winter never discovered the existence of the room. A cunning device. The red-coats, highly enraged at find- ing nothing, began to threaten terrible things if they did not divulge the hiding place. Mr. W. told them, that if they dared do any violence he would report them to the commanding upon they actually went officer ; where- into the kitchen, kindled some hght wood, came out, and set a burning brand at each corner of the house.. The family were exceed-
  34. 34. " American 1776 Ingly alarmed. Revolution. In great terror, Sarah, the youngest daughter, rushed out. is famed through her comeliness. she all I She the north side for can well imagine that must have appeared to them like a lovely apparition, with her flashing eye The and glowing cheek. ringleader, stood with a torch in his astonished, hand, gazing at her. At length he " Stop, said, " Angel I entreat you," said I Sarah. His looks were riveted upon her ardent admiration, which in embarrassed her. "I will, "What on one condition," is said .he. it?" said she. "Will you grant it?" " If I can," replied Sarah. " It is, that you will allow me to kiss you." " Oh, if that is all," said her father,
  35. 35. American Revolution. "comply, my made no resistance, the daughter." 1776 So, rough planted a fervent kiss on her she as soldier ex- lips, pressed himself satisfied, and departed. They found before that the soldiers their bayonets, selves It her baby-house had stuck the and railed on among them- and laughed. is seldom that a man's house attacked more than once. had dolls his turn some time ago is Mr. Harris ; therefore, although he saw some suspicious-looking persons lurking about, he feared nothing, and rose before daylight, with the inten- tion of going to the south of the island for salt hay. Mrs. Harris, however, began to feel uneasy and timid, from the reports she heard during the day, and the recollection of her never-to-be-forgotten injuries, and persuaded her husband to remain at
  36. 36. American 1776 home. Revolution. That night passed without dis- turbance. About nine o'clock the next evening, a neighbor stopped at the gate in his wagon, and he and Mr. Harris were running over the exciting times and scenes enacting round the country, when man moving fields, they saw a about the and peering out of the woods now and then. edge One of of the the iserv- ing women, too, had seen some one about dusk standing close by the woodpile, who vanished on her appearance at the door of the kitchen. of these signs, Mr. Harris concluded not to retire, but to and fires In consequence sit up and keep lights burning about the house. Charles and the other children were sent to bed, but not to sleep impossible, that with their perturbed excited imaginations. 44 ; was and
  37. 37. ; American About twelve Revolution. o'clock, 1776 Mr. Harris being on the look out, saw a rently at a from the house, appa- distance short man now he reconnoitring; held a council with his wife and the two hired men. They came to the conclusion that an attack was intended, and that it was and they determined to time to act; leave the house in a body, taking the two guns, loaded, the money, silver, and small valuables. Though half mile alternative. the next house was full a off, seemed no other there The poor children were hurried their fears they were and cries carried quietly as possible little frightened up and dressed; were hushed, and down all left stairs. As the house by the back door. It was a moment of intense anxiety 45
  38. 38. 1 American 77^ their hearts beat Revolution. with dread and terror. With trembling Hmbs, that almost fused to bear painfully re- them, they slowly and moved on. though "Faint, pursuing," they endeavored to stay their minds above. At length arrived at Mr. another S.'s, difficulty presented itself The would inevitably take them for robbers, and be In it liable to fire this best to family upon them. dilemma Mr. Harris thought go close to the door, and call out his name, trusting that his voice would be recognised, which was the case. The poor wanderers were warmly re- ceived, and provided with comfortable beds, after they had talked over their fright. The house of Mr. attacked, 46 it is S. has never been so well secured, the doors
  39. 39. American Revolution. 1776 and windows being lined and barred with which iron, A new source on the south The is well known. of trouble has appeared side —kidnapping negroes. come ruffians in sloops from the Delaware and Maryland country, and landing on the island in the night, they steal the poor creatures while asleep, after the labor dow grass get of cutting the for their masters. them away, they sell salt mea- When they them at the South. A week since, while the men were at work, four persons, in broad day, their blackened, and faces groes, appeared dressed like ne- suddenly, each armed with a gun, and before the others could come to the rescue, a man and were forcibly taken, put rowed the a boy in a boat, and off to a cutter out at sea. deck the villains could be On seen
  40. 40. American 1776 Resolution. putting chains on the poor creatures. tremble at the thought of the future Wednesday^ Nov. YESTERDAY 2th. my at my letter side, end of the porch, in and her Httle hands, pretending to read, startled us. It ! indignation was aroused to a high degree. sitting in the I I was my father Mary, with your which when seemed a to was she loud cry come from neighbor Pattison's, our nearest neighbor. Charles went over, returned, and gave us account of the this affair. It appears that Edmund Pattison was enjoy- ing his noon rest quietly in the barn (he is a noble-looking lad of eighteen, and athletic, and of a high spirit), tall when a light-horseman rode up to the door. " Youngster," and said bestir yourself driver of the he, Go " make and haste assist two yoke of oxen there the to
  41. 41. Ajnerican Revolution. 1776 unload his cart of the timber into the road." Now Edmund own with his wagon off, his father; the at work hired man, loading to take three miles had been hard the the timber to a farmer to whom it was sold by waggon and teams both belonged to the Pattisons. " Hurry, sir," Edmund do it firmly replied, " I shall not it." " What, ; do said the light-horseman. sirrah ! we shall see who will and drawing his sword, he held over the head of Edmund, cursing it " and swearing, and threatening to cut him down, unless he instantly unloaded, and took in it his team, and helped to carry provisions for the army. With unblanched cheek Edmund Pattison reiterated his denial, to do it himself and told him
  42. 42. ; Anierican Revolutkon. 1776 Incensed and enraged beyond measure at such a seemed and contempt of orders, though the man must as it strike the stubborn boy, who, firm kill and undaunted, said not a word. At time our Charles, this who was on the spot, ran to the house and told Mrs. Pattison that " the Britisher was going to kill her Edmund." Her cry porch. the it was that we heard from the She ran to the barn, and begged soldier to desist. He was more furious than ever, supposing the fear of the mother would induce compliance she too expostulated with her son, im- ploring him to assist in unloading the wagon, and save himself from death. "No fear of death, mother; he dare not touch a hair of my head." boy was more determined than and the soldier more enraged, The before, flourish-
  43. 43. " American ! 1776 Revolution, ing his sabre, and swearing that he would be the death of him. " You dare not. your master this the his horse, Edmund once more, that instantly comply with Edmund to light-horseman mounted would cut him you Edmund, very for this," said Upon boldly. I will report and told the brave if his he did not request he into inch pieces coolly walked across the barn-floor, armed himself with a huge pitchfork, and took his station in the rascal," said he, " take doorway. " You cowardly one step towards you with my this floor, pitchfork and I stab ! His mother could endure the scene no longer she ; she ran to the house, where met her husband, and rescue sible, Edmund. sent him to Friend Pattison, a sen- clear-headed man, rode up, and
  44. 44. American 776 Revolution. seeing matters at this high pass on both sides, said to the Britisher, " You know your duty, and have no right to lay a finger tral on a non-combatant on neu- hi?n, ground." Seeing no signs of relenting, farmer Pattison turned his horse into the direction of the road, see Colonel the power and would soon Wurms, and know to abuse mers of the country The said he wlio had and threaten the far- in such a manner. light-horseman was and thinking it now alarmed, best to get there first, put spurs into his horse, and rode off, uttering awful imprecations. Edmund though I very much fear his fearless spirit may yet cost him Thus Saturday, Nov. 27. time this "DECEIVED White escaped, defying, dear. a few hasty lines from Plains. They mention an
  45. 45. American 1776 Revolution. engagement on the 28th October; "re- The treated with loss." gloomy is indeed. despondent. The army is I Where aspect of affairs cannot but feel is it to end., greatly reduced and how ? by killed, wounded, and taken, and those whose enlistments have expired daily leaving; the poor remaining, creatures many without shoes or comfortable clothing, sadly are The enemy disheartened. have possession of the city of York, of Staten Island. Who Island, New and of Long can look without trem- bling at the failure of this struggle to throw off our yoke ? tighter, scribed, rebels It — The reins drawn more oppressed and circum. and the it is examples fearful to think must have been an made of of affecting sight to witness the enthusiasm of the poor, barefooted, ragged, hungry troops, toss-
  46. 46. ! American 1776 Revolution. Ing up their crownless hats in the air, when, on his white charger, the general rode into camp I will confess a womanly admiration Washington's of a noble exterior. fluence and authority by must be enhanced his gallant bearing he figure, as You sits his and commanding proud It is the cause of liberty, the of humanity; breathes and war sometimes feel a is The is your letter We are much and little fly I with you safety. ones are know well; not the and anxiety of Your fond and foreboding 54 so uncer- so sorrowful, that they (blissful things!) care so longing to to a place of peace Adieu! yet discouragement. far separated, there tainty, steed. never look at the possibility of failure. cause in- wife.
  47. 47. American Revolution. ''pHE 1776 depredations, robberies, and not seldom murders, committed by the Cow-Boys and Runners, and exasperating the people treme. The alarming, are in the ex- farmers suffer dreadfully from the levying, taxing, and quartering upon them of the Hessians and British They soldiers. are very insolent, mak- ing most unreasonable demands, and the meek-spirited, unresisting Quakers are martyrs to their lawlessness and rapacity. There are own which beautiful two homesteads besides our border little sheet father often says countries, The Pond. it a My of water. would, in the old be called a lake, other pretty name. It is Well, tarn, or it some would not any more enliven our prospect as kles in the and grows dark and shadowy sun, in the twilight. it spar- Nor would Charley delight the more to sail his December.
  48. 48. — American 1776 mimic its ship, or Revolution. paddle the canoe upon now bosom, than he does long day. There the centre, which is is a small island in called after the silly which dearly love birds the Kve- to swim the water, land thereon, flap and dry their wings, and scream their pleasure Goose Island. Monday. JJENRY PATTISON, the nearest neighbor, has eight sturdy sons, and one little timid daughter. the Society of Friends, is He belongs to a fine specimen of humanity, owns a valuable farm, yet has a pretty hard struggle to bring up his large family. He was beginning to when the war began; prosper a little, but he a mild, patient, pious man, is consulted in all troubles and difficulties the whole country round ; has prevented much going to law; visits the sick in
  49. 49. American Revolution. and soul and in body, 1776 relieves them by his judicious advice, temporal and He hereabouts ritual. is called spi- The Peace-Maker. Friend Pattison appears to have neither "part nor lot" in the struggle in which the country strange is their sect is sians How ^ole a man^ and remain neutral! ! His soul abhors War. he engaged. is This principle of a severe sufferer from Six Hes- it. quartered upon him. are Yet enrooted in his breast. They took possession of the kitchen; swung up their hammocks; cook mer's) food, and his (the far- hang about, smoking and drinking the live-long day. how annoying of them ! When Dear, we be shall rid *? QENERAL HOWE proclamation has offering 3^ issued a pardon to 57 Thursday.
  50. 50. ! American 1776 who all Pardon Revolution. submit to royal authority. will A just indignation what ? for ! upon against rights trampled It is said that ential persons can cause. many wealthy and It is indeed a gloomy hour The who sought Puritans, Covenanters, with their it this will again. to all It is new the Tyranny here sway I submit will defend tyrants, rolled tlien^ God's decree that free. The broad continent are destined time to be the Persecuted, ful their people shall be lands of this will not The ocean lives. between them and as — —Huguenots, They to oppression here. descendants here a peaceful asylum from oppression, it influ- have deserted the Ameri- But we must triumph. of those ! Poor, shall asylum of the the Suffering I never hold his bale-
  51. 51. ; Revolution. 1776 impressments of men, horses, Monday. American T^HE and wagons, to carry provender, hay, and soldiers, about the country, are unceasingly going on. ful work When the dread- begins, the light-horseman is seen flying like lightning from house to house; the men take the make every effort to and to hide their horses is very is ruined, difficult. farmers worked alarm, and get out of the way, and wagons. Many It a noble animal to death. When the once caught, and receive are orders, they dare not disobey, for perse- cution is sure to follow. less injury They receive by complying. JgDITH PATTISON came over the Parsonage to-day for the time. She is a sweet to first young Quakeress her pure, lovely, and attractive looks are indeed winning. She wore a silvery Tuesday,
  52. 52. American 1776 Rcvoh^tion. drab poplin ; the sleeves came just above the elbow, a little white frill below thought it is ; unseemly in their Society that a woman's head She very is should fair, eyes are dark and pensive. I young uncovered. be though her her aspect ; her She wears arms are round and white. always a neat gauze cap ; hair and mild, gentle, is can describe to you the outline of Edith's features, but not the spiritual expression made a perfect lady of They doting brothers. carry, as of her and run face. will fetch, and for their beautiful sister, at her, strange, her air and dignity is by her eight though she were a queen. you look She you do not think and mien sits And when it are so serene, enthroned upon her brow. Doubtless penned for when you read my Journal, your eye, you will exclaim.
  53. 53. American " How could Revolution. she calmly write these de- tails in stirring times like these ? remember, Edward, about something; and keeps tion, you, which, my rend peace is children 1776 when heart. it beguiles the atten- thoughts appear to way give My disturbed, But must be occupied I off sad I " of to them, precious father's and even the dear participate in the foreboding gloom. 'T'O-DAY little Marcia found me weeping over your miniature. it out of my She took hand, and covering my kisses, said, " Oh, that is He he not, is a brave man, is This will he come back ? prattle will ears, for it with dear papa. mamma ? and the best man too that ever When it lived. " be sweet to your comes from the heart. Thursday
  54. 54. American 1776 Sunday. 'T^HE Revolution. church was opened to-day. service many solemn; for divine was unusually It and officers soldiers attended ; they were serious and attentive. Our beautiful clover-field upon and My ruined. so fond of its dew was on the air When I The make posies and white when we children used to and wreaths of the flowers, the came laden with delicious odor, regaling us sat in the porch. trampled dear father was luxuriance it, is large red and often expatiated fondly and gratefully on the rich feast preparing for the horse and brindle cow, by Him who latter rain." England. of fifty "giveth the early and the The While clover-seed came from in church a horsemen rode company into the and quite cropped and destroyed have persuaded my father to field, it. I make
  55. 55. American Revolution. complaint to Colonel is no ; but there redress. A PRESS young how He horse. were idly horses yesterday. for will relate side Wurms 1776 sitting I Charley saved our and James Pattison on the fence, the other of the pond, talking indignantly of the insults of the British, to the former shows whom no mercy, when they espied a light-horseman at the door of a farm-house. would be They knew the next place Isaac Willetts', which, only across the pond, from our view by a lars, which forms a they knew is completely hid stately row of pop- leafy screen; his errand too, that be here in an instant, for ing," they gallop though and he would when "press- from house to house with violent speed. " Fleetfoot shall not go," said Charles, Tuesday.
  56. 56. American Revolution. 1776 "without an effort to running with all his save him;" might and to the barn, he jumped on his back, and made for the woods. On the red-coat, instant he who put and came on a was seen by the spurs to his horse, full run towards the woods, where Charles had disappeared. My heart beat quick when the red-coat too was lost to sight. My dear, brave child might fall from dashed against the suit his horse trees, in the and be hot pur- of the hght-horseman. My father and I sat gazing intently towards the woods, awaiting the result in breathless anxiety, astonished at the boy's daring, and ready to reprove his rash spirit young in horse attempting to save the at the risk of his own safety. In about an hour's time we saw the
  57. 57. American Revolution, red-coat come out of he stopped a inquiries, rode off, At the but getting no and made satisfaction, muttering curses. nightfall, peeping mounted on signs woods below; In the road, wood, Charles made still By man the 1776 his way through his appearance, his favorite Fleetfoot. we made known to him that the danger had passed, and he rode up to the house. Overjoyed to see him, he told us his story, Marcia drank in with which Grace and greedy In- ears. deed the scene in the porch was worthy of Hogarth's pencil. On his pale affrighted mother, girls, one side was and the with eyes open v/ide and little full of wonder; near by, the venerable grandfather, with silver locks parted upon a peaceful close to brow, his. and Charley standing steed, as he recounted his wrongs and hairbreadth escape, leaning
  58. 58. ! American Revolution. 776 his head occasionally against neck, so that my son's his curls proud of gold mingled with the ebon mane of Fleetfoot. He and said that he struck deeper deeper into the woods, going from one piece to another, until the forest He very dense and dark. marshy tangled, five by close him ; I time he heard his pursuer heard his fearful oaths, heard lashing the sides of his horse. rode into a where he stood place, hours without moving At one became Charley's heart own jaded beat violently. But the bog was wet and gloomy, and the soldier's durst not Fleetfoot the ardor was venture. were deep wood. boy of fourteen left A dampened —he and So Charles to themselves brave feat for in a
  59. 59. American AN officer Revolution, of high rank is 1776 in winter quarters with us; resistance of the question; wounded and deeply sympathize with him. is out ill, December. we Foe or he must be cared for compas- friend, sionately. jyjAJOR MUSGRAVE vants. They assiduously, but mind of has two upon him attend we can ser- minister to the the poor gentleman, and reading and conversing, can beguile sometimes of the thought of by him his situa- tion. Oh, dear husband, war ness ! Its effects is a sicken the soul. weari- Every hour some fresh account of murder, robbery, wounding, dating depre- ! When at destroying, an end will this unnatural warfare *? be Tuesday
  60. 60. ; A^ncrican Revolution. 1776 JVednesdax. jy[AJOR MUSGRAVE ill but yet considerate, and to-day, full very is of the thoughtful courtesy of the gen- What a tleman. blessed thing it is, that national animosity can be lost sight of, and compassion for forgotten, in sorrow a fellow-creature's distress home constantly to bring thoughts and feehngs beloved husband, It leads I the child, or such a situation, away from that he loved his amid those ; hand had been wounded, spirit. Should places of tude ? my And giously to I idea of a brother, in me and all whom in warfare and anguish of not cherish, in the deep heart, an everlasting should I my children, thus ministered my own against raised in pain, ill, to me not teach to those unto mine grati- it reli- who had own ?
  61. 61. American "^'O public news My womanish 1776 Revolution. this many fears, as you name The them, get the better of me. parity so between the contending The mother Immense. first a day. dis- parties Is country, the maritime power on the globe; her great wealth, vast resources, well disci- plined armies, experienced military and What naval commanders. have the Colonies to oppose to such an array of means and power ? Inexperienced pHned troops; raw, undisci- officers; scant arms and muni- tions of war; small revenue ships Be few armed I still, my anxious things are possible to "By ; faith heart them I "All that believe." we can remove mountains." Mountains they appear when we look at human means, which seem inadequate. But "the race is utterly not to Friday.
  62. 62. American 1776 Revolution. the swift, nor the battle to the strong." What Is it is this struggle of the Colonies ? a war of aggression, of cupidity, of conquest, of fierce passion, for tyranny No —it and despotic sway? noble endeavor, veringly purpose, right, to throw yoke unjustly and imposed. the strong the founded in inalienable off a galling is It is the perse- cry of humanity against oppression, usurped Will power, insolence, and rapacity. it prevail, Will those fled to or will evils, this it be smothered? from which our new-found hydra-headed monsters, fathers country, raise like here their heads, nor be smitten ? Monday. ^HE neighbors feel in Major Mus- grave an involuntary interest. They Sym- pathy forms this .bond. to see him, and inquire about him, and call often
  63. 63. — 1776 American Revolution. bring nice things to tempt the sick man's Such appetite. The wound sensibly. touch him attentions very bad; is He has induced a high fever. and uncomplaining, which more touching than if it patient is ten times is he were cross and irritable. T CANNOT but be powerfully moved by the wounded man who His heroic patience ing is in such lies below. deep suffer- to be greatly admired; also his consideration of others in the midst of it. He seems to forget himself, in the dread of giving trouble and incon- My father venience. of God Grace^ says it is the gift which enables him to triumph over the pains of the body. asked Major Musgrave if he had always endured suffering so patiently? replied, " I I have not borne mental He trials Tuesday,
  64. 64. American Revolution. //' with patience or meekness they are more ; to difficult He endure than bodily pain." has before sorrow great made which allusion to he has some experi- enced. D('c. 30///, T^HE 1776. year closed has disastrous, gloomy; panic and despair reign in many none can certain; year may mander All the future a breast. foretell is still hopeful; un- what another Our bring forth. is great com- although he prays Congress for more effort and assist- ance, he never speaks a discouraging word to If as the result of the struggle. Congress would appropriate money, and men could be more enlisted on longer terms, say during the war, and properly equipped, greater things could be done. Now, no organized, and sooner are they become a little drilled,
  65. 65. American Revolution. 777 than the term of enlistment expires, and raw recruits take their place. J^EWS of the Battle of Princeton. My husband safe, thank Heaven General Washington victorious ral Mercer mortally wounded I ; How the thoughts of his loved ones rush to heart God ! ment, and cool skill, struck the my have mercy upon them The Commander-in-Chief, by enemy with I Gene- his intrepidity, surprise. ! judghas They have looked with contempt on our raw men, many of whom never saw a They expected with ease, by rebels, as the to crush us; their giant battle. to quell power, the lord of the forest crushes the insects beneath his feet. Major Musgrave's With politeness, this all is dis- coverable. They forget the deep-rooted indigna- 4 7;j Jan. i^t/i.
  66. 66. Amcr'n in Revolution. 1/77 which burns tion our breasts in determination to be the ; animating the free, whole colonies with one heart and purpose, to Thursday. do and dare 'T^HE Major is for liberty, or rather death better; I the w^ound appears to be healing, but he is miserably into his weak and room to-day I ill. went rather unexpect- edly; he appeared to have a miniature in his hand, and put it hastily aside. I asked no questions, of course. Friday, QENERAL WASHINGTON completely dislodged the along the Delaware river, man Him, and remember who Does it not teach blesses the means, when British and recovered New almost the whole province of sey. has Jer- to look' to is that to mortal view it they seem totally inadequate ?
  67. 67. American /^UR Revolution, trials in this quarter, I doubt, appear to you have no trifling, and In comparison with the insignificant. great ^111 and noble deeds now sacrifices enacting on a broader they are field, so. Nevertheless they are irritating and exasperating in the extreme, and hard to be borne. Were relate the injuries, sufferings our to, I horrors, away and rails They to burn, so that the and the are often lost ; cattle burn fires night on the ground, and to replenish them, go into the woods and cut all and poor farmers are subject are all left open, fields all insults, should never finish the story. take the fence stray undertake to to I the young saplings, thereby destroy- ing the growth of than robbers all, main shore down ages. come over from in boats, constant alarm! But worse and keep us They belong to the in no Monday.
  68. 68. Aincr'lean Revolution. 1777 and party, none; spare midnight cowardly " Their hand and daring. against every man, and is every man's hand We against them." is have been spared count of the Hessians and quartered Thus " some incendi- assassins, indiscriminate, bold, aries, are freebooters, officer, whom here, on as yet ac- which they fear. strange comfort every state attends." Wednesday. T^HE soldiers take so much notice of the children, that I fear lest they should contract evil, especially Charles. They have taught language he ; him speak their to understands their conversation. nearly all .They make pretty willow baskets for Marcia and Grace, and tell them of their own little home, over the stormy ocean. ones at The children are fond of them, and they feel
  69. 69. American Revolution. no enmity towards their soldier? wretched the contest; fight for; dom to " sweet Nothing lot. of a trade to ennoble no homes and hearths no country to save; bleed and die and proper for for. no It to free- may be our country to Roman, but bitter servitude to risk life ; is deeply commiserate I die," as saith the old lucre What them. more melancholy than the hired 1777 it is and limb for and revolting, sickening, to serve in a cause by which we have nothing gain in victory, or to lose in defeat A MOST daring to I deed was perpe- trated last night about a quarter of a mile from us. a Tory, He Mr. Robert Lester and has been somewhat was awakened loud crash ; it at is active. midnight by a was occasioned by an im- mense stone thrown with violent force Tuesday.
  70. 70. American 1777 Revolution. against the front door, The which broke They robbers efttered the house. ordered Mr. Lester to dress himself stantly; he folded, taken to the light craft Thursday. ; he was blind- the harbor, placed in which they call " whale- and rowed over to the main The seven miles. to the Whig shore, villains will sell Committee of ^TPHE army him Safety. in winter quarters at Mor- Depredation and destruc- ristown. tion going in- dared not disobey, being completely in their power boats," in. on about Major Musgrave here. sits up an hour or two every day; he powerfully awakens my my sympathy. husband. Do Pity, admiration patient endurance, can animate try's foe, not be frightened, of his no other sentiment my breast. He is our coun- but circumstances have made
  71. 71. American hiiii is so; me said to a wicked war, and if raise m and he Rrooliitlon. me it 1777 this day, " It please God to up, I shall never again engage it.' gPRING again is opening, and the war seems just begun! A rived, young French nobleman has American cause and a desire ; the love of freedom, to succor the oppressed, were his only incentives. de ar- having embraced voluntarily the la Fayette has Major-General. of age. A man The Marquis been appointed a He is not twenty years of wealth, and used to the luxury of a court. Our cause assumes consequence the eyes of foreign powers. in Even poor Major Musgrave speaks with greater moderation of probable success in quelling "the revolt." March 6th,
  72. 72. ! American /// Mofida] Rrcolution. TAMES PARKER, was driving home a farmer near by, late last evening, from the town; the night was uncom- monly dark; he passed a behind A gun. to ler stood a it tree; with a loaded voice called out to the travel- stop; it The was unheeded. robber fired and hit seat man large him ; he fell off his and expired The three horses took fright, and running miles, came to a noted tavern kept by Increase Carpenter, where they stopped under a shed, and stood til still un- morning, when they were discovered with their sad burthen, the dead The goods in the wagon were of man I course untouched, owing to the horses running away. is The indignation of the people without bounds, and very active mea- sures of defence are talked of
  73. 73. — — American Revolution. ^111 T^O-DAY took Edith into Major Mus- Thursday. grave's room, he having expressed who had a wish to see the kind lady many him so own hand. soldiers sent made by her dehcacies She has many admirers; and ploughmen, and lettered unlearned, the peaceful disciple of her own quiet sect, and the with officer epauletted shoulder and sword on side. She is lovely and captivating, but " Securely They she smiles on the forward and bold. feel what they owe Yesterday I her, and feel it untold." saw her pass the window The with a gallant at her side. between them in her she contrast little close bonnet, grey dress, and sober mien, and the gay officer in scarlet was very cast down fixed striking. regimentals Edith's eyes were to the ground, while his were upon her sweet 4* face pleadingly. 81
  74. 74. ! American Revolution. 1777 heard him say, in a low tone, " Oh, I how Edith, I can win your favor ? " shall I him tell ; he will not win it unless he relinquish the warrior's craft. To Edith, all " the war" stance of glorious "The gloom. stirring pomp and shrill is shrouded in and fife drum " drowneth not • Amid listeneth to the spirit- in her ear wounded, the cry of the groan of the the dying. circum- the din of arms, she widow's wail the shout of victory rises, ; and when she sees the orphan's tears ' Do you know, dear husband, papa and I are much of her although thinking of late? it that way of needed not Edith's eloquent defence of peace long for the hasten- to convince us. I ing of the day when " the nations shall not learn war any more, nor sword against nation; but the lift up sword
  75. 75. — ! American Revolution. ^111 be turned into the ploughshare, shall and the spear into the pruning hook." suppose you will I after say, " our independence /^UR vines grass is are So be it" secured is putting forth; springing; the nature has all The put on her lovely garb of green. children are full of joy; keep them it is to their tasks ; difficult to but through the long winter they have been Charles industrious. cient in study, his hope you may quite a profi- grandpa thinks. This weary absence sick the heart; but I will dwell upon the sad subject; you his to hear me I not have reason to be ashamed of him. maketh is more repine. it I trust not pains God in providence will so order the course of events, that good. all will work together I will try to bear without for mur- Tuesday, May I St,
  76. 76. American 1777 Revolutioji. He muring whatever may ** Tliursday. wisdom his in send. They also serve who only stand and wait." |^AJOR MUSGRAVE'S healed, but he quite and wound is still is low Nature appears to have feeble. struggled hard with some deep inward which grief, striving for the mastery; is he has great fortitude, but may, notwithstanding, sink under would not Friday. alleviate 'IPHE to fear so. I for worlds intrude vate sorrows and it. ; but oh, that them farmers I on I his pri- could share I have devised a scheme make known through the neigh- borhood the presence of the "Runners." They are generally seen lurking about at twilight, spying the points most favor- able for attack ; if observed, they walk
  77. 77. ; American on in Revolution. 1777 an unconcerned manner, whistling Sometimes they or singing. will stop, and inquire the way to some place suddenly disappearing, they are unexpectedly seen again in the edge of the wood, or from behind a hay-stack field, peering about, body, above These signs are We are all and off. fired children. not to be mistaken. on our guard with which every terrifying women and all in the the " great ; are provided, Pop answering guns for I five Pop is I gun " loaded go the miles round; each house takes up the alarming and thus ing it spreads, danger, enemy, and for that loving " warning of impendfrightens time at any "^EIGHBOR tale, away the rate. Pattison, of his peace- spirit, and horror of the murderous weapon," hath made a large 85 Aug. i^th.
  78. 78. American 1777 Revolution. conch-shell do the office of a gun; makes a noble sound, and being in our vicinity, is ; Tuesday. by it, than he is on out comes papa's rusty great gun, whose loud report to close a well-known signal. Charles no sooner hears the alert it is soon responded the whole neighborhood. r^ONGRESS has important passed and increased General resolutions, Washington's power, investing him with unlimited command. They are endea- voring to rouse the people by an impres- Benjamin Franklin, sive Address. Silas Deane, and Arthur Lee, are sent to licit Wednesday. so- aid of foreign powers. MUSGRAVE "jV/TAJOR feeble; it is doubtful whether he is affecting to weak and helpless, yet survives the winter. see him, he is so seems very It
  79. 79. American Revolution, On patient and uncomplaining. into his room reading old ^111 going to-day, he appeared to be and was evidently letters, much moved. assured I hearty sympathy ; he said with emotion, "Oh, dear madam, why do you me ? yoii^ " I dition my him of who know nought of the pity past." do commiserate your present con; is it not enough to may " It be," replied "But grave. there are call it forth ? " Major Mussufferings so deep, that the lassitude and decay of the body, although wrought by them, unheeded, swallowed up by their are intensity; even the pang of death subdued by the peace which As den the his Jeremy Major did not mind me, Taylor*s Dying," which in, to my it is heralds." offer to unbur- took up Bishop I "Holy Living and father so delighteth and asked whether I should read to
  80. 80. . J American Revolution. He assented gratefully, 777 him. and I read an appropriate comforting passage. September '^EWS The ine. of the battle of Brandywi troops mostly fought bravely, but the day was against French marquis band, to my put }ie only my wounded; is trust, is safe. I The young us. Let trust in the me hus- continue Almighty arm. can deliver. My father frequently an hour or sits two with the Major, whose mind enriched to a degree that makes an him well as a delightful, instructive, as companion. is Even religious subjects my dear father does not avoid (he could not if he would) finds in the ; he tells me that he Major an understanding tener, appreciating states of lis- mind and points of faith, which he scarcely ex- pected from one in his walk of life.
  81. 81. American Revolution, 7'E were awakened 1777 in the dead of night by the sound of the conchshell Oh, dear husband, ! scribe to turn, My you our I cannot de- come thought, had at length I first thought was old and feeble ; Our consternation. I my precious father, the second of the poor They have both rooms on the floor. The children clung to me Major. first with I felt so terror. so Charles, he true was bold He son! as a lion and Grace. pacified; gown; all —your promptly got out the great gun, and loaded and fired more than Not powerless! it, which frightened poor Marcia, In vain I bade them be they hid their faces in the little my things trembled with fear. Major Musgrave ordered to their points of defence. papa to go up stairs ; his I two men persuaded he appeared calm Nov, otli.
  82. 82. American Revolution. 1777 and self-possessed amid our We now listened intently did we clock, hear, and We own our beating listened The was hailed with joy. light ; hearts. all was remained almost motionless dawn of day. until the not a sound but the ticking of the great Again and again we still. ; agitation. first ray of Charles stole over to neighbor Pattison's, expecting, yet dreading to hear a tale of horror, when lo I they greeted him with a great burst of laughter! you was all Now, what think the cause, the innocent cause of this fear and consternation? Joseph Pattison ! This is Little the story of it: At noon the elder boys, while stand- ing around the porch, one after the other had been trying the strength of their lungs on the great conch-shell, calling the hired men to their dinner. Joseph
  83. 83. ! American Re'colutlon. was eagerly waiting Us came shell at turn, but The meal was all. 1777 it never ready, the was put away on the high shelf over the door, and dinner over they went to work again. all Now little Joseph's imagination that night, strongly impressed with his dis- appointment, ran upon robbers, and the urgent necessity of sounding the Up he sprang, ran two rooms, still down asleep, stairs, lustily outside roused the come, and most it Down their astonishment little chair, back door, which household. to behold the shell in his the through took a reached the conch, and blew shell. is they great boy with the sea- hand, and, though undressed and barefooted, perspiration standing in beads on his forehead from the violent exertion I Would that our frights might always prove as groundless
  84. 84. American ^777 Monday. C^ every Revolution. Monday exercising tised opposite our house. when is prac- To-day, man the manoeuvring w^as over, a who had been found intoxicated the night before, was stripped and whipped severely, with a rattan, streamed dreadful fled down to his back. sight, the blood Oh, such horrors witness from the till it is I I but the heart-pierc- ing cries of the poor creature followed me. I could no longer refrain from running out of the house, and begging them to desist. They paid no attention, and closed the gate upon me. The tan struck his cheek, perhaps by dent, cut I it open, and it screamed out " murder startled, and stopped. look of gratitude I rat- acci- bled terribly !" The I They were appealing received from the poor maimed soldier was sweet reward. Mary Pattison, whose sympathy for
  85. 85. American Revolution, 1777 the suffering never failed, took the poor creature in; commiserating his condition, she dressed his wounds, pitiful which were frightfully deep, and like the good Samaritan, poured in the of conso- oil lation. The principles of this peace-loving Society are destined one day to cover the earth as the waters cover the sea. They are the same which our blessed Redeemer came with his Truth. to man," written Love He on are to the are Eternal God, and good proclaimed Prince of Peace jQAYS They blood. " and sealed to reveal, white ; and Love is ensign of the I of agony and nights of my will experience suspense, the tears of imagination I have ; the tears agony of widowhood ! In no longer a hus- Friday,
  86. 86. ; American Revolution. ^777 band He is I on the slain of battle, field of which no tidings have come victim of neglected he ease, is or the ; wounds and dis- hands of the enemy. in the we If alive and at liberty, surely should How long ago have heard from him. can I endure it? Oh, God, endue with I patience, tection Do is for those sink who Thy ! pro- trust in thee. Oh, Lord, help me, ? I or me pray I thee! My father tience, The meekly reproves my impa- and so does Major Musgrave. long-suffering also a loud rebuke. blessed Saviour in sacred seem to be held remembrance in prison, me ; : by them " I was sick, me ; naked, and hungry, and ye fed and ye is The words of our and ye ministered unto ye clothed Quakers of the visited me." me
  87. 87. American 1778 Revolution. "V/'HAT extremes there are in Robert Adams came last to ask my Wilson. happy father to unite destruction. thought amid is full night to Rose violence, gloom, how soon But when and saddened when I was the joy would be clouded over times. Jan. ! was strange to see two It faces him life I beaming there in these stormy my father, whose heart of heavenly grace, pronounced his benediction upon the couple, young, hopeful mine responded a deep " Amen.'' Marcia went into the other room, and picked two white rosebuds off her bush, and some geranium tied up and gave who in purity leaves, which she to the sweet bride, and grace could almost vie with the flowers. The ceremony was performed jor He Musgrave's room, was much affected, at his in Ma- request. and gave them otli.
  88. 88. American 1778 Revolution, each at parting a gold piece, and the dying man. blessing, he said, of a After they departed. Major Musgrave said to me, " Madam, favor to with sit unburden me you do me will a while ? my mind while I I the would have strength, and make a few requests of you." His faithful servant, Shultz, stood at He the back of his chair. tive as a woman could and wants of is as atten- be to the comfort and a love and his master, pity passing hers, if that could be, speaks He in his face. talked in a low tone, and walked quietly about the room. The Major intimated to would be alone with me He him that he for a little time. disposed the pillows gently about his master, "As and withdrew. regards Musgrave, after other topics, " the war," said Major some conversation on I will say to you, 1 regret
  89. 89. ; American having ever engaged God pleased my was from the in for a and had it, to have spared my life, it it determination to have retired service." was surprised to hear I 1778 Revolution. avowal, this loyal subject of King George, more and dearer lover of England, cannot be found. Major Musgrave proceeded say that it to was a most wick-ed and un- natural war. " " of shooting down men who speak the common ori- The very idea," said he, same language and own a gin, monstrous. is me pierced My share in it hath with sorrow. " I shall never be able," he continued, " to but, show the my dear sincerity of my repentance madam, I speak the truth before the Searcher of hearts. believe Time this, is pleased my solemn asseveration. drawing to a God to try You will close. me and 5 sift hath It me sorely 97
  90. 90. American Revolution, 1778 in this life. I against his will have grievously rebelled have murmured, have ; mourned, have wept, have agonized. My spirit hath beat so long and unre- mittingly against the bars of the prisonhouse, that at last And powerless. sinks it it in this passive, is childlike state, that the the daybreak, first strength the yet is germs of whispers visited me. of And wanting now, to song of praise and 'thanks- the sing first faint hope and peace, have weak and giving." was awed to witness the devotional I of mind to which divine grace had state brought Major Musgrave. He " I continued. And now, my express you ? I my dearest lady, can overflowing gratitude to who have been who have how trespassed so burdensome, so long and so
  91. 91. American Revolution. much on the truest, the 1778 most patient kindness?" My heart leaped at this noble acknowledgement of the I assured him that little we should be and amply repaid, to we had we had done. rejoiced, feel assured that alleviated one pang, or beguiled one hour of his suffering mind and body. And when the remember, dear Edward, I day the poor wounded man* was brought here, how troubled and willing to be rid of the charge I was, conscience smote me, and thanks. The I felt that I deserved no edifying contemplation of such patient sorrow and unselfishness worth purchasing, at ten is times the in- convenience. Major Musgrave continued. " I I trust have one request to make, which your honored father will not be displeased with. It is, that my body 99
  92. 92. American 1778 may The Revolution. be laid in the Friends' burial-place. have expressed, will prove desire I the influence which their principles have obtained upon my tion of opinions so The neighboring family, mind; my new me to is great. Pattison family, the do so beautifully enforce and ex- emplify them, the head of I admira- have, and shall ever it especially. venerate the Church of England, the church of my my the of forefathers, peaceful mother. But people tenets of this simple come home so to my state, shedding such balm and repose over a wounded spirit, that I trust the desire to find a last rest- ing-place with He them will be regarded." requested that the service for the burial of the dead should be read at his grave. I assured Major Musgrave of sympathy and appreciation of 100 my his feel-
  93. 93. American Nor do ings. wondered Revolution, I think this change to be at in one fresh from witness- ing and experiencing, in his son, the sickening horrors evils 1778 own and dreadful My own wretched of War. pense and anxiety doubtless has ence. I am to beguile per- sus- its influ- trying to write down thought; myself a little while of mise- rable fears. The Major He manuscript. for my placed my in said he hands a had written me perusal, wishing to acquaint with his past experience; too acutely still to do so it but feeling He verbally. requested me my gave a valuable ring contain- father, to present his ing a brilliant to me, and a each of the children. watch to memento to His consideration and composure were so sweet and touching, that they affected not refrain from me, and I could tears. 101
  94. 94. ! American 1778 I hastily quitted the my dear excite he required Monday (^H, Morning, Revolution. friend, and knowing that rest. dear husband, xKmg room, fearing to it is to contemplate of gentle courtesy, a mournful A man full I of sensitive and shrinking delicacy, receiving at the hands of strangers, enemy, all in the of sympathy or earthly sup- port that he can receive moments It I grieves In such circumstances public nature up. It of their attitude is in me all his dying inexpressibly. animosity of a completely swallowed must be a heart of stone that is not moved, melted to pity Tuesday. pTEAVEN be praised! We just heard of your safety, sum the surrender, smce. 102 though it have and of happened so long
  95. 95. American Revolution, 1778 General Arnold has gained a bright laurel in the affair he proved himself a ; The surren- der excites great astonishment among skilful the and brave officer. "Discretion hereabouts. British the better part of valor," thought Bur- goyne, his troops worn out, and his situation becoming more and more Our letters, critical. stained and yellow, looked indeed as though they had come from the wars. I about one in we suppose receive only six. The American cause seems to assume a brighter aspect since this event. will doubtless Inspire confidence in The ultimate success. dom —Heaven grant 'T^HERE is its cause of free- I an old proverb which saith, " It is nobody good." it It an ill wind which blows The Hessians and sol- Monday.
  96. 96. AincriCi in Rcvolu/io/i. '778 dicrs billeted about here for six months mainland cam- past, left to-day for the paign, and the robbery, from which have some time been exempt, for now go on again. the soldiery; keep them, it The will villains feared dreadful tax as is we it is to nothing in comparison to the other evil. T/i/irsi/iiv. T^HE robbers have been over already; they landed last night at the har- In the dead of night they sur- bor. rounded the house of John He is called rich, and there is Pearsall, no doubt they counted on large booty. Their generally to prevent escapes, first care lest the alarm should be given to the is neighbors. Whenever they have rea- son to think that any one has escaped to inform, they invariably scamper, fear- mg surprise. 101 On finding his house so
  97. 97. AincricLiii hcuiniccl only in, man Mr. lioiisc, three times in The robbers took the into the boat, were surely arc; not fit I jumped Tlu'y off. do not know 1 trust not, for they Kngers. I found to-day, but in no pain, desire to be thankful. He him very weak which suecession. to die. Major Musgrave for gun, and alarm, and shoved whedicr injured, but [i;r(:at then ran to the- (juiek upon, but fired tin; Tom, John, firc^ the top of the house with fired a nia(l<! noise and bhistcring, calhn^' and Harry to load and 77« who was Poarsall, the in RcvoltiHoii. still appeareth very sad at times; was so today. I tried assuring to soothe him again and comfort him, that I would attend to all his wishes; write a particular ac- count to loves, of his mother, whom his last words, consideration and of he fondly liis constant thoughtfulness of
  98. 98. American Revolution. 1778 others, his patience, and of his hope of pardon and peace, vouchsafed to him in the holy calm and perfect rehance which he often favored to experience. is I besought him to cast Him who upon for a solemn silence, his care We careth for us. few moments mained all and when in sweet I rose to re- and leave the room, and remarked that I thought he was in a peaceful frame of mind, the poor man, or rather the his head Lord, O my me, bless Saturday Evening. A in assent, details, horrible. bowed said, " Bless the All that is within of horror has just come to we have not heard ^2iX?> nor do It man, holy name." his TALE ^^j. soul. and rich I wish to, the they are so seems the Runners entered the house of John Wilson, and ened, until the wife, to save the threatlife of
  99. 99. American Revolution. 1778 her husband, revealed the hiding-place. But it was too late ; he died the next morning from a sabre-cut which he then and occa- received, cleaving the skull sioning so great loss of blood. lains took a large was in vil- sum of money, which under the coin, in bags silver The Mr. Wilson was much hearthstone. beloved in the neighborhood ; his death produced the greatest excitement and indignation. I went over to Henry Pattison's this evening; he, with his wife, had just re- turned from the scene of the dreadful catastrophe ; they never witnessed any thing more distressing than Mrs. Wilson's state ally —wringing her hands continu- with grief and horror, and at times quite out of her mind. pany is A great com- out in search of the robbers.
  100. 100. American Revolution. Monday. 'T^WO out of three were taken evening, the last other had gone off with the money. It said that the is serving girl connived with the thieves, one of whom awful to contemplate The we have that everything; suppose Tory them; they were New York this guarded. I ! influence will screen sent to How was her cousin. morning strongly times are so disordered, to keep still, and bear complaint seemeth utterly useless. Tuesday. TUST •^ received the joyful news of the Treaty of Alliance with France. My heart beats tremulously with hope and expectation, and yet I scarcely what to hope wife, for. and mother, delight desire the destruction a Can common origm ? 108 I, a know woman, in warfare, or of the children of No! May God
  101. 101. American of Revolution. goodness grant a speedy his merciful termination of the war prevailing, It is my 1778 I This be my fervent prayer. thought the news of General Burgoyne's surrender decided the negotiations, by giving strong encourage- ment. My father very quiet about the is news; he longs for peace, but cannot turn against his dear native He loves her with or in spite of Nor have all her provocation, it. I spoken of the treaty to Major Musgrave, but would his feelings turbed with ; England. he is human rather spare too low to be disaffairs. A BAND of ruffians entered the house of Mr. Miller at East Hampton, at midnight, absent. when the Mrs. Miller men folk were caught up her Thursday.
  102. 102. American 778 youngest child, back door at the an Revolution. infant, and ran out boy the next, a Httle ; of four years, crept under a table to get out of sight. But one of the creatures spied him, and saying, " Here's a d poignard into his rebel," stuck his little thigh, making a d severe wound. Think of the savage hardness of the heart of the man, who would inflict injury an innocent helpless child Monday. A SCENE left, which your amusement day before the red- ; for down beneath our own to con together Heaven past. note I will are fought, the victory weep and ! took place at neighbor Pattison's the coats upon these when down for the battles won, and we vine and pages, sit fig-tree, we will smile over them, and bless that the trials and dangers are
  103. 103. American Revolution. >778 Well, Edith hath been sadly persecuted of late tain would And Morton. she by one of the I officers, Cap- am of opinion that rather favor his suit, if he were anything but a soldier; but love will not He is run away with her judgment. a noble-looking high-spirited, young man, and desperately with Edith, which surely wondered train is in love not to be Being constantly at. in their in her time of several leisure, gentlemen have become enamored of her. On this occasion she was in the room, spinning. Morton had all I he^rd that Captain said that he day to see Edith spin. would waste Indeed she does look serenely beautiful, and as, sitting- stately, with measured though light step, she throws the great wheel, while her cate fingers hold the slender deli- thread.
  104. 104. American .778 The wheel as Revolution. goes round makes a it monotonous, sad sound which So, often hear. I when Bridget love to spins, I open the door of the upper room, that me be- the sound thereof low, where I sit may reach sewing, or teaching reminds me the children. fall winds among the withered or the It distant of the lea''es, sound of rushing wa- ters. Well, ing her I doubt not Edith was enjoy- own pure and when Captain Morton peaceful thoughts, entered the room. She was grieved to see him, thinking and consoling herself that he had wholly left these parts, in that she heard ings of He him for many no tid- days. began abruptly to speak, say- ing, "Edith, you have not seen some time, 112 in me for accordance with your
  105. 105. " American wish power of success of trial Look self-control. my behold 1778 Revolution. have been making I ; ; my me at I She directed her attention to the young man, and was struck with the change which was manifest From the handsome, fine-loqking Bri- tisher that he was, he had become pale, and hollow-eyed. stooping, " me Give of comfort ; hope, or on, to sustain row with it, for me my is my saying, boon of love To-mor- I go ; with- resource." desperate the his pistol pointed at his breast. rified, tone thoughts to feed man took it some word ; in absence. this precious this Thus I die a look or some promise out in his appearance. from young his side, Edith was and ter- but preserving that quietness of manner which belongs to the people of their sect, she left her wheel, and gently, 113
  106. 106. American Revolution. 1778 but firmly, took the pistol out of his hand, and laid The made no officer seemed as aside. it resistance; but though beneath a The spell. was the serene sweetness and com- spell posure of her demeanor. "The intemperance said Edith, " thou showest," would intimidate me from forming any closer intimacy with thee. Besides, how seem my I to dost thou think it would parents and to Friends, that should contract an engagement with one who holds sword against it his to which I up against me to fellow-man ? "Edith, do not that in lift no wrong set down had no " control. Am I be blamed for being bred to the profession of arms, that I the instrument of power to the rebel colonies your am become Society are *? suppress The members of generally supposed
  107. 107. Afiierican Revolution. on the to be side of the 1778 Mother Coun- try." "It called 'Tories., but unjustly, as they espouse neither cause. ple, ' "they are said Edith, true," is Resist not From evil,' their great princi- and submission to the powers that be, they are opposed to the rising of the people against the Mother Country." (Her father, I cion, wishes, have a strong suspi- though very cautious, suc- cess to the cause of freedom.) Captain Morton "You said, surely, Edith, wish to see the rebellion quelled, " and order and quiet restored ^ " I desire peace most fervently ; but you, our brethren, have oppressed us wrongfully, trodden upon our and domineered over us rights, until patience hath had her perfect work, and seemeth to be no longer a virtue. And I will
  108. 108. American //" Resolution. venture to predict that the side which man so wise, so temperate, so just a George Washington upon be the leads, will Heaven one. successful as smile will it." The Captain was certainly surprised of feeling, and at this earnest ebullition But disappointed too. bears all, patiently. he would said remarks; love over- and makes him take rebuke from Edith most He his reflect hopes seemed his upon her to have risen, why, she knew not; he took her hand in his, and pressed it to his lips. She promised to remember him with kindness, and they parted. She will doubtless again, ^' which This young remain in this I hear from him think she will not officer's country regret.'^ love for Edith led after him to independence was
  109. 109. Ainerican Revolution. 'npHE British Ministry begin to speak of American eration. fate 1778 It is affairs with more mod- probably the effect of their Northern Army, and the Alliance ^ith France. before Parliament and Lord North commissioners is passed for laid bills for conciliation, appointed are bring terms of accommodation. day of the that. Two to The years ago perhaps reconciliation might have been effected; far, we admit but we have proceeded too are too sanguine now of of success, to listening to any terms, but acknowledgment of our independence. achieved, and, in the course of time, and through her influence, he became a consistent member of the Society of Friends, and her beloved, and loving hus- band. May ^tlu
  110. 110. ; Ainerican Revolution. 1778 Monday, June ]y[AJOR MUSGRAVE i6th. His conflict no more. and he over, is is sleep- eth in peace. My had been much with him father during the day. He was distressed at times with difficulty in breathing. In an interval of quiet he read to him (my the beautiful Visitation of the father) Those comfortable words seemed Sick. like dew the his soul to the parched herbage drank them in and was refreshed. In an hour after he fell asleep, and we thought the summons might be delayed midnight some time longer; but at was called by Shultz. went quickly I I but when I leaned over the bedside to catch the man faintest tried to pressed heaven; my whisper, the speak but could not. dying He hand, and raised his eyes to this action, and the ineffably grateful expression of his countenance 118
  111. 111. American Revolution, words could, " God as plainly as said, Mess you 1778 " ! Major Musgrave had become sympathy and in that seems it so near us interest the like to of a dear loss all, friend. us costs It some effort to obey his injunction as regardeth his last restingplace. request but ; my seems to It it 'TpHE body shall father a strange be held sacred. was to-day the Thursday green burial-ground, near the meet- Evening. laid ing-house of the Friends. It in was fol- lowed to the place by three companies of soldiers, marching to the solemn music and the muffled drum. The sublime and impressive words of the Burial Service were read father. How every one by my dear they appeared to awe I 119
  112. 112. American Revolution. 1778 '' a Man that lorn of Is short time to live^ He up and Cometh is and cut a osoman hath hit of misery. is fiill down like afffiver ; as it were a shadow^ and never con- he Jieeth timieth in one stayT These words convey a mournful but those which follow are son, full les- of hope. " 7 heard a voice from heaven saying unto ;//<?, IVrite dead who to from die in the Even hini) Blessed are the henceforth^ so, Lord saith {in faith and love Spirit ; for they tlie rest from their labors'' The firing thoughts of over the dead, awakening strife and to battle, these painful contrast words. The echoes of was in life-giving that peaceful spot had never before been thus awak- Though many ened. cross lie there, this is the to be the only, instance 120 soldiers of the first, on and likely record, of a
  113. 113. American Revolution, of earthly combat and carnal soldier weapons taking there There is no stone his last rest. to but by a young tree know visit 1778 and it, my mark the spot; growing near / thoughts will often it. A LONG, my dear desolate gone, my hands prattle hang idly, sounds mother's ear, which stories so engrossing occupation and care reign within. dren's no news from husband, and the house The I day; sad is while anxiety Even the chil- discordant to a attuned only to of violence and outrage, which are so familiar they excite Yet fear, flee no surprise. away. I will and dread, and strive, lest possession of my horror, never despair take entire soul; and, "faint, though pursuing," follow the rugged Friday,
  114. 114. American 1778 my path Revolution. Saviour trod, leads that to peace enduring, and a crown of joy. " He is a strength to the needy in his a refuge from the storm; distress; shadow from the Saturdaw T HAVE a heat." been employed to-day in putting up with great care everything belonging to Major Musgrave, that they may be when sent, his friends in occasion England. In a offers, to box little of spice-wood (of which he gave me the key) I found the packet of letters and papers left for them away for collection The efforts (and is my some perusal, and put future time. too fresh now. consciousness that my feeble were made to assuage his grief it is my conviction that Alusgrave's sorrows were deeper met Re- the eye), to smooth Major than his passage to
  115. 115. American Rccolution. 1778 the tomb, and to comfort his last hours with sympathy and care, ward peace and full is of in- satisfaction. T RECEIVED, dearest Edward, to- day, your charming letter of the 15th August. The arrival of the French ships of the line command and four fleet, frigates, of Count d'Estaigne, is twelve under joyful news. The British troops New York mouth. since remain inactive the battle The American loss of in Mon- that day was small; but the great heat occasioned many deaths, and much grievous suffering in both armies. I look forward to the day with trem- bling eagerness and we shall when all shall be over, be in the enjoyment of the peace earned so dearly ; for though you^ Tuesday.
  116. 116. American 1778 my Revolution. Edward, dear count the when you cost, stopped to never enlisted life, limb, and fortune in the cause, 7 cannot thinking sometimes, help in sponding moments, that the and limb, neglect of my de- of risk life of pro- affairs, loss perty, of health, of ease, of comfort, the tremendous price of liberty. say " she worth ten times is sacrifices, if may She You many could be, than these even." be to those surviving to enjoy and reap her my as breast, but patriotism in laurels, just glory now, too faint a perspective, in a is spark to hero's memory, though embalmed tears It am in in I seemeth too dear Bear with me, I is my sorely tried. at husband such a ; you know I will strive for patience and submission, and thy precious 124 life to price. more commit the care of Him,
  117. 117. [ American whom without .778 Revolution. not a sparrow falleth to the ground. Amid all the trouble and gloom sur- rounding, a ludicrous incident will pro- voke a smile. T AST Runners appeared night the round a house near West-Town, and were about forcing a door in front when they were discovered. John Rawlins, the owner, sent a negro up when the word was given. stairs to fire It was a bright moonlight night, and he saw the creatures step up window near with it the door from a to -^ pane of glass out. In alarm, he looked out for something wherewith to defend himself; seeing the broom, he took better, and ran window. It it it for want of something through the broken touched the shoulder, and grazed the cheek of one of the villains. Wednesday.
  118. 118. American 1778 who, supposing it Revolution, to be a loaded gun, cried out piteously, " kill me!" as evil intention The Oh, heavens, don't though he had never an towards any one. was now given, and the signal man above fired; they soon scattered, leaving Jown Rawlins aiming his broomthrough the broken window-pane stick Thursday. TV/TY precious to New father York; is it He great undertaking. I obliged to go is to him a dreads impedi- ments of every kind, having arrived at the age so feelingly described in holy writ, " When the grasshopper shall be a burden, and desire shall and fears be in the way." shall Friday. fail, 'T^HEY left this morning (papa and Charles) in the chariot. a condoling and Aunt 126 Barbara. Received scolding letter from She dwells feelingly on
  119. 119. American 1778 Revolution. you, in that you have joined the rebels, whose cause, she appears to think, and insubor- that of anarchy, confusion, dination. "She dreads end to which tion, it to look at the will bring us ; confisca- contumely, and perhaps the ture of is forfei- life." Dear, simple soul The ! possibility of the struggle being successful, and the yoke shaken off, never seems to have entered her imagination. pities mir delusion, rate the liers ! while I suppose she we commise- Heaven only knows which most justly. JJOUSE-BREAKING, horse-stealing, and depredation that I am are so common, weary of noting them down, and have pretty much ceased to do But as which an incident occurred illustrates last so. night and proves the power Saturday.

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