How China builds these, and why India never doesWorld’s Longest Cross-Sea Bridge – Qingdao Jiaozhou Bay Bridge inShandong Province – 36.48 Kms LongThe worlds longest sea bridge spanning Jiaozhou Bay of Qingdao City, ShandongProvince, opened on Thursday, June 30, 2011. The bridge is 36 km (22 miles) long,The Jiaozhou Bay Bridge in Qingdao, east Chinas Shandong Province opened onThursday, June 30, 2011, the worlds longest cross-sea bridge, which is 42 kilometers (26miles, 36.48 kilometres) long and links Chinas eastern port city of Qingdao to anoffshore island, Huangdao.
Built at a Cost of $2.3 billion, Commissioned in June 2011 The Bridge spans the mouthof Jiaozhou Bay in eastern Shandong province. It is expected to cut travel distances by 30km. There is an undersea tunnel, constructed at an additional cost of $1 billion, whichruns parallel to the bridge.World’s largest power station – Three Gorges Dam Project – 18.2Gigawatts CapacityThe power station has a capacity of 18.2 gigawatts and would generate 100 terawatt hourof power a year
Cost: $26 billion expected to become fully operational this year. The Three Gorges Damon the Yangtze River took over 12 years to build and was completed in 2006. The projecthas been controversial because of its environmental and human impact, as also the factthat it sits on a seismic fault. About 1.24 million people were displaced duringconstruction of the dam.World’s longest high-speed rail link - Beijing-Shanghai High SpeedRailway @ 300 Kmph speed and 1318 Kms LongA CRH380B, left, and a CRH380A are seen at the Hongqiao High-Speed Railway Centerin Shanghai, China. The center will serve as a major maintenance hub for Chinas CRHhigh-speed trains ready to operate on the Beijing-Shanghai High-Speed Railway in lateJune 2011.Cost: $32 billion Commissioned in June 2011 The rail link between Chinas two mostimportant cities will cut travel time by more than half to 4 hours, 48 minutes. There are244 bridges along the line, and the train will traverse the worlds longest bridge (164 km),and second-longest Viaduct Bridge in the world (114 km)
World’s longest gas pipeline – China-Central Asia Gas Pipeline - 8700Kms LongGE has been awarded a $300 million contract to work on a new east-west natural gaspipeline in China, 8,700 kilometers long. It is the worlds longest pipeline carrying gasfrom central Asia to Chinese cities. At a Cost: $22 billion Commissioned in June 2011.The pipeline transports natural gas from Turkmenistans Amu Darya River to the PearlRiver Delta and through 15 Chinese provinces. It has the capacity to transmit 30 billioncubic meters of natural gas annuallyThe Chinese Maritime Safety Administrations Haixun 31 maritime patrol vessel is seendocked in Singapore The Chinese Maritime Safety Administrations Haixun 31 maritimepatrol vessel is seen docked in Singapore June 20, 2011. Singapore said on Monday that
China should clarify its claims to disputed islands in the South China Sea and urged allparties to act with restraint amid the biggest flare-up in regional tension in years overcompeting maritime sovereignty claims. Picture taken through a plastic window. TheResorts World Sentosa development is pictured in the background.People take their oaths in front of a Communist Party of China (CPC) flag during aceremony to join the party at a park as part of celebrations marking the 90th anniversaryof the partys founding in Shanghai July 1, 2011.This picture taken on June 28, 2011 shows the Pearl Tower in the Pudong financialdistrict in Shanghai. Excessive borrowing by authorities to fund infrastructure and otherprojects has sparked concerns among Chinas leadership about the risks the loans poseto the financial stability of the worlds second largest economy.
Chinese people walks on a pavement along a wall decorated with pictures of tourist spotsin Beijing, China, Thursday, June 30, 2011. Chinas legislature has taken a step to easethe tax burden on the countrys poor amid tensions over surging inflation and a wealthgap. The Standing Committee of the National Peoples Congress approved a measureThursday to raise the minimum income level at which workers must pay taxes from 2,000yuan (US$300) to 3,500 yuan (US$540) a month.A container truck drives past in the container area at the Yangshan Deep Water Port,south of Shanghai.
Just last month, China commissioned into operation the worlds longest natural gaspipeline, the worlds longest cross-sea bridge, and the worlds longest high-speed raillink. In the next few months, the worlds largest power plant will also become fullyoperational in China. What enables China to build such mega projects at dazzling speedand why India can never match up?Reasons: China focuses on regional developmentThe country began building large infrastructure projects in the coastal region andexpanding it into the hinterland with time. In contrast, India spread the butter thin on thetoast by trying to develop infrastructure all over.Use of state powerThe state exercises complete control and is in command over all land acquisitions,rehabilitation, migration and resettlement. Big infrastructure projects that involve all ofthis are taken care of smoothly as the state takes these as its responsibility. Developers ofinfrastructure projects do not have to face these hurdles that are common in India.Building infrastructure ahead of demandChina has always believed in building infrastructure ahead of the demand build-up whileIndia is always trying to catch up with demand. A Delhi-Jaipur road first is built on fourlanes. But by the time the road is completed, the traffic would have already expanded forsix lanes. China, on the other hand, builds highways or trains with spare capacity so thatit can cater to the increased demand. It is an infrastructure-led growth story in China.China does not worry about rate of returnsMost infrastructure projects take long to break even. China has used its high savings rateto mobilise capital for infrastructure investments. The rate of returns in the short term isnot a factor that plays a key role. In contrast, projects in India are even built on cost-plusbasis with an assured rate of returns.Strong local self-governmentsAlthough the central command plays a crucial role, city governments are equallyempowered. Infrastructure growth is driven by urbanisation and so the city governmentsplay a role in facilitating infrastructure in the cities. There is hardly any role for citygovernments in India. Urbanisation requires huge investments in infrastructure.Adoption of latest technology and creating hub for foreign marketsChina has built huge infrastructure capacities to cater to external markets. For instance,China has built capacities to export 400,000 MW of super critical boiler and turbinepackage. This also helps in building better infrastructure in the country.