Behind the Scenes at the BBFC John Leggott College 22nd March 2007
Today’s Presentation <ul><li>Who are we? </li></ul><ul><li>History </li></ul><ul><li>Accountability </li></ul><ul><li>Exam...
Some Facts <ul><li>In  2006 , the  BBFC  classified: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>555  films </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>198 o...
History <ul><li>Established 1912 </li></ul><ul><li>Independent, non-governmental body funded through charged fees </li></u...
History 1. Indecorous, ambiguous and irreverent titles and subtitles 2. Cruelty to animals  3. The irreverent treatment of...
Legislation <ul><li>The Licensing Act, 2003: </li></ul><ul><li>Cinemas require a licence </li></ul><ul><li>the BBFC classi...
The Video Recordings Act, 1984 <ul><li>‘ Video Nasties’  </li></ul><ul><li>Criminal Justice & Public Order Act, 1994 </li>...
Other Legislation… <ul><li>The Obscene Publications Act , 1959 & 1964 </li></ul><ul><li>Cinematograph Films (Animals Act) ...
Accountability <ul><li>Guidelines : February 2005 </li></ul><ul><li>Public Consultation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Citizens Jur...
Education www.cbbfc.co.uk www.sbbfc.co.uk Launched June 2003 Launched May 2005
sbbfc: the Student Guide <ul><li>History, Legislation, Classification </li></ul><ul><li>Resources </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ti...
sbbfc: for Teachers <ul><li>Seminars </li></ul><ul><li>External Presentations </li></ul><ul><li>Downloads </li></ul><ul><l...
The Examiners <ul><li>31 Full-Time/Part-Time Examiners </li></ul><ul><li>8 Specialist Video Games Examiners </li></ul><ul>...
Examining  <ul><li>Examiner Duties </li></ul><ul><li>Viewing </li></ul><ul><li>Examiners’ Meeting </li></ul><ul><li>Team P...
The Examining Process <ul><li>Viewing in pairs (with exceptions) </li></ul><ul><li>Over 5.5 Hours per day </li></ul><ul><l...
Examining: Issues <ul><li>Violence </li></ul><ul><li>Language </li></ul><ul><li>Sex </li></ul><ul><li>Sexual References </...
Other Considerations <ul><li>the  work  – its story, style, treatment </li></ul><ul><li>the  audience  – address and appea...
Other Outcomes <ul><li>Split Decision </li></ul><ul><li>Confirmatory Viewing </li></ul><ul><li>Cuts - legal reasons - poli...
Cuts: Examples <ul><li>Imitable Techniques : violent, criminal, harmful </li></ul><ul><li>Glamorisation of Offensive Weapo...
Clips
Questions
Thank You… www.sbbfc.co.uk
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    1. 1. Behind the Scenes at the BBFC John Leggott College 22nd March 2007
    2. 2. Today’s Presentation <ul><li>Who are we? </li></ul><ul><li>History </li></ul><ul><li>Accountability </li></ul><ul><li>Examining </li></ul><ul><li>Borderline works </li></ul><ul><li>Over to you </li></ul><ul><li>Questions/Discussion </li></ul>
    3. 3. Some Facts <ul><li>In 2006 , the BBFC classified: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>555 films </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>198 of these were passed 15 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>15122 Videos & DVDs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>7110 of these were passed U or PG </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>298 Digital Games </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>186 of these were passed 15 or 18 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2128 Trailers and Ads </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1069 of these were for cinema release </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>In 2006 , the BBFC rejected only ONE work </li></ul>
    4. 4. History <ul><li>Established 1912 </li></ul><ul><li>Independent, non-governmental body funded through charged fees </li></ul><ul><li>Classifies Films on behalf of Local Authorities – the Licensing Act, 2003 </li></ul><ul><li>Classifies Videos, DVDs and some Digital Games under the Video Recordings Act, 1984 </li></ul>
    5. 5. History 1. Indecorous, ambiguous and irreverent titles and subtitles 2. Cruelty to animals 3. The irreverent treatment of sacred subjects 4. Drunken scenes carried to ‘ Indecorous dancing’ ‘ Drunken scenes carried to excess’ ‘ Unnecessary exhibition of under-clothing’ ‘ References to controversial politics’ ‘ The drug habit. e.g. opium, morphia, cocaine, etc’ 1916 T.P. O’Connor’s ‘Forty-Three Grounds for Deletion’ ‘ 'First Night' scenes’ ‘ Men and women in bed together’ ‘ Scenes laid in disorderly houses’ ‘ Materialization of the conventional figure of Christ’ ‘ Scenes tending to disparage public characters and institutions’
    6. 6. Legislation <ul><li>The Licensing Act, 2003: </li></ul><ul><li>Cinemas require a licence </li></ul><ul><li>the BBFC classifies on behalf of Local Authorities but they can: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ignore BBFC certificates </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>grant their own certificates </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>effectively ‘ban’ Films </li></ul></ul>
    7. 7. The Video Recordings Act, 1984 <ul><li>‘ Video Nasties’ </li></ul><ul><li>Criminal Justice & Public Order Act, 1994 </li></ul><ul><li>the ‘Harm’ test </li></ul><ul><li>Video Games </li></ul>
    8. 8. Other Legislation… <ul><li>The Obscene Publications Act , 1959 & 1964 </li></ul><ul><li>Cinematograph Films (Animals Act) , 1937 </li></ul><ul><li>Protection of Children Act , 1978 </li></ul><ul><li>Race Relations Act , 1976 </li></ul><ul><li>Human Rights Act , 1998 </li></ul><ul><li>Blasphemous Libel </li></ul>
    9. 9. Accountability <ul><li>Guidelines : February 2005 </li></ul><ul><li>Public Consultation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Citizens Juries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Research </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Questionnaires </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Research Projects </li></ul>
    10. 10. Education www.cbbfc.co.uk www.sbbfc.co.uk Launched June 2003 Launched May 2005
    11. 11. sbbfc: the Student Guide <ul><li>History, Legislation, Classification </li></ul><ul><li>Resources </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Timelines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Case Studies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Research </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Articles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Downloads </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>News </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reading List </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Web Links </li></ul></ul>
    12. 12. sbbfc: for Teachers <ul><li>Seminars </li></ul><ul><li>External Presentations </li></ul><ul><li>Downloads </li></ul><ul><li>BBFC posters </li></ul><ul><li>Feedback </li></ul>
    13. 13. The Examiners <ul><li>31 Full-Time/Part-Time Examiners </li></ul><ul><li>8 Specialist Video Games Examiners </li></ul><ul><li>Cantonese/South Asian Language Examiners </li></ul><ul><li>4 Senior Examiners </li></ul><ul><li>Various Backgrounds </li></ul><ul><li>Five-year Contracts </li></ul><ul><li>Four Teams </li></ul>THE CLASSIFICATION PROCESS
    14. 14. Examining <ul><li>Examiner Duties </li></ul><ul><li>Viewing </li></ul><ul><li>Examiners’ Meeting </li></ul><ul><li>Team Projects </li></ul><ul><li>Networking </li></ul><ul><li>Correspondence </li></ul>
    15. 15. The Examining Process <ul><li>Viewing in pairs (with exceptions) </li></ul><ul><li>Over 5.5 Hours per day </li></ul><ul><li>Random </li></ul><ul><li>Examiner’s Log </li></ul><ul><li>Post viewing discussion linked to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Guidelines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Policy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Legal Restrictions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Decision Agreed upon… </li></ul><ul><li>Reports Filed </li></ul><ul><li>Reports Checked </li></ul>
    16. 16. Examining: Issues <ul><li>Violence </li></ul><ul><li>Language </li></ul><ul><li>Sex </li></ul><ul><li>Sexual References </li></ul><ul><li>Sexual Violence </li></ul><ul><li>Drugs </li></ul><ul><li>Criminal Activity </li></ul><ul><li>Weapons </li></ul><ul><li>Imitable Techniques </li></ul><ul><li>Horror </li></ul><ul><li>Theme </li></ul><ul><li>Legal Issues </li></ul>
    17. 17. Other Considerations <ul><li>the work – its story, style, treatment </li></ul><ul><li>the audience – address and appeal </li></ul><ul><li>the moral framework </li></ul><ul><li>artistic or educational merit </li></ul><ul><li>precedent </li></ul><ul><li>possible harm </li></ul><ul><li>potential level of offensiveness </li></ul><ul><li>context </li></ul>
    18. 18. Other Outcomes <ul><li>Split Decision </li></ul><ul><li>Confirmatory Viewing </li></ul><ul><li>Cuts - legal reasons - policy - ‘category cuts’ </li></ul><ul><li>Rejection </li></ul>
    19. 19. Cuts: Examples <ul><li>Imitable Techniques : violent, criminal, harmful </li></ul><ul><li>Glamorisation of Offensive Weapons </li></ul><ul><li>Sexual Violence : eroticised rape or sexual assault </li></ul><ul><li>Illegal Material </li></ul><ul><li>Instruction in Drug Use </li></ul>
    20. 20. Clips
    21. 21. Questions
    22. 22. Thank You… www.sbbfc.co.uk

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