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10 Unesco heritage Modena by F. Piccinini

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10 Unesco heritage Modena by F. Piccinini

  1. 1. EXPERIENCES IN THE MANAGEMENT OF THE UNESCO WORLD HERITAGE SITES- THE CASE OF MODENA - Francesca Piccinini Coordinator of the Steering Committee of the UNESCO World Heritage site of Modena Bruxelles, September 7, 2011
  2. 2. The World Heritage List
  3. 3. The UNESCO sites in Italy Of the 47 Italian sites: • 43 are cultural sites; • 3 are natural sites (the Aeolian Islands, The Dolomites and Monte San Giorgio); • 1 is mixed (Cilento and Vallo di Diano National Park with the Archeological sites of Paestum and Velia, and the Certosa di Padula). Two more are in the list of Intangible Cultural Heritage: the Opera dei Pupi (Sicilian Puppet Theatre) and the Canto a tenore (Sardinian Pastoral Songs), besides the Mediterranean diet (uniting Greece, Italy, Morocco and Spain)
  4. 4. Cultural landscape Costiera Amalfitana Portovenere, Cinque Terre, and the Islands (Plamaria, Tino and Tinetto)Val d’Orcia
  5. 5. Serial sites Mantua and Sabbioneta Longobards in Italy. Places of the power (568-774 A.D.)Early ChristianMonuments of Ravenna
  6. 6. Cross – border sites and archaeological industry Prehistoric Pile dwellings around the Alps (2011) Rhaetian Railway in the Albula / Berniina Landscapes (2008)Monte San Giorgio (2010) Crespi d’Adda (1995)
  7. 7. European cultural routes Route of Santiago de Compostela 1987Via Francigena – 2004
  8. 8. Via Francigena
  9. 9. Budapest declaration (2002)
  10. 10. Management plan This is why in Italy, since 2002:1. each request for membership in the World Heritage Listmust be accompanied by a management plan describinghow the exceptional value of the site will be protected;2. guidelines were developed for the preparation andimplementation of management plans;3. a specific methodology and a model for theimplementation of management plans were defined;4. the debate on management plans, promoted andcoordinated by the Italian Ministry of Culture, wasaccompanied by a series of national conferences(Noto 2003; Paestum 2004, Torino 2005, Firenze 2007)
  11. 11. Management planIn order to provide a solid help to the sites which are planning to adopt the Management Plan, a law has been published.It is called “Special measures for protection and fruition of theItalian sites of cultural, scenic and environmental sites part of the Unesco World Heritage List (n.77/2006) aiming at: a)encouraging the drafting and the implementation of management plans; b) raise the awareness of Unesco World Heritage sites, especially within schools; c) qualify parking areas and mobility systems; d) strengthen cultural services and reception facilities for the public
  12. 12. Management plan Among the sites registered in the list after 2002, therefore having a management plan, we find: • Syracuse and the Rocky Necropolis of Pantalica;• Genoa: Le Strade Nuove and the system of the Palazzi dei Rolli Among previously registered sites that produced a management plan we find: • Rock Drawings in Valcamonica • Archaeological Area of Agrigento Published on the website www.unesco.beniculturali.it
  13. 13. Modena Cathedral, Torre Civica and Piazza Grande“The joint creation of Lanfranco and Wiligelmo is a (1997) masterpiece of human creative genius in which a new dialectical relationship between architecture and sculpture was created in Romanesque art. The Modena complex bears exceptional witness to the cultural traditions of the 12th century and is one of the best examples of an architectural complex where religious and civic values are combined in a medieval Christian town.”
  14. 14. Criteria I. Modena Cathedral, with its extraordinary sculptural set, is a witness of human genius of creation; II. At the beginning of the XII Century, Modena was one of the main places where a new figurative language, destined to affect all of local Romanesque art, was being created. In a European context, Modena Cathedral represents a special testimony within the rebirth of stone monumental sculpture; III. Its construction is one of the most important proofs of the urban society existing in Northern Italy in the XII and XIII centuries;IV. The monumental set offers an example of urban development in a tight connection with civic values, particularly through the relationships between economy, religion, as well as the socio-political life of the city it highlights.
  15. 15. Lanfranco and Wiligelmo Enoch and Elia supporting the tablet with the inscription recording the foundation of the Cathedral and the sculptor Wiligelmus (Facade of Modena Cathedral) Miniatures of manuscript codex Relatio de innovatione ecclesie Sancti Geminiani with architect Lanfrancus ( Capitulary Archive of Modena Cathedral)
  16. 16. Management plan 2008 – 09 / Law n. 77/2006 Maps of different lithotypes employed on the walls of Ghirlandina tower and Cathedral
  17. 17. Management plan 2008 – 09 Law n. 77/2006Ghirlandina tower. Left: diagnostic testsRight: restoration works
  18. 18. Management plan 2008 – 09 Law n. 77/2006www.unesco.mo.it Guided tours on scaffoldings Quick guide of the Tourist road sign Unesco site for pedestrians
  19. 19. Ideas for the future • Virtual tour of the cathedral and the tower • new forms of collaboration at European level• exchange of experiences among young people coming from different Unesco sites Modena Cathedral, Doorway of the Princes Archivolt. Details of a sculptor and a blacksmith

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