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The Enlightenment <br />Chapter 10, Section 2<br />
Do Now!<br />What does “Enlightenment” mean to you?<br />How would you define enlightenment?<br />What impact does enlight...
Path to the Enlightenment<br />When: 18th Century<br />What:<br />Philosophical movement of intellectuals<br />Achievement...
Map of the Enlightenment <br />
John Locke<br />Englishman<br />Essay Concerning Human Understanding<br />Published essay<br />People born with blank mind...
Isaac Newton<br />Englishman<br />Believed in the physical world<br />Everything is like a giant machine <br />Operated ac...
Ideas of Philosophy<br />Philosophe<br />French term for philosopher<br />Term for intellectuals of the enlightenment<br /...
Role of Philosophy<br />Goals:<br />“To change the world…”<br />“Applying one’s self to the to the study of society, with ...
Montesquieu<br />Dominated philosophical landscape<br />French Noble<br />The Spirit of Laws (1748)<br />Famous publicatio...
Montesquieu’sChecks & Balances<br />England’s Government <br />3 Branches:<br />Executive (the Monarch)<br />Legislative (...
Voltaire<br />Greatest figure of Enlightenment philosophy*<br />Background:<br />Prosperous middle-class family <br />Know...
Voltaire & Deism<br />Deism<br />Religious philosophy<br />Based on reason and natural law<br />Ideology<br />Build on ide...
Dennis Diderot<br />Background <br />University of Paris<br />Father  career in Church law<br />Became a writer<br />Ency...
The Enlightenment(Part II) <br />Chapter 10, Section 2<br />
Economics<br />Adam Smith<br />
Social Justice<br />CesareBeccaria<br />
The Social Contract<br />Jean-Jacques Rousseau<br />
Women’s Rights<br />Mary Wollstonecraft<br />
Religion in the Enlightenment<br />John Wesley<br />
The Enlightenment(The Salon) <br />Chapter 10, Section 2<br />Page 316<br />
The Salon<br />
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10 2 ppt

  1. 1. The Enlightenment <br />Chapter 10, Section 2<br />
  2. 2. Do Now!<br />What does “Enlightenment” mean to you?<br />How would you define enlightenment?<br />What impact does enlightenment play in today’s society?<br />
  3. 3. Path to the Enlightenment<br />When: 18th Century<br />What:<br />Philosophical movement of intellectuals<br />Achievements of the Scientific Revolution<br />Common words of thinkers:<br />Reason<br />Natural Law<br />Hope <br />Progress<br />
  4. 4. Map of the Enlightenment <br />
  5. 5. John Locke<br />Englishman<br />Essay Concerning Human Understanding<br />Published essay<br />People born with blank minds<br />Molded by experiences<br />Came to their senses from surrounding world<br />Major thinker of the Enlightenment<br />
  6. 6. Isaac Newton<br />Englishman<br />Believed in the physical world<br />Everything is like a giant machine <br />Operated according to natural laws<br />Laws  Uncovered through scientific investigation<br />Newton and the Enlightenment<br />Discoverer of Natural Laws <br />Used Scientific Method<br />Applied laws to society<br />
  7. 7. Ideas of Philosophy<br />Philosophe<br />French term for philosopher<br />Term for intellectuals of the enlightenment<br />Middle and Upper classes<br />Needed education<br />Philosophers were:<br />Writers<br />Professors<br />Journalists <br />Economists<br />Social Reformers (most important)<br />
  8. 8. Role of Philosophy<br />Goals:<br />“To change the world…”<br />“Applying one’s self to the to the study of society, with the purpose of making his kind better and happier.”<br />Ideas:<br />Often disagreed with each other<br />Generations became more radical<br />Built off of and changed ideas from the past<br />
  9. 9. Montesquieu<br />Dominated philosophical landscape<br />French Noble<br />The Spirit of Laws (1748)<br />Famous publication <br />Study of Governments <br />Applied Scientific Method <br />Find natural laws <br />Governed the social and political relationships of human beings<br />
  10. 10. Montesquieu’sChecks & Balances<br />England’s Government <br />3 Branches:<br />Executive (the Monarch)<br />Legislative (Parliament) <br />Judicial (Courts of Law)<br />Separation of Powers<br />Branches limit the power of the others<br />Creates “balance: within the government <br />System of Checks and Balances <br />Most lasting contribution to political thought<br />
  11. 11. Voltaire<br />Greatest figure of Enlightenment philosophy*<br />Background:<br />Prosperous middle-class family <br />Known for:<br />Criticism of Christianity<br />Strong belief in religious toleration (France)<br />Treatise on Toleration (1763)<br />
  12. 12. Voltaire & Deism<br />Deism<br />Religious philosophy<br />Based on reason and natural law<br />Ideology<br />Build on idea of Newtonian “World Machine”<br />Mechanic = God<br />He created/designed the universe <br />Example<br />World is like a clock<br />God = clockmaker<br />Created it, set it in motion, and allowed it to run without interference, according to its natural laws<br />
  13. 13. Dennis Diderot<br />Background <br />University of Paris<br />Father  career in Church law<br />Became a writer<br />Encyclopedia (1751 – 1772) <br />Classified Dictionary of Sciences, Arts, and Trades<br />Major Enlightenment contribution<br />Goal: “Change the general way of thinking”<br />Weapon against Old Society<br />Highly scientific<br />Spoke out against the Church<br />Spread enlightenment ideas<br />
  14. 14. The Enlightenment(Part II) <br />Chapter 10, Section 2<br />
  15. 15. Economics<br />Adam Smith<br />
  16. 16. Social Justice<br />CesareBeccaria<br />
  17. 17. The Social Contract<br />Jean-Jacques Rousseau<br />
  18. 18. Women’s Rights<br />Mary Wollstonecraft<br />
  19. 19. Religion in the Enlightenment<br />John Wesley<br />
  20. 20. The Enlightenment(The Salon) <br />Chapter 10, Section 2<br />Page 316<br />
  21. 21. The Salon<br />

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