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10 1 ppt

  1. 1. The Scientific Revolution<br />Chapter 10, Section 1<br />
  2. 2. The Scientific Revolution<br />
  3. 3. Impact of the Renaissance<br />Review: Rebirth of Antiquity<br />Humanists mastered Latin and Greek<br />Rediscovered classical works<br />Ptolemy<br />Archimedes<br />Plato<br />Aristotle<br />Studying led to diverse ideas<br />
  4. 4. Inventions/Developments<br />Printing Press (Gutenberg) <br />Literacy<br />Spread of ideas<br />Accurate Measurements<br />Weights ships could carry<br />Instruments<br />Telescope<br />Microscope<br />Mathematics<br />FranciosViete (French lawyer)<br />Used of variables (letters)<br />
  5. 5. Astronomy<br />Geocentric Model<br />Ptolemaic system<br />Earth-centered<br />Universe – concentric spheres<br />Heliocentric model<br />Copernicus’ system<br />Sun-centered<br />Universe – Elliptical orbits<br />
  6. 6. Nicholas Copernicus<br />Polish mathematician<br />Born: May 1543<br />Publication<br />On the Revolutions of Heavenly Spheres <br />Heliocentric System<br />Sun-centered<br />Earth revolves and rotates <br />
  7. 7. Johannes Kepler<br />German mathematician<br />Against Ptolemy <br />Used detailed astronomical data<br />Laws of Planetary Movement<br />Confirmed sun-centered universe<br />Elliptical Orbits of planets<br />
  8. 8. Galileo Galilei<br />Italian teacher of mathematics<br />Telescope<br />Inventor/developer<br />Made regular observations of the heavens <br />Discoveries<br />Mountains on the moon<br />4 moons of Jupiter<br />Sunspots<br />Issues with the church**<br />Cardinal Bellarmine<br />Debate: Church teachings vs. Science<br />
  9. 9. Sir Isaac Newton<br />Most brilliant mind of the era<br />United the works of Copernicus, Kepler, and Galileo <br />Background<br />Born: 1642 in England<br />Cambridge University scholar<br />Mathematics professor <br />Important Works<br />Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy<br />Principia<br />Universal Law of Gravitation<br />Explains planetary movement<br />Motion of objects in the universe<br />
  10. 10. Medicine Developments<br />Antiquity<br />Galen (100 AD)<br />Greek physician <br />Andres Vesalius<br />Dissected human bodies<br />Description of organs<br />Detailed account on the body<br />William Harvey <br />Heart circulates blood, not the liver<br />Blood cycle through veins <br />
  11. 11. Chemistry<br />Robert Boyle<br />Chemistry experiments<br />Boyle’s Law<br />Property of gasses<br />Volume varies based on pressure applied<br />Antoine Lavoisier<br />System for naming elements <br />Founder of Modern Chemistry<br />
  12. 12. Women’s Contributions<br />Margaret Cavendish<br />English aristocratic family<br />Wrote on scientific matters <br />Observations Upon Experimental Philosophy<br />Published under her own name<br />Maria Winkelmann<br />German astronomer <br />Discovered a comet<br />Applied to ranking position<br />After husband’s death<br />Denied: lack of education and a woman<br />
  13. 13. Philosophy and Reason<br />Rene Descartes<br />French philosopher<br />Ideaology<br />Uncertainty seemed to be everywhere<br />“I think, therefor I am”  certain <br />Philosophy dominated Western thought<br />Until the 20th century <br />Rationalism<br />Reason is the chief source of knowledge <br />
  14. 14. Scientific Method<br />Francis Bacon<br />English philosopher <br />Few scientific credentials<br />Not a scientist <br />“The true and lawful goal of the sciences is none other than this: that human life be endowed with new discoveries and power.”<br />Scientific Method<br />Systematic procedure for collecting and analyzing evidence<br />Major element of modern science<br />Inductive reasoning<br />Particular  General thinking <br />
  15. 15. Scientific Method <br />
  16. 16. The Scientific Revolution<br />Chapter 10, Section 1<br />

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