SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 17
Download to read offline
TOO4TO MODULE
Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Sustainability
SECTION 1
2
Part 1
The concept of Artificial Intelligence (AI) and AI techniques
Learning objectives of part 1:
• To define artificial intelligence
• To define machine learning (ML) and some of its capabilities
• To define deep learning (DL)
3
What is Artificial Intelligence? (I/III)
Intelligence is the ability to obtain knowledge and to
apply it to manipulate one’s environment.
AI is referred to as the ability displayed by machines to
mimic or simulate human and animal intelligence.
(Picture source: Where Does AI Go Next? )
4
What is Artificial Intelligence? (II/III)
The European Commission has proposed the following definition of AI:
“Artificial intelligence (AI) refers to systems that display intelligent behaviour by
analysing their environment and taking actions – with some degree of autonomy – to
achieve specific goals.
AI-based systems can be purely software-based, acting in the virtual world (e.g. voice
assistants, image analysis software, search engines, speech and face recognition
systems) or AI can be embedded in hardware devices (e.g. advanced robots,
autonomous cars, drones or Internet of Things applications).”
(Source: The European Commission's - HIGH-LEVEL EXPERT GROUP ON ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE)
5
What is Artificial Intelligence? (III/III)
Before continuing, let’s watch two short videos
that broadly describe what is AI and how it
works:
Short Video: What is AI (Artificial
Intelligence)?
Short Video: What is AI?
6
Definition of AI
Some AI researchers define AI as the study of the
rational agent and its environment. Agents sense the
environment through sensors and act using
actuators to modify the environment.
• Sensors: device that detects changes in the
environment (cameras, microphones,
temperature/pressure sensors)
• Reasoning and decision making: this module
takes the input data from the sensors, transforms
it into information, and based on the desired goal
to achieve it performs an action to take.
• Actuation: the ones that perform the action
(software, output signals, mechanical
components).
Suggested reading: pages 1, 2 and 3 of the EU
commission document cited on this slide.
(Source: The European Commission's - HIGH-LEVEL EXPERT
GROUP ON ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE)
(Source: What is the difference between AI, machine learning, and deep learning)
In the upcoming slides
the concepts of
Artificial Intelligence,
Machine Learning and
Deep Learning will be
reviewed.
Machine learning: what it can and cannot do
What is Machine Learning?
Machine learning (ML) is an AI technique that enables problem solving by creating an
algorithm (“model”) capable to convert a series of data points into single results. The
model “trains” itself by identifying patterns and correlations in the data and then use
them to create predictions which allows it to evolve as it becomes exposed to new data
(source).
Short Video: Machine Learning In 2 Minutes | What Is Machine Learning? | Machine
Learning Basics | Simplilearn
Short Read: What is Machine Learning Course| Its Importance and Types-FORE
9
ML: Unsupervised and Supervised learning
(Source: What is Machine Learning? | How it Works, Tutorials, and Examples - MATLAB & Simulink)
Supervised Learning
Supervised learning is the most commonly
used type of ML. It is a type of AI that learns
A to B, or input to output mappings.
A B
Input Output
Supervised learning ML uses labelled
datasets (input) to train algorithms that
accurately classify data and make
predictions (outputs) for the response to new
data. The weight of the input data fed into the
model its adjusted until the model has been
properly fitted, or “tuned”, that is part of a
cross validation process.
Picture source: Supervised Algorithms
Short Read: What is Machine Learning? |
How it Works, Tutorials, and Examples -
MATLAB & Simulink
What ML can and cannot do
ML can do:
• Voice recognition
• Image recognition
• Predictive maintenance
• Text to speech
• Recommendations
• Classification
ML cannot do:
• Generate human-like messages
• Emotion recognition
• Gestures recognition
• Display emotion
• Be creative
• Be intuitive
Read more: What machine learning can and
can't do
12
What is Deep Learning?
“Deep learning is a subset of machine learning, which
is essentially a neural network with three or more
layers. These neural networks (or artificial neural
networks) attempt to simulate the behaviour of the
human brain allowing it to “learn” from large amount
of data. While neural network with a single layer can
still make approximate predictions, additional hidden
layers can help to optimize and refine for accuracy.
Deep learning drives many AI applications and
services that improve automation, performing
analytical and physical tasks without human
intervention.” (Deep Learning, link)
Short Video: What is Deep Learning?
(Picture source: Research Gate, A State-of-the-
Art Survey on Deep Learning Theory and
Architectures)
How does Deep Learning work?
“Deep neural networks consist of multiple layers of interconnected nodes, each
building upon the previous layer to refine and optimize the prediction or categorization.
This progression of computations through the network is called forward propagation.
The input and output layers of a deep neural network are called visible layers. The
input layer is where the deep learning model ingests the data for processing, and the
output layer is where the final prediction or classification is made.” (Deep Learning,
link)
Short Video: Deep Learning In 5 Minutes | What Is Deep Learning? | Deep Learning
Explained Simply | Simplilearn
14
(Source: What is the difference between AI, machine learning, and deep learning)
In this section we
review the concepts
of AI, ML and DL,
and we now have a
foundation to
understand how
these technologies
can help us achieve
a sustainable future.
We will review a few
examples of AI and
Sustainability in the
upcoming section.
REFERENCES
High-Level Expert Group on Artificial Intelligence
A definition of AI: Main capabilities and scientific disciplines, European Commission Directorate-General for Communication Definition of Sustainability. Available
at: https://ec.europa.eu/futurium/en/system/files/ged/ai_hleg_definition_of_ai_18_december_1.pdf
Short Video: What is AI (Artificial Intelligence)? YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=122&v=0oRVLf16CMU&feature=emb_title
Short Video: What is AI? YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NbEbs6I3eLw
What is the difference between AI, machine learning and deep learning?, Geospatial World, Meenal Dhande. Available at
https://www.geospatialworld.net/blogs/difference-between-ai%EF%BB%BF-machine-learning-and-deep-learning/
Machine Learning In 2 Minutes: What Is Machine Learning? Machine Learning Basics, Simplilearn. YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cfSDvPlFFVQ
What is Machine Learning Course: Its Importance and Type, FORE. Available at https://www.fsm.ac.in/blog/an-introduction-to-machine-learning-its-importance-
types-and-applications/
What Is Machine Learning?How it works, why it matters, and getting started by MathWorks. Available at https://www.mathworks.com/discovery/machine-
learning.html
What Machine Learning Can and Can’t Do, Mark Boyd, The New Stack. Available at https://thenewstack.io/what-machine-learning-can-and-cant-do/
Alom, Md. Zahangir & Taha, Tarek & Yakopcic, Chris & Westberg, Stefan & Sidike, Paheding & Nasrin, Mst & Hasan, Mahmudul & Van Essen, Brian & Awwal,
Abdul & Asari, Vijayan. (2019). A State-of-the-Art Survey on Deep Learning Theory and Architectures. Electronics. 8. 292. DOI:
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/electronics8030292
Deep Learning In 5 Minutes. What Is Deep Learning? Deep Learning Explained Simply, Simplilearn. YouTube:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6M5VXKLf4D4
16
End of Section 1.
17

More Related Content

Similar to TOO4TO Module 7 / Artificial Intelligence and Sustainability: Part 1

Fundamental of AI
Fundamental of AIFundamental of AI
Fundamental of AIICSTM2021
 
Introduction to Artificial Intelligence
Introduction to Artificial IntelligenceIntroduction to Artificial Intelligence
Introduction to Artificial Intelligencesnehal_152
 
A Study On Artificial Intelligence Technologies And Its Applications
A Study On Artificial Intelligence Technologies And Its ApplicationsA Study On Artificial Intelligence Technologies And Its Applications
A Study On Artificial Intelligence Technologies And Its ApplicationsJeff Nelson
 
UNIT 1 IX (1) (1).pptx
UNIT 1 IX (1) (1).pptxUNIT 1 IX (1) (1).pptx
UNIT 1 IX (1) (1).pptxsiddhichaddha2
 
UNIT 1 IX (1) (2) (1).pptx
UNIT 1 IX (1) (2) (1).pptxUNIT 1 IX (1) (2) (1).pptx
UNIT 1 IX (1) (2) (1).pptxsiddhichaddha2
 
UNIT 1 IX (1) (2) (3).pptx
UNIT 1 IX (1) (2) (3).pptxUNIT 1 IX (1) (2) (3).pptx
UNIT 1 IX (1) (2) (3).pptxsiddhichaddha2
 
UNIT 1 IX (1) (2) (2).pptx
UNIT 1 IX (1) (2) (2).pptxUNIT 1 IX (1) (2) (2).pptx
UNIT 1 IX (1) (2) (2).pptxsiddhichaddha2
 
Machine Learning Fundamentals.docx
Machine Learning Fundamentals.docxMachine Learning Fundamentals.docx
Machine Learning Fundamentals.docxHaritvKrishnagiri
 
leewayhertz.com-How to build an AI app.pdf
leewayhertz.com-How to build an AI app.pdfleewayhertz.com-How to build an AI app.pdf
leewayhertz.com-How to build an AI app.pdfrobertsamuel23
 
Artificial-Intelligence--AI And ES Nowledge Base Systems
Artificial-Intelligence--AI And ES Nowledge Base SystemsArtificial-Intelligence--AI And ES Nowledge Base Systems
Artificial-Intelligence--AI And ES Nowledge Base SystemsJim Webb
 
ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE AND EXPERT SYSTEMS KNOWLEDGE-BASED SYSTEMS TEACHING ...
ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE AND EXPERT SYSTEMS  KNOWLEDGE-BASED SYSTEMS TEACHING ...ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE AND EXPERT SYSTEMS  KNOWLEDGE-BASED SYSTEMS TEACHING ...
ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE AND EXPERT SYSTEMS KNOWLEDGE-BASED SYSTEMS TEACHING ...Arlene Smith
 
Artificial intelligent
Artificial intelligent Artificial intelligent
Artificial intelligent Omer Shaikh
 
OA Introduction to AI from Object Automation
OA Introduction to AI from Object Automation OA Introduction to AI from Object Automation
OA Introduction to AI from Object Automation Object Automation
 
AI in Autonomous Vehicles
AI in Autonomous VehiclesAI in Autonomous Vehicles
AI in Autonomous VehiclesGAURAV YADAV
 
Artificial Intelligence.
Artificial Intelligence.Artificial Intelligence.
Artificial Intelligence.DeepakKewlani4
 
Verisavo- Introduction to Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning
Verisavo- Introduction to Artificial Intelligence and Machine LearningVerisavo- Introduction to Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning
Verisavo- Introduction to Artificial Intelligence and Machine LearningVerisavo
 
Introduction to Knowledge Graphs
Introduction to Knowledge GraphsIntroduction to Knowledge Graphs
Introduction to Knowledge Graphsmukuljoshi
 
How to build an AI app.pdf
How to build an AI app.pdfHow to build an AI app.pdf
How to build an AI app.pdfStephenAmell4
 

Similar to TOO4TO Module 7 / Artificial Intelligence and Sustainability: Part 1 (20)

Fundamental of AI
Fundamental of AIFundamental of AI
Fundamental of AI
 
Introduction to Artificial Intelligence
Introduction to Artificial IntelligenceIntroduction to Artificial Intelligence
Introduction to Artificial Intelligence
 
A Study On Artificial Intelligence Technologies And Its Applications
A Study On Artificial Intelligence Technologies And Its ApplicationsA Study On Artificial Intelligence Technologies And Its Applications
A Study On Artificial Intelligence Technologies And Its Applications
 
Chapter 3 - EMTE.pptx
Chapter 3 - EMTE.pptxChapter 3 - EMTE.pptx
Chapter 3 - EMTE.pptx
 
UNIT 1 IX (1) (1).pptx
UNIT 1 IX (1) (1).pptxUNIT 1 IX (1) (1).pptx
UNIT 1 IX (1) (1).pptx
 
UNIT 1 IX (1) (2) (1).pptx
UNIT 1 IX (1) (2) (1).pptxUNIT 1 IX (1) (2) (1).pptx
UNIT 1 IX (1) (2) (1).pptx
 
UNIT 1 IX (1) (2) (3).pptx
UNIT 1 IX (1) (2) (3).pptxUNIT 1 IX (1) (2) (3).pptx
UNIT 1 IX (1) (2) (3).pptx
 
UNIT 1 IX (1) (2) (2).pptx
UNIT 1 IX (1) (2) (2).pptxUNIT 1 IX (1) (2) (2).pptx
UNIT 1 IX (1) (2) (2).pptx
 
Machine Learning Fundamentals.docx
Machine Learning Fundamentals.docxMachine Learning Fundamentals.docx
Machine Learning Fundamentals.docx
 
leewayhertz.com-How to build an AI app.pdf
leewayhertz.com-How to build an AI app.pdfleewayhertz.com-How to build an AI app.pdf
leewayhertz.com-How to build an AI app.pdf
 
Artificial-Intelligence--AI And ES Nowledge Base Systems
Artificial-Intelligence--AI And ES Nowledge Base SystemsArtificial-Intelligence--AI And ES Nowledge Base Systems
Artificial-Intelligence--AI And ES Nowledge Base Systems
 
ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE AND EXPERT SYSTEMS KNOWLEDGE-BASED SYSTEMS TEACHING ...
ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE AND EXPERT SYSTEMS  KNOWLEDGE-BASED SYSTEMS TEACHING ...ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE AND EXPERT SYSTEMS  KNOWLEDGE-BASED SYSTEMS TEACHING ...
ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE AND EXPERT SYSTEMS KNOWLEDGE-BASED SYSTEMS TEACHING ...
 
Artificial intelligent
Artificial intelligent Artificial intelligent
Artificial intelligent
 
OA Introduction to AI from Object Automation
OA Introduction to AI from Object Automation OA Introduction to AI from Object Automation
OA Introduction to AI from Object Automation
 
AI in Autonomous Vehicles
AI in Autonomous VehiclesAI in Autonomous Vehicles
AI in Autonomous Vehicles
 
Artificial Intelligence.
Artificial Intelligence.Artificial Intelligence.
Artificial Intelligence.
 
Verisavo- Introduction to Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning
Verisavo- Introduction to Artificial Intelligence and Machine LearningVerisavo- Introduction to Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning
Verisavo- Introduction to Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning
 
Introduction to Knowledge Graphs
Introduction to Knowledge GraphsIntroduction to Knowledge Graphs
Introduction to Knowledge Graphs
 
How to build an AI app.pdf
How to build an AI app.pdfHow to build an AI app.pdf
How to build an AI app.pdf
 
How to build an AI app.pdf
How to build an AI app.pdfHow to build an AI app.pdf
How to build an AI app.pdf
 

More from TOO4TO

TOO4TO Module 7 / Artificial Intelligence and Sustainability: Part 2
TOO4TO Module 7 / Artificial Intelligence and Sustainability: Part 2TOO4TO Module 7 / Artificial Intelligence and Sustainability: Part 2
TOO4TO Module 7 / Artificial Intelligence and Sustainability: Part 2TOO4TO
 
TOO4TO Module 7 / Artificial Intelligence and Sustainability: Part 3
TOO4TO Module 7 / Artificial Intelligence and Sustainability: Part 3TOO4TO Module 7 / Artificial Intelligence and Sustainability: Part 3
TOO4TO Module 7 / Artificial Intelligence and Sustainability: Part 3TOO4TO
 
TOO4TO Module 5 / Sustainable Resource Management: Part 2
TOO4TO Module 5 / Sustainable Resource Management: Part 2TOO4TO Module 5 / Sustainable Resource Management: Part 2
TOO4TO Module 5 / Sustainable Resource Management: Part 2TOO4TO
 
TOO4TO Module 5 / Sustainable Resource Management: Part 1
TOO4TO Module 5 / Sustainable Resource Management: Part 1TOO4TO Module 5 / Sustainable Resource Management: Part 1
TOO4TO Module 5 / Sustainable Resource Management: Part 1TOO4TO
 
TOO4TO Module 5 / Sustainable Resource Management: Part 3
TOO4TO Module 5 / Sustainable Resource Management: Part 3TOO4TO Module 5 / Sustainable Resource Management: Part 3
TOO4TO Module 5 / Sustainable Resource Management: Part 3TOO4TO
 
TOO4TO Module 4 / Sustainable Energy Solutions: Part 2
TOO4TO Module 4 / Sustainable Energy Solutions: Part 2TOO4TO Module 4 / Sustainable Energy Solutions: Part 2
TOO4TO Module 4 / Sustainable Energy Solutions: Part 2TOO4TO
 
TOO4TO Module 4 / Sustainable Energy Solutions: Part 3
TOO4TO Module 4 / Sustainable Energy Solutions: Part 3TOO4TO Module 4 / Sustainable Energy Solutions: Part 3
TOO4TO Module 4 / Sustainable Energy Solutions: Part 3TOO4TO
 
TOO4TO Module 4 / Sustainable Energy Solutions: Part 1
TOO4TO Module 4 / Sustainable Energy Solutions: Part 1TOO4TO Module 4 / Sustainable Energy Solutions: Part 1
TOO4TO Module 4 / Sustainable Energy Solutions: Part 1TOO4TO
 
TOO4TO Module 2 / Corporate Social and Environmental Responsibility: Part 1
TOO4TO Module 2 / Corporate Social and Environmental Responsibility: Part 1TOO4TO Module 2 / Corporate Social and Environmental Responsibility: Part 1
TOO4TO Module 2 / Corporate Social and Environmental Responsibility: Part 1TOO4TO
 
TOO4TO Module 2 / Corporate Social and Environmental Responsibility: Part 2
TOO4TO Module 2 / Corporate Social and Environmental Responsibility: Part 2TOO4TO Module 2 / Corporate Social and Environmental Responsibility: Part 2
TOO4TO Module 2 / Corporate Social and Environmental Responsibility: Part 2TOO4TO
 
TOO4TO Module 3 / Climate Change and Sustainability: Part 3
TOO4TO Module 3 / Climate Change and Sustainability: Part 3TOO4TO Module 3 / Climate Change and Sustainability: Part 3
TOO4TO Module 3 / Climate Change and Sustainability: Part 3TOO4TO
 
TOO4TO Module 3 / Climate Change and Sustainability: Part 1
TOO4TO Module 3 / Climate Change and Sustainability: Part 1TOO4TO Module 3 / Climate Change and Sustainability: Part 1
TOO4TO Module 3 / Climate Change and Sustainability: Part 1TOO4TO
 
TOO4TO Module 3 / Climate Change and Sustainability: Part 2
TOO4TO Module 3 / Climate Change and Sustainability: Part 2TOO4TO Module 3 / Climate Change and Sustainability: Part 2
TOO4TO Module 3 / Climate Change and Sustainability: Part 2TOO4TO
 

More from TOO4TO (13)

TOO4TO Module 7 / Artificial Intelligence and Sustainability: Part 2
TOO4TO Module 7 / Artificial Intelligence and Sustainability: Part 2TOO4TO Module 7 / Artificial Intelligence and Sustainability: Part 2
TOO4TO Module 7 / Artificial Intelligence and Sustainability: Part 2
 
TOO4TO Module 7 / Artificial Intelligence and Sustainability: Part 3
TOO4TO Module 7 / Artificial Intelligence and Sustainability: Part 3TOO4TO Module 7 / Artificial Intelligence and Sustainability: Part 3
TOO4TO Module 7 / Artificial Intelligence and Sustainability: Part 3
 
TOO4TO Module 5 / Sustainable Resource Management: Part 2
TOO4TO Module 5 / Sustainable Resource Management: Part 2TOO4TO Module 5 / Sustainable Resource Management: Part 2
TOO4TO Module 5 / Sustainable Resource Management: Part 2
 
TOO4TO Module 5 / Sustainable Resource Management: Part 1
TOO4TO Module 5 / Sustainable Resource Management: Part 1TOO4TO Module 5 / Sustainable Resource Management: Part 1
TOO4TO Module 5 / Sustainable Resource Management: Part 1
 
TOO4TO Module 5 / Sustainable Resource Management: Part 3
TOO4TO Module 5 / Sustainable Resource Management: Part 3TOO4TO Module 5 / Sustainable Resource Management: Part 3
TOO4TO Module 5 / Sustainable Resource Management: Part 3
 
TOO4TO Module 4 / Sustainable Energy Solutions: Part 2
TOO4TO Module 4 / Sustainable Energy Solutions: Part 2TOO4TO Module 4 / Sustainable Energy Solutions: Part 2
TOO4TO Module 4 / Sustainable Energy Solutions: Part 2
 
TOO4TO Module 4 / Sustainable Energy Solutions: Part 3
TOO4TO Module 4 / Sustainable Energy Solutions: Part 3TOO4TO Module 4 / Sustainable Energy Solutions: Part 3
TOO4TO Module 4 / Sustainable Energy Solutions: Part 3
 
TOO4TO Module 4 / Sustainable Energy Solutions: Part 1
TOO4TO Module 4 / Sustainable Energy Solutions: Part 1TOO4TO Module 4 / Sustainable Energy Solutions: Part 1
TOO4TO Module 4 / Sustainable Energy Solutions: Part 1
 
TOO4TO Module 2 / Corporate Social and Environmental Responsibility: Part 1
TOO4TO Module 2 / Corporate Social and Environmental Responsibility: Part 1TOO4TO Module 2 / Corporate Social and Environmental Responsibility: Part 1
TOO4TO Module 2 / Corporate Social and Environmental Responsibility: Part 1
 
TOO4TO Module 2 / Corporate Social and Environmental Responsibility: Part 2
TOO4TO Module 2 / Corporate Social and Environmental Responsibility: Part 2TOO4TO Module 2 / Corporate Social and Environmental Responsibility: Part 2
TOO4TO Module 2 / Corporate Social and Environmental Responsibility: Part 2
 
TOO4TO Module 3 / Climate Change and Sustainability: Part 3
TOO4TO Module 3 / Climate Change and Sustainability: Part 3TOO4TO Module 3 / Climate Change and Sustainability: Part 3
TOO4TO Module 3 / Climate Change and Sustainability: Part 3
 
TOO4TO Module 3 / Climate Change and Sustainability: Part 1
TOO4TO Module 3 / Climate Change and Sustainability: Part 1TOO4TO Module 3 / Climate Change and Sustainability: Part 1
TOO4TO Module 3 / Climate Change and Sustainability: Part 1
 
TOO4TO Module 3 / Climate Change and Sustainability: Part 2
TOO4TO Module 3 / Climate Change and Sustainability: Part 2TOO4TO Module 3 / Climate Change and Sustainability: Part 2
TOO4TO Module 3 / Climate Change and Sustainability: Part 2
 

Recently uploaded

How to Add a Tool Tip to a Field in Odoo 17
How to Add a Tool Tip to a Field in Odoo 17How to Add a Tool Tip to a Field in Odoo 17
How to Add a Tool Tip to a Field in Odoo 17Celine George
 
COMMUNICATING NEGATIVE NEWS - APPROACHES .pptx
COMMUNICATING NEGATIVE NEWS - APPROACHES .pptxCOMMUNICATING NEGATIVE NEWS - APPROACHES .pptx
COMMUNICATING NEGATIVE NEWS - APPROACHES .pptxannathomasp01
 
Transparency, Recognition and the role of eSealing - Ildiko Mazar and Koen No...
Transparency, Recognition and the role of eSealing - Ildiko Mazar and Koen No...Transparency, Recognition and the role of eSealing - Ildiko Mazar and Koen No...
Transparency, Recognition and the role of eSealing - Ildiko Mazar and Koen No...EADTU
 
SPLICE Working Group: Reusable Code Examples
SPLICE Working Group:Reusable Code ExamplesSPLICE Working Group:Reusable Code Examples
SPLICE Working Group: Reusable Code ExamplesPeter Brusilovsky
 
dusjagr & nano talk on open tools for agriculture research and learning
dusjagr & nano talk on open tools for agriculture research and learningdusjagr & nano talk on open tools for agriculture research and learning
dusjagr & nano talk on open tools for agriculture research and learningMarc Dusseiller Dusjagr
 
FICTIONAL SALESMAN/SALESMAN SNSW 2024.pdf
FICTIONAL SALESMAN/SALESMAN SNSW 2024.pdfFICTIONAL SALESMAN/SALESMAN SNSW 2024.pdf
FICTIONAL SALESMAN/SALESMAN SNSW 2024.pdfPondicherry University
 
diagnosting testing bsc 2nd sem.pptx....
diagnosting testing bsc 2nd sem.pptx....diagnosting testing bsc 2nd sem.pptx....
diagnosting testing bsc 2nd sem.pptx....Ritu480198
 
What is 3 Way Matching Process in Odoo 17.pptx
What is 3 Way Matching Process in Odoo 17.pptxWhat is 3 Way Matching Process in Odoo 17.pptx
What is 3 Way Matching Process in Odoo 17.pptxCeline George
 
Play hard learn harder: The Serious Business of Play
Play hard learn harder:  The Serious Business of PlayPlay hard learn harder:  The Serious Business of Play
Play hard learn harder: The Serious Business of PlayPooky Knightsmith
 
Diuretic, Hypoglycemic and Limit test of Heavy metals and Arsenic.-1.pdf
Diuretic, Hypoglycemic and Limit test of Heavy metals and Arsenic.-1.pdfDiuretic, Hypoglycemic and Limit test of Heavy metals and Arsenic.-1.pdf
Diuretic, Hypoglycemic and Limit test of Heavy metals and Arsenic.-1.pdfKartik Tiwari
 
Spring gala 2024 photo slideshow - Celebrating School-Community Partnerships
Spring gala 2024 photo slideshow - Celebrating School-Community PartnershipsSpring gala 2024 photo slideshow - Celebrating School-Community Partnerships
Spring gala 2024 photo slideshow - Celebrating School-Community Partnershipsexpandedwebsite
 
Model Attribute _rec_name in the Odoo 17
Model Attribute _rec_name in the Odoo 17Model Attribute _rec_name in the Odoo 17
Model Attribute _rec_name in the Odoo 17Celine George
 
Spellings Wk 4 and Wk 5 for Grade 4 at CAPS
Spellings Wk 4 and Wk 5 for Grade 4 at CAPSSpellings Wk 4 and Wk 5 for Grade 4 at CAPS
Spellings Wk 4 and Wk 5 for Grade 4 at CAPSAnaAcapella
 
21st_Century_Skills_Framework_Final_Presentation_2.pptx
21st_Century_Skills_Framework_Final_Presentation_2.pptx21st_Century_Skills_Framework_Final_Presentation_2.pptx
21st_Century_Skills_Framework_Final_Presentation_2.pptxJoelynRubio1
 
HMCS Vancouver Pre-Deployment Brief - May 2024 (Web Version).pptx
HMCS Vancouver Pre-Deployment Brief - May 2024 (Web Version).pptxHMCS Vancouver Pre-Deployment Brief - May 2024 (Web Version).pptx
HMCS Vancouver Pre-Deployment Brief - May 2024 (Web Version).pptxmarlenawright1
 
Orientation Canvas Course Presentation.pdf
Orientation Canvas Course Presentation.pdfOrientation Canvas Course Presentation.pdf
Orientation Canvas Course Presentation.pdfElizabeth Walsh
 
OSCM Unit 2_Operations Processes & Systems
OSCM Unit 2_Operations Processes & SystemsOSCM Unit 2_Operations Processes & Systems
OSCM Unit 2_Operations Processes & SystemsSandeep D Chaudhary
 

Recently uploaded (20)

How to Add a Tool Tip to a Field in Odoo 17
How to Add a Tool Tip to a Field in Odoo 17How to Add a Tool Tip to a Field in Odoo 17
How to Add a Tool Tip to a Field in Odoo 17
 
VAMOS CUIDAR DO NOSSO PLANETA! .
VAMOS CUIDAR DO NOSSO PLANETA!                    .VAMOS CUIDAR DO NOSSO PLANETA!                    .
VAMOS CUIDAR DO NOSSO PLANETA! .
 
COMMUNICATING NEGATIVE NEWS - APPROACHES .pptx
COMMUNICATING NEGATIVE NEWS - APPROACHES .pptxCOMMUNICATING NEGATIVE NEWS - APPROACHES .pptx
COMMUNICATING NEGATIVE NEWS - APPROACHES .pptx
 
Transparency, Recognition and the role of eSealing - Ildiko Mazar and Koen No...
Transparency, Recognition and the role of eSealing - Ildiko Mazar and Koen No...Transparency, Recognition and the role of eSealing - Ildiko Mazar and Koen No...
Transparency, Recognition and the role of eSealing - Ildiko Mazar and Koen No...
 
SPLICE Working Group: Reusable Code Examples
SPLICE Working Group:Reusable Code ExamplesSPLICE Working Group:Reusable Code Examples
SPLICE Working Group: Reusable Code Examples
 
dusjagr & nano talk on open tools for agriculture research and learning
dusjagr & nano talk on open tools for agriculture research and learningdusjagr & nano talk on open tools for agriculture research and learning
dusjagr & nano talk on open tools for agriculture research and learning
 
Including Mental Health Support in Project Delivery, 14 May.pdf
Including Mental Health Support in Project Delivery, 14 May.pdfIncluding Mental Health Support in Project Delivery, 14 May.pdf
Including Mental Health Support in Project Delivery, 14 May.pdf
 
FICTIONAL SALESMAN/SALESMAN SNSW 2024.pdf
FICTIONAL SALESMAN/SALESMAN SNSW 2024.pdfFICTIONAL SALESMAN/SALESMAN SNSW 2024.pdf
FICTIONAL SALESMAN/SALESMAN SNSW 2024.pdf
 
diagnosting testing bsc 2nd sem.pptx....
diagnosting testing bsc 2nd sem.pptx....diagnosting testing bsc 2nd sem.pptx....
diagnosting testing bsc 2nd sem.pptx....
 
OS-operating systems- ch05 (CPU Scheduling) ...
OS-operating systems- ch05 (CPU Scheduling) ...OS-operating systems- ch05 (CPU Scheduling) ...
OS-operating systems- ch05 (CPU Scheduling) ...
 
What is 3 Way Matching Process in Odoo 17.pptx
What is 3 Way Matching Process in Odoo 17.pptxWhat is 3 Way Matching Process in Odoo 17.pptx
What is 3 Way Matching Process in Odoo 17.pptx
 
Play hard learn harder: The Serious Business of Play
Play hard learn harder:  The Serious Business of PlayPlay hard learn harder:  The Serious Business of Play
Play hard learn harder: The Serious Business of Play
 
Diuretic, Hypoglycemic and Limit test of Heavy metals and Arsenic.-1.pdf
Diuretic, Hypoglycemic and Limit test of Heavy metals and Arsenic.-1.pdfDiuretic, Hypoglycemic and Limit test of Heavy metals and Arsenic.-1.pdf
Diuretic, Hypoglycemic and Limit test of Heavy metals and Arsenic.-1.pdf
 
Spring gala 2024 photo slideshow - Celebrating School-Community Partnerships
Spring gala 2024 photo slideshow - Celebrating School-Community PartnershipsSpring gala 2024 photo slideshow - Celebrating School-Community Partnerships
Spring gala 2024 photo slideshow - Celebrating School-Community Partnerships
 
Model Attribute _rec_name in the Odoo 17
Model Attribute _rec_name in the Odoo 17Model Attribute _rec_name in the Odoo 17
Model Attribute _rec_name in the Odoo 17
 
Spellings Wk 4 and Wk 5 for Grade 4 at CAPS
Spellings Wk 4 and Wk 5 for Grade 4 at CAPSSpellings Wk 4 and Wk 5 for Grade 4 at CAPS
Spellings Wk 4 and Wk 5 for Grade 4 at CAPS
 
21st_Century_Skills_Framework_Final_Presentation_2.pptx
21st_Century_Skills_Framework_Final_Presentation_2.pptx21st_Century_Skills_Framework_Final_Presentation_2.pptx
21st_Century_Skills_Framework_Final_Presentation_2.pptx
 
HMCS Vancouver Pre-Deployment Brief - May 2024 (Web Version).pptx
HMCS Vancouver Pre-Deployment Brief - May 2024 (Web Version).pptxHMCS Vancouver Pre-Deployment Brief - May 2024 (Web Version).pptx
HMCS Vancouver Pre-Deployment Brief - May 2024 (Web Version).pptx
 
Orientation Canvas Course Presentation.pdf
Orientation Canvas Course Presentation.pdfOrientation Canvas Course Presentation.pdf
Orientation Canvas Course Presentation.pdf
 
OSCM Unit 2_Operations Processes & Systems
OSCM Unit 2_Operations Processes & SystemsOSCM Unit 2_Operations Processes & Systems
OSCM Unit 2_Operations Processes & Systems
 

TOO4TO Module 7 / Artificial Intelligence and Sustainability: Part 1

  • 1.
  • 2. TOO4TO MODULE Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Sustainability SECTION 1 2
  • 3. Part 1 The concept of Artificial Intelligence (AI) and AI techniques Learning objectives of part 1: • To define artificial intelligence • To define machine learning (ML) and some of its capabilities • To define deep learning (DL) 3
  • 4. What is Artificial Intelligence? (I/III) Intelligence is the ability to obtain knowledge and to apply it to manipulate one’s environment. AI is referred to as the ability displayed by machines to mimic or simulate human and animal intelligence. (Picture source: Where Does AI Go Next? ) 4
  • 5. What is Artificial Intelligence? (II/III) The European Commission has proposed the following definition of AI: “Artificial intelligence (AI) refers to systems that display intelligent behaviour by analysing their environment and taking actions – with some degree of autonomy – to achieve specific goals. AI-based systems can be purely software-based, acting in the virtual world (e.g. voice assistants, image analysis software, search engines, speech and face recognition systems) or AI can be embedded in hardware devices (e.g. advanced robots, autonomous cars, drones or Internet of Things applications).” (Source: The European Commission's - HIGH-LEVEL EXPERT GROUP ON ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE) 5
  • 6. What is Artificial Intelligence? (III/III) Before continuing, let’s watch two short videos that broadly describe what is AI and how it works: Short Video: What is AI (Artificial Intelligence)? Short Video: What is AI? 6
  • 7. Definition of AI Some AI researchers define AI as the study of the rational agent and its environment. Agents sense the environment through sensors and act using actuators to modify the environment. • Sensors: device that detects changes in the environment (cameras, microphones, temperature/pressure sensors) • Reasoning and decision making: this module takes the input data from the sensors, transforms it into information, and based on the desired goal to achieve it performs an action to take. • Actuation: the ones that perform the action (software, output signals, mechanical components). Suggested reading: pages 1, 2 and 3 of the EU commission document cited on this slide. (Source: The European Commission's - HIGH-LEVEL EXPERT GROUP ON ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE)
  • 8. (Source: What is the difference between AI, machine learning, and deep learning) In the upcoming slides the concepts of Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning and Deep Learning will be reviewed.
  • 9. Machine learning: what it can and cannot do What is Machine Learning? Machine learning (ML) is an AI technique that enables problem solving by creating an algorithm (“model”) capable to convert a series of data points into single results. The model “trains” itself by identifying patterns and correlations in the data and then use them to create predictions which allows it to evolve as it becomes exposed to new data (source). Short Video: Machine Learning In 2 Minutes | What Is Machine Learning? | Machine Learning Basics | Simplilearn Short Read: What is Machine Learning Course| Its Importance and Types-FORE 9
  • 10. ML: Unsupervised and Supervised learning (Source: What is Machine Learning? | How it Works, Tutorials, and Examples - MATLAB & Simulink)
  • 11. Supervised Learning Supervised learning is the most commonly used type of ML. It is a type of AI that learns A to B, or input to output mappings. A B Input Output Supervised learning ML uses labelled datasets (input) to train algorithms that accurately classify data and make predictions (outputs) for the response to new data. The weight of the input data fed into the model its adjusted until the model has been properly fitted, or “tuned”, that is part of a cross validation process. Picture source: Supervised Algorithms Short Read: What is Machine Learning? | How it Works, Tutorials, and Examples - MATLAB & Simulink
  • 12. What ML can and cannot do ML can do: • Voice recognition • Image recognition • Predictive maintenance • Text to speech • Recommendations • Classification ML cannot do: • Generate human-like messages • Emotion recognition • Gestures recognition • Display emotion • Be creative • Be intuitive Read more: What machine learning can and can't do 12
  • 13. What is Deep Learning? “Deep learning is a subset of machine learning, which is essentially a neural network with three or more layers. These neural networks (or artificial neural networks) attempt to simulate the behaviour of the human brain allowing it to “learn” from large amount of data. While neural network with a single layer can still make approximate predictions, additional hidden layers can help to optimize and refine for accuracy. Deep learning drives many AI applications and services that improve automation, performing analytical and physical tasks without human intervention.” (Deep Learning, link) Short Video: What is Deep Learning? (Picture source: Research Gate, A State-of-the- Art Survey on Deep Learning Theory and Architectures)
  • 14. How does Deep Learning work? “Deep neural networks consist of multiple layers of interconnected nodes, each building upon the previous layer to refine and optimize the prediction or categorization. This progression of computations through the network is called forward propagation. The input and output layers of a deep neural network are called visible layers. The input layer is where the deep learning model ingests the data for processing, and the output layer is where the final prediction or classification is made.” (Deep Learning, link) Short Video: Deep Learning In 5 Minutes | What Is Deep Learning? | Deep Learning Explained Simply | Simplilearn 14
  • 15. (Source: What is the difference between AI, machine learning, and deep learning) In this section we review the concepts of AI, ML and DL, and we now have a foundation to understand how these technologies can help us achieve a sustainable future. We will review a few examples of AI and Sustainability in the upcoming section.
  • 16. REFERENCES High-Level Expert Group on Artificial Intelligence A definition of AI: Main capabilities and scientific disciplines, European Commission Directorate-General for Communication Definition of Sustainability. Available at: https://ec.europa.eu/futurium/en/system/files/ged/ai_hleg_definition_of_ai_18_december_1.pdf Short Video: What is AI (Artificial Intelligence)? YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=122&v=0oRVLf16CMU&feature=emb_title Short Video: What is AI? YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NbEbs6I3eLw What is the difference between AI, machine learning and deep learning?, Geospatial World, Meenal Dhande. Available at https://www.geospatialworld.net/blogs/difference-between-ai%EF%BB%BF-machine-learning-and-deep-learning/ Machine Learning In 2 Minutes: What Is Machine Learning? Machine Learning Basics, Simplilearn. YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cfSDvPlFFVQ What is Machine Learning Course: Its Importance and Type, FORE. Available at https://www.fsm.ac.in/blog/an-introduction-to-machine-learning-its-importance- types-and-applications/ What Is Machine Learning?How it works, why it matters, and getting started by MathWorks. Available at https://www.mathworks.com/discovery/machine- learning.html What Machine Learning Can and Can’t Do, Mark Boyd, The New Stack. Available at https://thenewstack.io/what-machine-learning-can-and-cant-do/ Alom, Md. Zahangir & Taha, Tarek & Yakopcic, Chris & Westberg, Stefan & Sidike, Paheding & Nasrin, Mst & Hasan, Mahmudul & Van Essen, Brian & Awwal, Abdul & Asari, Vijayan. (2019). A State-of-the-Art Survey on Deep Learning Theory and Architectures. Electronics. 8. 292. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/electronics8030292 Deep Learning In 5 Minutes. What Is Deep Learning? Deep Learning Explained Simply, Simplilearn. YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6M5VXKLf4D4 16
  • 17. End of Section 1. 17