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Boston Massacre


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Boston Massacre

  1. 1. THE STAMP ACT -THE STAMP ACT - 1765:1765:  The Stamp Act taxed all publications andThe Stamp Act taxed all publications and official documents (deeds to land,official documents (deeds to land, marriage licenses, advertisements,marriage licenses, advertisements, newspapers, diplomas, customsnewspapers, diplomas, customs documents, playing cards).documents, playing cards).  Actual stamps or special stamped paperActual stamps or special stamped paper had to be purchased and attached beforehad to be purchased and attached before any of these items could be sold.any of these items could be sold.
  2. 2. WHY WAS IT AWHY WAS IT A SYMPTOMSYMPTOM?? Taxation without representation.Taxation without representation.  Sons of LibertySons of Liberty began to organize.began to organize.  Protestors burnedProtestors burned effigieseffigies..  A Stamp Act Congress attended byA Stamp Act Congress attended by representatives of 9 colonies met in New York torepresentatives of 9 colonies met in New York to protest the Act. They agreed toprotest the Act. They agreed to boycottboycott allall English goods.English goods.  In Virginia, Patrick Henry helped write theIn Virginia, Patrick Henry helped write the Virginia Resolves denying ParliamentVirginia Resolves denying Parliament’s right to’s right to tax Virginia.  British merchants in England lost so muchBritish merchants in England lost so much money they begged Parliament tomoney they begged Parliament to repealrepeal oror cancel the Stamp Act.cancel the Stamp Act.
  3. 3. Quartering ActQuartering Act  Law that forced colonists toLaw that forced colonists to “quarter” or“quarter” or feed and house British soldiers infeed and house British soldiers in America.America.  Colonial governments had to pay forColonial governments had to pay for military supplies, firewood, bedding,military supplies, firewood, bedding, candles used by troops.candles used by troops.
  4. 4. DECLARATORY ACT-DECLARATORY ACT- 17661766  Stamp Act repealedStamp Act repealed  Parliament could make any lawParliament could make any law regarding the colonies that itregarding the colonies that it wished.wished.  Colonies wereColonies were “subordinate” or“subordinate” or under the control of Parliament.under the control of Parliament.
  5. 5. Townshend Acts 1767Townshend Acts 1767  Import tax on glass, tea, lead, paper, andImport tax on glass, tea, lead, paper, and paints.paints.  Colonists protest by boycotting productsColonists protest by boycotting products  Sons/Daughters of LibertySons/Daughters of Liberty
  6. 6. Boston Massacre March 5th , 1770  FACTS:  5 Bostonians dead and 11 injured.  Crispus Attucks first to die (first Patriot)
  7. 7. Sam Adams  Cold blooded murder  Young fellows  Lobsterbacks “Go home!”  Snowballs  Massacred  Angry mob  “kill them”  Ice & rocks  Clubs  Soldier hit/attacked by mob.  Self defense John Adams
  8. 8. Outcome John Adams gets soldiers acquitted—but damage is done. Perception is British attacked innocent people.
  9. 9. Committee of Correspondence 1772  Organized by Sam Adams to unify resistance in the 13 colonies.  Letter writing campaign.
  10. 10. Tea Act/Boston Tea Party 1773  The British East India Company gets monopoly to sell tea.  Colonial merchants and patriots united against the Tea Act.  3 ships loaded with tea arrived in Boston Harbor. The royal governor of Massachusetts, Thomas Hutchinson, would not allow the tea to be sent back to England.  Sons of Liberty led by Sam Adams, disguised themselves as Mohawk Indians boarded the ships and threw 342 chests of tea overboard.
  11. 11. The Coercive Acts orThe Coercive Acts or Intolerable ActsIntolerable Acts  After theAfter the “Boston Tea Party” the British passed“Boston Tea Party” the British passed the “Coercive Acts” to punish the citizens ofthe “Coercive Acts” to punish the citizens of Boston.Boston.  Boston Harbor was closed and the city ofBoston Harbor was closed and the city of Boston was put under military rule.Boston was put under military rule.  No town meetings were allowed in BostonNo town meetings were allowed in Boston without the approval of the governor.without the approval of the governor.  Soldiers to be tried in England.Soldiers to be tried in England.
  12. 12.  Sam Adams called these actsSam Adams called these acts “Intolerable.”“Intolerable.”  The Committee of Correspondence calledThe Committee of Correspondence called for a meeting of all 13 colonies; thefor a meeting of all 13 colonies; the meeting will be called the first Continentalmeeting will be called the first Continental Congress.Congress.