THE STAMP ACT -THE STAMP ACT -
The Stamp Act taxed all publications andThe Stamp Act taxed all publications and
official documents (deeds to land,official documents (deeds to land,
marriage licenses, advertisements,marriage licenses, advertisements,
newspapers, diplomas, customsnewspapers, diplomas, customs
documents, playing cards).documents, playing cards).
Actual stamps or special stamped paperActual stamps or special stamped paper
had to be purchased and attached beforehad to be purchased and attached before
any of these items could be sold.any of these items could be sold.
WHY WAS IT AWHY WAS IT A
SYMPTOMSYMPTOM?? Taxation without representation.Taxation without representation.
Sons of LibertySons of Liberty began to organize.began to organize.
Protestors burnedProtestors burned effigieseffigies..
A Stamp Act Congress attended byA Stamp Act Congress attended by
representatives of 9 colonies met in New York torepresentatives of 9 colonies met in New York to
protest the Act. They agreed toprotest the Act. They agreed to boycottboycott allall
English goods.English goods.
In Virginia, Patrick Henry helped write theIn Virginia, Patrick Henry helped write the
Virginia Resolves denying ParliamentVirginia Resolves denying Parliament’s right to’s right to
tax Virginia.tax Virginia.
British merchants in England lost so muchBritish merchants in England lost so much
money they begged Parliament tomoney they begged Parliament to repealrepeal oror
cancel the Stamp Act.cancel the Stamp Act.
Quartering ActQuartering Act
Law that forced colonists toLaw that forced colonists to “quarter” or“quarter” or
feed and house British soldiers infeed and house British soldiers in
Colonial governments had to pay forColonial governments had to pay for
military supplies, firewood, bedding,military supplies, firewood, bedding,
candles used by troops.candles used by troops.
DECLARATORY ACT-DECLARATORY ACT-
Stamp Act repealedStamp Act repealed
Parliament could make any lawParliament could make any law
regarding the colonies that itregarding the colonies that it
Colonies wereColonies were “subordinate” or“subordinate” or
under the control of Parliament.under the control of Parliament.
Townshend Acts 1767Townshend Acts 1767
Import tax on glass, tea, lead, paper, andImport tax on glass, tea, lead, paper, and
Colonists protest by boycotting productsColonists protest by boycotting products
Sons/Daughters of LibertySons/Daughters of Liberty
5 Bostonians dead and 11 injured.
Crispus Attucks first to die (first Patriot)
Cold blooded murder
Ice & rocks
Soldier hit/attacked by
John Adams gets soldiers acquitted—but
damage is done. Perception is British
attacked innocent people.
Committee of Correspondence
Organized by Sam Adams to unify
resistance in the 13 colonies.
Letter writing campaign.
Tea Act/Boston Tea Party 1773
The British East India Company gets monopoly to sell
Colonial merchants and patriots united against the
3 ships loaded with tea arrived in Boston Harbor. The
royal governor of Massachusetts, Thomas
Hutchinson, would not allow the tea to be sent back
Sons of Liberty led by Sam Adams, disguised
themselves as Mohawk Indians boarded the ships
and threw 342 chests of tea overboard.
The Coercive Acts orThe Coercive Acts or
Intolerable ActsIntolerable Acts
After theAfter the “Boston Tea Party” the British passed“Boston Tea Party” the British passed
the “Coercive Acts” to punish the citizens ofthe “Coercive Acts” to punish the citizens of
Boston Harbor was closed and the city ofBoston Harbor was closed and the city of
Boston was put under military rule.Boston was put under military rule.
No town meetings were allowed in BostonNo town meetings were allowed in Boston
without the approval of the governor.without the approval of the governor.
Soldiers to be tried in England.Soldiers to be tried in England.
Sam Adams called these actsSam Adams called these acts
The Committee of Correspondence calledThe Committee of Correspondence called
for a meeting of all 13 colonies; thefor a meeting of all 13 colonies; the
meeting will be called the first Continentalmeeting will be called the first Continental