Shay's Rebellion to Constitutional Convention

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Shay's Rebellion to Constitutional Convention

  1. 1.     Divided the Northwest Territory into smaller territories. 5000 adult males=could elect a legislature. Population of 60,000, could apply to be a state. •Promotes equality—not colonies Country could expand and settle territories won from British.
  2. 2.       Paper money printed was worthless. Farmers lost their farms and livestock over taxes. War debt from Rev. War. Daniel Shay led a rebellion against courthouses, destroyed records went to national arsenal at Springfield, Mass. Congress unable to stop them. Americans thought the country was falling apart.
  3. 3.  Call for convention in 1787 • Why?: To fix the Articles of Confederation • Where?: Philadelphia—Independence Hall • When?: Summer 1787 (May-Sept.)
  4. 4.      55 delegates from 12 states. Avg. Age 42 James Madison—Father of the Constitution • Arrives early with plan, note taker • Bright, quiet, studied governments George Washington—President of the Convention • Civic duty Ben Franklin—Oldest (81) • Teaches compromise Alexander Hamilton—Loves Federal Govt. • Strong central government
  5. 5.  Patrick Henry • “I smell a rat.”   Rhode Island Thomas Jefferson • France  John Adams • England  Sam Adams & John Hancock • Fear strong central government
  6. 6.    1. Secrecy. 2. No vote is final. 3. Notes secret for 30 years.
  7. 7.   Strong Central Government 3 Branches of Govt. • Executive Branch: Leader • Judicial Branch: Courts (National/Federal) • Legislative Branch: Lawmakers
  8. 8.  Two House (Bicameral) Legislature • Upper House—Senate • Lower House—House of Representatives Proportional Representation More people = more representation
  9. 9.    3 Branches: Legislative, Executive & Judicial Legislative Branch 1 House, not 2 Equal Representation—all states equal
  10. 10.  Saves Convention • “Great Compromise) • 3 branches, 2 houses (bicameral)  Two houses • Upper House—Senate—Equal Representation • Lower House—House of Representatives— Proportional Representation
  11. 11.   Every slave counts as 3/5 a person for both representation and taxes. Slave Trade • Congress will leave slave trade alone until 1808.
  12. 12.   9 of 13 states needed (2/3) Anti-Federalists: • Dislike strong federal government, oppose the Constitution. • Want individual rights protected (life, liberty, pursuit of happiness).
  13. 13.  Federalists: • Like Constitution/support a strong central government. • Federalists Papers: Series of essays explaining how good the Constitution is, (John Jay, Alexander Hamilton, James Madison) • Agree to add a Bill of Rights after ratification.

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