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3-ODonnell

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3-ODonnell

  1. 1. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Great Lakes National Program OfficeU.S. Environmental Protection Agency Great Lakes National Program Office Goverance Challenges to Addressing Algal Blooms in the Great Lakes: EPA-Great Lakes National Program Office Perspective T. Kevin O’Donnell NCER 2013 August 2, 2013
  2. 2. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Great Lakes National Program Office 2 Maumee River @ Waterville, Ohio (March-June) Lake Erie October 9, 2011 2011 Spring Phosphorus & Harmful Algal Blooms (HABs)
  3. 3. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Great Lakes National Program Office Photo: Thomas Bridgeman, Univ. Toledo & Steve Davis, NRCS
  4. 4. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Great Lakes National Program Office 4 Maumee River @ Waterville, Ohio (March-June) Lake Erie July 11, 2012 2012 Spring Phosphorus & Harmful Algal Blooms (HABs)
  5. 5. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Great Lakes National Program Office Year-to-Year Issue or Trend? 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Area(sq.km.) Western Lake Erie Basin Average HAB Area
  6. 6. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Great Lakes National Program Office Goverance Challenges Highlighted in Today’s Presentation • State of HAB Science • From Planning to Implementation to Assessment • Setting Realistic and Understandable Goals Going Forward
  7. 7. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Great Lakes National Program Office Synthesizing Available Science & Recommendations
  8. 8. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Great Lakes National Program Office International Joint Commission Great Lakes Eutrophication Work Group • Dreissenid to Nearshore Soluble Reactive Phosphorus Relationship • 26 Studies • 12 indicate (+) relationship • 13 indicate (–) relationship • 1 indicate no relationship
  9. 9. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Great Lakes National Program Office Forecasting Lake Erie HABs 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 0 2000 4000 6000 8000 10000 12000 14000 16000 18000 20000 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Area(sq.km.) Streamflow(cfs) HAB Area vs. Spring Maumee River Stream Flow @ Waterville, OH Average Stream Flow (cfs) Avg High CHL
  10. 10. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Great Lakes National Program Office Goverance Challenges Highlighted in Today’s Presentation • State of HAB Science • From Planning to Implementation to Assessment • Setting Realistic and Understandable Goals Going Forward
  11. 11. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Great Lakes National Program Office Great Lakes Restoration Initiative (GLRI) • Obama Administration Initiative – FY2010: $475 million – FY2011: $300 million – FY2012: $300 million – FY2013: $284 million
  12. 12. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Great Lakes National Program Office Collaborative GLRI Work Groups 12
  13. 13. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Great Lakes National Program Office Using Available Agency Expertise and Planning Tools
  14. 14. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Great Lakes National Program Office GLRI Priority Watershed Meeting Findlay, Ohio – July 11, 2013 14 Feedback Used for Planning Actions & Needed Adaptations
  15. 15. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Great Lakes National Program Office GLRI Watershed/Water Quality Projects FY2010-11
  16. 16. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Great Lakes National Program Office GLRI Watershed/Water Quality Projects FY2012
  17. 17. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Great Lakes National Program Office Use of Science in GLRI Efforts Data dissemination Analysis and results Data collection
  18. 18. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Great Lakes National Program Office Goverance Challenges Highlighted in Today’s Presentation • State of HAB Science • From Planning to Implementation to Assessment • Setting Realistic and Understandable Goals Going Forward
  19. 19. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Great Lakes National Program Office Previous Lake Erie Water Quality Goal Setting • Total Phosphorus Target Load – Developed in 1978 as part of the Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement – 11,000 metric tons/year – Objective of year-round aerobic conditions in Central Lake Erie Basin
  20. 20. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Great Lakes National Program Office Annual loading of total phosphorus to Lake Erie by major source from 1967-2011. (Data provided by Dr. David Dolan of the University of Wisconsin Green Bay (May 2013). Graph prepared by Heidelberg NCWQR staff.)
  21. 21. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Great Lakes National Program Office
  22. 22. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Great Lakes National Program Office Year-to-Year Issue or Trend? 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Area(sq.km.) Western Lake Erie Basin Average HAB Area
  23. 23. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Great Lakes National Program Office Year-to-Year Issue or Trend?
  24. 24. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Great Lakes National Program OfficeU.S. Environmental Protection Agency Great Lakes National Program Office Questions? T. Kevin O’Donnell EPA-Great Lakes National Program Office odonnell.thomas@epa.gov

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