The History The history of Budapest began with Aquincum, originally a Celtic settlement that became the Roman capital of Lower Pannonia. Hungarians arrived in the territory in the 9th century. Their first settlement was pillaged by the Mongols in 1241-1242.
Following the Battle ofMohács and nearly150 yearsof Ottoman rule,Budapest became thefocal point ofthe HungarianRevolution of 1848and the Revolution of1956.
Main sights Buda CastleBuda Castle is the historical castle and palace complex of the Hungarian kings. It was completed in 1265.
Matthias Church According to church tradition, it was originally built in Romanesque style in 1015. It is officially named as the Church of Our Lady. The church was restored to its original13th century state but a number of earlyoriginal Gothic elements were uncovered.
Heroes Square is one of themajor squares of Budapest. Itsiconic statue complex, Heroes’ Squarethe Millennium Memorial wascompleted in 1900.
Fisherman’s Bastion This is a terrace in neo-Gothic and neo-Romanesque style situated on the Buda bankof the Danube, on the Castlehill in Budapest,around Matthias Church. It was designed and built between 1895 and 1902 on the plans of Frigyes Schulek.
Hungarian National Museum The Hungarian National Museum is thenational museum of Hungary. The museumwas built in the Classical style between 1837 and 1847 by the architect Mihály Pollack.
Shoes of the Danube Promenade It honors the Jews who were killed by fascist Arrow Cross militiamen in Budapestduring World War II. They were ordered to take off their shoes, and were shot at the edge ofthe water so that their bodies fell into the river and were carried away. It represents their shoes left behind on the bank.
Liberty BridgeThe bridge was builtbetween 1894 and1896 to the plansof János Feketeházy.
Spas The Romans first colonized the areaimmediately to the west of the River Danube and established their regional capital at Aquincum (now part of Óbuda, in northern Budapest) in order to utilize and enjoy the thermal springs.
There are still ruins visible today of the enormous baths that were built during thatperiod. The new baths that were constructedduring the Turkish period (1541–1686) served both bathing and medicinal purposes, and some of these are still in use to this day.
Indeed, in 1934 Budapest was officially ranked as a "City of Spas".Budapest has 4 famous spas: Király Spa (1565), Rudas Spa, Gellért Hotel and Spa and Széchenyi Thermal Spa.
Islands Margaret IslandThe island mostly consists of a park and is a popular recreational area for tourists andlocals alike. Dance clubs, swimming pools, an Aqua park, athletic and fitness centres, bicycle and running tracks can be found around the island.
Csepel IslandCsepel Island is the largest island of the River Danube in Hungary. It is 48 km long; its width is 6–8 km and its area comprises 257 km2.
Hajógyári Island Hajógyári Island is a man built island, located in the third district. This island hosts many activities such as wake-boarding, jet-skiing during the day, and dance clubs during the night.This is the island where the famous Sziget Festival takes place. One of the biggest entertainment centres of Europe.
Edited by: Edina Sipos Zoltán Beke András KissPéter Bodzsoni