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The Quest Philosophy forReading Comprehension  STUDENT LEARNING WORKSHOP #1           SPRING 2012
The Goals of ReadingMortimer Adler and                              Francis BaconCharles Van Doren “[t]here is still anot...
Thesis: what to read, how to read, and why to                      read What is reading comprehension?   “the process wh...
What to Read: Treats, Water, and        Meat/Vegetables
The Pyramid of BooksGreat Books                               Good Books
Books of Information or Entertainment 99% of all books written in the history of the western  world Worthy only of being...
Mechanical Growthhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qbnLiUtqzu0
The Good Books A few thousand books of the millions of books  written in the history of the western world Worth reading ...
The Great Books Less than one hundred books of those written in the    history of the western world   Cannot be outgrown...
Organic Growthhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d26AhcKeEbE
How to Read: Tasting, Swallowing,    Chewing, and Digesting
The Essence of Active Reading:1.    Ask Questions     1.   What is the book about as a whole?     2.   What is being said ...
Inspectional Reading Two Stages   Systematic Skimming or Prereading         Analogous to “Tasting”     Superficial Rea...
Analytical Reading or “Chewing” Reading the Four types of Arguments   1. Definitional   2. Cause/Effect   3. Evaluative  ...
Syntopical Reading or “Digesting” Survey the Field Read Syntopically
Why to Read: the two Questions of a Great                   Education What is the nature of reality? How should a life b...
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Student learning workshop_#1

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Student Learning Workshop #1

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Student learning workshop_#1

  1. 1. The Quest Philosophy forReading Comprehension STUDENT LEARNING WORKSHOP #1 SPRING 2012
  2. 2. The Goals of ReadingMortimer Adler and Francis BaconCharles Van Doren “[t]here is still another  “Some Bookes are to be Tasted, Others to be goal of reading, besides Swallowed, and Some Few gaining information to be Chewed and Digested: and understanding, That is, some Bookes are to be read onely in Parts; and that is Others to be read but not entertainment” (10). Curiously; and some Few to be read wholly, and with Diligence and Attention” (151, ll. 22-26).
  3. 3. Thesis: what to read, how to read, and why to read What is reading comprehension?  “the process whereby a mind, with nothing to operate on but the symbols of the readable matter, and with no help from outside, elevates itself by the power of its own operations. The mind passes from understanding less to understanding more” (8). Students are best equipped with the ability to carry out this process when they are taught how to read the right books, in the right ways, for the right reasons – in short, the art of reading well.
  4. 4. What to Read: Treats, Water, and Meat/Vegetables
  5. 5. The Pyramid of BooksGreat Books Good Books
  6. 6. Books of Information or Entertainment 99% of all books written in the history of the western world Worthy only of being “tasted” or read in part or “skimmed” Fosters Mechanical, not organic Growth
  7. 7. Mechanical Growthhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qbnLiUtqzu0
  8. 8. The Good Books A few thousand books of the millions of books written in the history of the western world Worth reading analytically once; that is, deserving to be swallowed, but not necessarily chewed/ digested Fosters organic, not mechanical growth
  9. 9. The Great Books Less than one hundred books of those written in the history of the western world Cannot be outgrown or exhausted Worthy of reading analytically many times over Analogous to Bacon’s description of those “Few [texts which ought] to be Chewed and Digested” Fosters organic growth
  10. 10. Organic Growthhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d26AhcKeEbE
  11. 11. How to Read: Tasting, Swallowing, Chewing, and Digesting
  12. 12. The Essence of Active Reading:1. Ask Questions 1. What is the book about as a whole? 2. What is being said in detail, and how? 3. Is the book true, in whole or part? 4. What of it?2. Mark your text
  13. 13. Inspectional Reading Two Stages  Systematic Skimming or Prereading  Analogous to “Tasting”  Superficial Reading  Analogous to “Swallowing”
  14. 14. Analytical Reading or “Chewing” Reading the Four types of Arguments 1. Definitional 2. Cause/Effect 3. Evaluative 4. Problem/Solution
  15. 15. Syntopical Reading or “Digesting” Survey the Field Read Syntopically
  16. 16. Why to Read: the two Questions of a Great Education What is the nature of reality? How should a life be lived?

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