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The first ropewalk in Norway
was built in 1693 in Kristiansand
– between Løkka and Baneheia.
52 years after the city was
founded in 1641
At this time, before the industrial revolution, there
was a real professionalism in ropemaking.
A ropemaker was only deemed suitably experienced if
they had travelled far and wide and had worked in
different ropewalks
During the 18th Century, the local
goverment in Oslo (Christiania) were
in the practice of granting business
monopolies. Johannes Petersen Arbo
had the monopoly for ropemaking
This monopoly was lifted as the ship
merchants complained to local
officials that Arbo never had the
correct rope they needed
In 1751, the ropewalk of Arbo and Wiel in Stromsø
burnt to the ground
Niels Torgensen, son of renowned
Sollerud shopowner Torger
Erichsen Lysager is very interested
in starting his own ropewalk in
Chistiania – having been fascinated
by ropes whilst at sea and spending
time learning ropemaking in
England
In 1772, with the support of liberal goverment
official Johan Friedrich Strudensee, Niels Torgensen
forms a new rope company Christiania Reeperbahne
At that time, the Palæhaven area of Christiania
(now Jernbanetorget) now had three paper mills,
one soap factory, one oil mill, one shipyard, one
ship crane and Christiania Reeperbahne
At this time, the adjacent fjord had become very shallow due to
timber effluent.
Torgensen then made two major acquisitions…
…in 1777, he was allowed to start
building his own industrial ropewalk
on this new landfill (giving him
immediate access to passing fjord
traffic) and in 1793 he bought the
city’s ship crane and a repair shop
The ropewalk was divided into 3 parts:
- The first part was on two levels, with a
workshop below and a loft space above
- The second part was an enclosed
ropewalk of 163m
- Ending with an open air ropewalk of
163m
Growing in years, Torgensen allowed two of his sons to
inherit his largest industrial assets. Torger received the ship
crane in 1798 and in 1799 Carl took control of the ropewalk
In the 1800s, a rival Niels Møller applied for permission
to build a second ropewalk in the area, but without
sufficient ropewalking knowledge, he only achieved a
license to make crochet linen and untarred ropes
By 1800, the shipping fleet of
Christiania had grown from 7 (in 1767)
to 44. There was a new liberalisation of
business trade. More passing vessels and
a growing demand for timber catalysed
real growth in rope sales
There were fires in the harbour in both 1814 and 1819. The
second lasted for 24 hours, causing huge damages to buildings,
timber stores and was close to reaching town dwellings. With
no insurance being offered.
Niels Torgensen passed away the very same year
Most companies would not recover. However, due to the
wealth of the Torgensen estate and their reputation for
ropemaking in the city, the family were able to re-build
the ropewalk. Now stretching to 200m, with open sides,
extra storage and a new area for boiling tar
With one of the longest ropewalks in Europe and a prime
location for export the company begins to develop
Carl Torgensen died in 1834, so
a ship captain called Jørgen
Christian Smith took control of
the rope business. He enlisted a
German sailmaker, called
Wilhelm Timm (from Altona)
to join a partnership
The loft space became increasingly
popular with ship captains. Here
they would relax and discuss the
state of the shipping market and
offer solutions to the general
working conditions
In December 1846, in the loft of
Christiania Reeperbahne, the
Christiania Sømandsforening was
formed. This seafarers union was a
forum for linking sailors together and
a platform to discuss improvements in
working conditions. Wilhelm Timm
acted as treasurer for a time. The
organisation is now known as
Oslo Sjømannsforening
Then in 1854 the city began building the first railway
In 1857, the company’s identity
changed completly, as
Wilhelm Timm acquires the
firm and renames it
Timms Reperbane
For a period the railway tracks
passed through Timms
ropewalk, so the ropewalk level
was lowered. Ultimately
however, the ropewalk stood in
the way of railway expansion -
so Timm was forced to move
production east to the area of
Helsfyr in 1872
Christiania, 1855
Helsfyr, 1880
The company was now based
far from the main city and
shipping trade. The local station
of Bryn provided a transport
link, but horse and cart was the
main method of delivery
Wilhelm Timm died in 1875, with the company
responsibilities falling to his sons Ernst and Gustav
The Norwegian fleet was swelling, but the introduction
of steam powered ships and later motorships meant the
demand for ropes per vessel declined (less rigging)
By 1880, with an economic downturn and a lower demand
for ropes per vessel, Timm was suffering financially
The two sons began searching for new investors, forming a
holding company assuming control of the factory, machinery
and inventory – keeping Gustav in top management with
Wilhelm Francke of Switzerland and Ernst as Rope Master
Ernst Timm continued as a Factory Director until his death in 1896
The name of the company was changed to A/S Timms Dampreperbane
(steam rope walk), offering shared company liability
Fishing and whaling then
began to bring new fortune to
the company
Helsfyr, 1900
In 1917, the company was renamed A/S Timms Reperbane. In 1920 the
factory was ringfenced as its own entity Fabrikaktieselskapet Timm
(later A/S Timms Reperbane – which is still displayed across the old factory)
During WWI, it was difficult to
obtain sufficient supplies for
production, as England held back
materials – in fear of finished
ropes being sold to Germany
After the war, the firm had several bumper
years and then the depression hit
Timm storage and office, Skippergata 19, 1906
Between 1921 – 1949, Harald Rasmussen
was the Managing Director and through
his efforts kept the company afloat during
a most challenging period. Manila and Sisal
fiber imports stopped during WWII and
what little rope was produced had to be
sold locally, outwith the German reach
Part of the production machinery was re-calibrated
to spin paper into twine and packing ropes
The demand for rope was very high after
the war, but it was still very difficult to
obtain enough raw materials
J.M.Feiring was now steering the company
and managed to remove all debts, creating
new liquidity and attracted new investment
1880s 1930s 1935 1939
First
artificial silk
Nylon
Polyethylene
LDPE
1941
Polyester
1951
Polypropylene
HDPE
LLDPE
UHMWPE
UHMW
HPPE
HMPE
1953 1960s
WWI 1914-1919 WWII 1939-1945
1900s
Critical timeline for
synthetic fibers
From the development of Nylon in 1930,
through WWII, came many new advances
in synthetic fibers – which became the new
standard for fiber rope technology
Feiring successfully steered Timm
into synthetic rope production,
maintaining the company’s market
competitiveness
In 1970, at the age of eighty, Feiring
retired and passed control to Hans Strand
(who had joined Timm in 1951). This was
the first time a ropemaker had assumed
control of the company
This was a difficult beginning, as the
shipping crisis hit at the start of the
1970s, with shipowners having stetched
their business contracts too far and the
market collapsed
Hans Strand had to quickly find new
markets for their products. So using the
pin prick method and selected contacts,
he widen the net for export globally to
places such as Pireus and Singapore and
maintained his strategy of answering
every enquiry received. To his major
credit, the company never saw red
numbers throughout the 1970s
One important new trade relationship was formed
with an agent in Reykjavik in Iceland, reigniting
Timm’s fortunes in fishing – with a lead core rope
proving a very successful new product line
The 1980’s brought a new global
financial outlook of investment and
wealth, but this hindered Timms
ability to maintain their factory
workforce in Oslo – as shift work
was less desired
The savour was the influx of
new immigrants to Norway
and the company began to
have a settled workforce.
Overall competence and
experience grew and in 1997
(225 year jublilee) there was 11
nationalities within the team
Strand realised the growing potential
of Asian rope development and
carefully selected two partners for
licensed rope production in Korea
and India. He also established a
portfolio of other suppliers for steel
wires and global distribution
The 1990’s brought an important milestone for Timm,
as they began a new collaborative project with
Maersk Line. Together they engineered a new mooring
solution for Maersk vessels – Timm Signal Master.
Today known as Timm Master, versions of ropes and
tails are still sold worldwide – most recently to the
entire Triple-E Fleet
Also during the 1990’s, Timm
formed a lasting relationship with
cabling solutions company Nexans.
Deliveries to Nexans added a stable
revenue platform for Timm and
remain a key account customer for
the firm
In 2001, Tore Strand took
over responsibility for the
company from his father
Due to the growing labour costs
in Norway, the board decided to
search for a new factory location
within the EU. In 2001, they
built a brand new factory in
Trencin, Slovakia
Through streamlined investment and a precise launch
phase, Timm Slovakia s.r.o became the main production
arm for Timm, with the Helsfyr factory closing in 2003
Now the Timm group (Timm AS) was
made up of two sister companies:
- Timm Marine AS
(management and sales)
- Timm Slovakia s.r.o
(production and wholesale)
In 2008 Tore Strand led the company
towards HMPE fiber development.
Having seen the advances made in
Asian fibers and the growing
applications for high performance
ropes he asked his long-term
colleague - Technical Manager
Roscislaw Solowiej - to begin a new
R&D test centre in Slovakia
With new investment from Krefting A/S,
BSN A/S and his own Skarbu A/S,
Tore Strand managed to control the
financial investment of the Slovakian
factory, add state-of-the-art testing
machinery (for abrasion and MBL testing)
and refine the HMPE prototypes
In 2013, Timm launched Acera™
genuine HMPE fiber and developed a
range of customised products for the
cruise, fishing, offshore / seismic and
LNG tanker markets
Timm 1772 history

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Timm 1772 history

  • 1.
  • 2. The first ropewalk in Norway was built in 1693 in Kristiansand – between Løkka and Baneheia. 52 years after the city was founded in 1641
  • 3. At this time, before the industrial revolution, there was a real professionalism in ropemaking. A ropemaker was only deemed suitably experienced if they had travelled far and wide and had worked in different ropewalks
  • 4. During the 18th Century, the local goverment in Oslo (Christiania) were in the practice of granting business monopolies. Johannes Petersen Arbo had the monopoly for ropemaking
  • 5. This monopoly was lifted as the ship merchants complained to local officials that Arbo never had the correct rope they needed
  • 6. In 1751, the ropewalk of Arbo and Wiel in Stromsø burnt to the ground
  • 7. Niels Torgensen, son of renowned Sollerud shopowner Torger Erichsen Lysager is very interested in starting his own ropewalk in Chistiania – having been fascinated by ropes whilst at sea and spending time learning ropemaking in England
  • 8. In 1772, with the support of liberal goverment official Johan Friedrich Strudensee, Niels Torgensen forms a new rope company Christiania Reeperbahne
  • 9. At that time, the Palæhaven area of Christiania (now Jernbanetorget) now had three paper mills, one soap factory, one oil mill, one shipyard, one ship crane and Christiania Reeperbahne
  • 10. At this time, the adjacent fjord had become very shallow due to timber effluent. Torgensen then made two major acquisitions…
  • 11. …in 1777, he was allowed to start building his own industrial ropewalk on this new landfill (giving him immediate access to passing fjord traffic) and in 1793 he bought the city’s ship crane and a repair shop
  • 12. The ropewalk was divided into 3 parts: - The first part was on two levels, with a workshop below and a loft space above - The second part was an enclosed ropewalk of 163m - Ending with an open air ropewalk of 163m
  • 13. Growing in years, Torgensen allowed two of his sons to inherit his largest industrial assets. Torger received the ship crane in 1798 and in 1799 Carl took control of the ropewalk
  • 14. In the 1800s, a rival Niels Møller applied for permission to build a second ropewalk in the area, but without sufficient ropewalking knowledge, he only achieved a license to make crochet linen and untarred ropes
  • 15. By 1800, the shipping fleet of Christiania had grown from 7 (in 1767) to 44. There was a new liberalisation of business trade. More passing vessels and a growing demand for timber catalysed real growth in rope sales
  • 16. There were fires in the harbour in both 1814 and 1819. The second lasted for 24 hours, causing huge damages to buildings, timber stores and was close to reaching town dwellings. With no insurance being offered. Niels Torgensen passed away the very same year
  • 17. Most companies would not recover. However, due to the wealth of the Torgensen estate and their reputation for ropemaking in the city, the family were able to re-build the ropewalk. Now stretching to 200m, with open sides, extra storage and a new area for boiling tar
  • 18. With one of the longest ropewalks in Europe and a prime location for export the company begins to develop
  • 19. Carl Torgensen died in 1834, so a ship captain called Jørgen Christian Smith took control of the rope business. He enlisted a German sailmaker, called Wilhelm Timm (from Altona) to join a partnership
  • 20. The loft space became increasingly popular with ship captains. Here they would relax and discuss the state of the shipping market and offer solutions to the general working conditions
  • 21. In December 1846, in the loft of Christiania Reeperbahne, the Christiania Sømandsforening was formed. This seafarers union was a forum for linking sailors together and a platform to discuss improvements in working conditions. Wilhelm Timm acted as treasurer for a time. The organisation is now known as Oslo Sjømannsforening
  • 22. Then in 1854 the city began building the first railway
  • 23. In 1857, the company’s identity changed completly, as Wilhelm Timm acquires the firm and renames it Timms Reperbane
  • 24. For a period the railway tracks passed through Timms ropewalk, so the ropewalk level was lowered. Ultimately however, the ropewalk stood in the way of railway expansion - so Timm was forced to move production east to the area of Helsfyr in 1872 Christiania, 1855
  • 25. Helsfyr, 1880 The company was now based far from the main city and shipping trade. The local station of Bryn provided a transport link, but horse and cart was the main method of delivery
  • 26. Wilhelm Timm died in 1875, with the company responsibilities falling to his sons Ernst and Gustav
  • 27. The Norwegian fleet was swelling, but the introduction of steam powered ships and later motorships meant the demand for ropes per vessel declined (less rigging)
  • 28. By 1880, with an economic downturn and a lower demand for ropes per vessel, Timm was suffering financially
  • 29. The two sons began searching for new investors, forming a holding company assuming control of the factory, machinery and inventory – keeping Gustav in top management with Wilhelm Francke of Switzerland and Ernst as Rope Master
  • 30. Ernst Timm continued as a Factory Director until his death in 1896
  • 31. The name of the company was changed to A/S Timms Dampreperbane (steam rope walk), offering shared company liability
  • 32. Fishing and whaling then began to bring new fortune to the company
  • 34. In 1917, the company was renamed A/S Timms Reperbane. In 1920 the factory was ringfenced as its own entity Fabrikaktieselskapet Timm (later A/S Timms Reperbane – which is still displayed across the old factory)
  • 35. During WWI, it was difficult to obtain sufficient supplies for production, as England held back materials – in fear of finished ropes being sold to Germany
  • 36. After the war, the firm had several bumper years and then the depression hit Timm storage and office, Skippergata 19, 1906
  • 37. Between 1921 – 1949, Harald Rasmussen was the Managing Director and through his efforts kept the company afloat during a most challenging period. Manila and Sisal fiber imports stopped during WWII and what little rope was produced had to be sold locally, outwith the German reach
  • 38. Part of the production machinery was re-calibrated to spin paper into twine and packing ropes
  • 39. The demand for rope was very high after the war, but it was still very difficult to obtain enough raw materials
  • 40. J.M.Feiring was now steering the company and managed to remove all debts, creating new liquidity and attracted new investment
  • 41. 1880s 1930s 1935 1939 First artificial silk Nylon Polyethylene LDPE 1941 Polyester 1951 Polypropylene HDPE LLDPE UHMWPE UHMW HPPE HMPE 1953 1960s WWI 1914-1919 WWII 1939-1945 1900s Critical timeline for synthetic fibers
  • 42. From the development of Nylon in 1930, through WWII, came many new advances in synthetic fibers – which became the new standard for fiber rope technology
  • 43. Feiring successfully steered Timm into synthetic rope production, maintaining the company’s market competitiveness
  • 44. In 1970, at the age of eighty, Feiring retired and passed control to Hans Strand (who had joined Timm in 1951). This was the first time a ropemaker had assumed control of the company
  • 45. This was a difficult beginning, as the shipping crisis hit at the start of the 1970s, with shipowners having stetched their business contracts too far and the market collapsed
  • 46. Hans Strand had to quickly find new markets for their products. So using the pin prick method and selected contacts, he widen the net for export globally to places such as Pireus and Singapore and maintained his strategy of answering every enquiry received. To his major credit, the company never saw red numbers throughout the 1970s
  • 47. One important new trade relationship was formed with an agent in Reykjavik in Iceland, reigniting Timm’s fortunes in fishing – with a lead core rope proving a very successful new product line
  • 48. The 1980’s brought a new global financial outlook of investment and wealth, but this hindered Timms ability to maintain their factory workforce in Oslo – as shift work was less desired
  • 49. The savour was the influx of new immigrants to Norway and the company began to have a settled workforce. Overall competence and experience grew and in 1997 (225 year jublilee) there was 11 nationalities within the team
  • 50. Strand realised the growing potential of Asian rope development and carefully selected two partners for licensed rope production in Korea and India. He also established a portfolio of other suppliers for steel wires and global distribution
  • 51. The 1990’s brought an important milestone for Timm, as they began a new collaborative project with Maersk Line. Together they engineered a new mooring solution for Maersk vessels – Timm Signal Master. Today known as Timm Master, versions of ropes and tails are still sold worldwide – most recently to the entire Triple-E Fleet
  • 52. Also during the 1990’s, Timm formed a lasting relationship with cabling solutions company Nexans. Deliveries to Nexans added a stable revenue platform for Timm and remain a key account customer for the firm
  • 53. In 2001, Tore Strand took over responsibility for the company from his father
  • 54. Due to the growing labour costs in Norway, the board decided to search for a new factory location within the EU. In 2001, they built a brand new factory in Trencin, Slovakia
  • 55. Through streamlined investment and a precise launch phase, Timm Slovakia s.r.o became the main production arm for Timm, with the Helsfyr factory closing in 2003
  • 56. Now the Timm group (Timm AS) was made up of two sister companies: - Timm Marine AS (management and sales) - Timm Slovakia s.r.o (production and wholesale)
  • 57. In 2008 Tore Strand led the company towards HMPE fiber development. Having seen the advances made in Asian fibers and the growing applications for high performance ropes he asked his long-term colleague - Technical Manager Roscislaw Solowiej - to begin a new R&D test centre in Slovakia
  • 58. With new investment from Krefting A/S, BSN A/S and his own Skarbu A/S, Tore Strand managed to control the financial investment of the Slovakian factory, add state-of-the-art testing machinery (for abrasion and MBL testing) and refine the HMPE prototypes
  • 59. In 2013, Timm launched Acera™ genuine HMPE fiber and developed a range of customised products for the cruise, fishing, offshore / seismic and LNG tanker markets