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Robots for Elderly - applications, experiences and ethical questions


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Marketta Niemelä, AAATE Workshop 2016, Helsinki

Published in: Health & Medicine
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Robots for Elderly - applications, experiences and ethical questions

  1. 1. VTT TECHNICAL RESEARCH CENTRE OF FINLAND LTD Robots for Elderly – applications, experiences and ethical questions AAATE Workshop 2016 Marketta Niemelä, PhD. VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
  2. 2. 2 Robots and robotic applications for the elderly people
  3. 3. 307/06/2016 3 Robot, service robot, humanoid… – what is a robot?  Robot:  embodied artificial intelligence (processors, artificial intelligence)  artificial device that senses its environment and acts in a purposeful way (sensors, actuators)  a machine that automatically makes useful work  Service robot:  robot not in industrial or manufacturing use  for professional or non-trained users  Humanoid (android):  robot having human-like appearance Robots for Elderly / AAATE 2016 / Marketta Niemelä
  4. 4. 407/06/2016 4 Robots and elderly people? Entertain- ment, recreation Moving and navigating outdoors Rehab- ilitation Trans- porting, carrying things Commu- nicating, social- ising Hygiene, toileting Tele- health- care Safety, monitoring and alarming Moving, walking Cleaning, house work Eating, nourish- ment Tele- care Getting up, sitting down Robots for Elderly / AAATE 2016 / Marketta Niemelä
  5. 5. Social robots Robots helping old person in physical and everyday tasks Service robots Three classes of robotic applications for assistive and care purposes Robotic devices to physically support old person (or caregiver) Robots for Elderly / AAATE 2016 / Marketta Niemelä
  6. 6. 07/06/2016 6 Robotic devices Robotic bath bed and chair Lifting and walking robot Robotic arm Robots for Elderly / AAATE 2016 / Marketta Niemelä
  7. 7. 07/06/2016 7 Robots for everyday tasks Carrying robot Telepresence robot Semi-autonomous service robot Mast, M., Burmester, M., Graf, & al. (2015). Design of the human-robot interaction for a semi-autonomous service robot to assist elderly people. In R. Wichert & H. Klausing (Eds.), Advanced Technologies and Societal Change: Ambient Assisted Living. 7. AAL-Kongress 2014, Berlin, Germany, January 21-22, 2014. Robots for Elderly / AAATE 2016 / Marketta Niemelä
  8. 8. 07/06/2016 8 Social robots Zora elderly care robot Pepper social robot Paro therapy robot Robots for Elderly / AAATE 2016 / Marketta Niemelä
  9. 9. Robots in the wild – trials and experiences Place for a photo (no lines around photo)
  10. 10. 1007/06/2016 10 Telepresence robot in a nursing home How does a telepresence robot operated by family members influence the quality of life of the resident? - feeling of presence - feeling of security Case study of 2 months The robot is operated by family members Evaluation with the resident, family and the care home personnel
  11. 11. 1107/06/2016 11 Use of Paro in nursing homes What is the value and impact of Paro from the perspective of the caregiver and care work? Focus group interviews in three nursing homes with long-term access to Paro Typical use: recreation in group meetings Value: facilitates ”deep care”; supports the resident’s ”good moments” and self-image as an active doer Insight: Paro is not used to its full potential. Examples and sharing experiences needed. Attitudes: ”Paro is better than any robot”
  12. 12. 1207/06/2016 12 Other trials ongoing or to come Introducing and adopting Zora in nursing homes Telepresence robot in home care Telepresence robot in senior community housing Service robot in home care Social robots supporting independent living of the elderly
  13. 13. 13 Ethical questionsPlace for a photo (no lines around photo)
  14. 14. 1407/06/2016 14 Three ethical-societal questions concerning robots for elderly care What happens to the human contacts and dignity of old people? What happens to caregivers’ jobs and work? Who is responsible if something goes wrong?
  15. 15. 15 Conclusions
  16. 16. 1607/06/2016 16 Conclusions - and further questions  Use of robots in elderly care is in its infancy  Promises: facilitating independent living, increasing autonomy and supporting good and even ”deep care” for the elderly  Attitudes and expectations?  Some open issues:  How do care practices change?  What is the role of regulation and standards?  How does the business ecosystem evolve?  What is the role of social robots at home and in care? Robots for Elderly / AAATE 2016 / Marketta Niemelä
  17. 17. 1707/06/2016 17 References  ”Robotit ja hyvinvointipalveluiden tulevaisuus”, Ville Kyrki, Kirsi Coco, Lea Hennala, Arto Laitinen, Paula Lehto, Helinä Melkas, Marketta Niemelä, Satu Pekkarinen, tilannekuvaraportti, 1/2016. robotiikkahyvinvointi-jaterveyspalveluissa_20160104.pdf  ”Robotiikka tulee hoivapalveluihin – miten käy vanhusten ihmisarvon?”, Marketta Niemelä, Arto Laitinen, Futura-lehti 1/2016  “Social robotics, elderly care, and human dignity: a recognition- theoretical approach”, Arto Laitinen, Marketta Niemelä, Jari Pirhonen, to be presented in Robophilosophy conference 2016, Denmark  “Long-term use of Paro the therapy robot seal – the caregiver perspective”, Marketta Niemelä, Mari Ylikauppila, Heli Talja, to be presented in Gerontechnology conference 2016, France  “Expectations and experiences of adopting robots in elderly care in Finland: perspectives of caregivers and decision-makers”, Marketta Niemelä, Hannamaija Määttä, Mari Ylikauppila, to be presented in ICServ2016 conference, Japan Robots for Elderly / AAATE 2016 / Marketta Niemelä
  18. 18. 1807/06/2016 18 Robots and the Future of Welfare Services (ROSE) @ROSERobotic Meaningful Technologies for Seniors (METESE) Further information Robots for Elderly / AAATE 2016 / Marketta Niemelä