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Markku Tykkyläinen: Geospatial Health - Intro

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Geospatial data in health and welfare research -seminar in Helsinki 23rd October 2018.

Published in: Healthcare
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Markku Tykkyläinen: Geospatial Health - Intro

  1. 1. 25.10.2018 1IMPRO 23.10.2018 1 Markku Tykkyläinen University of Eastern Finland, IMPRO, Joensuu https://www.stnimpro.fi/ https://www.stnimpro.fi/contact-information/ Geospatial Health - Intro Geospatial data in health and welfare research, University of Helsinki, Fabianinkatu 33, 3rd floor, room 13, Helsinki, 23.10.2018
  2. 2. IMPRO 23.10.2018 2 Where the term ”geospatial health” comes from? Operations Research (complex systems, CP, LP, netw.) Spatial Statistics (n-dim. space, regr., hot spots) Computational Sciences (algorithms, clust., sim., progr., db) Geodesy/GPS (coordinates, orientation) GIScience/ Geoinformatics (db, analysis, rem sens) Health Sciences Spatial economics (space-time dynamics) 1990s 1950-60s 1990s Geospatial Health Spatial analysis (geogr., reg. sc.; math. space) 1990s - NEG
  3. 3. 25.10.2018 3 IMPRO and Geospatial Health • Quality of care - better outcomes of care - more equal outcomes - new ways of care • Need of care – where? • Better accessbility • Cost savings: care & patients • Optimal spatial allocation of services • To sum up: Allocation of scarce resources over space cost-efficiently to produce better care Research related to geospatial approach: Oulu/Geography/(WP1): Geography of health and well- being as focus area in research of the dept. (WP1) Joensuu/Geographies/Research group: Geospatial Health, Geoinformatics. (WP4) Joensuu: School of Computing: optimization tools. (WP6) HKI/Aalto University/HEMA Institute: costs, data bases & research. (WP5) Kuopio/Institute of Public Health and Clinical Nutrition: “heavy users” of health care and social services. (WP3) HKI/National Institute for Health and Welfare THL: emergency and specialist care services. (WP2) Hospital districts/forthcoming ”sote” areas : databases, registers; indicators of care Focus on Chronic diseases IMPRO 23.10.2018
  4. 4. Key note speaker Eric Delmelle Associate Professor Interests: Epidemiology, Uncertainty, GIS Spatial Optimization, Geovisualization 25.10.2018 IMPRO 23.10.2018 4 Department of Geography and Earth Sciences University of North Carolina at Charlotte

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