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Digital Author Identifier (DAI) / Author Identifier System (AIS)

Thiyagu K
Thiyagu K

Author identifiers are unique identifiers that allow authors to distinguish themselves from other researchers and to unambiguously associate themselves with their work. Author identifiers are unique identifiers assigned to researchers to prevent the author ambiguity problem within the scholarly community because researchers have the same first and last names. Digital Author Identifier (DAI) system assigns a unique number to all academic authors as a form of authority control

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Author Identifier Systems
Digital Author Identifier
K.THIYAGU,
Assistant Professor,
Department of Education,
Central University of Kerala, Kasaragod 1
Author identifiers are
unique identifiers
assigned to researchers
to prevent the
author ambiguity problem
within the scholarly community
because of researchers having the
same first and last names.
2
Digital Author Identifier (DAI)
system assigns a unique number
to all academic authors as a form
of authority control.
3
4
Author identifiers are unique identifiers that
allow authors distinguish themselves from other
researchers and to unambiguously associate
themselves with their work.
Author ambiguity in the scholarly community is a
persistent problem due to:
• One author publishing under multiple variations of
the same name
• Common names
• Name changes, e.g. marriage
• Cultural differences in naming
Postal Services
?
Door Number
Street Name
Street Number
Direction of District / Street –
South / North /East
Pincode
5
SIM
?
10 Unique Numbers
6

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Digital Author Identifier (DAI) / Author Identifier System (AIS)

  • 1. Author Identifier Systems Digital Author Identifier K.THIYAGU, Assistant Professor, Department of Education, Central University of Kerala, Kasaragod 1
  • 2. Author identifiers are unique identifiers assigned to researchers to prevent the author ambiguity problem within the scholarly community because of researchers having the same first and last names. 2
  • 3. Digital Author Identifier (DAI) system assigns a unique number to all academic authors as a form of authority control. 3
  • 4. 4 Author identifiers are unique identifiers that allow authors distinguish themselves from other researchers and to unambiguously associate themselves with their work. Author ambiguity in the scholarly community is a persistent problem due to: • One author publishing under multiple variations of the same name • Common names • Name changes, e.g. marriage • Cultural differences in naming
  • 5. Postal Services ? Door Number Street Name Street Number Direction of District / Street – South / North /East Pincode 5
  • 8. Researchers having the same first and last names. 8
  • 9. Thiyagu, K Thiyagu, Kaliappan Thiyagu, Kaliraj Thiyagu, Kannan Thiyagu, Kaliarasan Thiyagu, Kamalan Thiyagu, Kalaivanan Thiyagu, Krishnamurthy Research Contributions 9
  • 10. The benefits of Author Identifier system are: Less Ambiguity Less Ambiguity as to who has published a certain paper when different variations of an author’s name have been used Accurate Citations Ability to accurately measure citations of individual papers or authors Evaluation of Author’s Productivity Easier evaluation of an author’s productivity and impact in his/her field Data Storage Simplified data handling and storage; author identification only has to be stored in one place Richer cross- referencing possible e.g., search engines, browsers, and other applications can create links between an author’s biographical information and his/her published works Academic Network Opportunity to create new networks of data, e.g. academic Genealogies 10
  • 12. Scopus Author ID ... is an identifier used in Scopus, a citation database is automatically assigned to an author who has published at least one publication indexed in Scopus groups together all the publications written by that author on the Scopus author profile allows citation metrics e.g. total citations and h-index to be accurately calculated based on Scopus data 12
  • 13. Web of Science ResearcherID ... is an identifier used in Web of Science, a citation database. allows researchers to add publications even if they are not indexed in the Web of Science Core Collection. allows citation metrics e.g. total citations and h-index to be accurately calculated based on data from Web of Science. Note: Since April 2019, ResearcherID has been migrated to a new platform - Publons. With Publons, researchers now can have a comprehensive view of both research outputs, and contributions in peer review and journal editorial work. 13
  • 14. ORCID ID User driven identifier service Users can create, manage and edit their publishing history and import from various other systems Institutions can create blocks of identifiers and ask authors to ‘claim’ them Open, sustainable and community governed 14
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  • 17. Google Scholar Profiles User driven, semi-automated author profiles Initial import is algorithm based with the ability for users to add and remove works Continuous algorithmic profile updates possible Requires a verified institutional email to make public Manual user driven export possible Not intended as an author identifier 17
  • 18. ResearchGate Academic social network and collaboration platform for researchers, institutions and publications Users can manage their publishing and work profiles and create connections Provides sharing and citation metrics Open Query 18
  • 19. Academia.edu Academic social network and collaboration platform for researchers, institutions and publications Users can manage their publishing and work profiles and create connections Provides sharing and citation metrics Open Query 19
  • 20. arXiv Author ID Discipline specific (High Energy Physics) author identifier and profile User created and maintained, semi-automatically populated arXiv is a free distribution service Open-access archive for 1,917,791 scholarly articles in the fields of physics, mathematics, computer science, quantitative biology, quantitative finance, statistics, electrical engineering and systems science, and economics. Materials on this site are not peer-reviewed by arXiv. 20
  • 21. RePec Author Service Discipline specific (Economics) identifier and profiles Users claim from a list of research outputs provided by academic publishers such as Elsevier, Wiley Blackwell, CEPR and institutional archives 21
  • 22. PubMed Author ID Update specifically mentions ORCID iDs PubMed® comprises more than 32 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites. 22
  • 23. Linkedin Used to maintain professional resume and publication lists, and network with co-authors and funders Frequently mentioned when discussing author identifiers with researchers Positioning itself as an identity authority as well as profile management tool Mature API for identity and profile. 23
  • 25. Scopus Author ID ... is an identifier used in Scopus, a citation database is automatically assigned to an author who has published at least one publication indexed in Scopus groups together all the publications written by that author on the Scopus author profile allows citation metrics e.g. total citations and h-index to be accurately calculated based on Scopus data 25
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  • 37. Web of Science ResearcherID ... is an identifier used in Web of Science, a citation database. allows researchers to add publications even if they are not indexed in the Web of Science Core Collection. allows citation metrics e.g. total citations and h-index to be accurately calculated based on data from Web of Science. Note: Since April 2019, ResearcherID has been migrated to a new platform - Publons. With Publons, researchers now can have a comprehensive view of both research outputs, and contributions in peer review and journal editorial work. 37
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  • 52. ORCID ID User driven identifier service Users can create, manage and edit their publishing history and import from various other systems Institutions can create blocks of identifiers and ask authors to ‘claim’ them Open, sustainable and community governed Open Researcher and Contributor ID (ORCID) 52
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  • 63. Google Scholar Profiles User driven, semi-automated author profiles Initial import is algorithm based with the ability for users to add and remove works Continuous algorithmic profile updates possible Requires a verified institutional email to make public Manual user driven export possible Not intended as an author identifier 63
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  • 71. ResearchGate Academic social network and collaboration platform for researchers, institutions and publications Users can manage their publishing and work profiles and create connections Provides sharing and citation metrics Open Query 71
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  • 79. Academia.edu Academic social network and collaboration platform for researchers, institutions and publications Users can manage their publishing and work profiles and create connections Provides sharing and citation metrics Open Query 79
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  • 83. arXiv Author ID Discipline specific (High Energy Physics) author identifier and profile User created and maintained, semi-automatically populated arXiv is a free distribution service Open-access archive for 1,917,791 scholarly articles in the fields of physics, mathematics, computer science, quantitative biology, quantitative finance, statistics, electrical engineering and systems science, and economics. Materials on this site are not peer-reviewed by arXiv. 83
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  • 85. RePec Author Service Discipline specific (Economics) identifier and profiles Users claim from a list of research outputs provided by academic publishers such as Elsevier, Wiley Blackwell, CEPR and institutional archives 85
  • 86. 86
  • 87. PubMed Author ID Update specifically mentions ORCID iDs PubMed® comprises more than 32 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites. 87
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  • 98. Linkedin Used to maintain professional resume and publication lists, and network with co-authors and funders Frequently mentioned when discussing author identifiers with researchers Positioning itself as an identity authority as well as profile management tool Mature API for identity and profile. 98
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  • 102. ARC Authentication and Authorisation for Research and Collaboration, https://aarc-project.eu/ ANDS Australian National Data Service, http://www.ands.org.au/ API Application Program Interface ARK Archival Resource Key, identifier for information objects of any type BioCaddie Biomedical and healthCAre Data Discovery Index Ecosystem, https://biocaddie.org/ CASRAI Consortia Advancing Standards in Research Administration Information, http://casrai.org/ CERN European Organization for Nuclear Research, home.cern CrossRef An official Digital Object Identifier Registration Agency of the International DOI Foundation, working to make content easy to find, link, cite and assess in scholarly publishing, http://www.crossref.org/ DataCite An organisation that develops and supports methods to locate, identify and cite data and other research objects. Specifically, DataCite develops and supports the standards behind persistent identifiers for data, and the members assign them, https://www.datacite.org DCC Digital Curation Centre, http://www.dcc.ac.uk/ DOI Digital Object Identifier DSpace Software application to build open repositories, http://www.dspace.org/ EU European Union EC European Commission EMBL-EBI The European Bioinformatics Institute, Part of the European Molecular Biology Laboratory, http://www.ebi.ac.uk/ EuroCRIS European Current Research Information Systems, http://www.eurocris.org/ ETD Electronic Theses and Dissertations EVER-EST European Virtual Environment for Research - Earth Science Themes Eprints Open resource digital repository platform, http://www.eprints.org/ 102
  • 103. Fedora Open source repository system for the management and dissemination of digital content, http://fedorarepository.org/ FORCE11 Future of Research Communications and e-Scholarship: community of scholars, librarians, archivists, publishers and research funders that has arisen organically to help facilitate the change toward improved knowledge creation and sharing, https://www.force11.org/ Fundref A standard way of reporting funding sources for published scholarly research, http://www.crossref.org/fundingdata/index.html GRID Global Research Identifier Database, https://grid.ac/ Handle Prefix registration system, www.handle.net ID Identifier IFLA International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions, http://www.ifla.org/ Invinio Software applications for digital libraries, http://invenio-software.org/ ISNI International Standard Name Identifier JISC UK higher education, further education and skills sectors’ not-for-profit organisation for digital services and solutions, https://www.jisc.ac.uk/ Jupyter Web application that enables the creation and sharing of documents that contain live code. KPI Key Performance Indicator LIBER Ligue des Bibliothèques Européennes de Recherche (Association of European Research Libraries), http://libereurope.eu/ NISO National Information Standards Organisation, http://www.niso.org/home/ 103
  • 104. ODIN ORCID and DataCite Interoperability Network, https://odin-project.eu/ OpenAIRE Project that seeks to connect aggregated research publications to the accompanying research and project information, datasets and author information, https://www.openaire.eu/ OpenDreamKit Open Digital Research Environment Toolkit for the Advancement of Mathematics, www.opendreamkit.org ORCID Original Researcher and Contributer ID, http://orcid.org PANGAEA An information system and data publisher for geoscientific and environmental data, https://www.pangaea.de/ PID Persistent Identifier PRACE Partnership for Advanced Computing in Europe, www.prace-ri.eu Re3data Registry of Research Data Repositories, www.re3data.org REFEDS Research and Education FEDerations Group RDA Research Data Alliance, https://rd-alliance.org/ Ringgold Organisation that provides unique identifiers for organisations in the publishing industry supply chain, http://www.ringgold.com/ RRID Research Resource Identifier SDK Software Development Kit THOR Technical and Human Infrastructure for Open Research, https://project-thor.eu/ UKSG Organisation that aims to connect the knowledge community and encourage the exchange of ideas on scholarly communication, spanning librarians, publishers, intermediaries and technology vendors, http://www.uksg.org/ UX User eXperience 104
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  • 107. Thank You K.THIYAGU, Assistant Professor, Department of Education, Central University of Kerala, Kasaragod 107