A place or group which is ecologically known
for it’s existence something.
When these place or group is naturally
designed and built without plan the it is called
as natural unplanned ecological entity.
They generally have indefinite boundaries
In rural sociology we are referring generally
three entities , they are
Another definition describes it as "an area within
which historical and environmental factors have
combined to create a relatively homogeneous social
structure and a consciousness of individuality"
Generally it is defined as an area of sufficiently
homogeneous physical features to distinguish it from
1. Homogeneity of physical environment as
well as cultural and economic uniformity
2. Uniqueness and distinctiveness of which
people are aware and which distinguishes it
from other regions
3. Presence within it of a distinctive core, and
The presence of indistinct boundaries which
constitute the overlapping of two or more
distinct core-centred regions
Based on the number of indices used in
Based on the relationship
Subordinate relationship-minor regions
Superordinate relationship-major regions
"Community" refers to groups of mutually
dependent people, living in a more or less
compact continuous geographical area, having
a sense of belonging and sharing common
values, norms, and some common interests,
and acting collectively in an organized manner
to satisfy their chief needs through a common
set of organization and institutions (J.B.
A group of people
A continuous geographical area.
A sense of belonging or identification.
Common social values, norms, and other
aspects of culture.
Common set of organizations and
Some common interest.
A community may be rural or urban
It is not static but operates in accordance with
prescribed laws, rules, and procedures.
Interaction and the feeling of belonging
Communities change with changing social
A community may grow or may decline
Neighbourhoods have been described as
"limited geographic areas in which the
individuals and families are known to each and
carry on intimate associations together"
The community is self sufficient while the
neighbourhood is not
A locality group of people,
Limited geographical area,
Frequent face-to-face contacts and intimate
association with one another.
Frequent participation in common activities
such as visiting, inter-dining, borrowing and
exchanging and other forms of mutual aid, and
Presence of some service or supply agency,
organization or institution.
The members have more personal relationship
than that of the community
They have more homogeneity than others due
to the interpersonal relationship
We can easily demarcate the boundaries of the
neighbourhood than any other natural
unplanned ecological entity.