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TERN Ecosystem Surveillance Plots South Australian Murray Darling Basin NRM Region

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A summary of TERN ecosystem observing plots in the South Australian Murray Darling Basin NRM Region. The report also contains a list of the data and soil and plant samples openly available via TERN.

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TERN Ecosystem Surveillance Plots South Australian Murray Darling Basin NRM Region

  1. 1. Maireana sedifolia shrubland, Brookfield Conservation Park Summary of Plots in the South Australian Murray Darling Basin NRM Region 2011 - 2017
  2. 2. Acknowledgments AusPlots gratefully acknowledges the staff from the SA Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resoruces, Australian Landscape Trust and the South Australian Research and Development Institute, in particular, Dave Armstrong, Justin Jay (DEWNR), Jason Nicol, Kate Frahn, Josh Fredburg, Susan Gehrig (SARDI), Peter Kale and Len Davis (ALT) for both helping to undertake the fieldwork, providing support to the project and for allowing access to their properties. AusPlots also wishes to acknowledge the other landholders who permitted access to their properties and the many volunteers who have assited with the project.
  3. 3. Contents Introduction......................................................................................................................................................... 1 Accessing the Data............................................................................................................................................... 3 Point intercept data .................................................................................................................................... 3 Plant collections.......................................................................................................................................... 3 Leaf tissue samples...................................................................................................................................... 3 Site description information........................................................................................................................ 3 Structural summary..................................................................................................................................... 3 Leaf Area Index ........................................................................................................................................... 3 Basal area.................................................................................................................................................... 3 Soil classification ......................................................................................................................................... 4 Soil meta barcoding samples....................................................................................................................... 4 Soil bulk density .......................................................................................................................................... 4 3D Photo panorama .................................................................................................................................... 4 Regional Context.................................................................................................................................................. 7 Potential Uses for AusPlots Data from the South Australian Murray Darling Basin NRM region .......................... 11 For more information ........................................................................................................................................ 11 Appencides........................................................................................................................................................ 12 Appendix 1. Summary of AusPlots data and samples from within the South Australian Murray Darling Basin NRM region ........................................................................................................................... 12 Appendix 2. Co-location with existing plots ............................................................................................... 13 Appendix 3. Revisits .................................................................................................................................. 14 Appendix 4. Plot locations ......................................................................................................................... 15 Appendix 5. Point intercept data ............................................................................................................... 16 Appendix 6. Substrate and growth form .................................................................................................... 18 Appendix 7. Structural Summary ............................................................................................................... 20 Appendix 8. Soil classification.................................................................................................................... 21 Appendix 9. Bulk density ........................................................................................................................... 22 Appendix 10. Plant collection .................................................................................................................... 23
  4. 4. 1 Introduction Beginning in June 2011, AusPlots, part of the Terrestrial Ecosystems Research Network (TERN), undertook surveys in the South Australian Murray Darling Basin NRM Region, South Australia. The surveys involved vegetation and soils work following the AusPlots Rangelands methodology, with 34 plots completed. The plots are part of over 580 plots completed nationally. Figure 1 shows the national AusPlots plot network, and Figure 2 shows the locations of the plots in the South Australian Murray Darling Basin NRM region. This report provides a snapshot of some of the data which was collected during the survey work. A more detailed description of the methods used can be found online in our AusPlots Rangelands Survey Protocols Manual (White et al. 2012), available from our website www.ausplots.org. Figure 1. AusPlots plot network LandSat Image used courtesy of the Commonwealth Department of the Environment
  5. 5. 2 Figure 2. AusPlots Rangelands plot locations in The South Australian Murray Darling Basin NRM region Topographic data copyright Geoscience Australia
  6. 6. 3 Accessing the Data All of the data the AusPlots collects is freely available online through the AEKOS data portal at www.aekos.org.au. It can also be viewed on the Soils to Satellites website which contains a range of useful visualisations sourced from the Atlas of Living Australia. At http://www.soils2satellites.org.au/. Point intercept data The point intercept method is a straightforward method that is readily repeatable and requires little instruction to produce reliable plot information. It provides accurate benchmark data at each plot including substrate type and cover; as well as species structural information such as growth form, height, cover and abundance and population vertical structure. The demographic information produced at each plot can be compared spatially to indicate plot differences, and temporally to indicate change over time. Additionally, the cover data collected at each plot can be used to validate cover data extrapolated through remote sensing techniques. Plant collections Each species that is found within the plot has a herbarium grade sample taken. These have all been formally identified by the SA Herbarium. Much of the material is then lodged at the SA Herbarium or at the AusPlots facility in Adelaide. Leaf tissue samples All of the above samples also have leaf tissue samples taken. This involves placing leaf samples from each species into a cloth bag and drying them on silica desiccant. All of the dominant species have an extra 4 samples collected. These samples are available for use on application to AusPlots facility in Adelaide. They are able to be used for genetic analysis, Isotopic composition and range of other uses. Site description information Contextual information is also collected at each plot. This includes measures of slope an aspect, surface strew and lithology, and information on the grazing and fire history of the site. The plots location is also recorded with a differential GPS and the plot corners and centres (with landholder permission) marked with a star picket. Structural summary Detailed structural summary information is also collected at each plot. When combined with the height and cover information from the point intercept data it enables the creation of structural description compatible with and NVIS level 5 description. Leaf Area Index In plots where a mid and/or upper canopy is present a measure of Leaf Area is recorded. The tool used is an LAI- 2200 and it captures LAI measurements in a range of canopies using one or two sensors attached to a single data logger (LI-COR 1990). The LAI data has a range of potential application such as studies of canopy growth, canopy productivity, woodland vigour, canopy fuel load, air pollution deposition, modelling insect defoliation, remote sensing, and the global carbon cycle. Basal area Basal area measurements are collected across plots where woody biomass is taller than 2 m. Basal area measurements provide information useful for calculating biomass and carbon levels and for structural studies. The wedge aperture, the length of string – 50 cm (and hence the distance from the eye and subsequent angle from the eye to the edges of the wedge aperture) and species count are all important in calculations. Algorithms developed for use with the basal wedge include the above data to calculate plant basal area on a per hectare basis even
  7. 7. 4 though species are counted outside the one hectare plot area. The method is plotless but used because it is based on the concept of circles (trunks/basal area) within circles (circular plots) – the area of one varies proportionally to the change in the area of the other. Use of the basal wedge may be superseded by further improvement of the 3D photo point method and development of algorithms to provide information on vegetation community structure. Soil classification Description of soils, including basic information on the information that has been recorded, the number of recordings and the coverage of locations, are generally poor across the rangelands region of Australia. The plot descriptions and soil characterisations collected by AusPlots will substantially alleviate this paucity of information. The data collected can also be used to increase the reliability of the rangelands component of the Soil and Landscape Grid of Australia, produced by the TERN facility consistent with the Global Soil Map specifications. Analyses of the collected samples will greatly enhance the level of knowledge (e.g. nutrient and carbon levels) and hence understanding of rangelands soils and how they will respond to climate change and management options. It is hoped to eventually be able to analyse all nine of the soil pits from within the plot using a number of different methods e.g. wet chemistry, MIR or NIR (mid infrared spectrometry or near infrared spectroscopy) either individually to provide a measure of variation of the parameter being measured across a plot or bulked together and a sub-sample extracted and analysed to provide a mean value for that parameter across a plot. Soil meta barcoding samples Metagenomics is the study of genetic material recovered directly from environmental samples. Soil metagenomics provides the opportunity to understand what organisms are present at survey plots and provides an indication on their abundance. The collection techniques result in a bias towards higher order organisms. All of the AusPlots within the South Australian Murray Darling Basin NRM region have soil meta barcoding samples collected. Soil bulk density The soil bulk density (BD), also known as dry bulk density, is the weight of dry soil divided by the total soil volume. The total soil volume is the combined volume of solids and pores which may contain air or water, or both. The average values of air, water and solids in the sample are easily measured and are a useful indication of a soils physical condition. Soil test results are most often presented either as a percentage of soil (e.g. % organic carbon) or as a weight per unit of soil (e.g. nitrogen, mg/kg). As bulk density is a measure of soil weight in a given volume, it provides a useful conversion from these units to an area basis unit (e.g. t/ha). The resulting number gives an easily understandable idea of the carbon storage or nutritional status of the soil on an area basis. 3D photo panorama AusPlots uses a three dimensional method for photographing the site. This involves taking three 360 degree panoramas in a triangular pattern. This allows the creation of a 3D model of the vegetation within the plot which can be used to monitor change over time, track plot condition as well as providing a unique, fast measurement of basal area and biomass. Photo panoramas for each of the plots are shown below.
  8. 8. 5 SASMDD0001 2012- Pre-fire SASMDD0001 2014- Post-fire SASMDD0004- 1st vist 2012 SASMDD0004 revisit 2015
  9. 9. 6 SASMDD0005- 2012 1st Visit SASMDD0005 – 2012 revist SATKAN0004- 1st visit 2014
  10. 10. 7 Regional Context Figure 3. Modelled 9s elevation Data from: Xu and Hutchinson, 2011. ANUCLIM Version 6.1. Fenner School of Environment and Society, Australian National University, Australia.
  11. 11. 8 Figure 4. Conservation and pastoral land use CAPAD 2014 © Commonwealth of Australia
  12. 12. 9 Figure 5. Mean annual temperature Data from: Xu and Hutchinson, 2011. ANUCLIM Version 6.1. Fenner School of Environment and Society, Australian National University, Australia.
  13. 13. 10 Figure 6. Mean annual Precipitation Climate Data from: Xu and Hutchinson, 2011. ANUCLIM Version 6.1. Fenner School of Environment and Society, Australian National University, Australia.
  14. 14. 11 Potential Uses for AusPlots Data from the South Australian Murray Darling Basin NRM Region The AusPlots survey method was developed out of a dire need for consistent, national scale ecological data and surveillance monitoring. As such, the data can be used in a range of ways both in the South Australian Murray Darling Basin NRM region but also to allow comparisons across the continent. Currently, a range of researchers and land managers make use of the data and samples. Some example applications that may be applicable within the region are listed below. • Assessing vegetation change using the AusPlots methodology as both a baseline and a continued surveillance monitoring tool. • Detecting the impact of invasive species based on soil and vegetation data. • Ground-truthing satellite derived vegetation and soil data • Soil carbon analysis using the soil bulk density samples • Mapping soil phosphorus, nitrogen and other nutrients using soil pit and subsite samples • Assessing fuel loading using the basal area and leaf area data. • Use of the leaf tissue samples for genetic and isotopic analysis. For more information More information on the AusPlots facility can be found on our website www.AusPlots.org For more information regarding the survey work in The South Australian Murray Darling Basin NRM Region and assistance downloading and utilising the data from AEKOS and Soils2Satellites contact Emrys Leitch, AusPlots Field Survey Officer, emrys.leitch@adelaide.edu.au For more information regarding the AusPlots facility, contact Ben Sparrow, AusPlots Director, ben.sparrow@adelaide.edu.au
  15. 15. 12 Appencides Appendix 1. Summary of AusPlots data and samples from within the South Australian Murray Darling Basin NRM region AusPlots Data and Samples Count Total plant collections 3036 Total leaf tissue samples 4637 Total number of soil samples 812 Total weight of soil (kg) 812 Number of plots with bulk density data 27 Number of plots with LAI data 26 Number of plots with basal wedge dara 19 Total metagenomic samples 306 Total metagenomic weight (kg) 153
  16. 16. 13 Appendix 2. Co-location with existing plots AusPlots works on a mix of both new plots (where this is little existing monitoring infrastructure) and co-location with existing plots. Many of the plots in the South Australian Murray Darling Basin NRM region, are co-located with existing monitoring site. The table below provides the name of the AusPlots plot and the corresponding site AusPlot name Sitename Organistation Contact SAARIV0001 Woolenook Bend River SARDI Jason Nicol SAARIV0002 Woolenook Bend Middle SARDI Jason Nicol SAARIV0003 Woolenook Bend Wetland SARDI Jason Nicol SAARIV0004 Moorook Middle SARDI Jason Nicol SAARIV0005 Moorook River SARDI Jason Nicol SAARIV0006 Moorook Wetland substitute SARDI Jason Nicol SAARIV0007 Big Toolunka Middle SARDI Jason Nicol SAARIV0008 Big Toolunka River SARDI Jason Nicol SAARIV0009 Big Toolunka Wetland SARDI Jason Nicol SASMDD0001 Flux Tower TERN OzFlux Georgia Koerber SASMDD0001 Calperum Supersite TERN Supersites Mike Liddel SASMDD0002 Calperum Supersite TERN Supersites Mike Liddel SASMDD0003 Calperum Supersite TERN Supersites Mike Liddel SASMDD0004 Calperum Supersite TERN Supersites Mike Liddel SASMDD0005 Calperum Supersite TERN Supersites Mike Liddel SASMDD0006 Calperum Supersite TERN Supersites Mike Liddel SASMDD0007 Calperum Supersite TERN Supersites Mike Liddel SASMDD0008 Calperum Supersite TERN Supersites Mike Liddel SASMDD0009 Calperum Supersite TERN Supersites Mike Liddel SASMDD0010 Calperum Supersite TERN Supersites Mike Liddel SASMDD0011 Calperum Supersite TERN Supersites Mike Liddel SASMDD0012 Calperum Supersite TERN Supersites Mike Liddel SASMDD0013 Calperum Supersite TERN Supersites Mike Liddel SASMDD0014 Calperum Supersite TERN Supersites Mike Liddel SASMDD0016 Calperum Supersite TERN Supersites Mike Liddel SASMDD0017 Calperum Supersite TERN Supersites Mike Liddel SASMDD0018 Calperum Supersite TERN Supersites Mike Liddel SASRIV0001 Calperum Supersite TERN Supersites Mike Liddel SASRIV0002 Calperum Supersite TERN Supersites Mike Liddel SATKAN0002 TREND TERN Austrlian Transect Network Michelle Rodrigo SATKAN0004 TREND TERN Austrlian Transect Network Michelle Rodrigo
  17. 17. 14 Appendix 3. Revisits Many of the plots located in the the South Australian Murray Darling Basin NRM region now have multiple visits over time adding temperol depth to the data. The table below provides names of the AusPlots that have more than one visit. The plots labled SAARIV0001 to SAARIV0009 were resampled three times over the course of 6 months. Plot name 1st visit date Plot name Revisit date SAARIV0001 12-Aug-15 SAARIV0001 02-Feb-16 SAARIV0002 13-Aug-15 SAARIV0002 01-Feb-16 SAARIV0003 13-Aug-15 SAARIV0003 01-Feb-16 SAARIV0004 14-Aug-15 SAARIV0004 01-Feb-16 SAARIV0005 14-Aug-15 SAARIV0005 03-Feb-16 SAARIV0006 14-Aug-15 SAARIV0006 01-Feb-16 SAARIV0007 14-Aug-15 SAARIV0007 04-Feb-16 SAARIV0008 14-Aug-15 SAARIV0008 02-Feb-16 SAARIV0009 14-Aug-15 SAARIV0009 03-Feb-16 SASMDD0003 23-Sep-12 SASMDD0003 01-May-15 SASMDD0004 22-Jan-13 SASMDD0004 23-Apr-15 SASMDD0005 24-Sep-12 SASMDD0005 29-Apr-15 SASMDD0006 25-Sep-12 SASMDD0006 29-Apr-15 SASMDD0008 08-Mar-12 SASMDD0008 26-Apr-15 SASMDD0009 06-Mar-12 SASMDD0009 30-Apr-15 SASMDD0011 16-Dec-12 SASMDD0011 24-Apr-15 SASMDD0012 19-Nov-13 SASMDD0012 30-Apr-15 SASMDD0017 30-Oct-14 SASMDD0017 24-Apr-15
  18. 18. 15 Appendix 4. Plot locations Plot name Date Location latitude longitude SAAMDD0007 16-Jun-11 Brookfield Conservation Park. 10.5 km west south west of Blanchetown 139.49973 -34.36233 SAAMDD0008 17-Jun-11 Brookfield Conservation Park. 9.9 west north west of Blanchetown 139.50771 -34.3417 SAAMDD0009 18-Jun-11 Brookfield Conservation Park. 11.8 km west of Blanchetown 139.48592 -34.35791 SAAMDD0010 20-Jun-11 Brookfield Conservation Park. 10.8 km north west of Blanchetown 139.5024 -34.32057 SAAMDD0011 21-Jun-11 Brookfield Conservation Park. 8.5 km north west of Blanchetown 139.530029 -34.319981 SAARIV0001 12-Aug-15 Woolnook bend, 10 km north of Renmark 140.757604 -34.084302 SAARIV0002 13-Aug-15 Woolnook Bend- Middle Site, Murtho Forrest Reserve. 140.758479 -34.083341 SAARIV0003 13-Aug-15 Murtho Forest Reserve 140.760202 -34.083887 SAARIV0004 14-Aug-15 Moorook Game Reserve. 2.6 km south west of Cobdogla 140.386861 -34.261567 SAARIV0005 14-Aug-15 Moorook Game Reserve. 2.7 km south west of Cobdogla 140.387735 -34.263471 SAARIV0006 14-Aug-15 Moorook Game Reserve. 2.6 km south west of Cobdogla. 140.389857 -34.263631 SAARIV0007 14-Aug-15 Big Toolunka, 6 km north east of Waikerie. 139.926765 -34.159449 SAARIV0008 14-Aug-15 Big Toolunka, 6.1 km north east of Waikerie 139.92542 -34.159148 SAARIV0009 14-Aug-15 Big Toolunka, 5.8 km north west of Waikerie 139.927885 -34.158378 SASMDD0001 21-Sep-12 Calperum Station, Supersite Tower., 24.5km north west of Renmark 140.586952 -34.002671 SASMDD0002 23-Sep-12 Calperum Station, 23 km north west of Renmark 140.592681 -34.0117 SASMDD0003 01-May-15 Calperum Station. 12.8 km north west of Homestead. 24.8 km north west of Renmark 140.585627 -33.994531 SASMDD0004 23-Apr-15 Calperum Station. 5.3 km north east of homestead. 20 km north of Renmark 140.734622 -33.996765 SASMDD0005 24-Sep-12 Calperum Station, 20.5 km north of Renmark 140.725783 -33.974315 SASMDD0006 25-Sep-12 Calperum Station. 22km north of Renmark 140.72726 -33.972758 SASMDD0008 26-Apr-15 Calperum Station. 4.5km east of homestead. 14.5 km north north east of Renmark 140.760347 -34.044158 SASMDD0009 30-Apr-15 Calperum Station, 2.6 km south west of Homestead. 13.6km north north west of Renmark 140.695785 -34.059698 SASMDD0010 07-Mar-12 Calperum Station, 13.3 km west north west of homestead. 19 km north west of Renmark 140.575022 -34.003976 SASMDD0011 24-Apr-15 Calperum Station. 2.4km north of homestead. 17.5 km north north west of Renmark 140.709523 -34.018904 SASMDD0012 19-Nov-13 Calperum Station. 20kms northwest of Renmark. 140.754856 -34.058694 SASMDD0013 18-Nov-13 Calperum Station about 20kns northwest of Renmark. About 1km from River Murray. 140.735358 -34.056237 SASMDD0014 20-Nov-13 Calperum Station 1 km west of office and about 20kms north west of Renmark. 140.706439 -34.03715 SASMDD0016 25-Apr-15 Calperum Station. 9.3km north of homestead. 24 km north of Renmark 140.718533 -33.956911 SASMDD0017 24-Apr-15 Calperum Station, 9.5 km north of Homestead. 24.5 km north north west of Renmark 140.717986 -33.955602 SASMDD0018 02-May-15 Calperum Station,13.2 km west north west of homestead. 24.5 km north west of Renmark 140.576111 -34.003076 SASRIV0001 28-Apr-15 Calperum Station. 4 km east of homestead. 15 km north of Renmark. 140.755966 -34.037836 SASRIV0002 28-Apr-15 Calperum Station. 6.3 km east of Homestead. 15 km north north east of Renmark 140.780632 -34.042834 SATKAN0002 22-Aug-12 Kyeema Conservation Park. 39 km South of Adelaide 138.690175 -35.272111 SATKAN0004 05-Nov-14 Mount Beevor, remnant vegetation on private property. About 8 km south east of Mount Torrens. 139.038119 -34.927136
  19. 19. 16 Appendix 5. Point intercept data *Denotes Introduced Species Plot name Visit date Herbarium ID Common name Approx. % cover SA cons. code SAAMDD0009 18/06/2011 Myoporum platycarpum Bastard Sandalwood 12.55 SAAMDD0009 18/06/2011 Eucalyptus porosa Black Mallee 5.28 SAAMDD0009 18/06/2011 Austrostipa nullanulla Club Spear-grass 4.08 Vulnerable SAAMDD0009 18/06/2011 Eucalyptus porosa (dead) Black Mallee 4.08 SAAMDD0009 18/06/2011 Atriplex stipitata Bitter Saltbush 2.79 SAAMDD0009 18/06/2011 Enchylaena tomentosa Barrier Saltbush 1.69 SASMDD0001 21/09/2012 Triodia scariosa Porcupine Grass 22.08 SASMDD0001 21/09/2012 Eucalyptus cyanophylla x Eucalyptus dumosa intergrade 15.84 SASMDD0001 21/09/2012 Eucalyptus socialis subsp. socialis Red mallee 14.16 SASMDD0001 21/09/2012 Austrostipa sp. Spear-grasses 1.29 SASMDD0004 22/01/2013 Maireana turbinata 7.82 SASMDD0004 22/01/2013 Maireana pyramidata Black Bluebush 4.65 SASMDD0004 22/01/2013 Sclerolaena obliquicuspis Limestone Bindii 2.08 SASMDD0004 22/01/2013 Austrostipa nitida Balcarra Grass 2.08 SASMDD0004 22/01/2013 Limonium lobatum Winged Sea Lavender 1.19 SASMDD0004 23/04/2015 Maireana sp. 5.74 SASMDD0004 23/04/2015 Maireana pyramidata Black Bluebush 5.54 SASMDD0004 23/04/2015 *Carrichtera annua (dead) Ward's Weed 5.54 SASMDD0004 23/04/2015 *Carrichtera annua Ward's Weed 3.76 SASMDD0004 23/04/2015 Maireana sp. (dead) 3.66 SASMDD0004 23/04/2015 Limonium lobatum Winged Sea Lavender 2.18 SASMDD0005 24/09/2012 Salvia verbenaca var. vernalis 16.53 SASMDD0005 24/09/2012 Austrostipa nitida Balcarra Grass 9.21 SASMDD0005 24/09/2012 Sclerolaena diacantha (dead) Grey Copper Burr 7.72 SASMDD0005 24/09/2012 Maireana pyramidata Black Bluebush 3.47 SASMDD0005 24/09/2012 Sclerolaena diacantha Grey Copper Burr 3.07 SASMDD0005 24/09/2012 Austrostipa nitida (dead) Balcarra Grass 1.19 SASMDD0005 24/09/2012 Maireana pentatropis Erect Mallee Bluebush 1.19 SASMDD0005 29/04/2015 *Medicago minima Burr Medic 9.21 SASMDD0005 29/04/2015 Maireana pyramidata Black Bluebush 3.47 SASMDD0005 29/04/2015 Dodonaea viscosa subsp. angustissima Narrow-leaf Hop-bush 1.49 SATKAN0002 22/08/2012 Eucalyptus obliqua Australian Oak 65.84 SATKAN0002 22/08/2012 Lepidosperma semiteres Wire Rapier-sedge 13.96 SATKAN0002 22/08/2012 Hakea rostrata Beaked Hakea 12.48 SATKAN0002 22/08/2012 Pultenaea involucrata 8.81
  20. 20. 17 Plot name Visit date Herbarium ID Common name Approx. % cover SA cons. code SATKAN0002 22/08/2012 Xanthorrhoea semiplana 6.53 SATKAN0002 22/08/2012 Acacia cupularis Coastal Umbrella Bush 5.25 SATKAN0002 22/08/2012 Eucalyptus cosmophylla Bog Gum 4.75 SATKAN0002 22/08/2012 Acacia myrtifolia Myrtle Acacia 3.07 SATKAN0002 22/08/2012 Pultenaea daphnoides Daphne leaved Pultenaea 2.28 SATKAN0002 22/08/2012 Allocasuarina muelleriana subsp. muelleriana Slaty Sheoak 2.18 SATKAN0002 22/08/2012 Platylobium obtusangulum Common Flat-pea 1.98 SATKAN0004 5/11/2014 Eucalyptus fasciculosa Hill Gum 29.50 Rare SATKAN0004 5/11/2014 Eutaxia microphylla Common Eutaxia 7.03 SATKAN0004 5/11/2014 No ID 5.25 SATKAN0004 5/11/2014 Pentameris pallida 3.66 SATKAN0004 5/11/2014 Acacia paradoxa Acacia Hedge 3.27 SATKAN0004 5/11/2014 Lepidosperma carphoides Black Rapier-sedge 3.17 SATKAN0004 5/11/2014 NO_BARCODE_GRASS_163 314587715 3.17 SATKAN0004 5/11/2014 Lomandra multiflora subsp. dura 2.57 SATKAN0004 5/11/2014 *Vulpia bromoides Brome Fescue 2.48 SATKAN0004 5/11/2014 Bursaria spinosa subsp. lasiophylla 2.28 SATKAN0004 5/11/2014 Rytidosperma geniculatum 1.68 SATKAN0004 5/11/2014 *Plantago bellardii Hairy Plantain 1.49 SATKAN0004 5/11/2014 Acacia pycnantha Australian Golden Wattle 1.39 SATKAN0004 5/11/2014 Eucalyptus fasciculosa (dead) Hill Gum 0.30 Rare SATKAN0004 5/11/2014 Ptilotus erubescens Hairy Tails 0.10 Rare
  21. 21. 18 Appendix 6. Substrate and growth form Plot name Date Substrate Approx. % substrate Plot name Date Growth form Approx. % cover by growth form SAAMDD0009 18-Jun-11 Leaf litter 39.04 SAAMDD0009 18-Jun-11 Forb 23.80 SAAMDD0009 18-Jun-11 Cryptogam 22.81 SAAMDD0009 18-Jun-11 Shrub 13.05 SAAMDD0009 18-Jun-11 Bare ground 20.12 SAAMDD0009 18-Jun-11 Tree Mallee 9.56 SAAMDD0009 18-Jun-11 Gravel 17.83 SAAMDD0009 18-Jun-11 Tussock grass 7.17 SAAMDD0009 18-Jun-11 Rock 0.10 SAAMDD0009 18-Jun-11 Chenopod 5.18 SAAMDD0009 18-Jun-11 Coarse woody debris 0.10 Plot name Date Substrate Approx. % substrate Plot name Date Growth form Approx. % cover by growth form SASMDD0001 21-Sep-12 Leaf litter 60.10 SASMDD0001 21-Sep-12 Tree Mallee 37.13 SASMDD0001 21-Sep-12 Bare ground 20.20 SASMDD0001 21-Sep-12 Hummock grass 22.08 SASMDD0001 21-Sep-12 Cryptogam 19.01 SASMDD0001 21-Sep-12 Shrub 2.38 SASMDD0001 21-Sep-12 Coarse woody debris 1.09 SASMDD0001 21-Sep-12 Tussock grass 1.39 SASMDD0001 21-Sep-12 Chenopod 1.09 SASMDD0001 21-Sep-12 Forb 0.40 Plot name Date Substrate Approx. % substrate Plot name Date Growth form Approx. % cover by growth form SASMDD0004 22-Jan-13 Leaf litter 51.78 SASMDD0004 22-Jan-13 Chenopod 14.55 SASMDD0004 22-Jan-13 Cryptogam 27.62 SASMDD0004 22-Jan-13 Forb 2.18 SASMDD0004 22-Jan-13 Bare ground 19.31 SASMDD0004 22-Jan-13 Tussock grass 2.08 SASMDD0004 22-Jan-13 Unkwn 0.79 SASMDD0004 22-Jan-13 Shrub 0.30 SASMDD0004 22-Jan-13 Coarse woody debris 0.50 SASMDD0004 23-Apr-15 Chenopod 15.45 SASMDD0004 23-Apr-15 Bare ground 37.43 SASMDD0004 23-Apr-15 Forb 12.48 SASMDD0004 23-Apr-15 Leaf litter 31.68 SASMDD0004 23-Apr-15 Tussock grass 0.40 SASMDD0004 23-Apr-15 Cryptogam 30.79 Plot name Date Substrate Approx. % substrate Plot name Date Growth form Approx. % cover by growth form SASMDD0005 24-Sep-12 Leaf litter 89.50 SASMDD0005 24-Sep-12 Forb 18.32 SASMDD0005 24-Sep-12 Bare ground 6.24 SASMDD0005 24-Sep-12 Chenopod 18.22 SASMDD0005 24-Sep-12 Cryptogam 3.96 SASMDD0005 24-Sep-12 Tussock grass 10.40 SASMDD0005 24-Sep-12 Coarse woody debris 0.30 SASMDD0005 24-Sep-12 Shrub 1.19 SASMDD0005 29-Apr-15 Leaf litter 59.80 SASMDD0005 29-Apr-15 Forb 11.98 SASMDD0005 29-Apr-15 Bare ground 33.76 SASMDD0005 29-Apr-15 Chenopod 5.35 SASMDD0005 29-Apr-15 Cryptogam 6.14 SASMDD0005 29-Apr-15 Shrub 2.87 SASMDD0005 29-Apr-15 Coarse woody debris 0.20 SASMDD0005 29-Apr-15 Tussock grass 0.50 SASMDD0005 29-Apr-15 Gravel 0.10 SASMDD0005 29-Apr-15 Hummock grass 0.20
  22. 22. 19 Plot name Date Substrate Approx. % substrate Plot name Date Growth form Approx. % cover by growth form SATKAN0002 22-Aug-12 Leaf litter 97.72 SATKAN0002 22-Aug-12 Tree/Palm 83.76 SATKAN0002 22-Aug-12 Coarse woody debris 1.09 SATKAN0002 22-Aug-12 Shrub 44.36 SATKAN0002 22-Aug-12 Bare ground 0.59 SATKAN0002 22-Aug-12 Sedge 13.96 SATKAN0002 22-Aug-12 Rock 0.59 SATKAN0002 22-Aug-12 Tree Mallee 6.24 SATKAN0002 22-Aug-12 Forb 4.36 Plot name Date Substrate Approx. % substrate Plot name Date Growth form Approx. % cover by growth form SATKAN0004 05-Nov-14 Leaf litter 90.79 SATKAN0004 05-Nov-14 Tree/Palm 33.07 SATKAN0004 05-Nov-14 Bare ground 4.95 SATKAN0004 05-Nov-14 Shrub 18.51 SATKAN0004 05-Nov-14 Coarse woody debris 1.98 SATKAN0004 05-Nov-14 Tussock grass 15.35 SATKAN0004 05-Nov-14 Cryptogam 1.88 SATKAN0004 05-Nov-14 Forb 9.70 SATKAN0004 05-Nov-14 Unknown 0.20 SATKAN0004 05-Nov-14 Sedge 8.61 SATKAN0004 05-Nov-14 Not Collected 0.10 SATKAN0004 05-Nov-14 Tree Mallee 0.40 SATKAN0004 05-Nov-14 Rock 0.10 SATKAN0004 05-Nov-14 Vine 0.30 SATKAN0004 05-Nov-14 Fern 0.20 SATKAN0004 05-Nov-14 Epiphyte 0.10
  23. 23. 20 Appendix 7. Structural Summary Date Plot name Structural description 18-Jun-11 SAAMDD0009 Myoporum platycarpum tall open shrubland with emergent Eucalyptus porosa. A ground stratum of annual forbs dominated by introduced species (Grouped together). 21-Sep-12 SASMDD0001 Eucalyptus cyanophylla - Eucalyptus dumosa intergrade / Eucalyptus socialis subsp. socialis mid open mallee forest. Sparse midstratum of Dodonaea viscosa subsp. angustissima and ground stratum dominsted by Triodia scariosa with scattered Austrostipa sp. 22-Jan-13 SASMDD0004 Maireana turbinata / Maireana pyramidata low open chenopod shrubland with scattered Austrostipa nitida and Sclerolaena obliquicuspis. No mid or upper stratum 23-Apr-15 SASMDD0004 Enchylaena tomentosa / Maireana georgei hybrid and Maireana Pyramidata low open chenopod shrubland. Ground layer dominated by Carrichtera annua and Medicago minima. 24-Sep-12 SASMDD0005 Maireana pyramidata / Dodonaea viscosa subsp. angustissima mid open with emergent Callitris glaucophylla. Ground stratum is Austrostipa nitida, Sclerolaena diacantha and Salvia verbenaca. No evidence of fire or grazing. Some introduced species present (e 29-Apr-15 SASMDD0005 Maireana pyramidata mixed low open chenopod shrubland to Dodonaea viscosa / Eremophila sturtii low open shrubland with isolated emergent Callitris. Ground stratum dominted by recently germinated Medicago minima. Dead timber on site likely also Callitris. 22-Aug-12 SATKAN0002 Eucalyptus obliqua mid open forest. A dense mid-stratum dominated by Hakea rostrata with Pultenaea involucrata and a ground stratum dominated by Lepidosperma semiteres. 05-Nov-14 SATKAN0004 Eucalyptus fasciculosa low woodland with a mixed mid stratum of Eutaxia microphylla, Acacia paradoxa, some juvenile Eucalyptus fasciculosa and Bursaria spinosa subsp. lasiophylla. Very Diverse understratum.
  24. 24. 21 Appendix 8. Soil classification Plot name Upper depth Lower depth Horizon Texture Colour when moist pH EC Effervescence SAAMDD0009 0 0.1 A1 Loamy sand 5YR4/2 9 0.12 Very highly calcareous SAAMDD0009 0.1 0.2 B11 Clayey sand 5YR4/2 8.7 0.36 Very highly calcareous SAAMDD0009 0.2 0.3 B12 Clayey sand 5YR4/2 9 0.65 Very highly calcareous SASMDD0001 0 0.1 NC Not Collected 7.48 0.01 Not Collected SASMDD0001 0.1 0.2 NC Not Collected 8.18 0.02 Not Collected SASMDD0001 0.2 0.3 NC Not Collected 8.8 0.06 Not Collected SASMDD0001 0.3 0.4 NC Not Collected 8.95 0.06 Not Collected SASMDD0001 0.4 0.5 NC Not Collected 8.99 0.07 Not Collected SASMDD0001 0.5 0.6 NC Not Collected 9.07 0.07 Not Collected SASMDD0001 0.6 0.7 NC Not Collected 9.33 0.12 Not Collected SASMDD0001 0.7 0.8 NC Not Collected 9.45 0.25 Not Collected SASMDD0001 0.8 0.9 NC Not Collected 9.52 0.51 Not Collected SASMDD0001 0.9 1 NC Not Collected 9.66 0.57 Not Collected SASMDD0004 0 0.07 A1 Clayey sand 5YR44 8.1 0.09 Non-calcareous SASMDD0004 0.07 0.3 A2 Sandy loam 5YR46 8.4 0.02 Non-calcareous SASMDD0004 0.3 0.65 B1 Sandy clay loam 5YR54 8.6 1.01 Highly calcareous SASMDD0004 0.65 1 B2 Sandy clay loam 7.5YR64 7.9 2.29 Slightly calcareous SASMDD0005 0 0.43 A1 Loamy sand 8.1 0.1 Non-calcareous SASMDD0005 0 0.43 A1 Loamy sand 8.1 0.1 Non-calcareous SASMDD0005 0.43 0.73 A2 Loamy sand 8.6 0.19 Moderately calcareous SASMDD0005 0.43 0.73 A2 Loamy sand 8.6 0.19 Moderately calcareous SASMDD0005 0.73 0.85 B1 Sandy loam 8.8 0.24 Moderately calcareous SASMDD0005 0.73 0.85 B1 Sandy loam 8.8 0.24 Moderately calcareous SASMDD0005 0.85 1 B2 Sandy clay loam 9.2 0.35 Highly calcareous SASMDD0005 0.85 1 B2 Sandy clay loam 9.2 0.35 Highly calcareous SATKAN0004 0 0.04 A11 Loamy sand 7.5YR3/2 5.3 0.06 Non-calcareous SATKAN0004 0.04 0.12 A12 Loamy sand 7.5YR3/4 5.7 0 Non-calcareous SATKAN0004 0.12 0.39 A2 Sand 7.5YR5/6 6.4 0 Non-calcareous SATKAN0004 0.39 0.8 B Sandy loam 7.5YR4/4 6.1 0.29 Non-calcareous
  25. 25. 22 Appendix 9. Bulk density Plot name Sample depth Fine earth weight Fine earth bulk density SASMDD0001 0.00 - 0.10 cm 383.03 1.83 SASMDD0001 0.10 - 0.20 cm 386.35 1.85 SASMDD0001 0.20 - 0.30 cm 371.26 1.77 SASMDD0004 0.00 - 0.10 cm 337.3 1.61 SASMDD0004 0.00 - 0.10 cm 337.3 1.61 SASMDD0004 0.10 - 0.20 cm 333.1 1.59 SASMDD0004 0.20 - 0.30 cm 320.5 1.53 SASMDD0005 0.00 - 0.10 cm 327.8 1.57 SASMDD0005 0.10 - 0.20 cm 327.2 1.56 SASMDD0005 0.20 - 0.30 cm 325.9 1.56
  26. 26. 23 Appendix 10. Plant collection * Denotes introduced species Plot name Date Herbarium determination Common name SA Cons. code SAAMDD0009 18-Jun-11 Acacia nyssophylla Pin Bush SAAMDD0009 18-Jun-11 Ajuga iva SAAMDD0009 18-Jun-11 Alectryon oleifolius Bullock Bush SAAMDD0009 18-Jun-11 Asphodelus fistulosus Asphodel SAAMDD0009 18-Jun-11 Atriplex stipitata Bitter Saltbush SAAMDD0009 18-Jun-11 Atriplex velutinella Sandhill Saltbush SAAMDD0009 18-Jun-11 Austrostipa nullanulla Club Spear-grass Vulnerable SAAMDD0009 18-Jun-11 *Carrichtera annua Ward's Weed SAAMDD0009 18-Jun-11 Chenopodium curvispicatum Cottony Saltbush SAAMDD0009 18-Jun-11 Convolvulus sp. Bindweed SAAMDD0009 18-Jun-11 Enchylaena tomentosa Barrier Saltbush SAAMDD0009 18-Jun-11 Eremophila glabra Black Fuchsia SAAMDD0009 18-Jun-11 Eriochiton sclerolaenoides Woolly Bindii SAAMDD0009 18-Jun-11 Eucalyptus porosa Black Mallee SAAMDD0009 18-Jun-11 Eucalyptus socialis Christmas Mallee SAAMDD0009 18-Jun-11 Maireana pentatropis Erect Mallee Bluebush SAAMDD0009 18-Jun-11 Maireana scleroptera SAAMDD0009 18-Jun-11 *Marrubium vulgare Hoarhound SAAMDD0009 18-Jun-11 *Medicago minima Burr Medic SAAMDD0009 18-Jun-11 *Moraea setifolia Thread Iris SAAMDD0009 18-Jun-11 Myoporum platycarpum Bastard Sandalwood SAAMDD0009 18-Jun-11 Olearia muelleri Dusky Daisy-bush SAAMDD0009 18-Jun-11 Rhagodia parabolica Fragrant Saltbush SAAMDD0009 18-Jun-11 Salvia verbenaca Vervain SAAMDD0009 18-Jun-11 Sclerolaena brevifolia SAAMDD0009 18-Jun-11 Sclerolaena sp. SAAMDD0009 18-Jun-11 Senna artemisioides subsp. filifolia SAAMDD0009 18-Jun-11 Sida corrugata Corrugated Sida SAAMDD0009 18-Jun-11 Silene sp. French Catchfly SAAMDD0009 18-Jun-11 *Sonchus oleraceus Annual Sowthistle SAAMDD0009 18-Jun-11 Vittadinia gracilis Woolly New Holland Daisy SAAMDD0009 18-Jun-11 Zygophyllum aurantiacum Native Hop SAAMDD0009 18-Jun-11 Zygophyllum ovatum Dwarf Twin-leaf SASMDD0001 21-Sep-12 Acacia wilhelmiana Dwarf Nealie SASMDD0001 21-Sep-12 Austrostipa scabra subsp. scabra SASMDD0001 21-Sep-12 Austrostipa sp. Spear-grasses SASMDD0001 21-Sep-12 Beyeria opaca Dark Turpentine Bush SASMDD0001 21-Sep-12 Chenopodium desertorum subsp. desertorum Frosted Goosefoot SASMDD0001 21-Sep-12 Chenopodium desertorum subsp. rectum Frosted Goosefoot SASMDD0001 21-Sep-12 Daviesia benthamii subsp. acanthoclona Broom Bitter-pea
  27. 27. 24 Plot name Date Herbarium determination Common name SA Cons. code SASMDD0001 21-Sep-12 Dianella revoluta var. revoluta SASMDD0001 21-Sep-12 Dodonaea bursariifolia Low Hopbush SASMDD0001 21-Sep-12 Dodonaea viscosa subsp. angustissima Narrow-leaf Hop-bush SASMDD0001 21-Sep-12 Eremophila glabra subsp. murrayana SASMDD0001 21-Sep-12 Eucalyptus cyanophylla x Eucalyptus dumosa intergrade SASMDD0001 21-Sep-12 Eucalyptus dumosa Bunurdurk SASMDD0001 21-Sep-12 Eucalyptus dumosa subsp. dumosa SASMDD0001 21-Sep-12 Eucalyptus oleosa subsp. oleosa Red morrell SASMDD0001 21-Sep-12 Eucalyptus socialis Christmas Mallee SASMDD0001 21-Sep-12 Eucalyptus socialis subsp. socialis Red mallee SASMDD0001 21-Sep-12 Eutaxia microphylla Common Eutaxia SASMDD0001 21-Sep-12 Goodenia varia Sticky Goodenia SASMDD0001 21-Sep-12 Grevillea huegelii Comb Grevillea SASMDD0001 21-Sep-12 Halgania cyanea Blue Halgania SASMDD0001 21-Sep-12 Maireana pentatropis Erect Mallee Bluebush SASMDD0001 21-Sep-12 Maireana sp. SASMDD0001 21-Sep-12 Myoporum platycarpum Bastard Sandalwood SASMDD0001 21-Sep-12 Olearia pimeleoides Burrabunga SASMDD0001 21-Sep-12 Pimelea micrantha Silky Rice-flower SASMDD0001 21-Sep-12 Prostanthera aspalathoides Pixie Caps SASMDD0001 21-Sep-12 Ptilotus nobilis subsp. nobilis Pink Mulla Mulla; Lamb's Tail SASMDD0001 21-Sep-12 Sclerolaena diacantha Grey Copper Burr SASMDD0001 21-Sep-12 Sclerolaena parviflora SASMDD0001 21-Sep-12 Senna artemisioides subsp. x petiolaris Woody Cassia SASMDD0001 21-Sep-12 Templetonia rossii SASMDD0001 21-Sep-12 Triodia scariosa Porcupine Grass SASMDD0001 21-Sep-12 Vittadinia dissecta var. hirta SASMDD0001 21-Sep-12 Westringia rigida Stiff Western Rosemary SASMDD0001 21-Sep-12 Zygophyllum aurantiacum subsp. aurantiacum SASMDD0004 22-Jan-13 Atriplex lindleyi subsp. lindleyi Flat-top Saltbush SASMDD0004 22-Jan-13 Austrostipa nitida Balcarra Grass SASMDD0004 22-Jan-13 *Carrichtera annua Ward's Weed SASMDD0004 22-Jan-13 Eriochiton sclerolaenoides Woolly Bindii SASMDD0004 22-Jan-13 Limonium lobatum Winged Sea Lavender SASMDD0004 22-Jan-13 Maireana pyramidata Black Bluebush SASMDD0004 22-Jan-13 Maireana turbinata SASMDD0004 22-Jan-13 Rhodanthe Stuartina SASMDD0004 22-Jan-13 Salvia verbenaca var. vernalis SASMDD0004 22-Jan-13 Sclerolaena decurrens Green Copperburr SASMDD0004 22-Jan-13 Sclerolaena obliquicuspis Limestone Bindii SASMDD0004 22-Jan-13 Senecio cunninghamii var. cunninghamii Branching Groundsel SASMDD0004 22-Jan-13 Sida intricata Neverfail
  28. 28. 25 Plot name Date Herbarium determination Common name SA Cons. code SASMDD0004 22-Jan-13 Vittadinia gracilis Woolly New Holland Daisy SASMDD0004 23-Apr-15 Atriplex stipitata Bitter Saltbush SASMDD0004 23-Apr-15 Atriplex vesicaria Bladder Saltbush SASMDD0004 23-Apr-15 *Carrichtera annua Ward's Weed SASMDD0004 23-Apr-15 Crassula colorata var. colorata SASMDD0004 23-Apr-15 Dysphania truncata SASMDD0004 23-Apr-15 *Heliotropium europaeum A Heliotrope SASMDD0004 23-Apr-15 Limonium lobatum Winged Sea Lavender SASMDD0004 23-Apr-15 Maireana pyramidata Black Bluebush SASMDD0004 23-Apr-15 Maireana sp. SASMDD0004 23-Apr-15 *Medicago minima Burr Medic SASMDD0004 23-Apr-15 Podaxis pistillaris SASMDD0004 23-Apr-15 Sclerolaena patenticuspis Spear-fruit Saltbush SASMDD0004 23-Apr-15 Senna artemisioides subsp. petiolaris SASMDD0004 23-Apr-15 sida intricata Neverfail SASMDD0005 24-Sep-12 Atriplex stipitata Bitter Saltbush SASMDD0005 24-Sep-12 Austrostipa nitida Balcarra Grass SASMDD0005 24-Sep-12 Callitris glaucophylla White Cypress SASMDD0005 24-Sep-12 Cassytha melantha Coarse Dodder-laurel SASMDD0005 24-Sep-12 Convolvulus remotus Grassy Bindweed SASMDD0005 24-Sep-12 Dissocarpus paradoxus Cannonball Burr SASMDD0005 24-Sep-12 Dodonaea viscosa subsp. angustissima Narrow-leaf Hop-bush SASMDD0005 24-Sep-12 Enchylaena tomentosa var. tomentosa X Maireana georgei hybrid SASMDD0005 24-Sep-12 Eremophila glabra subsp. glabra Common Emu Bush SASMDD0005 24-Sep-12 Eremophila sturtii Budda Bush SASMDD0005 24-Sep-12 Grevillea huegelii Comb Grevillea SASMDD0005 24-Sep-12 Lomandra effusa Cocky's Bootlace SASMDD0005 24-Sep-12 Maireana georgei Golden Bluebush SASMDD0005 24-Sep-12 Maireana pentatropis Erect Mallee Bluebush SASMDD0005 24-Sep-12 Maireana pyramidata Black Bluebush SASMDD0005 24-Sep-12 Maireana trichoptera Pink-seeded Bluebush, Downy Bluebush SASMDD0005 24-Sep-12 Marsdenia australis Doubah SASMDD0005 24-Sep-12 Olearia pimeleoides Burrabunga SASMDD0005 24-Sep-12 Pimelea microcephala subsp. microcephala Mallee River-flower SASMDD0005 24-Sep-12 Pycnosorus pleiocephalus Soft Billy-buttons SASMDD0005 24-Sep-12 Reichardia tingitana False Sow-thistle SASMDD0005 24-Sep-12 Salvia verbenaca var. vernalis SASMDD0005 24-Sep-12 Sclerolaena diacantha Grey Copper Burr SASMDD0005 24-Sep-12 Senna artemisioides subsp. x coriacea SASMDD0005 24-Sep-12 Senna artemisioides subsp. x petiolaris Woody Cassia SASMDD0005 24-Sep-12 Zygophyllum apiculatum Callweed SASMDD0005 24-Sep-12 Zygophyllum aurantiacum subsp. aurantiacum
  29. 29. 26 Plot name Date Herbarium determination Common name SA Cons. code SASMDD0005 29-Apr-15 Atriplex stipitata Bitter Saltbush SASMDD0005 29-Apr-15 Austrostipa puberula Fine-hairy Spear-grass SASMDD0005 29-Apr-15 Austrostipa scabra ssp. scabra SASMDD0005 29-Apr-15 Callitris glaucophylla White Cypress SASMDD0005 29-Apr-15 *Carrichtera annua Ward's Weed SASMDD0005 29-Apr-15 *Carthamus lanatus Saffron Thistle SASMDD0005 29-Apr-15 Dissocarpus paradoxus Cannonball Burr SASMDD0005 29-Apr-15 Dodonaea viscosa subsp. angustissima Narrow-leaf Hop-bush SASMDD0005 29-Apr-15 Enchylaena tomentosa var. tomentosa Ruby Saltbush SASMDD0005 29-Apr-15 Eremophila sturtii Budda Bush SASMDD0005 29-Apr-15 Euphorbia drummondii s.l SASMDD0005 29-Apr-15 Grevillea huegelii Comb Grevillea SASMDD0005 29-Apr-15 Lomandra effusa Cocky's Bootlace SASMDD0005 29-Apr-15 Maireana pentatropis Erect Mallee Bluebush SASMDD0005 29-Apr-15 Maireana pyramidata Black Bluebush SASMDD0005 29-Apr-15 Marsdenia australis Doubah SASMDD0005 29-Apr-15 *Medicago minima Burr Medic SASMDD0005 29-Apr-15 Olearia pimeleoides Burrabunga SASMDD0005 29-Apr-15 Pimelea microcephala subsp. microcephala Mallee River-flower SASMDD0005 29-Apr-15 Psilocaulon granulicaule SASMDD0005 29-Apr-15 Rhagodia spinescens Berry Saltbush SASMDD0005 29-Apr-15 Salvia verbenaca Vervain SASMDD0005 29-Apr-15 Sclerolaena diacantha Grey Copper Burr SASMDD0005 29-Apr-15 Sclerolaena obliquicuspis Limestone Bindii SASMDD0005 29-Apr-15 Senna artemisioides subsp. filifolia SASMDD0005 29-Apr-15 Senna artemisioides subsp. petiolaris SASMDD0005 29-Apr-15 Senna artemisioides subsp. x coriacea SASMDD0005 29-Apr-15 *Sisymbrium erysimoides Smooth Mustard SASMDD0005 29-Apr-15 Solanum coactiliferum Felted Nightshade SASMDD0005 29-Apr-15 Zygophyllum apiculatum Callweed SASMDD0005 29-Apr-15 Zygophyllum aurantiacum subsp. aurantiacum SATKAN0002 22-Aug-12 Acacia cupularis Coastal Umbrella Bush SATKAN0002 22-Aug-12 Acacia myrtifolia Myrtle Acacia SATKAN0002 22-Aug-12 Acaena echinata Sheep's Burr SATKAN0002 22-Aug-12 Acrotriche cordata Coast Ground Berry SATKAN0002 22-Aug-12 Acrotriche serrulata Ant's Delight SATKAN0002 22-Aug-12 Allocasuarina muelleriana subsp. muelleriana Slaty Sheoak SATKAN0002 22-Aug-12 Allocasuarina striata Small Bull Oak SATKAN0002 22-Aug-12 Banksia marginata Banksia SATKAN0002 22-Aug-12 Billardiera uniflora SATKAN0002 22-Aug-12 Burchardia umbellata Milkmaids SATKAN0002 22-Aug-12 Cassytha glabella Slender Devil's Twine
  30. 30. 27 Plot name Date Herbarium determination Common name SA Cons. code SATKAN0002 22-Aug-12 Cassytha pubescens Devil's Twine SATKAN0002 22-Aug-12 Chamaescilla corymbosa var. corymbosa Blue Stars SATKAN0002 22-Aug-12 Daviesia ulicifolia subsp. incarnata SATKAN0002 22-Aug-12 Dianella revoluta var. revoluta SATKAN0002 22-Aug-12 Drosera macrantha subsp. planchonii SATKAN0002 22-Aug-12 Drosera whittakeri SATKAN0002 22-Aug-12 Epacris impressa Common Heath SATKAN0002 22-Aug-12 Eucalyptus cosmophylla Bog Gum SATKAN0002 22-Aug-12 Eucalyptus obliqua Australian Oak SATKAN0002 22-Aug-12 Exocarpos cupressiformis Cherry Ballart SATKAN0002 22-Aug-12 Glischrocaryon behrii "Golden Pennants" SATKAN0002 22-Aug-12 Gonocarpus tetragynus "Common raspwort" SATKAN0002 22-Aug-12 Goodenia blackiana Black's Goodenia SATKAN0002 22-Aug-12 Hakea rostrata Beaked Hakea SATKAN0002 22-Aug-12 Hibbertia crinita Mount Hope Guinea-flower SATKAN0002 22-Aug-12 Hibbertia exutiacies SATKAN0002 22-Aug-12 Hibbertia riparia Erect Guinea-flower SATKAN0002 22-Aug-12 Isopogon ceratophyllus Horny Cone-bush SATKAN0002 22-Aug-12 Lepidosperma semiteres Wire Rapier-sedge SATKAN0002 22-Aug-12 Leptospermum myrsinoides Heath Teatree SATKAN0002 22-Aug-12 Leucopogon concurvus SATKAN0002 22-Aug-12 Lomandra micrantha Small-flowered Mat-rush SATKAN0002 22-Aug-12 Marianthus bignoniaceus Orange Bell Climber SATKAN0002 22-Aug-12 Olearia ramulosa Oily Bush SATKAN0002 22-Aug-12 Pimelea linifolia Slender Rice-flower SATKAN0002 22-Aug-12 Platylobium obtusangulum Common Flat-pea SATKAN0002 22-Aug-12 Pteridium esculentum Bracken SATKAN0002 22-Aug-12 Pultenaea daphnoides Daphne leaved Pultenaea SATKAN0002 22-Aug-12 Pultenaea involucrata SATKAN0002 22-Aug-12 Pultenaea largiflorens Bush Pea SATKAN0002 22-Aug-12 Pultenaea sp. Egg and bacon peas SATKAN0002 22-Aug-12 Pyrorchis nigricans Elephant's Ears SATKAN0002 22-Aug-12 Spyridium thymifolium SATKAN0002 22-Aug-12 Stackhousia aspericocca Rough-nut Stackhousia SATKAN0002 22-Aug-12 Stackhousia aspericocca subsp. Cylindrical inflorescence (W.R.Barker 1418) Rough-nut Stackhousia SATKAN0002 22-Aug-12 Tetratheca pilosa subsp. pilosa Hairy Pink-bells SATKAN0002 22-Aug-12 Xanthorrhoea semiplana SATKAN0004 05-Nov-14 Acacia paradoxa Acacia Hedge SATKAN0004 05-Nov-14 Acacia pycnantha Australian Golden Wattle SATKAN0004 05-Nov-14 Acaena echinata Sheep's Burr SATKAN0004 05-Nov-14 Allocasuarina verticillata Drooping Sheoak SATKAN0004 05-Nov-14 Amyema miquelii Box Mistletoe
  31. 31. 28 Plot name Date Herbarium determination Common name SA Cons. code SATKAN0004 05-Nov-14 Arthropodium strictum Chocolate Lily SATKAN0004 05-Nov-14 Astroloma humifusum Cranberry Heath SATKAN0004 05-Nov-14 Austrostipa elegantissima Elegant Spear-grass SATKAN0004 05-Nov-14 Austrostipa mollis Soft Spear-grass SATKAN0004 05-Nov-14 Austrostipa scabra subsp. falcata SATKAN0004 05-Nov-14 Avena barbata Bearded Oat SATKAN0004 05-Nov-14 Bossiaea prostrata Creeping Bossiaea SATKAN0004 05-Nov-14 *Briza maxima Blowfly Grass SATKAN0004 05-Nov-14 *Bromus diandrus Brome Grass SATKAN0004 05-Nov-14 *Bromus hordeaceus A Soft Brome SATKAN0004 05-Nov-14 Brunonia australis Blue Pincushion SATKAN0004 05-Nov-14 Bulbine bulbosa Bulbine Lily SATKAN0004 05-Nov-14 Burchardia umbellata Milkmaids SATKAN0004 05-Nov-14 Bursaria spinosa subsp. lasiophylla SATKAN0004 05-Nov-14 Caladenia tentaculata Fringed Spider Orchid SATKAN0004 05-Nov-14 *Centaurium tenuiflorum Branched Centaury SATKAN0004 05-Nov-14 Cheilanthes austrotenuifolia Rock Fern SATKAN0004 05-Nov-14 Convolvulus angustissimus subsp. angustissimus SATKAN0004 05-Nov-14 Convolvulus remotus Grassy Bindweed SATKAN0004 05-Nov-14 Cynoglossum suaveolens Sweet Hound's Tongue SATKAN0004 05-Nov-14 Cynosurus echinatus Rough Dog's Tail SATKAN0004 05-Nov-14 Dampiera dysantha Shrubby Dampiera SATKAN0004 05-Nov-14 Dianella revoluta var. revoluta SATKAN0004 05-Nov-14 Drosera auriculata Sundew SATKAN0004 05-Nov-14 *Echium plantagineum Paterson's Curse SATKAN0004 05-Nov-14 Eucalyptus fasciculosa Hill Gum Rare SATKAN0004 05-Nov-14 Eucalyptus leptophylla March Mallee SATKAN0004 05-Nov-14 Eutaxia microphylla Common Eutaxia SATKAN0004 05-Nov-14 Geranium solanderi Geranium SATKAN0004 05-Nov-14 Gonocarpus elatus "Hill raspwort" SATKAN0004 05-Nov-14 Gonocarpus tetragynus "Common raspwort" SATKAN0004 05-Nov-14 Goodenia blackiana Black's Goodenia SATKAN0004 05-Nov-14 Hakea rugosa Dwarf Hakea SATKAN0004 05-Nov-14 Hypochaeris glabra Dandelion SATKAN0004 05-Nov-14 *Hypochaeris sp. Cat's-ear SATKAN0004 05-Nov-14 Juncus subsecundus Finger Rush SATKAN0004 05-Nov-14 Kennedia prostrata Running Postman SATKAN0004 05-Nov-14 Lepidosperma carphoides Black Rapier-sedge SATKAN0004 05-Nov-14 Leptorhynchos squamatus Hairy Buttons SATKAN0004 05-Nov-14 Lissanthe strigosa subsp. subulata Peach Heath SATKAN0004 05-Nov-14 Lolium rigidum Annual Ryegrass SATKAN0004 05-Nov-14 Lomandra multiflora subsp. dura
  32. 32. 29 Plot name Date Herbarium determination Common name SA Cons. code SATKAN0004 05-Nov-14 Microlaena stipoides var. stipoides Meadow Rice-grass SATKAN0004 05-Nov-14 Neurachne alopecuroides Fox-tail Mulga Grass SATKAN0004 05-Nov-14 Pentameris pallida SATKAN0004 05-Nov-14 Pimelea humilis Common Rice-flower SATKAN0004 05-Nov-14 *Plantago bellardii Hairy Plantain SATKAN0004 05-Nov-14 Plantago gaudichaudii Narrow Plantain SATKAN0004 05-Nov-14 Ptilotus erubescens Hairy Tails Rare SATKAN0004 05-Nov-14 Rytidosperma geniculatum SATKAN0004 05-Nov-14 Scaevola albida Small-fruit Fan-flower SATKAN0004 05-Nov-14 Senecio phelleus rock fireweed SATKAN0004 05-Nov-14 Senecio picridioides SATKAN0004 05-Nov-14 Senecio quadridentatus Auricled Groundsel SATKAN0004 05-Nov-14 Silene gallica Catchfly SATKAN0004 05-Nov-14 Themeda triandra Kangaroo Grass SATKAN0004 05-Nov-14 Thomasia petalocalyx Paper Flower SATKAN0004 05-Nov-14 Tricoryne elatior Star Lily SATKAN0004 05-Nov-14 *Trifolium angustifolium Narrow-leaf Clover SATKAN0004 05-Nov-14 *Trifolium campestre Big Hop Clover SATKAN0004 05-Nov-14 *Trifolium striatum Knotted Clover SATKAN0004 05-Nov-14 *Trifolium subterraneum Sub Clover SATKAN0004 05-Nov-14 Vittadinia cuneata var. cuneata Fuzzy New Holland Daisy SATKAN0004 05-Nov-14 *Vulpia bromoides Brome Fescue SATKAN0004 05-Nov-14 Wahlenbergia stricta Austral Bluebell SATKAN0004 05-Nov-14 Xanthorrhoea quadrangulata
  33. 33. www.ausplots.org.au

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