Innovations in environmental synthesis, reporting and governance  29 March 2011 TERN conference Melbourne Bill Dennison
University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science UMCES lab Annapolis Synthesis Center University of Maryland, Colle...
Integration and Application Network (IAN) <ul><li>Scholarship defined as discovery, integration, application and teaching ...
Examples of innovation <ul><li>Synthesis:  converting data    information    knowledge/outcomes </li></ul><ul><li>Report...
Synthesis leading to environmental outcomes
National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis Productive  High profile scientific papers Location:  Santa Barbara,...
Seagrass Trajectories working group at NCEAS <ul><li>Formed working group of seagrass experts </li></ul><ul><li>Recruited ...
<ul><li>Global  </li></ul><ul><li>25%   increase </li></ul><ul><li>58%   decrease </li></ul><ul><li>17%   no change </li><...
Rate of seagrass change accelerating Waycott et al. 2009 PNAS Waycott et al. PNAS 2009
Seagrass loss rate: one soccer field every 30 min since 1980
Charisma ‘gap’ determined
How do we create more charismatic ecosystems?
Annapolis Synthesis Center Location :  Annapolis, Maryland, airport & shuttle, walk-able hotels, restaurants, coffee shops...
Innovations in reporting <ul><li>Successful dissemination of knowledge to a wide range of audiences (science and non-scien...
You can teach anything to anybody as long as you provide . . . <ul><ul><li>Synthesis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Synthesize...
Using conceptual diagrams in science communication <ul><li>‘ Concept’  meaning  thought ; something conceived in the mind ...
Why use conceptual diagrams? <ul><li>Helps to clarify thinking (words can be ambiguous; an image commits to the message be...
Conceptual diagrams use symbols: an ancient technique to depict unequivocal messages Cave drawing/ storyboard Modern photo...
IAN aims to create global symbol language <ul><li>2,500+ symbols in library  </li></ul><ul><li>63,000+ people have registe...
IAN Press created for wide dissemination of science communication products
Science communication using video  <ul><li>Short video seminars  SchoolTube Channel </li></ul>
Innovations in environmental reporting  <ul><li>Peer pressure   is a powerful human motivator </li></ul><ul><li>Educationa...
Environmental report cards are increasingly popular  <ul><li>‘ Stat-ing’   is being used by governments </li></ul><ul><li>...
Environmental report generate media attention
Multiple indicators useful for environmental reporting
Environmental report cards can lead to scientific insights Chesapeake Bay  report card
We need to resolve reasons for positive and negative trajectories
Report cards can be used to help resolve transboundary differences
Expanding reporting to Pressure State and Response
Citizen scientists conducting regional environmental monitoring
Innovations in governance: CompStat <ul><li>CompStat developed in New York City in 1995 </li></ul><ul><li>Jack Maple, Will...
Innovations in governance: CitiStat <ul><li>CitiStat developed in Baltimore in 2000 </li></ul><ul><li>Mayor Martin O’Malle...
Innovations in governance: StateStat <ul><li>StateStat developed in Maryland in 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>Governor Martin O’M...
Chesapeake Bay Scientific History
Innovations in governance: BayStat <ul><li>BayStat developed in Maryland in 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>Chesapeake Bay nutrient...
Example collaborative synthesis:  Moreton & Chesapeake Bays <ul><li>Joint project </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ACEAS & EnSynC  </...
Example comparison synthesis Chesapeake: Moreton  Bay  ~ 10:1
Determining which aspects are scalable Oceania Coastal lagoon Intermediate estuary Large  estuary Mega-city
<ul><li>Cholera outbreak in London </li></ul><ul><li>John Snow mapped cholera cases  </li></ul><ul><li>Cholera cases linke...
Communicating science can lead to social change 1700-1750 1650-1700 1600-1650 1550-1600 1500-1550 Astronomy Astronomy Phys...
Conclusions <ul><li>Environmental challenges require more innovation </li></ul><ul><li>Innovations in synthesis, reporting...
www.ian.umces.edu
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Keynote Speaker 2 - Innovations in Environment Research, Monitoring and Governance - Bill Dennison

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  • Constructed from published and unpublished long term monitoring programs from around the globe Consists of 215 sites, 1130 observations Outcomes of initial analysis of change in seagrass area. (Waycott et al. 2009. PNAS) significantly greater recorded losses than gains rates of loss similar to corals and mangroves, but seagrasses occur in both tropical and temperate environments. Data summarized as a net change by decade and not the slope of the trajectory over the time course of the study. But, database also contains within meadow estimates of change in biomass, cover and density that we have not tapped.
  • Keynote Speaker 2 - Innovations in Environment Research, Monitoring and Governance - Bill Dennison

    1. 1. Innovations in environmental synthesis, reporting and governance 29 March 2011 TERN conference Melbourne Bill Dennison
    2. 2. University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science UMCES lab Annapolis Synthesis Center University of Maryland, College Park
    3. 3. Integration and Application Network (IAN) <ul><li>Scholarship defined as discovery, integration, application and teaching (after Boyer, 1990; Scholarship Reconsidered) </li></ul>
    4. 4. Examples of innovation <ul><li>Synthesis: converting data  information  knowledge/outcomes </li></ul><ul><li>Reporting: science communication and environmental report cards to motivate change </li></ul><ul><li>Governance : evidence based decision-making </li></ul>
    5. 5. Synthesis leading to environmental outcomes
    6. 6. National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis Productive High profile scientific papers Location: Santa Barbara, California, airport & shuttle, walk-able hotels, restaurants, coffee shops, pubs Support : travel funding including per diem, conference rooms, IT support (wireless, LAN, data projectors, database advice), streamlined administration Working groups : self selected and self organized,12 max, diversity required, multiple immersive multi-day sessions
    7. 7. Seagrass Trajectories working group at NCEAS <ul><li>Formed working group of seagrass experts </li></ul><ul><li>Recruited several people to help us populate a global data base of seagrass trajectories </li></ul><ul><li>Focused on documented seagrass changes in area, density, biomass and cover </li></ul><ul><li>Created and interrogated data base; 127 years of records (1879-2006), 215 trajectories; 1130 observations </li></ul>
    8. 8. <ul><li>Global </li></ul><ul><li>25% increase </li></ul><ul><li>58% decrease </li></ul><ul><li>17% no change </li></ul>Global seagrass database analysis revealed net losses Seagrass Trajectories Database 215 sites; 1128 observations 1879-2006 Waycott et al. 2009 PNAS
    9. 9. Rate of seagrass change accelerating Waycott et al. 2009 PNAS Waycott et al. PNAS 2009
    10. 10. Seagrass loss rate: one soccer field every 30 min since 1980
    11. 11. Charisma ‘gap’ determined
    12. 12. How do we create more charismatic ecosystems?
    13. 13. Annapolis Synthesis Center Location : Annapolis, Maryland, airport & shuttle, walk-able hotels, restaurants, coffee shops, pubs Support: Project funded, IT support (wireless, LAN, data projectors), Science communication support Products: 1) Science communication products (e.g., National Park Service, Conservational International, National Estuarine Eutrophication Assessment) 2) environmental report cards (e.g., Chesapeake Bay, tributary report cards), 3) scientific publications (e.g., Integrated Assessment Handbook, synthesis papers
    14. 14. Innovations in reporting <ul><li>Successful dissemination of knowledge to a wide range of audiences (science and non-science) </li></ul>
    15. 15. You can teach anything to anybody as long as you provide . . . <ul><ul><li>Synthesis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Synthesized </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Illustrate key points </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Visualization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>So what? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Context </li></ul></ul>
    16. 16. Using conceptual diagrams in science communication <ul><li>‘ Concept’ meaning thought ; something conceived in the mind (Webster’s 3 rd Dictionary, 1986) </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Diagram’ meaning a graphic design that explains rather than represents, a drawing that shows arrangement and relations (Webster’s 3 rd Dictionary, 1986) </li></ul><ul><li>Conceptual diagram = A diagram using symbols that depicts the essential attributes of a system </li></ul>
    17. 17. Why use conceptual diagrams? <ul><li>Helps to clarify thinking (words can be ambiguous; an image commits to the message being portrayed) </li></ul><ul><li>Communication (one-way and two-way – idea presentation and idea development) </li></ul><ul><li>Identify gaps / priorities / essential elements </li></ul><ul><li>Develop syntheses (or present synthesis) </li></ul>
    18. 18. Conceptual diagrams use symbols: an ancient technique to depict unequivocal messages Cave drawing/ storyboard Modern photograph Darwin’s conceptual diagram
    19. 19. IAN aims to create global symbol language <ul><li>2,500+ symbols in library </li></ul><ul><li>63,000+ people have registered and downloaded symbols </li></ul><ul><li>People from 232 countries have registered and downloaded symbols </li></ul><ul><li>Individual symbols now available on searchable image library </li></ul><ul><li>New online conceptual diagram creator developed </li></ul>
    20. 20. IAN Press created for wide dissemination of science communication products
    21. 21. Science communication using video <ul><li>Short video seminars SchoolTube Channel </li></ul>
    22. 22. Innovations in environmental reporting <ul><li>Peer pressure is a powerful human motivator </li></ul><ul><li>Educational report cards are a common experience </li></ul><ul><li>Report cards synthesize large amounts of data </li></ul>
    23. 23. Environmental report cards are increasingly popular <ul><li>‘ Stat-ing’ is being used by governments </li></ul><ul><li>Diffuse pollution is more complex than point source pollution </li></ul><ul><li>Data gathering capacity increasing </li></ul>
    24. 24. Environmental report generate media attention
    25. 25. Multiple indicators useful for environmental reporting
    26. 26. Environmental report cards can lead to scientific insights Chesapeake Bay report card
    27. 27. We need to resolve reasons for positive and negative trajectories
    28. 28. Report cards can be used to help resolve transboundary differences
    29. 29. Expanding reporting to Pressure State and Response
    30. 30. Citizen scientists conducting regional environmental monitoring
    31. 31. Innovations in governance: CompStat <ul><li>CompStat developed in New York City in 1995 </li></ul><ul><li>Jack Maple, William Bratton </li></ul><ul><li>Crime reductions </li></ul><ul><li>Spread to other cities </li></ul>
    32. 32. Innovations in governance: CitiStat <ul><li>CitiStat developed in Baltimore in 2000 </li></ul><ul><li>Mayor Martin O’Malley </li></ul><ul><li>Crime reductions, absentee reductions, improved city services </li></ul><ul><li>Accurate & timely intelligence shared by all </li></ul><ul><li>Rapid deployment of resources </li></ul><ul><li>Effective tactics and strategies </li></ul><ul><li>Relentless follow up and assessment </li></ul>Spread to other cities: e.g., Washington, D.C. (CapStat), Philadelphia (PhillyStat)
    33. 33. Innovations in governance: StateStat <ul><li>StateStat developed in Maryland in 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>Governor Martin O’Malley </li></ul><ul><li>All government services </li></ul><ul><li>Specific measureable objectives </li></ul><ul><li>Regular meetings </li></ul><ul><li>Managers held responsible, but given more autonomy </li></ul><ul><li>Use data to assess progress </li></ul>StateStat webpage StateStat logo
    34. 34. Chesapeake Bay Scientific History
    35. 35. Innovations in governance: BayStat <ul><li>BayStat developed in Maryland in 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>Chesapeake Bay nutrient reductions </li></ul><ul><li>Departments of Natural Resources, Environment, Planning, Agriculture, Corrections, Universities, Budget, Legal, Key staff </li></ul><ul><li>Socratic method </li></ul>
    36. 36. Example collaborative synthesis: Moreton & Chesapeake Bays <ul><li>Joint project </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ACEAS & EnSynC </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Timing: Recent large events in both locations with long term monitoring data sets </li></ul><ul><li>Rationale: Well established management programs (Chesapeake Bay Program, Healthy Waterways Partnership), research histories (journal articles, books, theses) </li></ul><ul><li>Outcomes: Recommendations for improving </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Monitoring for effective management feedback </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Research leading to improved management effectiveness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Governance tools and techniques </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Goals: Catalyse ongoing scientific, management and governance collaborations, better management of expanding human population pressure of iconic coastal ecosystems </li></ul>
    37. 37. Example comparison synthesis Chesapeake: Moreton Bay ~ 10:1
    38. 38. Determining which aspects are scalable Oceania Coastal lagoon Intermediate estuary Large estuary Mega-city
    39. 39. <ul><li>Cholera outbreak in London </li></ul><ul><li>John Snow mapped cholera cases </li></ul><ul><li>Cholera cases linked to pump locations </li></ul><ul><li>Pump handle removed; cholera subsided </li></ul>Good science reporting can make a difference
    40. 40. Communicating science can lead to social change 1700-1750 1650-1700 1600-1650 1550-1600 1500-1550 Astronomy Astronomy Physics Physics Biology Chemistry 1750-1800 Geology 1800-1850 Evolution 1850-1900 Physics 1950-2000 1900-1950 Biology 2000-2050 Sustainability Kepler Copernicus Galileo Newton Linnaeus Lavoisier Lyell Darwin Einstein Watson & Crick Greeks
    41. 41. Conclusions <ul><li>Environmental challenges require more innovation </li></ul><ul><li>Innovations in synthesis, reporting and governance can be transformative </li></ul><ul><li>A sustainability revolution can be the result of innovation by scientists </li></ul>
    42. 42. www.ian.umces.edu

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