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Presentation 9

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Presentation 9

  1. 1. URINARY SYSTEM<br />BY:SHONTA GATHINGS<br />
  2. 2. HEMODIALYSIS (HD)<br />Hemodialysis -the basic function of a dialysis technician is to operate the dialysis machines for the patients with non- functional kidneys. Due to temporary or permanent kidney failure, an individual's body becomes in capable of disposing wastes of its own. Dialysis technicians are used to remove salt, excessive amount of water and wastes from the patient's body.<br />
  3. 3. EXTRACORPOREAL SHOCKWAVE (ESWL)<br />Extracorporeal shockwave- this technology is popular in treatment of musculo-skeletal conditions. Presently it is only approved in the US by the food and drug Administration (FDA) for treatment of plantar fasciitis and tennis elbow.<br />Contraindications for this procedure include: neurological and vascular disease of the foot, history of the plantar fascial ligament, open bone growth plates, pregnancy, implanted metal in the area (bone screws and pins)and people on medication that interferes with blood clotting such as coumadin and prophylactic aspirin.<br />
  4. 4. CATHETERIZATION (CATH)<br />Catheter -a thin flexible tube. The catheter was created by the greeks. Katheter originally referred to an instrument that was inserted such as a plug.The ancient greeks inserted a hollow metal tube through the urethra into the bladder to empty it and the tube came to be known as a katheter.<br />
  5. 5. VOIDING CYSTOURETHROGRAPHY( VCUG)<br />Cystourethrography- is an x-ray examination of the bladder and urethra that is performed while the bladder is emptying. A thin flexible tube called a catheter will be gently inserted into the urethra (tube that carries urine from the bladder to the outside of the body) passed into the bladder.<br />
  6. 6. RETROGRADE PYELOGRAM (RP)<br />Retrograde pyelogram- is a urologic procedure where the physician injects contrast into the ureter in order to visualize the ureter and kidney. The flow of contrast (up from the bladder to the kidney) is opposite the usual flow of urine, hence the retrograde name.<br />

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