21st Century Trends Require 21st Century Schools


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Presentation from technologist and educational reformer Dr. Bob Kozma about the implications for school design in the 21st century.

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21st Century Trends Require 21st Century Schools

  1. 1. 21st Century Trends Require 21st Century Schools<br />Implications for Designing New Schools<br />Dr. Robert Kozma | November 2009 | New York<br />Cisco-NYC21C Webinar<br />
  2. 2. 21st Century Trends: Economic<br /> From national to global economies<br /> From manufacturing to knowledge creation<br />From hierarchical to flat organizations<br />From face-to-face to virtual<br />
  3. 3. 21st Century Trends: Information<br /> Exponential growth in information<br /> New ways of handling information<br /> New forms of information<br />ICT, EDUCATION REFORM, AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT DR. ROBERT KOZMA<br />
  4. 4. 21st Century Trends: Social<br />Growing diversity <br /> Multiple careers<br />Changing lifestyles<br /> Aging<br />
  5. 5. 21st Century Trends: Major Challenges<br />Climate change<br />Environmental degradation<br />Persistent poverty<br />Energy needs<br />
  6. 6. 21st Century Trends: Technological<br />Pervasive use of technology and networks<br />Search for information<br />eCommerce<br />Entertainment<br />Social networking<br />Create and share content<br />
  7. 7. 20th Century Schools<br />Teacher lectures<br />Students study independently<br />Curriculum tied to disciplines<br />Schools structured around closed classes and physical spaces<br />Closed-book exams that test for recall and application of simple procedures<br />Technology used as a supplement<br />
  8. 8. What kind of schools are needed for C 21?<br />What kinds of changes must take place in the education?<br />What skills must students acquire?<br />How must schools change?<br />ICT, EDUCATION REFORM, AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT DR. ROBERT KOZMA<br />
  9. 9. From 20th to 21st Century Schools: Policy Goals<br />20th Century Schools<br />21st Century Schools<br />Prepare students for a manufacturing economy<br />Prepare students for knowledge-driven economy<br />Students who can succeed in a highly standardized hierarchical society<br />Students who are creative, flexible lifelong learners<br />
  10. 10. From 20th to 21st Century Schools: Curriculum and Assessment<br />20th Century Schools<br />21st Century Schools<br />Students learn facts and standardized procedures<br />Students acquire deep understanding and create new knowledge to solve real world problems<br />Students assessed on standardized test<br />Assessed with complex real world problems by a community of users<br />
  11. 11. From 20th to 21st Century Schools: Teaching and Learning<br />20th Century Schools<br />21st Century Schools<br />Teachers as content experts who use direct instruction to deliver content knowledge<br />Teachers as guides, innovators, and model learners <br />Students do individual seat work<br />Students as lifelong learners who work in collaborative teams to build on each other’s knowledge and solve complex, real world problems<br />
  12. 12. From 20th to 21st Century Schools: Social Infrastructure<br />20th Century Schools<br />21st Century Schools<br />Focus on social hierarchy and accountability<br />Collaborative teaching and learning, breaking disciplinary and physical boundaries<br />Highly structured situations with little teacher or student autonomy<br />Self-sustaining knowledge communities and anytime any where lifelong learning<br />
  13. 13. From 20th to 21st Century Schools: Technology Applications<br />20th Century Schools<br />21st Century Schools<br />Productivity applications, ICT skill development, and tutorial software<br />Simulations andmultimedia to support understanding; social networks, Wikis and blogs to support knowledge-building<br />Computer labs and classrooms; networks for management<br />Computers and digital devices everywhere; networks for community<br />
  14. 14. Educational Transformation<br />What kind of change needs to take place to build 21st Century schools?<br />Systemic Change<br />What role can ICT play?<br />A Lever for Change<br />ICT alone will not work<br />
  15. 15. Implications for Education Change<br />Have a vision<br />Create a plan<br />Build alignment<br />Between policies and programs<br />Within departments and programs<br />Across departments and programs<br />Look for levers for change<br />Provide resources<br />Equipment<br />Training<br />Materials<br />Team with partners<br />