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Grouts: Different Types of Grouts
and Considerations
for Proper Selection and Installation
Presented by:
Tom Plaskota, TEC...
Continuing Education Units (CEUs):
National Kitchen & Bath Association (NKBA)
• Informa Exhibitions (NKBA ID# 1095395) is ...
As the tile-setting business continues to grow, basic knowledge about
different types of grout is critical to do the job r...
Learning Objectives
1. Understand the differences between cement-based, epoxy,
advanced-performance modified and premixed ...
Evolution of Grout
• It all began with cement-based grout…
• In the 40s, furan grout and epoxy emulsion
grouts were introd...
Evolution of Grout
• Fast-forward to present day and a variety of grouts are
available to choose from
• Cement-Based Grout...
The Importance of Proper Grout Selection
• Know which grout is the right one for each job
• Not choosing the correct grout...
Cement-Based Grouts
• Sanded or Unsanded
• Portland-based cement product mixed with water with
electric drill
• Requires s...
Cement-Based Grouts
Sanded
• Sanded grouts are 1/8” grout joint or wider
• Be careful using sanded grouts on sensitive fin...
Cement-Based Grouts
Sanded
• If tile is questionable, test a small area
• If tile scratching or damaging occurs, unsanded ...
Cement-Based Grouts
Unsanded
• Unsanded grout is used for grout joints up to 1/8” wide
• Don’t use joints larger than that...
Cement-Based Grouts
• Ideal for variety of indoor applications
• Kitchens
• Bathroom floors and walls
• Offices
• Retail S...
Cement-Based Grouts
• Modern day technology gives you flexibility to add a grout
additive to cement-based grout
• Mix the ...
Epoxy Grouts
• Made of epoxy resin and hardener portions. Often has
coarse silica filler
• Provides chemical resistance, h...
Epoxy Grouts
• Different installation techniques and cleanup than
cement grout
• Unique tools
• Consistency isn’t easily a...
Epoxy Grouts
• Ideal for environments that are exposed to harsh acids and
cleaners
• Commercial kitchens
• Hospital operat...
Advanced-Performance Modified Grouts
• Cement-based grouts, many of which are polymer
modified or formulated with calcium ...
Advanced-Performance Modified Grouts
• Mixed with water with electric drill. No additional
grout additive needed.
• Easy a...
Advanced-Performance Modified Grouts
• Ideal for demanding environments where color consistency
and durability are importa...
Advanced-Performance Modified Grouts
• Brands of advanced-performance modified grouts vary in
• Efflorescence resistance
•...
Premixed Grouts
• Single-component grouts. Easy to use
• Polymer resin or urethane based
• Stain, crack and shrink resista...
Premixed Grouts
• Ready to use, saves mixing and slaking time
• Open pail, hand stir and start grouting
• Requires thoroug...
Premixed Grouts
• Ideal for areas where color consistency is important
• Residential countertops
• Backsplashes
• Kitchen ...
Premixed Grouts
• High-performance premixed grouts have entered the
market. They have varying additional benefits.
Some ca...
Grout Summary
Choose a grout that meets clients’ needs and is best suited for each specific job
environment:
• Cement-base...
Let’s take a look at real life situations that
called for various types of grouts…
Neuse Tile Job Name: Cement Grout
• Wake Forest Baptist Church Kitchen,
Wake Forest, NC
Neuse Tile Job Name: Cement Grout
• Meadowmont Walkway,
Chapel Hill, NC
Neuse Tile Job Name: Epoxy Grout
• UNC Chapel Hill Locker Room
Chapel Hill, NC
Neuse Tile Job Name: Epoxy Grout
• Smithfield Chicken ‘N BBQ
Nashville, NC
Neuse Tile Job Name: Advanced
Performance Modified Grout
• Pharmaceutical Plant
Clayton, NC
Neuse Tile Job Name: Advanced
Performance Modified Grout
• Master bath with curbless shower
Pittsboro, NC
Neuse Tile Job Name: Premixed Grout
• CareFirst Animal Hospital
Raleigh, NC
Neuse Tile Job Name: Premixed Grout
• Glass tile with panther reading Tile Letter
Youngsville, NC
Recap
• It’s important to know the differences between grouts to
select the proper grout for a job to ensure a successful
...
Thank You!
This concludes the accredited portion of session.
Questions?
Speaker Contact Information:
Tom Plaskota, TEC® Te...
Session Evaluations
• Don’t forget to complete your session evaluation!
• You can complete the evaluation via our mobile a...
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Surfaces 2017: Different Types of Grouts and Considerations for Proper Selection and Installation

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Learn when to use the specific grout type, the advantages of each type and the installation techniques for successfully grouting tile. At The International Surfaces Show 2017, TEC Technical Support Manager Tom Plaskota in collaboration with NTCA member Nyle Wadford, President of Neuse Tile presented a high-level overview of four different grout technologies: cement, advanced performance modified, epoxy and premixed. Discover more at tecspecialty.com

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Surfaces 2017: Different Types of Grouts and Considerations for Proper Selection and Installation

  1. 1. Grouts: Different Types of Grouts and Considerations for Proper Selection and Installation Presented by: Tom Plaskota, TEC® Technical Manager Nyle Wadford, President Neuse Tile January 19, 2017
  2. 2. Continuing Education Units (CEUs): National Kitchen & Bath Association (NKBA) • Informa Exhibitions (NKBA ID# 1095395) is an approved CEU Company Provider. • This course has been approved for 2.0 Continuing Education Units (CEUs) with the National Kitchen & Bath Association. • Attendees that are NKBA certified must self-report and submit their CEU’s online through the NKBA website. • Attendees will need the CEU Provider Name (Informa Exhibitions), Course Title and # of CEU’s approved in order to report their credit.
  3. 3. As the tile-setting business continues to grow, basic knowledge about different types of grout is critical to do the job right the first time. In this 50-minute presentation, you’ll gain a high-level overview of four different grout technologies available: cement, advanced performance modified, epoxy, and premixed grout—and when to use them. Learn the distinct advantages of each type of grout depending on installation requirements, and the installation techniques needed to help ensure a successful job. Course Description
  4. 4. Learning Objectives 1. Understand the differences between cement-based, epoxy, advanced-performance modified and premixed grouts 2. Know the environments best suited for each grout type 3. Identify when to use a specific type of grout to help ensure a successful installation At the end of this session, participants should be able to:
  5. 5. Evolution of Grout • It all began with cement-based grout… • In the 40s, furan grout and epoxy emulsion grouts were introduced with benefits beyond cement-based grouts • Furan provided chemical resistant • Epoxy emulsion grouts can act as grout and setting mortar
  6. 6. Evolution of Grout • Fast-forward to present day and a variety of grouts are available to choose from • Cement-Based Grouts • Epoxy Grouts • Advanced Performance Modified Grouts • Premixed Grouts • Each grout has its own distinct advantages
  7. 7. The Importance of Proper Grout Selection • Know which grout is the right one for each job • Not choosing the correct grout may contribute to an installation failure • When you get a job done right with the correct product and technique, you reap the benefits of a successful installation
  8. 8. Cement-Based Grouts • Sanded or Unsanded • Portland-based cement product mixed with water with electric drill • Requires slaking • After application, involves cleanup with sponge and water • Typically requires separate grout additive or sealer for grout to achieve stain resistance and durability • Lower cost grout option
  9. 9. Cement-Based Grouts Sanded • Sanded grouts are 1/8” grout joint or wider • Be careful using sanded grouts on sensitive finishes • Glazed ceramic tiles • Glass • Metal • Marble • Polished stone • Agglomerate tiles • Sanded grout can damage these surfaces
  10. 10. Cement-Based Grouts Sanded • If tile is questionable, test a small area • If tile scratching or damaging occurs, unsanded grout should be used Scratched metal tile
  11. 11. Cement-Based Grouts Unsanded • Unsanded grout is used for grout joints up to 1/8” wide • Don’t use joints larger than that because grout might shrink and cause cracking Grout cracking
  12. 12. Cement-Based Grouts • Ideal for variety of indoor applications • Kitchens • Bathroom floors and walls • Offices • Retail Stores
  13. 13. Cement-Based Grouts • Modern day technology gives you flexibility to add a grout additive to cement-based grout • Mix the grout additive in place of water to provide durability, stain resistance and mold and mildew resistance. Some cement grouts with grout additives can be used in: • Exterior environments • High traffic areas • Submerged areas
  14. 14. Epoxy Grouts • Made of epoxy resin and hardener portions. Often has coarse silica filler • Provides chemical resistance, high bond strength, durability, stain resistance and color consistency • Comes at premium price
  15. 15. Epoxy Grouts • Different installation techniques and cleanup than cement grout • Unique tools • Consistency isn’t easily adjusted • Fast cure time • Epoxy installation requires practice and careful attention to instructions
  16. 16. Epoxy Grouts • Ideal for environments that are exposed to harsh acids and cleaners • Commercial kitchens • Hospital operating and emergency rooms • Laboratories
  17. 17. Advanced-Performance Modified Grouts • Cement-based grouts, many of which are polymer modified or formulated with calcium aluminate • Provides durability of epoxy grout with easy application and cleanup of traditional cement based grout • Stain resistance, strength and durability already built into product and don’t require grout additive or sealers. Not chemical resistant • Typically more costly than cement grouts, less costly than epoxy
  18. 18. Advanced-Performance Modified Grouts • Mixed with water with electric drill. No additional grout additive needed. • Easy application and cleanup with water • Efflorescence resistant
  19. 19. Advanced-Performance Modified Grouts • Ideal for demanding environments where color consistency and durability are important • High traffic residential and commercial floors and walls • Exterior floors and walls • Submerged areas, like pools • Fast tracked jobs
  20. 20. Advanced-Performance Modified Grouts • Brands of advanced-performance modified grouts vary in • Efflorescence resistance • Color consistency • Stain resistance • Strength (range from 3,000-9,000 PSI) • Read product label before using to understand suitability
  21. 21. Premixed Grouts • Single-component grouts. Easy to use • Polymer resin or urethane based • Stain, crack and shrink resistance built into product • Most premixed grouts are efflorescence free and color consistent • Premium price
  22. 22. Premixed Grouts • Ready to use, saves mixing and slaking time • Open pail, hand stir and start grouting • Requires thorough cleaning prior to initial cure • Reuse remaining product for touch-ups
  23. 23. Premixed Grouts • Ideal for areas where color consistency is important • Residential countertops • Backsplashes • Kitchen and bathroom walls and floors
  24. 24. Premixed Grouts • High-performance premixed grouts have entered the market. They have varying additional benefits. Some can be used in: • Exterior applications • High-traffic areas • Submerged areas such as pools and fountains • Read product label before using to understand suitability
  25. 25. Grout Summary Choose a grout that meets clients’ needs and is best suited for each specific job environment: • Cement-based grouts are most cost effective, but don’t have added benefits, such as stain resistance, built into product • Epoxy grout is most effective barrier for exposure to harsh chemicals and is extremely durable, but requires careful practice • Advanced performance modified grouts have the durability of epoxy grout with easy application and cleanup of cement based grouts • Premixed grouts should be used in areas where color consistency is key. You can work quickly and reuse product for future jobs
  26. 26. Let’s take a look at real life situations that called for various types of grouts…
  27. 27. Neuse Tile Job Name: Cement Grout • Wake Forest Baptist Church Kitchen, Wake Forest, NC
  28. 28. Neuse Tile Job Name: Cement Grout • Meadowmont Walkway, Chapel Hill, NC
  29. 29. Neuse Tile Job Name: Epoxy Grout • UNC Chapel Hill Locker Room Chapel Hill, NC
  30. 30. Neuse Tile Job Name: Epoxy Grout • Smithfield Chicken ‘N BBQ Nashville, NC
  31. 31. Neuse Tile Job Name: Advanced Performance Modified Grout • Pharmaceutical Plant Clayton, NC
  32. 32. Neuse Tile Job Name: Advanced Performance Modified Grout • Master bath with curbless shower Pittsboro, NC
  33. 33. Neuse Tile Job Name: Premixed Grout • CareFirst Animal Hospital Raleigh, NC
  34. 34. Neuse Tile Job Name: Premixed Grout • Glass tile with panther reading Tile Letter Youngsville, NC
  35. 35. Recap • It’s important to know the differences between grouts to select the proper grout for a job to ensure a successful installation. • Understanding which type of grout to use to achieve the performance of the desired installation is imperative to avoiding installation failures and getting the job right the first time.
  36. 36. Thank You! This concludes the accredited portion of session. Questions? Speaker Contact Information: Tom Plaskota, TEC® Technical Manager at tom.plaskota@hbfuller.com Nyle Wadford, President Neuse Tile at nyle@neusetile.com
  37. 37. Session Evaluations • Don’t forget to complete your session evaluation! • You can complete the evaluation via our mobile app or pick up a paper form from the room monitor. • To rate the session via the TISE mobile app: • Download the TISE app. (Search “Surface Event” in your app store.) • Open the app • Select the “Events & Sessions” icon. • Select “Sessions in Education Program” • Select the session that you want to evaluate. • Select the clipboard icon on the left side of the screen. • Complete the survey and click submit.

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