TCI2012 The Cluster Initiative Greenbook – a Decade Later

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Örjan Sölvell and Göran Lindqvist on the evolution of cluster initiatives since the publication of the Cluster Initiative Green Book in 2003, presented at TCI 2013 Global Conference, Basque Country 2012.

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TCI2012 The Cluster Initiative Greenbook – a Decade Later

  1. 1. The Cluster Initiative Greenbook– a decade laterProf. Örjan SölvellDr. Göran Lindqvist
  2. 2. CAON1990TCI1998Greenbook2003Cluster Observatory2007
  3. 3. From clusterpreneur to cluster proThen NowIsolated cluster initiativesMajor cluster programmes(EU / national / regional )Entrepreneur-facilitatorProfessional manager:Cluster management trainingCluster excellence (EU)Cluster Managers ClubProjectFormal organisationAccreditationIsolated statistical clustersmapsCluster ObservatoryMaps, regions, organisations”What is a cluster?” ”Do they deliver value?”
  4. 4. Some things have not changed• IT is still the most common sector• The strength of the underlying cluster stilldrives performance of the cluster initiative• High trust and stable policies are still relatedto good performance• Private sector experience of the clustermanager still drives performance• Focus is still not better than broad objectives
  5. 5. Networking, Cluster Strategy,Identity and BrandingInnovation andR&DBusinessDevelopment
  6. 6. New findings ?!
  7. 7. FirmsResearchorganisationsEducationorganisationsGovernmentCapitalproviders
  8. 8. Poor knowledgeSparse networksDifferent “languages”Different norms andattitudesDifferent visionsLow trustNegative incentivesBarriers to interaction
  9. 9. Gaps
  10. 10. Bridges
  11. 11. +.14+.20+.19+.15+.18+.17+.15Cluster growthInnovationCompetitivenessMeet deadlinesMeet goalsFinancially sustainableNew participantsThe better a cluster organisation is at making firmscollaborate, the better does it perform
  12. 12. 2.0Get your copy at:TCI Annual Conference 2013Kolding, Denmark

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